Python-学校管理系统

这里写图片描述

一、功能分析

此学校管理系统应该可以实现学校的师资力量的调配,学生的入学、学习以及修学或者退学的情况

二、程序解读:

1.下面的程序实现了学校管理系统的基本功能,包括:

1)学校的招生
2)讲师的招聘
3)课程的增加
4)等等

2.未实现的功能也有很多,比如:

1)学生类中有一个方法是缴费,也有一个方法是注册,这两个方法应该关联起来,缴费成功后,才可以进行注册
2)每个老师应该可以通过各种方式来查看自己学生的信息,比如按照姓名,学号等等
3)每个学生都应该可以查看学校所有的课程和教师情况
4)所有的这些信息必须保存在文件或者数据库中才可以得到永久的保存
5)在客户上传相应的数据时,应该对其有所约束,比如说学号必须是10位正整数(在这里,为了避免报错,将所有的数据都设置为字符串型)
6)讲师,学生和课程的删除,修改,查询等操作需要添加
7)各类对象在初始化的时候需要输入的信息太多,应该做成只需要唯一ID和PASSWD这种类型的来进行相应的登录
8)等等

二、程序代码

#!/usr/bin/env python
#coding:utf-8
"""
file:Management.py
date:9/9/179:57 PM
author:hx
desc:管理系统雏形
"""
##添加模块
import sys
import json

##学校类定义
class School(object):
    ##初始化函数
    def __init__(self,SchoolName,SchoolPlace,SchoolMotto):
        self.SchoolName = SchoolName
        self.SchoolPlace = SchoolPlace
        self.SchoolMotto = SchoolMotto
    ##招生函数
    def RecruitStu(self):
        NewStuName = raw_input("StuName:")
        NewStuAge = raw_input("StuAge:")
        NewStuSex = raw_input("StuSex:")
        NewStuSchool = raw_input("StuSchool:")
        CourseNo = raw_input("CourseNo:")
        NewStuID = raw_input("StuID:")
        CoursePrice = raw_input("CoursePrice:")
        NewStu = Stu(NewStuName,NewStuAge,NewStuSex,NewStuSchool,CourseNo,NewStuID,CoursePrice)     ##实例化学员对象
        stus_dict = {"StuName":NewStuName,"StuAge":NewStuAge,"StuSex":NewStuSex,"StuSchool":NewStuSchool,"CourseNo":CourseNo,"StuID":NewStuID,"CoursePrice":CoursePrice}  # 用字典来存放讲师信息
        if not dic:
            dic[NewStuName] = stus_dict
            json.dump(dic, open("student_db", "w"), encoding='utf-8', ensure_ascii=False, indent=2)
        else:
            if dic.get(NewStuName):
                print("%s学生已存在,不能注册名字相同的学生" % NewStuName)
            else:
                dic[NewStuName] = stus_dict
                json.dump(dic, open("student_db", "w"),encoding='utf-8', ensure_ascii=False, indent=2)
        print("The student has already added successfully".center(50, '-'))
        NewStu.StuInfo()
    ##聘请讲师
    def HireTch(self):
        print "Welcome to hire teacher from here~"
        NewTeacherName = raw_input("Please input the teacher's name:")
        NewTeacherAge = raw_input("Please input the teacher's age:")
        NewTeacherSex = raw_input("Please input the teacher's sex:")
        NewCourseNo = raw_input("Please input the teacher's course number:")
        NewSalary = raw_input("Please input the teacher's salary:")
        NewTeacher = Teacher(NewTeacherName, NewTeacherAge, NewTeacherSex, NewCourseNo,NewSalary)  # 实例化讲师对象
        teachers_dict = {"TeacherName":NewTeacherName,"TeacherAge":NewTeacherAge,"TeacherSex":NewTeacherSex,"CourseNo":NewCourseNo,"Salary":NewSalary}  # 用字典来存放讲师信息
        # 通过json将讲师的字典反序列化到dic字典中
        if not dic:                                  #字典如果为空
            dic[NewTeacherName] = teachers_dict       #将讲师名与讲师对象相关联
            # 通过json将讲师的字典序列化到teacher_db文件中
            json.dump(dic, open("teacher_db", "w"),encoding='utf-8',ensure_ascii=False,indent=2)
        else:                                        #如果文件中已有讲师信息
            if dic.get(NewTeacherName):              #字典中不存在key,则返回none,不报错
                print("%s讲师已存在,不能创建名字相同的讲师" % NewTeacherName)
            else:
                dic[NewTeacherName] = teachers_dict
                json.dump(dic, open("teacher_db", "w"),encoding='utf-8',ensure_ascii=False,indent=2)
        NewTeacher.TeacherInfo()  ##将新老师的信息打印在屏幕上

