树的遍历

package tree;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.LinkedList;
import java.util.Queue;
import java.util.Stack;

class TreeNode {
    int val;
    TreeNode left;
    TreeNode right;

    TreeNode(int x) {
        val = x;
    }
}

public class Solution {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Solution solution = new Solution();
        int[][] nums = {{1, 2, 3, 4, 5}, {4, 5, 3, 2, 1}};
        TreeNode root = solution.buildTree(new int[]{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7});
        solution.prePrint(root);
        System.out.println();
        solution.preIterator(root);
        System.out.println();
        solution.inPrint(root);
        System.out.println();
        solution.inIterator(root);
        System.out.println();
        solution.postPrintTree(root);
        System.out.println();
        solution.postIterator(root);
        System.out.println();

    }

    public ArrayList<Integer> PrintFromTopToBottom(TreeNode root) {
        ArrayList<Integer> al = new ArrayList<>();
        if (root == null) return al;
        Queue<TreeNode> queue = new LinkedList<>();
        queue.offer(root);
        while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
            Queue<TreeNode> temp = new LinkedList<>();
            while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
                TreeNode cur = queue.poll();
                al.add(cur.val);
                if (cur.left != null) temp.offer(cur.left);
                if (cur.right != null) temp.offer(cur.right);
            }
            queue = temp;
        }
        return al;
    }

    public boolean HasSubtree(TreeNode root1, TreeNode root2) {
        if (root1 == null || root2 == null) return false;
        if (root1.val == root2.val) {
            if (isSubTree(root1, root2)) return true;
        }
        return HasSubtree(root1.left, root2) || HasSubtree(root1.right, root2);
    }

    private boolean isSubTree(TreeNode root1, TreeNode root2) {
        if (root2 == null) return true;
        else if (root1 == null) return false;
        if (root1.val != root2.val) return false;
        return isSubTree(root1.left, root2.left) && isSubTree(root1.right, root2.right);
    }

    public void Mirror(TreeNode root) {
        if (root == null) return;
        TreeNode temp = root.left;
        root.left = root.right;
        root.right = temp;
        Mirror(root.left);
        Mirror(root.right);
    }

    public TreeNode buildTree(int[] nums) {
        int index = 0;
        TreeNode root = new TreeNode(nums[index++]);
        Queue<TreeNode> queue = new LinkedList<>();
        queue.offer(root);
        pointA:
        while (index < nums.length) {
            Queue<TreeNode> temp = new LinkedList<>();
            while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
                TreeNode cur = queue.poll();
                if (index < nums.length) {
                    cur.left = new TreeNode(nums[index++]);
                    temp.offer(cur.left);
                }
                if (index < nums.length) {
                    cur.right = new TreeNode(nums[index++]);
                    temp.offer(cur.right);
                } else {
                    break pointA;
                }
            }
            queue = temp;
        }
        return root;
    }

    //先序遍历
    public void prePrint(TreeNode root) {
        if (root == null) return;
        System.out.print(root.val + ",");
        if (root.left != null) prePrint(root.left);
        if (root.right != null) prePrint(root.right);
    }
    public void preIterator(TreeNode root) {
        if (root == null)
            return;
        Stack<TreeNode> stack = new Stack<>();
        TreeNode p = root;
        while (!stack.empty() || p != null) {
            while (p != null) {
                System.out.print(p.val + "-->");//若节点不为空先访问再压栈(每个节点都可以看成根节点)
                stack.push(p);
                p = p.left;//将当前节点置为p的左孩子,若不为空继续访问并压栈
            }
            //当p为空时,说明根节点和左孩子打印遍历完毕了,接下来出栈遍历右孩子
            if (!stack.empty()) {
                p = stack.pop();
                p = p.right;
            }
        }
    }
    //中序遍历
    public void inPrint(TreeNode root){
        if (root == null) return;
        if (root.left != null) inPrint(root.left);
        System.out.print(root.val + ",");
        if (root.right != null) inPrint(root.right);
    }
    public void inIterator(TreeNode root) {
        if (root == null)
            return;
        Stack<TreeNode> stack = new Stack<>();
        TreeNode p = root;//让p指向根节点
        while (!stack.empty() || p != null) {
            //一直遍历到左子树最下边,边遍历边保存根节点到栈中(每个节点都可以看成一个新的子树的根节点)
            while (p != null) {
                stack.push(p);//若节点的左孩子不为空,将左孩子压栈,因为需要借助遍历过的节点进入右子树
                p = p.left;
            }
            //当p为空时,说明已经到达左子树最下边,这时需要出栈了
            if (!stack.isEmpty()) {
                p = stack.pop();
                System.out.print(p.val + "-->");//访问根节点
                p = p.right;//进入右子树,此时p是右子树的根节点(开始新一轮的遍历)
            }
        }

    }

    //后序遍历
    public void postPrintTree(TreeNode root) {
        if (root == null) return;
        if (root.left != null) postPrintTree(root.left);
        if (root.right != null) postPrintTree(root.right);
        System.out.print(root.val + ",");
    }

    public void postIterator(TreeNode root) {
        if (root == null)
            return;
        Stack<TreeNode> stack = new Stack<TreeNode>();
        TreeNode pre = null;//当前节点的之前访问的节点
        TreeNode current;
        stack.push(root);
        while (!stack.empty()) {
            current = stack.peek();
            if ((current.left == null && current.right == null) ||  //当前节点是叶子节点,可以直接访问该节点
                    (pre != null && (pre == current.left || pre == current.right)))
            //当前一个节点不为空并且是当前节点的左孩子或者右孩子,当是左孩子时说明当前节点右孩子为空,当是右孩子时,说明左右孩子都访问过了,且都不为空
            {
                System.out.print(current.val + "-->");
                stack.pop();
                pre = current;
            } else  //当前节点为栈顶元素  如果当前节点不是叶子节点,在当前节点之前访问的那个节点不是当前节点的孩子,则进行压栈
            {
                if (current.right != null) //先压栈右节点再压栈左节点 这样出栈时是先左后右
                {
                    stack.push(current.right);
                }
                if (current.left != null) {
                    stack.push(current.left);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public TreeNode reConstructBinaryTree(int[] pre, int[] in) {
        return reConstructBinaryTree(pre, in, 0, in.length - 1);
    }

    public TreeNode reConstructBinaryTree(int[] pre, int[] in, int begin, int end) {
        TreeNode node;
        if (begin > end) return null;
        else if (begin == end) return new TreeNode(in[begin]);
        int index = -1;
        BEGIN:
        for (int i : pre) {
            for (int j = begin; j <= end; j++) {
                if (in[j] == i) {
                    index = j;
                    break BEGIN;
                }
            }
        }
        if (index == -1) return null;
        node = new TreeNode(in[index]);
        node.left = reConstructBinaryTree(pre, in, begin, index - 1);
        node.right = reConstructBinaryTree(pre, in, index + 1, end);
        return node;
    }

    public void levelOrder(TreeNode root) {
        Queue<TreeNode> queue = new LinkedList<>();
        queue.offer(root);
        while (!queue.isEmpty()) {

            Queue<TreeNode> temp = new LinkedList<>();

            while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
                TreeNode cur = queue.poll();
                System.out.print(cur.val + ",");
                if (cur.left != null) temp.offer(cur.left);
                if (cur.right != null) temp.offer(cur.right);
            }

            queue = temp;
        }
        System.out.println();
    }

}
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/hefenglian/article/details/79968714
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