# 稀疏表示字典的显示（MATLAB实现代码）

clc;
clear all;

patch_size=9;
nRow=24;
nCol=22;
D=Dh';
w=nCol*patch_size;
h=nRow*patch_size;

gridx = 1:patch_size :w;
gridx = [gridx, w-patch_size+1];
gridy = 1:patch_size : h;
gridy = [gridy, h-patch_size+1];
K=512; %字典原子总数
DD=cell(1,K);
row=length(gridx);
col=length(gridy);
hIm=zeros([w,h]);
for i=1:K
DD{i}=D(i,:);
end

for ii = 1:length(gridx),
for jj = 1:length(gridy),
yy = gridx(ii);
xx = gridy(jj);
if (ii-1)*nRow+jj >K
break
end
temp=DD{(ii-1)*nCol+jj};
hPatch=reshape(temp,[patch_size,patch_size]);
hIm(yy:yy+patch_size-1, xx:xx+patch_size-1) = hIm(yy:yy+patch_size-1, xx:xx+patch_size-1) +hPatch;
end
end

figure;
imagesc(hIm);
colormap(gray);
axis image;

displayDictionaryElementsAsImage.m

function I = displayDictionaryElementsAsImage2(D, numRows, numCols,X,Y,sortVarFlag)
% function I = displayDictionaryElementsAsImage(D, numRows, numCols, X,Y)
% displays the dictionary atoms as blocks. For activation, the dictionary D
% should be given, as also the number of rows (numRows) and columns
% (numCols) for the atoms to be displayed. X and Y are the dimensions of
% each atom.

borderSize = 1;
columnScanFlag = 1;
strechEachVecFlag = 1;
showImFlag = 1;

if (length(who('X'))==0)
X = 8;
Y = 8;
end
if (length(who('sortVarFlag'))==0)
sortVarFlag = 1;
end

numElems = size(D,2);
if (length(who('numRows'))==0)
numRows = floor(sqrt(numElems));
numCols = numRows;
end
if (length(who('strechEachVecFlag'))==0)
strechEachVecFlag = 0;
end
if (length(who('showImFlag'))==0)
showImFlag = 1;
end

%%% sort the elements, if necessary.
%%% construct the image to display (I)
sizeForEachImage = sqrt(size(D,1))+borderSize;
I = zeros(sizeForEachImage*numRows+borderSize,sizeForEachImage*numCols+borderSize,3);
%%% fill all this image in blue
I(:,:,1) = 1; %min(min(D));
I(:,:,2) = 1; %min(min(D));
I(:,:,3) = 1; %max(max(D));
% %%% fill all this image in blue
% I(:,:,1) = 0; %min(min(D));
% I(:,:,2) = 0; %min(min(D));
% I(:,:,3) = 1; %max(max(D));

%%% now fill the image squares with the elements (in row scan or column
%%% scan).
if (strechEachVecFlag)
for counter = 1:size(D,2)
D(:,counter) = D(:,counter)-min(D(:,counter));
if (max(D(:,counter)))
D(:,counter) = D(:,counter)./max(D(:,counter));
end
end
end

if (sortVarFlag)
vars = var(D);
[V,indices] = sort(vars');
indices = fliplr(indices);
D = [D(:,1:sortVarFlag-1),D(:,indices+sortVarFlag-1)];
signs = sign(D(1,:));
signs(find(signs==0)) = 1;
D = D.*repmat(signs,size(D,1),1);
D = D(:,1:numRows*numCols);
end

counter=1;
for j = 1:numRows
for i = 1:numCols
%         if (strechEachVecFlag)
%             D(:,counter) = D(:,counter)-min(D(:,counter));
%             D(:,counter) = D(:,counter)./max(D(:,counter));
%         end
%         if (columnScanFlag==1)
%             I(borderSize+(i-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:i*sizeForEachImage,borderSize+(j-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:j*sizeForEachImage,1)=reshape(D(:,counter),8,8);
%             I(borderSize+(i-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:i*sizeForEachImage,borderSize+(j-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:j*sizeForEachImage,2)=reshape(D(:,counter),8,8);
%             I(borderSize+(i-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:i*sizeForEachImage,borderSize+(j-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:j*sizeForEachImage,3)=reshape(D(:,counter),8,8);
%         else
% Go in Column Scan:
I(borderSize+(j-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:j*sizeForEachImage,borderSize+(i-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:i*sizeForEachImage,1)=reshape(D(:,counter),X,Y);
I(borderSize+(j-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:j*sizeForEachImage,borderSize+(i-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:i*sizeForEachImage,2)=reshape(D(:,counter),X,Y);
I(borderSize+(j-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:j*sizeForEachImage,borderSize+(i-1)*sizeForEachImage+1:i*sizeForEachImage,3)=reshape(D(:,counter),X,Y);
%         end
counter = counter+1;
end
end

if (showImFlag)
I = I-min(min(min(I)));
I = I./max(max(max(I)));
imshow(I,[]);
end

displayDictionary_test.m

clc;
clear all;

%加载字典

patch_size=9;
D=Dh;
K=512;
figure;
%调用KSVD工具箱中的字典显示函数
im=displayDictionaryElementsAsImage(D, floor(sqrt(K)), floor(size(D,2)/floor(sqrt(K))),patch_size,patch_size);

clc;
clear all;

patch_size=9;
nRow=24;
nCol=22;
D=Dh';
w=nCol*patch_size;
h=nRow*patch_size;

gridx = 1:patch_size :w;
gridx = [gridx, w-patch_size+1];
gridy = 1:patch_size : h;
gridy = [gridy, h-patch_size+1];
K=512; %字典原子总数
DD=cell(1,K);
row=length(gridx);
col=length(gridy);
hIm=zeros([w,h]);
for i=1:K
DD{i}=D(i,:);
end

for ii = 1:length(gridx),
for jj = 1:length(gridy),
yy = gridx(ii);
xx = gridy(jj);
if (ii-1)*nRow+jj >K
break
end
temp=DD{(ii-1)*nCol+jj};
hPatch=reshape(temp,[patch_size,patch_size]);
I=hPatch;
I = I-min(min(min(I)));
I = I./max(max(max(I)));%对字典原子像素值进行拉伸变化到0-1
hIm(yy:yy+patch_size-1, xx:xx+patch_size-1) = hIm(yy:yy+patch_size-1, xx:xx+patch_size-1) +I;
end
end

figure;
imshow(hIm);

        hPatch=reshape(temp,[patch_size,patch_size]);
I=hPatch;
I = I-min(min(min(I)));
I = 0.7*I./max(max(max(I)));%对字典原子像素值进行拉伸变化到0-0.7  

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