CentOS8搭建Web服务器笔记1 Nginx+Php8基础环境

CentOS8搭建Web服务器笔记1 Nginx+Php8基础环境

1. Nginx

1.1 Yum工具安装

1.1.1 查询Yum默认安装源版本

yum info nginx

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# yum info nginx
Last metadata expiration check: 1:35:28 ago on Fri 19 Feb 2021 02:07:01 AM CST.
Available Packages
Name         : nginx
Epoch        : 1
Version      : 1.14.1
Release      : 9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82
Architecture : x86_64
Size         : 570 k
Source       : nginx-1.14.1-9.module_el8.0.0+184+e34fea82.src.rpm
Repository   : appstream
Summary      : A high performance web server and reverse proxy server
URL          : http://nginx.org/
License      : BSD
Description  : Nginx is a web server and a reverse proxy server for HTTP, SMTP, POP3 and
             : IMAP protocols, with a strong focus on high concurrency, performance and low
             : memory usage.

1.1.2 配置最新安装源

  • 编辑安装源配置
    vim /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo
[nginx-stable]
name=nginx stable repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true

[nginx-mainline]
name=nginx mainline repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
module_hotfixes=true
  • 系统默认安装稳定版本,需要默认安装源主线版本用命令
    yum-config-manager --enable nginx-mainline
[root@VM-32-7-centos ~]# yum-config-manager --enable nginx-mainline
-bash: yum-config-manager: command not found

报错command not found,安装yum-utils工具包
yum -y install yum-utils

  • 可以直接修改 nginx.repo 设置默认安装版本

修改/etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo中相应版本的enabled=1 or enabled=0

重新查看默认安装版本
yum info nginx

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# yum info nginx
nginx stable repo                                                                   6.5 kB/s | 2.9 kB     00:00    
Available Packages
Name         : nginx
Epoch        : 1
Version      : 1.18.0
Release      : 2.el8.ngx
Architecture : x86_64
Size         : 799 k
Source       : nginx-1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.src.rpm
Repository   : nginx-stable
Summary      : High performance web server
URL          : http://nginx.org/
License      : 2-clause BSD-like license
Description  : nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as
             : a mail proxy server.

1.1.3 yum安装nginx

yum install nginx

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# yum install nginx
Last metadata expiration check: 0:02:47 ago on Fri 19 Feb 2021 04:26:32 AM CST.
Dependencies resolved.
====================================================================================================================
 Package               Architecture           Version                            Repository                    Size
====================================================================================================================
Installing:
 nginx                 x86_64                 1:1.18.0-2.el8.ngx                 nginx-stable                 799 k

Transaction Summary
====================================================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 799 k
Installed size: 2.7 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
nginx-1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.x86_64.rpm                                                   559 kB/s | 799 kB     00:01    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                               559 kB/s | 799 kB     00:01     
warning: /var/cache/dnf/nginx-stable-614ef03fac352fea/packages/nginx-1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 7bd9bf62: NOKEY
nginx stable repo                                                                   1.8 kB/s | 1.5 kB     00:00    
Importing GPG key 0x7BD9BF62:
 Userid     : "nginx signing key <signing-key@nginx.com>"
 Fingerprint: 573B FD6B 3D8F BC64 1079 A6AB ABF5 BD82 7BD9 BF62
 From       : https://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Key imported successfully
Running transaction check
Transaction check succeeded.
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded.
Running transaction
  Preparing        :                                                                                            1/1 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-1:1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.x86_64                                                            1/1 
  Installing       : nginx-1:1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.x86_64                                                            1/1 
  Running scriptlet: nginx-1:1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.x86_64                                                            1/1 
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Thanks for using nginx!

Please find the official documentation for nginx here:
* http://nginx.org/en/docs/

Please subscribe to nginx-announce mailing list to get
the most important news about nginx:
* http://nginx.org/en/support.html

Commercial subscriptions for nginx are available on:
* http://nginx.com/products/

----------------------------------------------------------------------

  Verifying        : nginx-1:1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.x86_64                                                            1/1 

Installed:
  nginx-1:1.18.0-2.el8.ngx.x86_64                                                                                   

Complete!

1.1.4 启动nginx服务

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# systemctl start nginx

开机自启动

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# systemctl enable nginx 
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service.

1.1.5 查看状态和站点

查看nginx运行状态

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# systemctl status nginx
● nginx.service - nginx - high performance web server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2021-02-19 05:04:20 CST; 41s ago
     Docs: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
 Main PID: 3255 (nginx)
    Tasks: 2 (limit: 11508)
   Memory: 2.0M
   CGroup: /system.slice/nginx.service
           ├─3255 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
           └─3256 nginx: worker process

Feb 19 05:04:20 VM-0-16-centos systemd[1]: Starting nginx - high performance web server...
Feb 19 05:04:20 VM-0-16-centos systemd[1]: nginx.service: Can't open PID file /var/run/nginx.pi>
Feb 19 05:04:20 VM-0-16-centos systemd[1]: Started nginx - high performance web server.

