Socket的正确关闭(改良版)

TIME_WAIT状态

如果服务端的Socket比客户端的Socket先关闭,会导致客户端出现TIME_WAIT状态,占用系统资源。

所以,必须等客户端先关闭Socket后,服务器端再关闭Socket才能避免TIME_WAIT状态的出现。

判断客户端Socket的关闭

最近试验发现,当客户端Socket关闭时,服务端的Socket会接收到0字节的通知。

private int Receive(StringBuilder sb)

{

    int read = 0, total = 0;

    if (_Client != null)

    {

        try

        {

            byte[] bytes = new byte[SIZE];

            int available = _Client.Available;

            do

            {

                read = _Client.Receive(bytes);//如果客户端Socket关闭,_Client会接受到read=0

                total += read;

                if (read > 0)

                    sb.Append(_Server.DefaultEncoding.GetString(bytes, 0, read));

 

            } while (read > 0 && total < available);

        }

        catch (SocketException)

        {

            CloseSocket();

        }

    }

    if (_Server.TraceInConsole && total > 0)

    {

        Console.WriteLine("Receive:" + total + "======================================");

        Console.WriteLine(sb.ToString());

    }

    return total;

}

利用0字节接收条件判断客户端Socket的关闭,开始执行服务端Socket关闭代码。

private void ThreadHandler()

{

    if (_Server.TraceInConsole)

        Console.WriteLine("Begin HttpRequest...");

    try

    {

        while (true)

        {

            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

            int receive = Receive(sb);

            if (receive > 0)

            {

                _Server.ReadRequest(this, sb.ToString());

                _Server.Response(this);

                _Server.ResponseFinished(this);

            }

            else

            {

                TryCloseSocket();

            }

            if (_Client == null)

                break;

        }

    }

    catch (Exception ex)

    {

        if (_Server.TraceInConsole)

            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);

    }

    if (_Server.TraceInConsole)

        Console.WriteLine("End HttpRequest.");

}

服务端Socket的关闭

如果直接调用Socket的Close方法会关闭得太快,可能导致客户端TIME_WAIT现象;而Thead.Sleep延时再调用Socket的Close方法也不理想。应该采用尝试向客户端发送数据,然后利用异常来关闭Socket,方法如下。

private void TryCloseSocket()

{

    try

    {

        while (true)

        {

            Thread.Sleep(1500);

            Send(HttpServer.BYTES_CRLF); //发送自定义的字节,如果客户端关闭出现SocketException,然后关闭服务端Socket

            if (_Client == null)

                break;

        }

    }

    catch (SocketException)

    {

        CloseSocket();

    }

}

 

private void CloseSocket()

{

    if (_Client != null)

    {

        _Client.Shutdown(SocketShutdown.Both);

        _Client.Close();

        _Client = null;

        if (_Server.TraceInConsole)

        {

            Console.WriteLine("Close socket.");

        }

    }

}

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