poj 1151 Atlantis

类型:离散化

题目:http://poj.org/problem?id=1151

来源:Mid-Central European Regional Contest 2000

思路【一】:

(1)使用map离散化

(2)对每个矩形进行覆盖操作

(3)统计覆盖的区域面积和

//poj 1151 Atlantis
// wa ac 312K 32MS
#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
using namespace std;

const int MAXM = 2610;
int n, cntx, cnty, cas = 1;
bool endd[210][210];
double dax[MAXM], day[MAXM];
map<double, int> mpx, mpy, mpxx, mpyy;
map<double, int>::iterator it;
struct pot {
    double x1, y1, x2, y2;
}p[MAXM];

void solve() {
    int i, j, k;
    cntx = cnty = 1;
    for(it = mpxx.begin(); it != mpxx.end(); ++it)
        mpx[it->first] = cntx, dax[cntx++] = it->first;
    for(it = mpyy.begin(); it != mpyy.end(); ++it)
        mpy[it->first] = cnty, day[cnty++] = it->first;
    for(i = 1; i <= n; ++i) {
        int x1 = mpx[p[i].x1];
        int y1 = mpy[p[i].y1];
        int x2 = mpx[p[i].x2];
        int y2 = mpy[p[i].y2];
        for(j = x1; j < x2; ++j)
        for(k = y1; k < y2; ++k)
            endd[j][k] = true;
    }
    double sum = 0.0;
    for(i = 1; i < cntx - 1; ++i)
    for(j = 1; j < cnty - 1; ++j)
        if(endd[i][j]) {
            sum += (dax[i + 1] - dax[i]) * (day[j + 1] - day[j]);
        }
    printf("Test case #%d\n", cas++);
    printf("Total explored area: %.2lf\n\n", sum);
}

int main() {
    double x1, x2, y1, y2;
    int i;
    while(scanf("%d", &n) != EOF, n) {
        cntx = cnty = 1;
        mpx.clear();
        mpy.clear();
        mpxx.clear();
        mpyy.clear();
        memset(endd, false, sizeof(endd));
        for(i = 1; i <= n; ++i) {
            scanf("%lf %lf %lf %lf", &x1, &y1, &x2, &y2);
            p[i].x1 = x1, p[i].x2 = x2, p[i].y1 = y1, p[i].y2 = y2;
            if(mpxx.count(x1) == 0)
                mpxx[x1] = cntx;
            if(mpyy.count(y1) == 0)
                mpyy[y1] = cnty;
            if(mpxx.count(x2) == 0)
                mpxx[x2] = cntx;
            if(mpyy.count(y2) == 0)
                mpyy[y2] = cnty;
        }
        solve();
    }
    return 0;
}





思路【二】:

(1)对y坐标离散化,对x坐标建立扫描线

(2)以y坐标建立线段树

(3)插入线段【x扫描线】,每插入一次,统计可得到的矩形面积

(4)对于每条线段,如果有p[t].c > 0 即可统计,当p[t].c = 0时该块矩形扫描完成,不再进行统计

//poj 1151 Atlantis
//ac 224K 0MS
#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
#include <string>
#include <queue>
#include <stack>
#include <map>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cstring>
using namespace std;

#define FOR(i,a,b) for(i = (a); i < (b); ++i)
#define FORE(i,a,b) for(i = (a); i <= (b); ++i)
#define FORD(i,a,b) for(i = (a); i > (b); --i)
#define FORDE(i,a,b) for(i = (a); i >= (b); --i)

const int MAXN = 1010;

int n, m, len, t = 1;
struct node {
    int l, r, c;
    double len, sum;
}p[MAXN * 5];
struct line {
    double x, y1, y2;
    int sign;
}l[MAXN];
double Y[MAXN];

void creat(int t, int l, int r) {
    int mid = (l + r) >> 1;
    p[t].l = l, p[t].r = r;
    p[t].c = 0, p[t].sum = 0;
    p[t].len = Y[r] - Y[l];
    if(l + 1 < r) {
        creat(t * 2, l, mid);
        creat(t * 2 + 1, mid, r);
        return;
    }
}

void insert(int t, int l, int  r, int flag) {
    int mid = (p[t].l + p[t].r) / 2;
    if(p[t].l == l && p[t].r == r) {
        (flag == true) ? ++p[t].c : --p[t].c;
    }
    else {
        if(r <= mid)
            insert(t * 2, l, r, flag);
        else if(l >= mid)
            insert(t * 2 + 1, l, r, flag);
        else {
            insert(t * 2, l, mid, flag);
            insert(t * 2 + 1, mid, r, flag);
        }
    }
    if(p[t].c > 0)
        p[t].sum = p[t].len;
    else if(p[t].r - p[t].l > 1)
        p[t].sum = p[t * 2].sum + p[t * 2 + 1].sum;
    else // !!!
        p[t].sum = 0;
}

int cmp(line a, line b) {
    return a.x < b.x;
}

int find(double key) {
    int l = 0, r = len - 1, mid;
    while(l <= r) {
        mid = (l + r) >> 1;
        if(Y[mid] >= key)
            r = mid - 1;
        else
            l = mid + 1;
    }
    return l;
}

void solve() {
    int i;
    double x1, x2, y1, y2, ans = 0;
    m = 0;
    FORE(i, 1, n) {
        scanf("%lf %lf %lf %lf", &x1, &y1, &x2, &y2);
        Y[m] = y1; l[m].x = x1; l[m].y1 = y1; l[m].y2 = y2; l[m++].sign = 1;
        Y[m] = y2; l[m].x = x2; l[m].y1 = y1; l[m].y2 = y2; l[m++].sign = 0;
    }
    sort(Y, Y + m);
    sort(l, l + m, cmp);
    len = unique(Y, Y + m) - Y;
    creat(1, 0, len - 1);
    FOR(i, 0, m) {
        if(l[i].sign)
            insert(1, find(l[i].y1), find(l[i].y2), 1);
        else
            insert(1, find(l[i].y1), find(l[i].y2), 0);
        ans += p[1].sum * (l[i + 1].x - l[i].x);
    }
    printf("Test case #%d\n", t++);
    printf("Total explored area: %.2lf\n\n", ans);
}

int main() {
    while(scanf("%d", &n) != EOF, n) {
        solve();
    }
    return 0;
}
/*
2
10 10 20 20
15 15 25 25.5
0
*/




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