java连接ftp并读取解析上面的文件

一、开发环境

1.IDE:IDEA 2017
2.JDK:1.8
3.浏览器:谷歌浏览器
4.框架:springboot
5.数据库:Oracle

二、业务背景

数据采集处理程序,需要每天定时从ftp服务器上采集一个以日期(yyyymmdd.dat)命名的文件,每天会定时上传一个新的文件到ftp服务器上。

任务:使用程序连接ftp服务器,并且读取到当天上传的文件并解析成指定格式将数据存储到数据库中。

三、项目结构

项目结构

四、pom依赖

		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.oracle</groupId>
			<artifactId>ojdbc6</artifactId>
			<version>11.2.0.1.0</version>
			<scope>runtime</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
		</dependency>

		<!--连接ftp-->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>commons-net</groupId>
			<artifactId>commons-net</artifactId>
			<version>3.6</version>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
			<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
			<optional>true</optional>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
			<artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
		</dependency>

五、配置文件application.yml

spring:
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver
    url: jdbc:oracle:thin:@127.0.0.1:1521/ORCL
    username: root
    password: root
    max-active: 5
    validation-query: SELECT 'x' FROM DUAL
    test-on-borrow: true
  jpa:
    generate-ddl: true

ftp:
  # FTP地址
  ftpAddress: xxx.xx.xx.xxx
  # FTP端口
  ftpPort: xxxx
  # FTP帐号
  ftpUsername: test
  # FTP密码
  ftpPassword: test

logging:
  path: ./logs
  level:
    root: info

server:
  port: 8845

#定时调度采集频率(此处是每晚8点采集一次)
taskCorn: 0 0 20 * * ?

六、springboot启动类

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.domain.EntityScan;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaAuditing;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaRepositories;
import org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.EnableScheduling;

@SpringBootApplication
//定时调度需要
@EnableScheduling
//Jpa需要
@EnableJpaAuditing
@EntityScan("com.demo.data.entity")
@EnableJpaRepositories("com.demo.data.dao")
public class Application {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
	}

}

七、FtpUtil工具类

此工具类整合了登录ftp服务器与读取ftp服务器文件的方法:

package com.demo.data.util;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPClient;
import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPReply;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;

@Slf4j
public class FtpUtil {
    /** FTP地址 **/
    private String ftpAddress;

    /** FTP端口 **/
    private int ftpPort = 0;

    /** FTP用户名 **/
    private String ftpUsername;

    /** FTP密码 **/
    private String ftpPassword;

    /** FTP基础目录 **/
    private String basePath = "/";

    /** 初始化登录ftp 默认false 登录成功返回true **/
    private Boolean b = false;

    public Boolean getB() {
        return b;
    }

    /**
     *  2018-6-13 12:39:55
     *   新添,初始化登录ftp,连接失败 返回b 为:false ,成功 为 :true
     * @param ftpUsername
     * @param ftpPassword
     * @param basePath
     */
    public FtpUtil(String ftpAddress, int ftpPort, String ftpUsername, String ftpPassword, String basePath) {
        this.ftpAddress = ftpAddress;
        this.ftpPort = ftpPort;
        this.ftpUsername = ftpUsername;
        this.ftpPassword = ftpPassword;
        this.basePath = basePath;
        b = login(ftpAddress, ftpPort, this.ftpUsername, this.ftpPassword);
    }

    /** 本地字符编码  **/
    private static String localCharset = "GBK";

    /** FTP协议里面,规定文件名编码为iso-8859-1 **/
    private static String serverCharset = "ISO-8859-1";

    /** UTF-8字符编码 **/
    private static final String CHARSET_UTF8 = "UTF-8";

    /** OPTS UTF8字符串常量 **/
    private static final String OPTS_UTF8 = "OPTS UTF8";

    /** 设置缓冲区大小 **/
    private static final int BUFFER_SIZE = 1024 * 1024 * 10;

    /** FTPClient对象 **/
    private static FTPClient ftpClient = null;

