Linux shell 命令多行结果赋值给变量

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赋值

两种方式 :

1、$()方式

data=$(ls -l)

2、单反引号方式

data=`ls -l`

读取

(1) 如果是echo $data,输出结果为一行,没有换行符:

echo $data
total 132 drwxrwxr-x 3 faster faster 4096 Mar 31 06:11 client drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster 4096 Mar 31 06:11 common drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster 4096 Sep 1 11:34 conf -rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster 35067 Dec 29 2016 COPYING-3_0.txt -rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster 2959 Dec 29 2016 fastdfs.spec -rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster 32463 Dec 29 2016 HISTORY drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster 4096 Dec 29 2016 init.d -rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster 7755 Dec 29 2016 INSTALL -rwxrwxr-x 1 faster faster 5548 Dec 29 2016 make.sh drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster 4096 Dec 29 2016 php_client -rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster 2380 Dec 29 2016 README.md -rwxrwxr-x 1 faster faster 1768 Dec 29 2016 restart.sh -rwxrwxr-x 1 faster faster 1680 Dec 29 2016 stop.sh drwxrwxr-x 4 faster faster 4096 Mar 31 06:11 storage drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster 4096 Dec 29 2016 test drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster 4096 Mar 31 06:11 tracker

(2) 如果是echo "$data",输出结果为多行,有换行符:

echo "$data"
total 132
drwxrwxr-x 3 faster faster  4096 Mar 31 06:11 client
drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster  4096 Mar 31 06:11 common
drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster  4096 Sep  1 11:34 conf
-rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster 35067 Dec 29  2016 COPYING-3_0.txt
-rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster  2959 Dec 29  2016 fastdfs.spec
-rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster 32463 Dec 29  2016 HISTORY
drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster  4096 Dec 29  2016 init.d
-rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster  7755 Dec 29  2016 INSTALL
-rwxrwxr-x 1 faster faster  5548 Dec 29  2016 make.sh
drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster  4096 Dec 29  2016 php_client
-rw-rw-r-- 1 faster faster  2380 Dec 29  2016 README.md
-rwxrwxr-x 1 faster faster  1768 Dec 29  2016 restart.sh
-rwxrwxr-x 1 faster faster  1680 Dec 29  2016 stop.sh
drwxrwxr-x 4 faster faster  4096 Mar 31 06:11 storage
drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster  4096 Dec 29  2016 test
drwxrwxr-x 2 faster faster  4096 Mar 31 06:11 tracker


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