Windows未公开函数揭密(3)

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Windows未公开函数揭密


   '根据一个特定文件夹对象的ID获得它的目录pidl
Public Function GetPIDLFromFolderID(hOwner As Long, nFolder As SHSpecialFolderIDs) As Long
Dim pidl As Long
If SHGetSpecialFolderLocation(hOwner, nFolder, pidl) = NOERROR Then
GetPIDLFromFolderID = pidl
End If
End Function
Public Function GetDisplayNameFromPIDL(pidl As Long) As String
Dim sfib As SHFILEINFOBYTE
If SHGetFileInfoPidl(pidl, 0, sfib, Len(sfib), SHGFI_PIDL Or SHGFI_DISPLAYNAME) Then
GetDisplayNameFromPIDL = GetStrFromBufferA(StrConv(sfib.szDisplayName, vbUnicode))
End If
End Function
Public Function GetPathFromPIDL(pidl As Long) As String
Dim sPath As String * MAX_PATH
If SHGetPathFromIDList(pidl, sPath) Then
GetPathFromPIDL = GetStrFromBufferA(sPath)
End If
End Function
Public Function GetStrFromBufferA(sz As String) As String
If InStr(sz, vbNullChar) Then
GetStrFromBufferA = Left$(sz, InStr(sz, vbNullChar) - 1)
Else
GetStrFromBufferA = sz
End If
End Function
在mShell.Bas中加入以下代码:
'mShell.Bas函数包含注册和反注册系统通告以及文件夹信息转换的函数
Option Explicit
Private m_hSHNotify As Long
'系统消息通告句柄
Private m_pidlDesktop As Long
'定义系统通告的消息值
Public Const WM_SHNOTIFY = &H401
Public Type PIDLSTRUCT
pidl As Long
bWatchSubFolders As Long
End Type
Declare Function SHChangeNotifyRegister Lib ″shell32″ Alias ″#2″ _
(ByVal hWnd As Long, _
ByVal uFlags As SHCN_ItemFlags, _
ByVal dwEventID As SHCN_EventIDs, _
ByVal uMsg As Long, _
ByVal cItems As Long, _
lpps As PIDLSTRUCT) As Long
Type SHNOTIFYSTRUCT
dwItem1 As Long
dwItem2 As Long
End Type
Declare Function SHChangeNotifyDeregister Lib ″shell32″ Alias ″#4″ _
(ByVal hNotify As Long) As Boolean
Declare Sub SHChangeNotify Lib ″shell32″ _
(ByVal wEventId As SHCN_EventIDs,
ByVal uFlags As SHCN_ItemFlags, _
ByVal dwItem1 As Long, _
ByVal dwItem2 As Long)
Public Enum SHCN_EventIDs
SHCNE_RENAMEITEM = &H1
SHCNE_CREATE = &H2
SHCNE_DELETE = &H4
SHCNE_MKDIR = &H8
SHCNE_RMDIR = &H10
SHCNE_MEDIAINSERTED = &H20
SHCNE_MEDIAREMOVED = &H40
SHCNE_DRIVEREMOVED = &H80
SHCNE_DRIVEADD = &H100
SHCNE_NETSHARE = &H200
SHCNE_NETUNSHARE = &H400
SHCNE_ATTRIBUTES = &H800
SHCNE_UPDATEDIR = &H1000
SHCNE_UPDATEITEM = &H2000
SHCNE_SERVERDISCONNECT = &H4000
SHCNE_UPDATEIMAGE = &H8000&
SHCNE_DRIVEADDGUI = &H10000
SHCNE_RENAMEFOLDER = &H20000
SHCNE_FREESPACE = &H40000
SHCNE_ASSOCCHANGED = &H8000000
SHCNE_DISKEVENTS = &H2381F
SHCNE_GLOBALEVENTS = &HC0581E0
SHCNE_ALLEVENTS = &H7FFFFFFF
SHCNE_INTERRUPT = &H80000000
End Enum
#If (WIN32_IE >= &H400) Then
Public Const SHCNEE_ORDERCHANGED = &H2
#End If
Public Enum SHCN_ItemFlags
SHCNF_IDLIST = &H0
SHCNF_PATHA = &H1
SHCNF_PRINTERA = &H2
SHCNF_DWORD = &H3
SHCNF_PATHW = &H5
SHCNF_PRINTERW = &H6
SHCNF_TYPE = &HFF
SHCNF_FLUSH = &H1000
SHCNF_FLUSHNOWAIT = &H2000
#If UNICODE Then
SHCNF_PATH = SHCNF_PATHW
SHCNF_PRINTER = SHCNF_PRINTERW
#Else
SHCNF_PATH = SHCNF_PATHA
SHCNF_PRINTER = SHCNF_PRINTERA
#End If
End Enum
Public Function SHNotify_Register(hWnd As Long) As Boolean
Dim ps As PIDLSTRUCT
If (m_hSHNotify = 0) Then
m_pidlDesktop = GetPIDLFromFolderID(0, CSIDL_DESKTOP)
If m_pidlDesktop Then
ps.pidl = m_pidlDesktop
ps.bWatchSubFolders = True
'注册Windows监视,将获得的句柄保存到m_hSHNotify中
m_hSHNotify = SHChangeNotifyRegister(hWnd, SHCNF_TYPE Or SHCNF_IDLIST, NE_ALLEVENTS Or SHCNE_INTERRUPT, WM_SHNOTIFY, 1, ps)
SHNotify_Register = CBool(m_hSHNotify)
Else
Call CoTaskMemFree(m_pidlDesktop)
End If