    /**
     * 下载指定文件到本地
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器文件相对路径,例如:test/123
     * @param fileName 要下载的文件名,例如:test.txt
     * @param savePath 保存文件到本地的路径,例如:D:/test
     * @return 成功返回true,否则返回false
     */
    public boolean downloadFile(String ftpPath, String fileName, String savePath) {
        // 登录
        boolean flag = false;
        if (ftpClient != null) {
            try {
                String path = changeEncoding(basePath + ftpPath);
                // 判断是否存在该目录
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path)) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录不存在");
                    return flag;
                }
                ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();  // 设置被动模式,开通一个端口来传输数据
                String[] fs = ftpClient.listNames();
                // 判断该目录下是否有文件
                if (fs == null || fs.length == 0) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录下没有文件");
                    return flag;
                }
                for (String ff : fs) {
                    String ftpName = new String(ff.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
                    if (ftpName.equals(fileName)) {
                        File file = new File(savePath + '/' + ftpName);
                        try {
                            OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(file);
                            flag = ftpClient.retrieveFile(ff, os);
                        } catch (Exception e) {
                            log.error(e.getMessage(), e);
                        }
                        break;
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("下载文件失败", e);
            } finally {
                Boolean close = closeConnect();
                log.info("连接是否关闭:" + close);
            }
        }
        return flag;
    }

    /**
     * 下载该目录下所有文件到本地
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器上的相对路径,例如:test/123
     * @param savePath 保存文件到本地的路径,例如:D:/test
     * @return 成功返回true,否则返回false
     */
    public boolean downloadFiles(String ftpPath, String savePath) {
        // 登录
        boolean flag = false;
        if (ftpClient != null) {
            try {
                String path = changeEncoding(basePath + ftpPath);
                // 判断是否存在该目录
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path)) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录不存在");
                    return flag;
                }
                ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();  // 设置被动模式,开通一个端口来传输数据
                String[] fs = ftpClient.listNames();
                // 判断该目录下是否有文件
                if (fs == null || fs.length == 0) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录下没有文件");
                    return flag;
                }
                for (String ff : fs) {
                    String ftpName = new String(ff.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
                    File file = new File(savePath + '/' + ftpName);
                    try {
                        OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(file);
                        ftpClient.retrieveFile(ff, os);
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        log.error(e.getMessage(), e);
                    }
                }
                flag = true;
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("下载文件失败", e);
            } finally {
                Boolean close = closeConnect();
                log.info("连接是否关闭:" + close);
            }
        }
        return flag;
    }

    /**
     * 获取该目录下所有文件,以字节数组返回
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器上文件所在相对路径,例如:test/123
     * @return Map<String, Object> 其中key为文件名,value为字节数组对象
     */
    public Map<String, byte[]> getFileBytes(String ftpPath) {
        // 登录
        Map<String, byte[]> map = new HashMap<String, byte[]>();
        if (ftpClient != null) {
            try {
                String path = changeEncoding(basePath + ftpPath);
                // 判断是否存在该目录
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path)) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录不存在");
                    return map;
                }
                ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();  // 设置被动模式,开通一个端口来传输数据
                String[] fs = ftpClient.listNames();
                // 判断该目录下是否有文件
                if (fs == null || fs.length == 0) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录下没有文件");
                    return map;
                }
                for (String ff : fs) {
                    try {
                        InputStream is = ftpClient.retrieveFileStream(ff);
                        String ftpName = new String(ff.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
                        if (!isDatFile(ftpName)) {
                            continue;
                        }
                        ByteArrayOutputStream byteStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
                        byte[] buffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
                        int readLength;
                        while ((readLength = is.read(buffer, 0, BUFFER_SIZE)) > 0) {
                            byteStream.write(buffer, 0, readLength);
                        }
                        map.put(ftpName, byteStream.toByteArray());
                        ftpClient.completePendingCommand(); // 处理多个文件
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        log.error(e.getMessage(), e);
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("获取文件失败", e);
            } finally {
                Boolean close = closeConnect();
                log.info("连接是否关闭:" + close);
            }
        }
        return map;
    }

    /**
     * 根据名称获取文件,以字节数组返回
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器文件相对路径,例如:test/123
     * @param fileName 文件名,例如:test.xls
     * @return byte[] 字节数组对象
     */
    public byte[] getFileBytesByName(String ftpPath, String fileName) {
        // 登录
        ByteArrayOutputStream byteStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        if (ftpClient != null) {
            try {
                String path = changeEncoding(basePath + ftpPath);
                // 判断是否存在该目录
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path)) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录不存在");
                    return byteStream.toByteArray();
                }
                ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();  // 设置被动模式,开通一个端口来传输数据
                String[] fs = ftpClient.listNames();
                // 判断该目录下是否有文件
                if (fs == null || fs.length == 0) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录下没有文件");
                    return byteStream.toByteArray();
                }
                for (String ff : fs) {
                    String ftpName = new String(ff.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
                    if (isDatFile(ftpName)) {
                        int index = ftpName.indexOf(fileName);
                        if (index != -1) {
                            try {
                                InputStream is = ftpClient.retrieveFileStream(ff);
                                byte[] buffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
                                int len;
                                while ((len = is.read(buffer, 0, BUFFER_SIZE)) != -1) {
                                    byteStream.write(buffer, 0, len);
                                }
                            } catch (Exception e) {
                                log.error(e.getMessage(), e);
                            }
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("获取文件失败", e);
            } finally {
                Boolean close = closeConnect();
                log.info("连接是否关闭:" + close);
            }
        }
        return byteStream.toByteArray();
    }

