Python:游戏:扫雷

这次我们基于 pygame 来做一个扫雷,上次有园友问我代码的 python 版本,我说明一下,我所有的代码都是基于 python 3.6 的。

先看截图,仿照 XP 上的扫雷做的,感觉 XP 上的样式比 win7 上的好看多了。

原谅我手残,扫雷基本就没赢过,测试的时候我是偷偷的把雷的数量从99改到50才赢了。。。

代码虽然不多,但加上注释和空行也有350行,另外还有一些图片资源,就不全帖上来了,可以扫码关注我的公众号,后台回复“扫雷”获取源码及资源。

 

下面将一下我的实现逻辑。

 

首先,如何表示雷和非雷,一开始想的是,建立一个二维数组表示整个区域,0表示非地雷,1表示地雷。后来一想不对,还有标记为地雷,标记为问号,还有表示周边雷数的数字,好多状态,干脆就做个类吧

class BlockStatus(Enum):
    normal = 1  # 未点击
    opened = 2  # 已点击
    mine = 3    # 地雷
    flag = 4    # 标记为地雷
    ask = 5   # 标记为问号
    bomb = 6    # 踩中地雷
    hint = 7    # 被双击的周围
    double = 8  # 正被鼠标左右键双击


class Mine:
    def __init__(self, x, y, value=0):
        self._x = x
        self._y = y
        self._value = 0
        self._around_mine_count = -1
        self._status = BlockStatus.normal
        self.set_value(value)

    def __repr__(self):
        return str(self._value)
        # return f'({self._x},{self._y})={self._value}, status={self.status}'

    def get_x(self):
        return self._x

    def set_x(self, x):
        self._x = x

    x = property(fget=get_x, fset=set_x)

    def get_y(self):
        return self._y

    def set_y(self, y):
        self._y = y

    y = property(fget=get_y, fset=set_y)

    def get_value(self):
        return self._value

    def set_value(self, value):
        if value:
            self._value = 1
        else:
            self._value = 0

    value = property(fget=get_value, fset=set_value, doc='0:非地雷 1:雷')

    def get_around_mine_count(self):
        return self._around_mine_count

    def set_around_mine_count(self, around_mine_count):
        self._around_mine_count = around_mine_count

    around_mine_count = property(fget=get_around_mine_count, fset=set_around_mine_count, doc='四周地雷数量')

    def get_status(self):
        return self._status

    def set_status(self, value):
        self._status = value

    status = property(fget=get_status, fset=set_status, doc='BlockStatus')

布雷就很简单了,随机取99个数,从上往下顺序排就是了。

class MineBlock:
    def __init__(self):
        self._block = [[Mine(i, j) for i in range(BLOCK_WIDTH)] for j in range(BLOCK_HEIGHT)]

        # 埋雷
        for i in random.sample(range(BLOCK_WIDTH * BLOCK_HEIGHT), MINE_COUNT):
            self._block[i // BLOCK_WIDTH][i % BLOCK_WIDTH].value = 1

我们点击一个格子的时候,只要根据点击的坐标,找到对应的 Mine,看它的值是多少,就知道有没有踩中雷了。

如果没踩中雷的话,要计算周边8个位置中有几个雷,以便显示对应的数字。

如果周边有雷,那么显示数字,这个简单,可是如果周边没有雷,那就要显示一片区域,直到有雷出现,如下图,我只点了当中一下,就出现了那么大一片区域

这个计算其实也容易,只要用递归就可以了,如果计算出周围的雷数为0,则递归计算周边8个位置的四周雷数,直到雷数不为0。

class MineBlock:
​​​​​​​  def open_mine(self, x, y):
        # 踩到雷了
        if self._block[y][x].value:
            self._block[y][x].status = BlockStatus.bomb
            return False

        # 先把状态改为 opened
        self._block[y][x].status = BlockStatus.opened

        around = _get_around(x, y)

        _sum = 0
        for i, j in around:
            if self._block[j][i].value:
                _sum += 1
        self._block[y][x].around_mine_count = _sum

        # 如果周围没有雷,那么将周围8个未中未点开的递归算一遍
        # 这就能实现一点出现一大片打开的效果了
        if _sum == 0:
            for i, j in around:
                if self._block[j][i].around_mine_count == -1:
                    self.open_mine(i, j)

        return True


def _get_around(x, y):
    """返回(x, y)周围的点的坐标"""
    # 这里注意,range 末尾是开区间,所以要加 1
    return [(i, j) for i in range(max(0, x - 1), min(BLOCK_WIDTH - 1, x + 1) + 1)
            for j in range(max(0, y - 1), min(BLOCK_HEIGHT - 1, y + 1) + 1) if i != x or j != y]