    ##新增课程
    def CreateCourse(self):
        print "Welcome to create course!"
        NewCourseNo = raw_input("CourseNo:")
        NewCourseName = raw_input("CourseName:")
        NewCoursePrice = raw_input("CoursePrice:")
        NewCourse = Course(NewCourseNo,NewCourseName,NewCoursePrice)    ##新创建的对象直接实例化
        courses_dict = {"CourseNo":NewCourseNo,"CourseName":NewCourseName,"CoursePrice":NewCoursePrice}  # 用字典来存放讲师信息
        if not dic:
            dic[NewCourseNo] = courses_dict
            json.dump(dic, open("course_db", "w"), encoding='utf-8', ensure_ascii=False, indent=2)
        else:
            if dic.get(NewCourseNo):
                print("%s课程已存在,不能注册课程号相同的课程" % NewCourseNo)
            else:
                dic[NewCourseNo] = courses_dict
                json.dump(dic, open("course_db", "w"),encoding='utf-8', ensure_ascii=False, indent=2)
        print("Course has already created successfully".center(50, '-'))
        print ("""
        CourseNo:%s
        CourseName:%s
        CoursePrice:%s"""%(NewCourseNo,NewCourseName,NewCoursePrice))

class Teacher(object):
    def __init__(self, TeacherName, TeacherAge, TeacherSex, CourseNo, Salary):
        self.TeacherName = TeacherName
        self.TeacherAge = TeacherAge
        self.TeacherSex = TeacherSex
        self.CourseNo = CourseNo
        self.Salary = Salary

    def TeachKnowledge(self):
        print "Teach Knowlege~"

    def TeacherInfo(self):
        print("""
        -------------讲师信息-------------
        Name:%s
        Age:%s
        Sex:%s
        CourseNo:%s
        Salary:%s
        """ % (self.TeacherName, self.TeacherAge,self.TeacherSex, self.CourseNo, self.Salary))
##课程类定义
class Course(object):
    def __init__(self,CourseNo,CourseName,CoursePrice):
        self.CourseNo = CourseNo
        self.CourseName = CourseName
        self.CoursePrice = CoursePrice
    def ShowCourseInfo(self):
        print ("""
        CourseNO:%s
        CourseName:%s
        CoursePrice:%s""" %(self.CourseNo,self.CourseName,self.CoursePrice))
##学员类定义
class Stu(object):
    def __init__(self,StuName,StuAge,StuSex,StuSchool,CourseNo,StuID,CoursePrice):
        self.StuName = StuName
        self.StuAge = StuAge
        self.StuSex = StuSex
        self.StuSchool = StuSchool
        self.CourseNo = CourseNo
        self.StuID = StuID
        self.CoursePrice = CoursePrice
    def Study(self):
        print "study"
    def PayMoney(self):
        print "Paying for money~"
    def StuInfo(self):
        print("""
                ---------------学生信息--------------
                Name:%s
                Age:%s
                Sex:%s
                School:%s
                CourseNo:%s
                ID:%s
                CoursePrice:%s
                """ %(self.StuName,self.StuAge,self.StuSex,self.StuSchool,self.CourseNo,self.StuID,self.CoursePrice))

def students_view():  # 学员视图
    while True:
        pro = """
        1.欢迎注册
        2.返回
        3.退出

        请选择:
        """
        num = raw_input(pro)
        if num == '1':
            choice_school_obj.RecruitStu()      # 调用学生注册方法并生成学生对象
        elif num == '2':
            break
        elif num == '3':
            sys.exit()
        else:
            continue

def teacher_view():  # 讲师视图
    name = raw_input("请输入讲师姓名:")
    while True:
        if dic.get(name) or teachers_dict.get(name):
            print("欢迎%s讲师".center(50, '-') % name)
        elif not dic.get(name) and not teachers_dict.get(name):
            print("%s讲师不存在" % name)
            break
        pro = """
        1.查看学员信息
        2.返回
        3.退出