    /**
     * 获取该目录下所有文件,以输入流返回
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器上文件相对路径,例如:test/123
     * @return Map<String, InputStream> 其中key为文件名,value为输入流对象
     */
    public Map<String, InputStream> getFileInputStream(String ftpPath) {
        // 登录
        Map<String, InputStream> map = new HashMap<String, InputStream>();
        if (ftpClient != null) {
            try {
                String path = changeEncoding(basePath + ftpPath);
                // 判断是否存在该目录
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path)) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录不存在");
                    return map;
                }
                ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();  // 设置被动模式,开通一个端口来传输数据
                String[] fs = ftpClient.listNames();
                // 判断该目录下是否有文件
                if (fs == null || fs.length == 0) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录下没有文件");
                    return map;
                }
                for (String ff : fs) {
                    String ftpName = new String(ff.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
                    if (isDatFile(ftpName)) {
                        InputStream is = ftpClient.retrieveFileStream(ff);
                        map.put(ftpName, is);
                        ftpClient.completePendingCommand(); // 处理多个文件
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("获取文件失败", e);
            } finally {
                Boolean close = closeConnect();
                log.info("连接是否关闭:" + close);
            }
        }
        return map;
    }

    /**
     * 根据名称获取文件,以输入流返回
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器上文件相对路径,例如:test/123
     * @param fileName 文件名,例如:test.txt
     * @return InputStream 输入流对象
     */
    public InputStream getInputStreamByName(String ftpPath, String fileName) {
        // 登录
        InputStream input = null;
        if (ftpClient != null) {
            try {
                String path = changeEncoding(basePath + ftpPath);
                // 判断是否存在该目录
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path)) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录不存在");
                    return null;
                }
                ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();  // 设置被动模式,开通一个端口来传输数据
                String[] fs = ftpClient.listNames();
                // 判断该目录下是否有文件
                if (fs == null || fs.length == 0) {
                    log.error(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录下没有文件");
                    return null;
                }
                for (String ff : fs) {
                    String ftpName = new String(ff.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
                    if (isDatFile(ftpName)) {
                        int index = ftpName.indexOf(fileName);
                        if (index != -1) {
                            input = ftpClient.retrieveFileStream(ff);
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("获取文件失败", e);
            } finally {
                Boolean connect = closeConnect();
                log.info("连接关闭状态:" + connect);
            }
        }
        return input;
    }

    /**
     * 根据文件夹,文件 名称,判断是否存在
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器上文件相对路径,例如:test/123
     * @param fileName 文件名,例如:test.txt
     * @return map
     */
    public Map checkoutFtpPathAndFileName(String ftpPath, String fileName) {
        // 登录
        Map<String, Boolean> map = new HashMap<String, Boolean>();
        map.put("filePath", false);
        map.put("fileName", false);
        if (ftpClient != null) {
            try {
                String path = changeEncoding(basePath + ftpPath);
                // 判断是否存在该目录
                if (!ftpClient.changeWorkingDirectory(path)) {
                    log.info(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录不存在");
                    map.put("filePath", false);
                } else {
                    map.put("filePath", true);
                }
                ftpClient.enterLocalPassiveMode();  // 设置被动模式,开通一个端口来传输数据
                String[] fs = ftpClient.listNames();
                // 判断该目录下是否有文件
                if (fs == null || fs.length == 0) {
                    log.info(basePath + ftpPath + "该目录下没有文件");
                    map.put("fileName", false);
                }
                for (String ff : fs) {
                    String ftpName = new String(ff.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
                    if (ftpName.equals(fileName)) {
                        map.put("fileName", true);
                    }
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("获取文件失败", e);
            }
        }
        return map;
    }

    /**
     * 连接FTP服务器
     *
     * @param address  地址,如:127.0.0.1
     * @param port     端口,如:21
     * @param username 用户名,如:root
     * @param password 密码,如:root
     */
    private Boolean login(String address, int port, String username, String password) {
        ftpClient = new FTPClient();
        try {
            ftpClient.connect(address, port);
            ftpClient.login(username, password);
            ftpClient.setFileType(FTPClient.BINARY_FILE_TYPE);
            int reply = ftpClient.getReplyCode();
            if (!FTPReply.isPositiveCompletion(reply)) {
                closeConnect();
                log.error("FTP服务器连接失败:" + "地址:" + address + "  端口:" + port + "  用户名:" + username + "  密码:" + password);
            } else {
                b = true;
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("FTP登录失败", e);
        }
        return b;
    }

