oracle-时间操作-extract函数

//oracle中extract()函数从oracle 9i中引入,用于从一个date或者interval类型中截取到特定的部分  
EXTRACT (  
        { YEAR | MONTH | DAY | HOUR | MINUTE | SECOND }  
        | { TIMEZONE_HOUR | TIMEZONE_MINUTE }  
        | { TIMEZONE_REGION | TIMEZONE_ABBR }  
FROM { date_value | interval_value } )  

//我们只可以从一个date类型中截取 year,month,day(date日期的格式为yyyy-mm-dd);  

select extract(year from date'2011-05-17') year from dual;  
      YEAR  
----------  
      2011  
select extract(month from date'2011-05-17') month from dual;  
     MONTH  
----------  
         5  
select extract(day from date'2011-05-17') day from dual;  
       DAY  
----------  
        17 
//获取两个日期之间的具体时间间隔,extract函数是最好的选择  
select extract(day from dt2-dt1) day  
      ,extract(hour from dt2-dt1) hour  
      ,extract(minute from dt2-dt1) minute  
      ,extract(second from dt2-dt1) second  
from (  
     select to_timestamp('2011-02-04 15:07:00','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') dt1  
           ,to_timestamp('2011-05-17 19:08:46','yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') dt2  
     from dual)  
/  
       DAY       HOUR     MINUTE     SECOND  
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------  
       102          4          1         46  
--  
select extract(year from systimestamp) year  
      ,extract(month from systimestamp) month  
      ,extract(day from systimestamp) day  
      ,extract(minute from systimestamp) minute  
      ,extract(second from systimestamp) second  
      ,extract(timezone_hour from systimestamp) th  
      ,extract(timezone_minute from systimestamp) tm  
      ,extract(timezone_region from systimestamp) tr  
      ,extract(timezone_abbr from systimestamp) ta  
from dual  
/  
     YEAR      MONTH        DAY     MINUTE     SECOND         TH         TM TR         TA  
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- --------- ----------  
      2011          5         17          7     14.843          8          0 UNKNOWN   UNK  
//  
-----http://blog.itpub.net/26736162/viewspace-2148873/
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