angular6自定义服务service

文章参考

指令创建service

ng g service storageService

service说明

service 是一个单例,如果放在根路由下,就是在所有的组件都是共享的,因此可以利用service来传递和共享数据。

案例

自定义服务内容

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class StorageService {

  public serviceName: string = "StorageService";

  constructor() {

  }

}

在NgModule中providers声明

/**
 * 告诉angular 如何组装应用
 */

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { FormsModule }   from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule }   from '@angular/common/http';
import { HbModuleModule } from '../moduleHb/hb-module/hb-module.module'

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { HeaderComponent } from './page/header/header.component';
import { NewsComponent } from './page/news/news.component';
import {StorageService} from './page/service/storage.service'
import { AppRoutingModule }     from './router/app-routing.module';
import { HttpdemoComponent } from './page/httpdemo/httpdemo.component';
import { StrLengthPipe } from './pipeCustomer/str-length.pipe';
import { HbFontcolorDirective } from './directiveCustomer/hb-fontcolor.directive';
import { HbBackgroundDirective } from './directiveCustomer/hb-background.directive';

//@NgModule 装饰器将AppModule标记为Angular 模块类(也叫做 NgModule类)
// @NgModule 接收一个元数据对象,告诉Angular 如何编译和启动应用
@NgModule({
  // 该模块的 declarations 数组告诉 Angular 哪些组件属于该模块
  // 该应用所拥有的组件——组件、管道、指令
  declarations: [
    AppComponent,
    HeaderComponent,
    NewsComponent,
    HttpdemoComponent,
    StrLengthPipe,
    HbFontcolorDirective,
    HbBackgroundDirective
  ],
  // 当前项目依赖哪些模块
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    HttpClientModule,
    // 如果要引入双向绑定,则需要引入FormModule
    FormsModule,
    AppRoutingModule,
    // 自定义模块
    HbModuleModule
  ],
  // 各种服务提供商——定义服务
  providers: [
    StorageService
  ],
  // 默认启动哪个组件——根组件
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})

// 根模块不需要导出任何东西,因为其他组件不需要导入根模块,但是一定要写
export class AppModule { }

使用service

在组件的构造方法中直接添加参数和类型,就能够依赖注入到当前组件中

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import {StorageService} from '../service/storage.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-news',
  templateUrl: './news.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./news.component.css']
})
export class NewsComponent implements OnInit {

  public message: string;
  public  username: any;
  public newsList = [];
  public storageService: StorageService = null;
  // public storageService: StorageService = new StorageService();

  // 构造方法中添加service类型,就是依赖注入
  constructor(storageService: StorageService) {
    this.username = "username";
    this.message = "我是消息属性";
    this.storageService = storageService;
    // console.dir(this.storageService);
    console.dir(storageService);

  }

  // 添加新新闻
  addData(){
    console.log("addData");
    this.newsList.push(this.username);
  }

  // 删除数据
  delItem(index){
    alert(index);
    this.newsList.splice(index,1);
  }

  // 获取事件
  keyAction(e){
    console.dir(e);
  }

  ngOnInit() {
  }

  updateService(){
    this.storageService.serviceName = "liumei-huanghaili";
  }

}
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