# 【LeetCode】875. Koko Eating Bananas 解题报告（Python）

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id： fuxuemingzhu

## 题目描述

Koko loves to eat bananas. There are N piles of bananas, the i-th pile has piles[i]bananas. The guards have gone and will come back in H hours.

Koko can decide her bananas-per-hour eating speed of K. Each hour, she chooses some pile of bananas, and eats K bananas from that pile. If the pile has less than K bananas, she eats all of them instead, and won’t eat any more bananas during this hour.

Koko likes to eat slowly, but still wants to finish eating all the bananas before the guards come back.

Return the minimum integer K such that she can eat all the bananas within H hours.

Example 1:

Input: piles = [3,6,7,11], H = 8
Output: 4


Example 2:

Input: piles = [30,11,23,4,20], H = 5
Output: 30


Example 3:

Input: piles = [30,11,23,4,20], H = 6
Output: 23


Note:

1. 1 <= piles.length <= 10^4
2. piles.length <= H <= 10^9
3. 1 <= piles[i] <= 10^9

## 题目大意

coco去吃香蕉，时间最多只有H小时，但这个吃货会享受，她想在用最慢的速度去吃。吃的速度是K，代表一个小时吃多少香蕉。这吃货懒到什么地步？当一个小时以内她就把这堆里边的香蕉吃完了，那她就停下来歇着，等待下一个小时继续吃。求她吃东西的最慢的速度。

## 解题方法

### 二分查找

Python代码如下：

class Solution:
def minEatingSpeed(self, piles, H):
"""
:type piles: List[int]
:type H: int
:rtype: int
"""
minSpeed, maxSpeed = 1, max(piles)
while minSpeed <= maxSpeed:
speed = minSpeed + (maxSpeed - minSpeed) // 2
hour = 0
for pile in piles:
hour += math.ceil(pile / speed)
if hour <= H:
maxSpeed = speed - 1
else:
minSpeed = speed + 1
return minSpeed


class Solution(object):
def minEatingSpeed(self, piles, H):
"""
:type piles: List[int]
:type H: int
:rtype: int
"""
l, r = 1, sum(piles)
# [l, r)
while l < r:
K = l + (r - l) / 2
curH = 0
for p in piles:
curH += p // K + (1 if p % K else 0)
if curH > H:
l = K + 1
else:
r = K
return l


https://leetcode.com/problems/koko-eating-bananas/discuss/152506/Logical-Thinking-with-Java-Code

## 日期

2018 年 9 月 15 日 —— 天气转冷，小心着凉
2019 年 3 月 24 日 —— 二刷还是挺好的

07-25 280
10-15 96
10-16 72
06-23 149
08-27 890
05-19 179
07-25 659
08-08 552
02-22 724
09-30 42
07-15 63
08-07 2031
07-24 1187
07-22 396
07-22 168
12-23 379

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