linux适当的时候用ps、top查看线程状态

最近定位了一个线程没有正常退出的bug,导致一直创建线程,然后调度超时挂死的bug,花了两天的时间,要是尽早用sp看一下,这个问题就结束了,所以别看命令简单,关键时候还是好用的。

1. pstree

pstree以树结构显示进程
$ pstree -p work | grep ad
sshd(22669)---bash(22670)---ad_preprocess(4551)-+-{ad_preprocess}(4552)
                                                |-{ad_preprocess}(4553)
                                                |-{ad_preprocess}(4554)
                                                |-{ad_preprocess}(4555)
                                                |-{ad_preprocess}(4556)
                                                `-{ad_preprocess}(4557)


work为工作用户,-p为显示进程识别码,ad_preprocess共启动了6个子线程,加上主线程共7个线程

2. ps -Lf

$ ps -Lf 4551
UID        PID  PPID   LWP  C NLWP STIME TTY      STAT   TIME CMD
work      4551 22670  4551  2    7 16:30 pts/2    Sl+    0:02 ./ad_preprocess
work      4551 22670  4552  0    7 16:30 pts/2    Sl+    0:00 ./ad_preprocess
work      4551 22670  4553  0    7 16:30 pts/2    Sl+    0:00 ./ad_preprocess
work      4551 22670  4554  0    7 16:30 pts/2    Sl+    0:00 ./ad_preprocess
work      4551 22670  4555  0    7 16:30 pts/2    Sl+    0:00 ./ad_preprocess
work      4551 22670  4556  0    7 16:30 pts/2    Sl+    0:00 ./ad_preprocess
work      4551 22670  4557  0    7 16:30 pts/2    Sl+    0:00 ./ad_preprocess

进程共启动了7个线程

linux上进程有5种状态:
1. 运行(正在运行或在运行队列中等待)
2. 中断(休眠中, 受阻, 在等待某个条件的形成或接受到信号)
3. 不可中断(收到信号不唤醒和不可运行, 进程必须等待直到有中断发生)
4. 僵死(进程已终止, 但进程描述符存在, 直到父进程调用wait4()系统调用后释放)
5. 停止(进程收到SIGSTOP, SIGSTP, SIGTIN, SIGTOU信号后停止运行运行)

ps工具标识进程的5种状态码:
D 不可中断 uninterruptible sleep (usually IO)
R 运行 runnable (on run queue)
S 中断 sleeping
T 停止 traced or stopped
Z 僵死 a defunct (”zombie”) process

3. pstack

pstack显示每个进程的栈跟踪

$ pstack 4551
Thread 7 (Thread 1084229984 (LWP 4552)):
#0  0x000000302afc63dc in epoll_wait () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#1  0x00000000006f0730 in ub::EPollEx::poll ()
#2  0x00000000006f172a in ub::NetReactor::callback ()
#3  0x00000000006fbbbb in ub::UBTask::CALLBACK ()
#4  0x000000302b80610a in start_thread () from /lib64/tls/libpthread.so.0
#5  0x000000302afc6003 in clone () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#6  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
Thread 6 (Thread 1094719840 (LWP 4553)):
#0  0x000000302afc63dc in epoll_wait () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#1  0x00000000006f0730 in ub::EPollEx::poll ()
#2  0x00000000006f172a in ub::NetReactor::callback ()
#3  0x00000000006fbbbb in ub::UBTask::CALLBACK ()
#4  0x000000302b80610a in start_thread () from /lib64/tls/libpthread.so.0
#5  0x000000302afc6003 in clone () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#6  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
Thread 5 (Thread 1105209696 (LWP 4554)):
#0  0x000000302b80baa5 in __nanosleep_nocancel ()
#1  0x000000000079e758 in comcm::ms_sleep ()
#2  0x00000000006c8581 in ub::UbClientManager::healthyCheck ()
#3  0x00000000006c8471 in ub::UbClientManager::start_healthy_check ()
#4  0x000000302b80610a in start_thread () from /lib64/tls/libpthread.so.0
#5  0x000000302afc6003 in clone () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#6  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
Thread 4 (Thread 1115699552 (LWP 4555)):
#0  0x000000302b80baa5 in __nanosleep_nocancel ()
#1  0x0000000000482b0e in armor::armor_check_thread ()
#2  0x000000302b80610a in start_thread () from /lib64/tls/libpthread.so.0
#3  0x000000302afc6003 in clone () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#4  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
Thread 3 (Thread 1126189408 (LWP 4556)):
#0  0x000000302af8f1a5 in __nanosleep_nocancel () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#1  0x000000302af8f010 in sleep () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#2  0x000000000044c972 in Business_config_manager::run ()
#3  0x0000000000457b83 in Thread::run_thread ()
#4  0x000000302b80610a in start_thread () from /lib64/tls/libpthread.so.0
#5  0x000000302afc6003 in clone () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#6  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
Thread 2 (Thread 1136679264 (LWP 4557)):
#0  0x000000302af8f1a5 in __nanosleep_nocancel () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#1  0x000000302af8f010 in sleep () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#2  0x00000000004524bb in Process_thread::sleep_period ()
#3  0x0000000000452641 in Process_thread::run ()
#4  0x0000000000457b83 in Thread::run_thread ()
#5  0x000000302b80610a in start_thread () from /lib64/tls/libpthread.so.0
#6  0x000000302afc6003 in clone () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#7  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
Thread 1 (Thread 182894129792 (LWP 4551)):
#0  0x000000302af8f1a5 in __nanosleep_nocancel () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#1  0x000000302af8f010 in sleep () from /lib64/tls/libc.so.6
#2  0x0000000000420d79 in Ad_preprocess::run ()
#3  0x0000000000450ad0 in main ()


4、kill 终止进程
有十几种控制进程的方法,下面是一些常用的方法:
kill -STOP [pid]
发送SIGSTOP (17,19,23)停止一个进程,而并不消灭这个进程。
kill -CONT [pid]
发送SIGCONT (19,18,25)重新开始一个停止的进程。
kill -KILL [pid]
发送SIGKILL (9)强迫进程立即停止,并且不实施清理操作。
kill -9 -1
终止你拥有的全部进程。
SIGKILL 和 SIGSTOP 信号不能被捕捉、封锁或者忽略,但是,其它的信号可以。所以这是你的终极武器。

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