接下来还有一个麻烦的地方,我们经常鼠标左右键同时按下,如果雷被全部标记,则会一下子打开周围所有的格子,如果其中有标记错的,那么不好意思,GAME OVER。

如果没有全标记完,会有一个效果显示周围一圈未被打开和标记的格子

class MineBlock:
​​​​​​​   def double_mouse_button_down(self, x, y):
        if self._block[y][x].around_mine_count == 0:
            return True

        self._block[y][x].status = BlockStatus.double

        around = _get_around(x, y)

        sumflag = 0     # 周围被标记的雷数量
        for i, j in _get_around(x, y):
            if self._block[j][i].status == BlockStatus.flag:
                sumflag += 1
        # 周边的雷已经全部被标记
        result = True
        if sumflag == self._block[y][x].around_mine_count:
            for i, j in around:
                if self._block[j][i].status == BlockStatus.normal:
                    if not self.open_mine(i, j):
                        result = False
        else:
            for i, j in around:
                if self._block[j][i].status == BlockStatus.normal:
                    self._block[j][i].status = BlockStatus.hint
        return result

    def double_mouse_button_up(self, x, y):
        self._block[y][x].status = BlockStatus.opened
        for i, j in _get_around(x, y):
            if self._block[j][i].status == BlockStatus.hint:
                self._block[j][i].status = BlockStatus.normal

扫雷的主要逻辑就这么多,剩下来的就是一些杂七杂八的事件了。代码也帖一下吧

import sys
import time
from enum import Enum
import pygame
from pygame.locals import *
from mineblock import *


# 游戏屏幕的宽
SCREEN_WIDTH = BLOCK_WIDTH * SIZE
# 游戏屏幕的高
SCREEN_HEIGHT = (BLOCK_HEIGHT + 2) * SIZE


class GameStatus(Enum):
    readied = 1,
    started = 2,
    over = 3,
    win = 4


def print_text(screen, font, x, y, text, fcolor=(255, 255, 255)):
    imgText = font.render(text, True, fcolor)
    screen.blit(imgText, (x, y))


def main():
    pygame.init()
    screen = pygame.display.set_mode((SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT))
    pygame.display.set_caption('扫雷')

    font1 = pygame.font.Font('resources/a.TTF', SIZE * 2)  # 得分的字体
    fwidth, fheight = font1.size('999')
    red = (200, 40, 40)

    # 加载资源图片,因为资源文件大小不一,所以做了统一的缩放处理
    img0 = pygame.image.load('resources/0.bmp').convert()
    img0 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img0, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img1 = pygame.image.load('resources/1.bmp').convert()
    img1 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img1, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img2 = pygame.image.load('resources/2.bmp').convert()
    img2 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img2, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img3 = pygame.image.load('resources/3.bmp').convert()
    img3 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img3, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img4 = pygame.image.load('resources/4.bmp').convert()
    img4 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img4, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img5 = pygame.image.load('resources/5.bmp').convert()
    img5 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img5, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img6 = pygame.image.load('resources/6.bmp').convert()
    img6 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img6, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img7 = pygame.image.load('resources/7.bmp').convert()
    img7 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img7, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img8 = pygame.image.load('resources/8.bmp').convert()
    img8 = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img8, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img_blank = pygame.image.load('resources/blank.bmp').convert()
    img_blank = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_blank, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img_flag = pygame.image.load('resources/flag.bmp').convert()
    img_flag = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_flag, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img_ask = pygame.image.load('resources/ask.bmp').convert()
    img_ask = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_ask, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img_mine = pygame.image.load('resources/mine.bmp').convert()
    img_mine = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_mine, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img_blood = pygame.image.load('resources/blood.bmp').convert()
    img_blood = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_blood, (SIZE, SIZE))
    img_error = pygame.image.load('resources/error.bmp').convert()
    img_error = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_error, (SIZE, SIZE))
    face_size = int(SIZE * 1.25)
    img_face_fail = pygame.image.load('resources/face_fail.bmp').convert()
    img_face_fail = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_face_fail, (face_size, face_size))
    img_face_normal = pygame.image.load('resources/face_normal.bmp').convert()
    img_face_normal = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_face_normal, (face_size, face_size))
    img_face_success = pygame.image.load('resources/face_success.bmp').convert()
    img_face_success = pygame.transform.smoothscale(img_face_success, (face_size, face_size))
    face_pos_x = (SCREEN_WIDTH - face_size) // 2
    face_pos_y = (SIZE * 2 - face_size) // 2