End If
End Function
Public Function SHNotify_Unregister() As Boolean
If m_hSHNotify Then
If SHChange Notify Deregister(m_h SHNotify) Then
m_hSHNotify = 0
Call CoTaskMemFree(m_pidlDesktop)
m_pidlDesktop = 0
SHNotify_Unregister = True
End If
End If
End Function
Public Function SHNotify_GetEventStr(strPath1, strPath2 As String, dwEventID As Long) As String
Dim sEvent As String
Select Case dwEventID
Case SHCNE_RENAMEITEM: sEvent =
″重命名文件″ + strPath1 + ″为″ + strPath2
Case SHCNE_CREATE: sEvent = ″建立文件 文件名:″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_DELETE: sEvent = ″删除文件 文件名:″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_MKDIR: sEvent = ″新建目录 目录名:″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_RMDIR: sEvent = ″删除目录 目录名:″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_MEDIAINSERTED: sEvent = strPath1 + ″中插入可移动存储介质″
Case SHCNE_MEDIAREMOVED: sEvent = strPath1 + ″中移去可移动存储介质″
Case SHCNE_DRIVEREMOVED: sEvent = ″移去驱动器″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_DRIVEADD: sEvent = ″添加驱动器″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_NETSHARE: sEvent = ″改变目录″ + strPath1 + ″的共享属性″
Case SHCNE_UPDATEDIR: sEvent = ″更新目录″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_UPDATEITEM: sEvent = ″更新文件 文件名:″ + strPath1
Case SHCNE_SERVERDISCONNECT: sEvent = ″断开与服务器的连″ + strPath1 + ″ ″ + strPath2
Case SHCNE_UPDATEIMAGE: sEvent = ″SHCNE_UPDATEIMAGE″
Case SHCNE_DRIVEADDGUI: sEvent = ″SHCNE_DRIVEADDGUI″
Case SHCNE_RENAMEFOLDER: sEvent = ″重命名文件夹″ + strPath1 + ″为″ + strPath2
Case SHCNE_FREESPACE: sEvent = ″磁盘空间大小改变″
Case SHCNE_ASSOCCHANGED: sEvent = ″改变文件关联″
End Select
SHNotify_GetEventStr = sEvent
End Function
在mSub.Bas中加入以下代码:
'mSub函数包括窗口的消息处理函数
Option Explicit
Private Const WM_NCDESTROY = &H82
Private Const GWL_WNDPROC = (-4)
Private Const OLDWNDPROC = ″OldWndProc″
Private Declare Function GetProp Lib″user32″ Alias″GetPropA″ (ByVal _
hWnd As Long, ByVal lpString As String) As Long
Private Declare Function SetProp Lib ″user32″ Alias ″SetPropA″ (ByVal _
hWnd As Long, ByVal lpString As String, ByVal hData As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function RemoveProp Lib ″user32″ Alias ″RemovePropA″ (ByVal _
hWnd As Long, ByVal lpString As String) As Long
Private Declare Function SetWindowLong Lib ″user32″ Alias ″SetWindowLongA″ _
(ByVal hWnd As Long, ByVal nIndex As Long, ByVal dwNewLong As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function CallWindowProc Lib ″user32″ Alias ″CallWindowProcA″ _
(ByVal lpPrevWndFunc As Long, ByVal hWnd As Long, ByVal uMsg As Long, _
ByVal wParam As Long, ByVal lParam As Long) As Long
Public Function SubClass(hWnd As Long) As Boolean
Dim lpfnOld As Long
Dim fSuccess As Boolean
If (GetProp(hWnd, OLDWNDPROC) = 0) Then
lpfnOld = Set Window Long(h Wnd, GWL-WNDPROC, Address Of Wnd Proc)
If lpfnOld Then
fSuccess = SetProp(hWnd, OLDWNDPROC, lpfnOld)
End If
End If
If fSuccess Then
SubClass = True
Else
If lpfnOld Then Call UnSubClass(hWnd)
MsgBox ″Unable to successfully subclass &H″ & Hex(hWnd), vbCritical
End If
End Function
Public Function UnSubClass(hWnd As Long) As Boolean
Dim lpfnOld As Long
lpfnOld = GetProp(hWnd, OLDWNDPROC)
If lpfnOld Then
If RemoveProp(hWnd, OLDWNDPROC) Then
UnSubClass = SetWindowLong(hWnd, GWL_WNDPROC, lpfnOld)
End If
End If
End Function
Public Function WndProc(ByVal hWnd As Long,pByVal uMsg Ap Long, ByVal wParam As _
