JDK6新特性之一 Desktop类和SystemTray类

1 Desktop类和SystemTray类
在JDK6中 ,AWT新增加了两个类:Desktop和SystemTray,前者可以用来打开系统默认浏览器浏览指定的URL,打开系统默认邮件客户端给指定的邮箱发邮件,用默认应用程序打开或编辑文件(比如,用记事本打开以txt为后缀名的文件),用系统默认的打印机打印文档;后者可以用来在系统托盘区创建一个托盘程序.下面代码演示了Desktop和SystemTray的用法. 
/**
*
* @author chinajash
*/
import java.awt.Desktop;
import java.awt.SystemTray;
import java.awt.TrayIcon;
import java.awt.Toolkit;
import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.PopupMenu;
import java.awt.Menu;
import java.awt.MenuItem;
import java.awt.AWTException;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
 
public class DesktopTray {
  private static Desktop desktop;
  private static SystemTray st;
  private static PopupMenu pm;
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    if(Desktop.isDesktopSupported()){//判断当前平台是否支持Desktop类
        desktop = Desktop.getDesktop();
    }
    if(SystemTray.isSupported()){//判断当前平台是否支持系统托盘
        st = SystemTray.getSystemTray();
        Image image = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getImage("netbeans.png");//定义托盘图标的图片         
        createPopupMenu();
        TrayIcon ti = new TrayIcon(image, "Desktop Demo Tray", pm);
        try {
          st.add(ti);
        } catch (AWTException ex) {
          ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
  }
  
  public static void sendMail(String mail){
    if(desktop!=null && desktop.isSupported(Desktop.Action.MAIL)){
        try {
          desktop.mail(new URI(mail));
        } catch (IOException ex) {
          ex.printStackTrace();
        } catch (URISyntaxException ex) {
          ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }         
  }
  
  public static void openBrowser(String url){
    if(desktop!=null && desktop.isSupported(Desktop.Action.BROWSE)){
        try {
          desktop.browse(new URI(url));
        } catch (IOException ex) {
          ex.printStackTrace();
        } catch (URISyntaxException ex) {
          ex.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
  }
  
  public static void edit(){
    if(desktop!=null && desktop.isSupported(Desktop.Action.EDIT)){
        try {
          File txtFile = new File("test.txt");
          if(!txtFile.exists()){
            txtFile.createNewFile();
          }
          desktop.edit(txtFile);
        } catch (IOException ex) {
          ex.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }
  }
  
  public static void createPopupMenu(){
    pm = new PopupMenu();
    MenuItem openBrowser = new MenuItem("Open My Blog");
    openBrowser.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
          openBrowser("http://blog.csdn.net/chinajash");
        }
    });
    
    MenuItem sendMail = new MenuItem("Send Mail to me");
    sendMail.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
          sendMail("mailto:chinajash@yahoo.com.cn");
        }
    });
    
    MenuItem edit = new MenuItem("Edit Text File");
    sendMail.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
          edit();
        }
    });
    
    MenuItem exitMenu = new MenuItem("&Exit");
    exitMenu.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
          System.exit(0);
        }
    });
    pm.add(openBrowser);
    pm.add(sendMail);
    pm.add(edit);
    pm.addSeparator();
    pm.add(exitMenu);   
  }

 
如果在Windows中运行该程序,可以看到在系统托盘区有一个图标,右击该图标会弹出一个菜单,点击Open My Blog会打开IE,并浏览"http://blog.csdn.net/chinajash";点击Send Mail to me会打开Outlook Express给我发邮件;点击Edit Text File会打开记事本编辑在程序中创建的文件test.txt
 
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