    img_dict = {
        0: img0,
        1: img1,
        2: img2,
        3: img3,
        4: img4,
        5: img5,
        6: img6,
        7: img7,
        8: img8
    }

    bgcolor = (225, 225, 225)   # 背景色

    block = MineBlock()
    game_status = GameStatus.readied
    start_time = None   # 开始时间
    elapsed_time = 0    # 耗时

    while True:
        # 填充背景色
        screen.fill(bgcolor)

        for event in pygame.event.get():
            if event.type == QUIT:
                sys.exit()
            elif event.type == MOUSEBUTTONDOWN:
                mouse_x, mouse_y = event.pos
                x = mouse_x // SIZE
                y = mouse_y // SIZE - 2
                b1, b2, b3 = pygame.mouse.get_pressed()
                if game_status == GameStatus.started:
                    # 鼠标左右键同时按下,如果已经标记了所有雷,则打开周围一圈
                    # 如果还未标记完所有雷,则有一个周围一圈被同时按下的效果
                    if b1 and b3:
                        mine = block.getmine(x, y)
                        if mine.status == BlockStatus.opened:
                            if not block.double_mouse_button_down(x, y):
                                game_status = GameStatus.over
            elif event.type == MOUSEBUTTONUP:
                if y < 0:
                    if face_pos_x <= mouse_x <= face_pos_x + face_size \
                            and face_pos_y <= mouse_y <= face_pos_y + face_size:
                        game_status = GameStatus.readied
                        block = MineBlock()
                        start_time = time.time()
                        elapsed_time = 0
                        continue

                if game_status == GameStatus.readied:
                    game_status = GameStatus.started
                    start_time = time.time()
                    elapsed_time = 0

                if game_status == GameStatus.started:
                    mine = block.getmine(x, y)
                    if b1 and not b3:       # 按鼠标左键
                        if mine.status == BlockStatus.normal:
                            if not block.open_mine(x, y):
                                game_status = GameStatus.over
                    elif not b1 and b3:     # 按鼠标右键
                        if mine.status == BlockStatus.normal:
                            mine.status = BlockStatus.flag
                        elif mine.status == BlockStatus.flag:
                            mine.status = BlockStatus.ask
                        elif mine.status == BlockStatus.ask:
                            mine.status = BlockStatus.normal
                    elif b1 and b3:
                        if mine.status == BlockStatus.double:
                            block.double_mouse_button_up(x, y)

        flag_count = 0
        opened_count = 0

        for row in block.block:
            for mine in row:
                pos = (mine.x * SIZE, (mine.y + 2) * SIZE)
                if mine.status == BlockStatus.opened:
                    screen.blit(img_dict[mine.around_mine_count], pos)
                    opened_count += 1
                elif mine.status == BlockStatus.double:
                    screen.blit(img_dict[mine.around_mine_count], pos)
                elif mine.status == BlockStatus.bomb:
                    screen.blit(img_blood, pos)
                elif mine.status == BlockStatus.flag:
                    screen.blit(img_flag, pos)
                    flag_count += 1
                elif mine.status == BlockStatus.ask:
                    screen.blit(img_ask, pos)
                elif mine.status == BlockStatus.hint:
                    screen.blit(img0, pos)
                elif game_status == GameStatus.over and mine.value:
                    screen.blit(img_mine, pos)
                elif mine.value == 0 and mine.status == BlockStatus.flag:
                    screen.blit(img_error, pos)
                elif mine.status == BlockStatus.normal:
                    screen.blit(img_blank, pos)

        print_text(screen, font1, 30, (SIZE * 2 - fheight) // 2 - 2, '%02d' % (MINE_COUNT - flag_count), red)
        if game_status == GameStatus.started:
            elapsed_time = int(time.time() - start_time)
        print_text(screen, font1, SCREEN_WIDTH - fwidth - 30, (SIZE * 2 - fheight) // 2 - 2, '%03d' % elapsed_time, red)

        if flag_count + opened_count == BLOCK_WIDTH * BLOCK_HEIGHT:
            game_status = GameStatus.win

        if game_status == GameStatus.over:
            screen.blit(img_face_fail, (face_pos_x, face_pos_y))
        elif game_status == GameStatus.win:
            screen.blit(img_face_success, (face_pos_x, face_pos_y))
        else:
            screen.blit(img_face_normal, (face_pos_x, face_pos_y))

        pygame.display.update()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

扫码关注我的个人公众号,回复 “扫雷” 获取源码。

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