ios搜索(可实现模糊搜索 支持拼音检索 首字母等)

一、搜框中输入关键字的事件响应

-(void)searchBar:(UISearchBar *)searchBar textDidChange:(NSString *)searchText{

    NSLog(@"输入的关键字是---%@---%lu",searchText,(unsigned long)searchText.length);

    //需要事先清空存放搜索结果的数组
    [self.resultArray removeAllObjects];

    //加个多线程,否则数量量大的时候,有明显的卡顿现象
    //这里最好放在数据库里面再进行搜索,效率会更快一些
    dispatch_queue_t globalQueue = dispatch_get_global_queue(0, 0);
    dispatch_async(globalQueue, ^{
        if (searchText!=nil && searchText.length>0) {
            //遍历需要搜索的所有内容,其中self.dataArray为存放总数据的数组
            for (DataModel *model in self.dataArray) {
                NSString *tempStr = model.content;
                //----------->把所有的搜索结果转成成拼音
                NSString *pinyin = [self transformToPinyin:tempStr];
                NSLog(@"pinyin--%@",pinyin);

                if ([pinyin rangeOfString:searchText options:NSCaseInsensitiveSearch].length >0 ) {
                    //把搜索结果存放self.resultArray数组
                    [self.resultArray addObject:model];
                }
            } 
        }else{
            self.resultArray = [NSMutableArray arrayWithArray:self.dataArray];
        }
        //回到主线程
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
            [_tableView reloadData];
        });
    });
}

二、获取汉字转成拼音字符串 通讯录模糊搜索 支持拼音检索 首字母 全拼 汉字 搜索

- (NSString *)transformToPinyin:(NSString *)aString
{
    //转成了可变字符串
    NSMutableString *str = [NSMutableString stringWithString:aString];
    CFStringTransform((CFMutableStringRef)str,NULL, kCFStringTransformMandarinLatin,NO);

    //再转换为不带声调的拼音
    CFStringTransform((CFMutableStringRef)str,NULL, kCFStringTransformStripDiacritics,NO);
    NSArray *pinyinArray = [str componentsSeparatedByString:@" "];
    NSMutableString *allString = [NSMutableString new];

    int count = 0;

    for (int  i = 0; i < pinyinArray.count; i++)
    {
        for(int i = 0; i < pinyinArray.count;i++)
        {
            if (i == count) {
                [allString appendString:@"#"];
                //区分第几个字母
            }
            [allString appendFormat:@"%@",pinyinArray[i]];
        }
        [allString appendString:@","];
        count ++;
    }
    NSMutableString *initialStr = [NSMutableString new];
    //拼音首字母
    for (NSString *s in pinyinArray)
    {
        if (s.length > 0)
        {
            [initialStr appendString:  [s substringToIndex:1]];
        }
    }
    [allString appendFormat:@"#%@",initialStr];
    [allString appendFormat:@",#%@",aString];
    return allString;
}

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