springboot2.0 @Async异步调用

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/ifrozen/article/details/79961880

1. App上加@EnableAsync注解

@SpringCloudApplication
@EnableAsync
public class Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }

}

2. 定义线程池

@Configuration
public class MyConfiguration {

    @Bean("taskExecutor")
    public Executor taskExecutor(){
        ThreadPoolTaskExecutor taskExecutor = new ThreadPoolTaskExecutor();
        taskExecutor.setWaitForTasksToCompleteOnShutdown(true);//线程池关闭的时候等待所有任务都完成再继续销毁其他的Bean
        taskExecutor.setAwaitTerminationSeconds(60);//设置线程池中任务的等待时间,如果超过这个时候还没有销毁就强制销毁,以确保应用最后能够被关闭,而不是阻塞住
        taskExecutor.setCorePoolSize(4);
        taskExecutor.setMaxPoolSize(8);
        taskExecutor.setQueueCapacity(Integer.MAX_VALUE);//缓冲执行任务的队列
        taskExecutor.setKeepAliveSeconds(60);//当超过了核心线程出之外的线程在空闲时间到达之后会被销毁
        taskExecutor.setThreadNamePrefix("kanjia-websocket-thread-");
        return taskExecutor;
    }

}

加入下面的设置,可以等待任务执行完成在关闭线程池

taskExecutor.setWaitForTasksToCompleteOnShutdown(true);//线程池关闭的时候等待所有任务都完成再继续销毁其他的Bean
taskExecutor.setAwaitTerminationSeconds(60);//设置线程池中任务的等待时间,如果超过这个时候还没有销毁就强制销毁,以确保应用最后能够被关闭,而不是阻塞住

3. 定义异步任务类,必须单独为一个类,通过@Async定义异步方法

@Component
public class Task {

    @Async("taskExecutor")  
    public void task1() throws InterruptedException{  
        long currentTimeMillis = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        Thread.sleep(1000);  
        long currentTimeMillis1 = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        System.out.println("task1任务耗时:"+(currentTimeMillis1-currentTimeMillis)+"ms");  
    }  

    @Async("taskExecutor")  
    public void task2() throws InterruptedException{  
        long currentTimeMillis = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        Thread.sleep(2000);  
        long currentTimeMillis1 = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        System.out.println("task2任务耗时:"+(currentTimeMillis1-currentTimeMillis)+"ms");  
    }  
    @Async("taskExecutor")  
    public void task3() throws InterruptedException{  
        long currentTimeMillis = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        Thread.sleep(3000);  
        long currentTimeMillis1 = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        System.out.println("task3任务耗时:"+(currentTimeMillis1-currentTimeMillis)+"ms");  
    }
}

4. 调用异步方法

@RestController
public class HiController {
    @Autowired
    private Task task;

    @RequestMapping(value="/hi")
    public String hi() throws Exception {
        long currentTimeMillis = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        task.task1();  
        task.task2();  
        long currentTimeMillis1 = System.currentTimeMillis();  
        System.out.println("task任务总耗时:"+(currentTimeMillis1-currentTimeMillis)+"ms");
        return "task任务总耗时:"+(currentTimeMillis1-currentTimeMillis)+"ms";
    }
}

访问/hi,可以看到输出:

task任务总耗时:19ms
task1任务耗时:1001ms
task2任务耗时:2039ms
阅读更多

没有更多推荐了,返回首页