Python爬虫库BeautifulSoup的介绍与简单使用实例

BeautifulSoup是一个可以从HTML或XML文件中提取数据的Python库,本文为大家介绍下Python爬虫库BeautifulSoup的介绍与简单使用实例其中包括了,BeautifulSoup解析HTML,BeautifulSoup获取内容,BeautifulSoup节点操作,BeautifulSoup获取CSS属性等实例
一、介绍

BeautifulSoup库是灵活又方便的网页解析库,处理高效,支持多种解析器。利用它不用编写正则表达式即可方便地实现网页信息的提取。

Python常用解析库在这里插入图片描述
二、快速开始

给定html文档,产生BeautifulSoup对象

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
html_doc = """
<html><head><title>The Dormouse's story</title></head>
<body>
<p class="title"><b>The Dormouse's story</b></p>
 
<p class="story">Once upon a time there were three little sisters; and their names were
<a href="http://example.com/elsie" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="sister" id="link1">Elsie</a>,
<a href="http://example.com/lacie" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="sister" id="link2">Lacie</a> and
<a href="http://example.com/tillie" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="sister" id="link3">Tillie</a>;
and they lived at the bottom of a well.</p>
 
<p class="story">...</p>
"""
soup = BeautifulSoup(html_doc,'lxml')

输出完整文本

print(soup.prettify())
<html>
 <head>
 <title>
  The Dormouse's story
 </title>
 </head>
 <body>
 <p class="title">
  <b>
  The Dormouse's story
  </b>
 </p>
 <p class="story">
  Once upon a time there were three little sisters; and their names were
  <a class="sister" href="http://example.com/elsie" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" id="link1">
  Elsie
  </a>
  ,
  <a class="sister" href="http://example.com/lacie" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" id="link2">
  Lacie
  </a>
  and
  <a class="sister" href="http://example.com/tillie" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" id="link3">
  Tillie
  </a>
  ;
and they lived at the bottom of a well.
 </p>
 <p class="story">
  ...
 </p>
 </body>
</html>

浏览结构化数据

print(soup.title) #<title>标签及内容
print(soup.title.name) #<title>name属性
print(soup.title.string) #<title>内的字符串
print(sou
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