命令行查看80端口是否正确返回页面内容

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# curl localhost:80
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Welcome to nginx!</title>
<style>
    body {
   
        width: 35em;
        margin: 0 auto;
        font-family: Tahoma, Verdana, Arial, sans-serif;
    }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Welcome to nginx!</h1>
<p>If you see this page, the nginx web server is successfully installed and
working. Further configuration is required.</p>

<p>For online documentation and support please refer to
<a href="http://nginx.org/">nginx.org</a>.<br/>
Commercial support is available at
<a href="http://nginx.com/">nginx.com</a>.</p>

<p><em>Thank you for using nginx.</em></p>
</body>
</html>
  • 浏览器输入公网IP查看
    在这里插入图片描述

1.2. 手动下载编译安装

1.2.1查询Nginx官网最新版本

https://nginx.org/
在这里插入图片描述

1.2.2 创建临时下载目录

在/usr/local目录下创建临时下载目录

/usr/local:用户级的程序目录,相当windows的C:/Progrem Files

[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# mkdir /usr/local/downloads
[root@VM-0-16-centos ~]# cd /usr/local/downloads

1.2.3 下载nginx源码包

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz

[root@VM-0-16-centos downloads]#wget  http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz
--2021-02-19 00:05:47--  http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz
Resolving nginx.org (nginx.org)... 3.125.197.172, 52.58.199.22, 2a05:d014:edb:5704::6, ...
Connecting to nginx.org (nginx.org)|3.125.197.172|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 1056631 (1.0M) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz’

nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz       100%[====================================>]   1.01M  19.4KB/s    in 55s     

2021-02-19 00:06:43 (18.8 KB/s) - ‘nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz’ saved [1056631/1056631]
[root@VM-0-16-centos downloads]# ls
nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz
  • 解压安装文件到downloads目录
    tar -zxvf /usr/local/downloads/nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz -C /usr/local/downloads
[root@VM-0-16-centos downloads]# mkdir /usr/local/software
[root@VM-0-16-centos downloads]# mkdir /usr/local/software/nginx
[root@VM-0-16-centos downloads]# cd /usr/local/software/nginx
[root@VM-0-16-centos nginx]# tar -zxvf /usr/local/downloads/nginx-1.19.7.tar.gz -C /usr/local/software/nginx
[root@VM-0-16-centos nginx]#

1.2.4安装gcc编译器及pcre库等环境

yum -y install gcc pcre pcre-devel zlib zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel

[root@VM-0-16-centos nginx]# yum -y install gcc pcre pcre-devel zlib zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel
Repository AppStream is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository extras is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository PowerTools is listed more than once in the configuration
Repository centosplus is listed more than once in the configuration
Last metadata expiration check: 1:19:41 ago on Thu 18 Feb 2021 11:05:56 PM CST.
Package gcc-8.3.1-5.el8.0.2.x86_64 is already installed.
Package pcre-8.42-4.el8.x86_64 is already installed.
Package zlib-1.2.11-13.el8.x86_64 is already installed.
Package zlib-devel-1.2.11-13.el8.x86_64 is already installed.
Package openssl-1:1.1.1c-15.el8.x86_64 is already installed.
Dependencies resolved.
=======================================================================================================
 Package                       Architecture     Version                      Repository           Size
=======================================================================================================
Installing:
 openssl-devel                 x86_64           1:1.1.1g-12.el8_3            BaseOS              2.3 M
 pcre-devel                    x86_64           8.42-4.el8                   BaseOS              551 k
Upgrading:
 cpp                           x86_64           8.3.1-5.1.el8                AppStream            10 M
 e2fsprogs                     x86_64           1.45.6-1.el8                 BaseOS              1.0 M
 e2fsprogs-libs                x86_64           1.45.6-1.el8                 BaseOS              233 k
 gcc                           x86_64           8.3.1-5.1.el8                AppStream            23 M
 krb5-libs                     x86_64           1.18.2-5.el8                 BaseOS              837 k
 libcom_err                    x86_64           1.45.6-1.el8                 BaseOS               49 k
 libgcc                        x86_64           8.3.1-5.1.el8                BaseOS               78 k
 libgomp                       x86_64           8.3.1-5.1.el8                BaseOS              204 k
 libselinux                    x86_64           2.9-4.el8_3                  BaseOS              165 k
 libselinux-utils              x86_64           2.9-4.el8_3                  BaseOS              242 k
 libss                         x86_64           1.45.6-1.el8                 BaseOS               53 k
 openssl                       x86_64           1:1.1.1g-12.el8_3            BaseOS              707 k
 openssl-libs                  x86_64           1:1.1.1g-12.el8_3            BaseOS              1.5 M
 pcre2                         x86_64           10.32-2.el8                  BaseOS              246 k
 python3-libselinux            x86_64           2.9-4.el8_3                  BaseOS              283 k
 zlib                          x86_64           1.2.11-16.el8_2              BaseOS              102 k
 zlib-devel                    x86_64           1.2.11-16.el8_2              BaseOS               57 k
Installing dependencies:
 keyutils-libs-devel           x86_64           1.5.10-6.el8                 BaseOS               48 k
 krb5-devel                    x86_64           1.18.2-5.el8                 BaseOS              558 k
 libcom_err-devel              x86_64           1.45.6-1.el8                 BaseOS               38 k
 libkadm5                      x86_64           1.18.2-5.el8                 BaseOS              185 k
 libselinux-devel              x86_64           2.9-4.el8_3                  BaseOS              199 k
 libsepol-devel                x86_64           2.9-1.el8                    BaseOS               86 k
 libverto-devel                x86_64           0.3.0-5.el8                  BaseOS               18 k
 pcre-cpp                      x86_64           8.42-4.el8                   BaseOS               47 k
 pcre-utf16                    x86_64           8.42-4.el8                   BaseOS              195 k
 pcre-utf32                    x86_64           8.42-4.el8                   BaseOS              186 k
 pcre2-devel                   x86_64           10.32-2.el8                  BaseOS              605 k
 pcre2-utf16                   x86_64           10.32-2.el8                  BaseOS              229 k
 pcre2-utf32                   x86_64           10.32-2.el8                  BaseOS              220 k

Transaction Summary
====================================================
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