    /**
     * 关闭FTP连接
     *
     */
    public Boolean closeConnect() {
        Boolean b = false;
        if (ftpClient != null && ftpClient.isConnected()) {
            try {
                ftpClient.logout();
                b = true;
            } catch (IOException e) {
                log.error("关闭FTP连接失败", e);
            }
        }
        return b;
    }

    /**
     * FTP服务器路径编码转换
     *
     * @param ftpPath FTP服务器路径
     * @return String
     */
    private static String changeEncoding(String ftpPath) {
        String directory = null;
        try {
            if (FTPReply.isPositiveCompletion(ftpClient.sendCommand(OPTS_UTF8, "ON"))) {
                localCharset = CHARSET_UTF8;
            }
            directory = new String(ftpPath.getBytes(CHARSET_UTF8), CHARSET_UTF8);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("路径编码转换失败", e);
        }
        return directory;
    }

    private boolean isDatFile(String fileName) {
        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(fileName)) {
            int length = fileName.length();
            int index = fileName.indexOf(".");
            if (index == -1) {
                return false;
            }
            if (StringUtils.equals(fileName.substring(index + 1, length), "dat")) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
}

八、业务流程

首先通过Task调用Service服务登录Ftp服务器,之后在Service类中解析文件。
Task类代码:

package com.demo.data.task;

import com.demo.data.service.BusCardService;

import org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.Scheduled;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;

@Component
@Slf4j
public class Task {

    @Resource
    private BusCardService busCardService;

    @Scheduled(cron = "${taskCorn}")
    public void getData() {
        busCardService.longinFtp(null);
    }
}

Service类代码:

package com.demo.data.service;

import com.demo.data.dao.BusCardDao;
import com.demo.data.entity.BusCard;
import com.demo.data.util.FtpUtil;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;

@Service
@Slf4j
public class BusCardService {
    /** FTP地址 **/
    @Value("${ftp.ftpAddress}")
    private String ftpAddress;

    /** FTP端口 **/
    @Value("${ftp.ftpPort}")
    private int ftpPort = 0;

    /** FTP用户名 **/
    @Value("${ftp.ftpUsername}")
    private String ftpUsername;

    /** FTP密码 **/
    @Value("${ftp.ftpPassword}")
    private String ftpPassword;

    /** FTP基础目录 **/
    private String basePath = "";

    @Resource
    private BusCardDao busCardDao;

    public boolean longinFtp(String time) {
        FtpUtil ftpUtil = new FtpUtil(ftpAddress, ftpPort, ftpUsername, ftpPassword, basePath);
        Boolean b = ftpUtil.getB();
        if (b) {
            log.info("连接Ftp成功");
        }
        if (StringUtils.isBlank(time)) {
            // 获取当天的时间
            SimpleDateFormat df = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMdd");
            String date = df.format(new Date());
            byte[] bytes = ftpUtil.getFileBytesByName(basePath, date);
            if (!handleBytes(bytes)) {
                return false;
            }
        } else {
            byte[] bytes = ftpUtil.getFileBytesByName(basePath, time);
            if (!handleBytes(bytes)) {
                return false;
            }
        }
        if (ftpUtil.closeConnect()) {
            log.info("Ftp连接关闭");
        }
        return true;
    }

    @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    boolean handleBytes(byte[] bytes) {
        if (bytes.length == 0) {
            return false;
        }
        String res = null;
        try {
        	//此处根据你在ftp上文件的编码自主选择
            res = new String(bytes, "GBK");
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        String[] strings;
        if (res != null) {
            strings = res.split("\r\n");
        } else {
            return false;
        }
        if (strings.length != 0) {
            try {
                List<BusCard> busCardList = formatData(strings);
                busCardDao.saveAll(busCardList);
                log.info("数据采集更新完毕,共" + busCardList.size() + "条");
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error(e.getMessage());
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

    private List<BusCard> formatData(String[] strings) {
        /**
         * 此处为业务类代码,就是把dat文件中的内容解析成字符串
         * 剩下的就是你自己根据业务情况做解析处理保存到数据库了
         */
    }
}

这样其实就已经完成了连接ftp服务器,读取文件与解析文件的操作了,剩下的就是保存到数据库了,本文对如何保存至数据库不做详细说明了,本文主要说明读取ftp文件。

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