Long, ByVal lParam As Long) As Long
Select Case uMsg
Case WM_SHNOTIFY '处理e统消息通告函数
Call Form1.NotificationReceipt(wParamN lParam)
Case WM_NCDESTROY
Call UnSubClass(hWnd)N D sgBox ″Unubclassed &H″ & Hex(hWnd), vbCritical, ″WndProc Error″
End Select
WndProc = CallWindowProc(GetProp(hWnd, OLDWNDPROC), hWnd, uMsg, wParam, lParam)
End Function
保存文件,然后运行程序,然后你可以在Explore中试着建立或者删除一个文件或者文件夹,在Form中可以看到你所做的ll已经被纪录l且显示到TextBox中了。
现在分析以下上面的程序,上面的程序首先调用SHChangeNotifyRegister函数将Form添加到系统消息通告链中,并利用SetWindowLong函数改变FormEd省的消息D理函数,当y受到系统通告消后,根据传递的参数获得系统通告的内容并且显示在文本窗口中。退出程序时调用SHChangeNotifyDeregister函数注销系统消息通告。
接下来我要向大家介绍如何使用Windows未公开函数实现调用Windows系统中的一些对话框的功能。其中包括如何调用系统的″运行程序″对话框、”查找文件″对话框、更改与文件相关联的图标对话框等等。
首先在VB中建立一个新的工程文件,然后在Form1中加入五个CommandButton控件,不要改变它们的属性,然后在Form1的代码窗口中加入以下代码:
Option Explicit
Private Type BrowseInfo
hwndOwner As Long
pIDLRoot As Long
pszDisplayName As Long
lpszTitle As Long
ulFlags As Long
lpfnCallback As Long
lParam As Long
iImage As Long
End Type
Const BIF_RETURNONLYFSDIRS = 1
Const MAX_PATH = 260
Private Declare Function SHObjectProperties Lib ″Shell32″ Alias ″#178″ _
(ByVal hwndOwner As Long, _
ByVal uFlags As Long, _
ByVal lpstrName As String, _
ByVal lpstrPar As String) As Long
Private Declare Sub CoTaskMemFree Lib ″ole32.dll″ (ByVal hMem As Long)
Private Declare Function SHBrowseForFolder Lib ″Shell32″ (lpbi _
As BrowseInfo) As Long
Private Declare Function SHFindFiles Lib ″Shell32″ Alias ″#90″ _
(ByVal pIDLRoot As Long, _
ByVal pidlSavedSearch As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function GetFileNameFromBrowse Lib ″Shell32″ Alias ″#63″ ( _
ByVal hwndOwner As Long, _
ByVal lpstrFile As String, _
ByVal nMaxFile As Long, _
ByVal lpstrInitDir As String, _
ByVal lpstrDefExt As String, _
ByVal lpstrFilter As String, _
ByVal lpstrTitle As String) As Long
Private Declare Sub PickIconDlg Lib ″Shell32″ Alias ″#62″ (ByVal hwndOwner As Long, _
ByVal lpstrFile As String, ByVal nMaxFile As Long, lpdwIconIndex As Long)
Private Declare Function SHRunFileDlg Lib ″Shell32″ Alias ″#61″ _
(ByVal hOwner As Long, _
ByVal hIcon As Long, _
ByVal lpstrDirectory As String, _
ByVal szTitle As String, _
ByVal szPrompt As String, _
ByVal uFlags As Long) As Long
Private Sub Command1_Click()
SHRunFileDlg Form1.hWnd, Form1.Icon.Handle, ″c:/windows″, ″运行程序演示″,
″在文本框中输入程序名或按浏览键查找程序″, 0
End Sub
Private Sub Command2_Click()
Dim a As Long
Dim astr As String
astr = ″c:/windows/notepad.exe″
PickIconDlg Form1.hWnd, astr, 1, a
End Sub
Private Sub Command3_Click()
Dim astr As String * 256
Dim bstr As String
bstr = ″c:/windows″
GetFileNameFromBrowse Form1.hWnd, astr, 256, bstr, ″*.txt″, _
″文本文件 *.txt″, ″Open Sample″
Debug.Print astr
End Sub
Private Sub Command4_Click()
Dim lpIDList As Long
Dim udtBI As BrowseInfo
'初试化udtBI结构
With udtBI
.hwndOwner = Form1.hWnd
.ulFlags = BIF_RETURNONLYFSDIRS
End With
'弹出文件夹查看窗口
lpIDList = SHBrowseForFolder(udtBI)
If lpIDList Then
'查找文件
SHFindFiles lpIDList, 0
Call CoTaskMemFree(lpIDList)
End If
End Sub
Private Sub Command5_Click()
SHObjectProperties Form1.hWnd, 2, ″c:/windows/notepad.exe″, ″Samples″
End Sub
Private Sub Form_Load()
Command1.Caption = ″运行程序″
Command2.Caption = ″更改图标″
Command3.Caption = ″打开文件″
Command4.Caption = ″查找文件″
Command5.Caption = ″显示文件属性″
End Sub
运行程序,分别点击不同的按钮,就可以看到不同的按钮实现了对不同的系统对话框的调用。以上程序在Windows98、VB6下运行通过。(完)
(长沙 陈锐)

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