springboot整合配置rabbitmq 学习记录

springboot整合配置详解

生产端核心:

  1. publisher-confirms,实现一个监听器用于监听Broker端给我们返回的确认请求:
    RabbitTemplate.confirmCallback

  2. publisher-returns,保证消息对Broker端是可达的,如果出现路由建不可达的qingk情况,则使用监听器对不可达的消息进行后续的处理,保证消息的路由成功:
    RabbitTemplate.ReturnCallback

  3. 注意一点,在发送消息的时候对template进行配置mandatory=true保证监听有效(生产端还可以配置其他属性,比如发送重试,超时时间,次数,间隔等)

  4. 具体发送端代码:

@Component
public class RabbitSender {

    //自动注入RabbitTemplate模板类
    @Autowired
    private RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;  

    //回调函数: confirm确认
    final ConfirmCallback confirmCallback = new RabbitTemplate.ConfirmCallback() {
        @Override
        public void confirm(CorrelationData correlationData, boolean ack, String cause) {
            System.err.println("correlationData: " + correlationData);
            System.err.println("ack: " + ack);
            if(!ack){
                System.err.println("异常处理....");
            }
        }
    };

    //回调函数: return返回
    final ReturnCallback returnCallback = new RabbitTemplate.ReturnCallback() {
        @Override
        public void returnedMessage(org.springframework.amqp.core.Message message, int replyCode, String replyText,
                String exchange, String routingKey) {
            System.err.println("return exchange: " + exchange + ", routingKey: " 
                + routingKey + ", replyCode: " + replyCode + ", replyText: " + replyText);
        }
    };

    //发送消息方法调用: 构建Message消息
    public void send(Object message, Map<String, Object> properties) throws Exception {
        MessageHeaders mhs = new MessageHeaders(properties);
        Message msg = MessageBuilder.createMessage(message, mhs);
        rabbitTemplate.setConfirmCallback(confirmCallback);
        rabbitTemplate.setReturnCallback(returnCallback);
        //id + 时间戳 全局唯一 
        CorrelationData correlationData = new CorrelationData("1234567890");
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend("exchange-1", "springboot.abc", msg, correlationData);
    }

    //发送消息方法调用: 构建自定义对象消息
    public void sendOrder(Order order) throws Exception {
        rabbitTemplate.setConfirmCallback(confirmCallback);
        rabbitTemplate.setReturnCallback(returnCallback);
        //id + 时间戳 全局唯一 
        CorrelationData correlationData = new CorrelationData("0987654321");
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend("exchange-2", "springboot.def", order, correlationData);
    }

}

消费端核心配置

  1. 首先配置手工确认模式,用户ACK的手工处理,这样我们可以保证消息的可靠性送达,或者再消费端消费失败的时候可以做到重回队列,根据业务记录日志等处理。

  2. 可以设置消费端的监听个数和最大个数,用于控制消费端的并发情况

  3. 消费端监听注解为@RabbitMQListener,为组合注解,可以设置注解配置@QueuueBinding,@Queue,@Exchange直接通过这个组合注解一次性搞定消费端交换机,队列,绑定,路由,并且配置监听功能等。

@RabbitListener(binding=@QueueBinding(
value=@Queue(value="queue-1",durable="true"),
exchange=@Exchange(value="exchange-1",
durable="true",
type="topic",
ignoreDeclarationExceptions="true"),
key="springboot.*")
)
@RabbitHandler
public void onMessage(Message message,Channel channel) throws Exception{}

配置文件application.properties

#签收模式为手工签收manual,auto自动签收
spring.rabbitmq.listener.simple.acknowledge-mode=manual
#初始化监听大小为5  
spring.rabbitmq.listener.simple.concurrency=5
spring.rabbitmq.listener.simple.max-concurrency=10

消费端核心代码示例:

@Component
public class RabbitReceiver {


    @RabbitListener(bindings = @QueueBinding(
            value = @Queue(value = "queue-1", 
            durable="true"),
            exchange = @Exchange(value = "exchange-1", 
            durable="true", 
            type= "topic", 
            ignoreDeclarationExceptions = "true"),
            key = "springboot.*"
            )
    )
    @RabbitHandler
    public void onMessage(Message message, Channel channel) throws Exception {
        System.err.println("--------------------------------------");
        System.err.println("消费端Payload: " + message.getPayload());
        Long deliveryTag = (Long)message.getHeaders().get(AmqpHeaders.DELIVERY_TAG);
        //手工ACK
        channel.basicAck(deliveryTag, false);
    }


    /**
     * 
     *  spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.queue.name=queue-2
        spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.queue.durable=true
        spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.name=exchange-1
        spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.durable=true
        spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.type=topic
        spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.ignoreDeclarationExceptions=true
        spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.key=springboot.*
     * @param order
     * @param channel
     * @param headers
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @RabbitListener(bindings = @QueueBinding(
            value = @Queue(value = "${spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.queue.name}", 
            durable="${spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.queue.durable}"),
            exchange = @Exchange(value = "${spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.name}", 
            durable="${spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.durable}", 
            type= "${spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.type}", 
            ignoreDeclarationExceptions = "${spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.exchange.ignoreDeclarationExceptions}"),
            key = "${spring.rabbitmq.listener.order.key}"
            )
    )
    @RabbitHandler
    public void onOrderMessage(@Payload com.bfxy.springboot.entity.Order order, 
            Channel channel, 
            @Headers Map<String, Object> headers) throws Exception {
        System.err.println("--------------------------------------");
        System.err.println("消费端order: " + order.getId());
        Long deliveryTag = (Long)headers.get(AmqpHeaders.DELIVERY_TAG);
        //手工ACK
        channel.basicAck(deliveryTag, false);
    }


}
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