        请输入你的选择:
        """
        num = raw_input(pro)
        if num == '1':
            if teachers_dict.get(name):
                teachers_dict[name].show_student()  # 查看学生信息
            else:
                print("功能未完善,只能输入lvah,cheng")
        elif num == '2':
            break
        elif num == '3':
            sys.exit()
        else:
            continue

def school_view():  # 学校视图
    while True:
        pro = """
        1.创建课程
        2.招生注册
        3.聘用讲师
        4.返回
        5.退出

        请输入你的选择:
        """
        num = raw_input(pro)
        if num == '1':
            choice_school_obj.CreateCourse()
        elif num == '2':
            choice_school_obj.RecruitStu()
        elif num == '3':
            choice_school_obj.HireTch()
        elif num == '4':
            break
        elif num == '5':
            sys.exit()
        else:
            continue

def main():
    global dic  # 全局变量
    global choice_school_obj
    dic = {}

    while True:
        print("请选择学校".center(50, '*'))
        pro1 = """
    1. %s
    2. %s
    3. 返回
    4. 退出

    请输入你的选择:
""" % (school1.SchoolName, school2.SchoolName)
        choice_school = raw_input(pro1)
        if choice_school == '1':
            choice_school_obj = school1  # 将对象引用传给choice_school
        elif choice_school == '2':
            choice_school_obj = school2
        elif choice_school == '3':
            break
        elif choice_school == '4':
            sys.exit()
        else:
            continue
        while True:
            print("请选择视图".center(50, '*'))
            pro2 = """
        1.学员视图
        2.讲师视图
        3.学校管理视图
        4.返回
        5.退出

        请选择视图:
        """

            num = raw_input(pro2)

            if num == '1':
                print("欢迎进入学员视图".center(50, '*'))
                students_view()
            elif num == '2':
                print("欢迎进入讲师视图".center(50, '*'))
                teacher_view()
            elif num == '3':
                print("欢迎进入学校管理视图".center(50, '*'))
                school_view()
            elif num == '4':
                break
            elif num == '5':
                sys.exit()
            else:
                continue

if __name__ == '__main__':

    teachers_dict = {}
    courses_dict = {}
    stus_dict = {}

    school1 = School("A大学", "曲江校区", "祖国、荣誉、责任")   # 实例化两个学校
    school2 = School("B大学", "长安区", "爱国、求是、奋进")

    t1 = Teacher("leo", "28", "male", "01", "10000")
    t2 = Teacher("harry", "26", "female", "02", "9000")            # 实例化两个讲师
    teachers_dict["leo"] = t1
    teachers_dict["harry"] = t2
    teacher_dict = {"TeacherName": "leo", "TeacherAge": "28", "TeacherSex": "male", "CourseNo": "01", "Salary": "10000"}
    teacher_dict = {"TeacherName": "harry", "TeacherAge": "26", "TeacherSex": "female", "CourseNo": "02","Salary": "9000"}

    course1 = Course("01", "Linux云自动化运维", "12800")            # 实例化两个课程
    course2 = Course("02", "c/c++开发", "9800")
    courses_dict["01"] = course1
    courses_dict["02"] = course2
    courses_dict = {"CourseNo":"01","CourseName":"Linux云自动化运维","CoursePrice":"12800"}
    courses_dict = {"CourseNo": "02", "CourseName": "c/c++开发", "CoursePrice": "9800"}

    stu1 = Stu("Katy","18","female","A大学","01","3150911026","12800")    ##实例化两个学员
    stu2 = Stu("Betty","18","male","B大学","02","3150911022","12000")
    stus_dict["Katy"] = stu1
    stus_dict["Betty"] = stu2
    stu_dict = {"StuName":"Katy","StuAge":"18","StuSex":"female","StuSchool":"A大学","CourseNo":"01","StuID":"3150911026","CoursePrice":"12800"}
    stu_dict = {"StuName":"Betty","StuAge":"18","StuSex":"male","StuSchool":"B大学","CourseNo":"02","StuID":"3150911022","CoursePrice":"12000"}
    print(school1, school2)
    main()

三、运行结果

这里写图片描述

这里写图片描述

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