ListBox 的SelectedValuePath和 SeletedValue 以及SelectedItem的关系

 1 新建wpf项目

<Window x:Class="WpfApp7.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
        xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
        xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WpfApp7"
        mc:Ignorable="d"
        Title="MainWindow" Height="450" Width="800">
    <Grid>
        <StackPanel>
            <ListBox x:Name="lstBox" Margin="5"></ListBox>
            <Button x:Name="btn" Click="Btn_Click" Content="btn"/>
        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Window>

2 新建Employee类 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace WpfApp7
{
    public class Employee
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public int Age { get; set; }

        public override string ToString()
        {
            return "Id=" + Id.ToString() + " Name=" + Name + " Age=" + Age.ToString();
        }
    }
}

3 主程序

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;

namespace WpfApp7
{
    /// <summary>
    /// MainWindow.xaml 的交互逻辑
    /// </summary>
    public partial class MainWindow : Window
    {
        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            lstBox.ItemsSource = lst;
            lstBox.DisplayMemberPath = "Name";
            lstBox.SelectedValuePath = "Age";
        }

        public List<Employee> lst = new List<Employee>()
        {
            new Employee(){ Id=1, Age=20,Name="zs"},
            new Employee(){ Id=2, Age=30,Name="lisi"},
            new Employee(){ Id=3, Age=40,Name="ww"},
            new Employee(){ Id=4, Age=50,Name="zl"},
            new Employee(){ Id=5, Age=60,Name="tq"}
        };

        private void Btn_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            //如果上面没有设置lstBox.SelectedValuePath = "Age"输出得是对象得ToString()
            //如果设置lstBox.SelectedValuePath = "Age"输出得是Age得值
            //string rtn = lstBox.SelectedValue.ToString();//Id=3 Name=ww Age=40 //40

            //不管上面有没有设置lstBox.SelectedValuePath = "Age",这句都输出//Id=3 Name=ww Age=40
            string rtn = lstBox.SelectedItem.ToString();


        }
    }
}

 

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