【LeetCode】017.Letter Combinations of a Phone Number

题目:

Given a digit string, return all possible letter combinations that the number could represent.

A mapping of digit to letters (just like on the telephone buttons) is given below.

Input:Digit string "23"
Output: ["ad", "ae", "af", "bd", "be", "bf", "cd", "ce", "cf"].
解答:

深度遍历问题。在每个遍历节点上处理逻辑:

1、数字对应的按键上是否有未处理的字符,有则加上(1次加上1个),然后继续深度遍历;

2、若本节点上的字符处理完成,返回;

遍历到底部的处理:

 存储得到的字符串;


代码:

import java.util.*;
public class Solution {
    String[] dict; 
	
	public void initDict(){
		dict = new String[10];
		dict[0] = "0";
		dict[1] = "1";
		dict[2] = "2abc";
		dict[3] = "3def";
		dict[4] = "4ghi";
		dict[5] = "5jkl";
		dict[6] = "6mno";
		dict[7] = "7pqrs";
		dict[8] = "8tuv";
		dict[9] = "9wxyz";
	}
	
	public void dfs(int index,int length,String src,String tmp,List<String> ret){
		if(index == length){
			ret.add(tmp);
		} else {
			for(int i=1;i<dict[src.charAt(index)-'0'].length();i++){
				dfs(index+1,length,src,tmp+dict[src.charAt(index)-'0'].charAt(i),ret);
			}
		}
	}
	
	public List<String> letterCombinations(String digits) {
		initDict();
		List<String> ret = new ArrayList<String>();
		if (digits.length() > 0)
		dfs(0,digits.length(),digits,new String(),ret);
		return ret;
	}
}




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