基于nodejs后端微信支付接口

本文不谈框架,不谈代码组织结构,只谈怎么实现,

1,微信移动端支付流程如下:


这个流程可以微信app支付文档找到,最重要的就是统一下单这个接口,可以简化一下这个接口,简化后的流程如下:

app给后端传:金额total_fee,32位的商户订单号out_trade_no,支付成功后的回调地址notify_url 这最基本的3个参数,后端通过微信的统一下单接口https://api.mch.weixin.qq.com/pay/unifiedorder 生成一些参数,在返回给app端,app根据这些参数再加上微信授权,调起微信支付,支付成功后返回到商家app,微信后台自动检测是否支出成功,成功后调用app传给微信后端的回调地址notify_url接口,app后端在回调地址的接口中处理什么数据库改写操作,发消息等等的动作。

nodejs需要的一些包:

"dependencies": {
    "crypto": "^1.0.1",
    "express": "^4.16.3",
    "request": "^2.85.0",
    "xmlreader": "^0.2.3"
  }

xmlreader处理xml的工具包,crypto数据加密包

2,工具类util.js

var xmlreader = require("xmlreader");
var fs = require("fs");


var wxpay = {

    //把金额转为分
    getmoney: function (money) {
        return parseFloat(money) * 100;
    },

    // 随机字符串产生函数  
    createNonceStr: function () {
        return Math.random().toString(36).substr(2, 15);
    },

    // 时间戳产生函数  
    createTimeStamp: function () {
        return parseInt(new Date().getTime() / 1000) + '';
    },

    //签名加密算法
    paysignjsapi: function (appid, body, mch_id, nonce_str, notify_url, out_trade_no, spbill_create_ip, total_fee, trade_type, mchkey) {
        var ret = {
            appid: appid,
            mch_id: mch_id,
            nonce_str: nonce_str,
            body: body,
            notify_url: notify_url,
            out_trade_no: out_trade_no,
            spbill_create_ip: spbill_create_ip,
            total_fee: total_fee,
            trade_type: trade_type
        };
        console.log('ret==', ret);
        var string = raw(ret);
        var key = mchkey;
        string = string + '&key=' + key;
        console.log('string=', string);
        var crypto = require('crypto');
        return crypto.createHash('md5').update(string, 'utf8').digest('hex').toUpperCase();
    },
    //签名加密算法,第二次的签名
    paysignjsapifinal: function (appid,mch_id,prepayid,noncestr,timestamp,mchkey) {
        var ret = {
            appid: appid,
            partnerid: mch_id,
            prepayid: prepayid,
            package: 'Sign=WXPay',
            noncestr: noncestr,
            timestamp: timestamp,
        };
        console.log('retretret==', ret);
        var string = raw(ret);
        var key = mchkey;
        string = string + '&key=' + key;
        console.log('stringstringstring=', string);
        var crypto = require('crypto');
        return crypto.createHash('md5').update(string, 'utf8').digest('hex').toUpperCase();
    },
    getXMLNodeValue: function (xml) {
        // var tmp = xml.split("<"+node_name+">");
        // console.log('tmp',tmp);
        // var _tmp = tmp[1].split("</"+node_name+">");
        // console.log('_tmp',_tmp);
        // return _tmp[0];
        xmlreader.read(xml, function (errors, response) {
            if (null !== errors) {
                console.log(errors)
                return;
            }
            console.log('长度===', response.xml.prepay_id.text().length);
            var prepay_id = response.xml.prepay_id.text();
            console.log('解析后的prepay_id==',prepay_id);
            return prepay_id;
        });
    }

}
function raw(args) {
    var keys = Object.keys(args);
    keys = keys.sort()
    var newArgs = {};
    keys.forEach(function (key) {
        newArgs[key] = args[key];
    });
    var string = '';
    for (var k in newArgs) {
        string += '&' + k + '=' + newArgs[k];
    }
    string = string.substr(1);
    return string;
}

module.exports = wxpay;

3,调用app.js

appid,appsecret是微信开放平台的数据,mchid是微信对应的商户平台id,mchkey是商户平台陪的安全秘钥。

var express = require('express');
var request = require('request');
var xmlreader = require("xmlreader");
var fs = require("fs");

var app = express();

var wxpay = require('./util');


var appid     = 'wx28f86efd25cc3312';
var appsecret = 'b8687555bf947b1947b62767c448723';
var mchid     = '1499403456'
var mchkey    = '8r435jVd7yA0354nsvkxb4cN3x7Se4322';
var wxurl     = 'http://XXXXXXXXX/weixinNotify.action';

app.get('/',(req,res)=>{
    
    //首先拿到前端传过来的参数
    let orderCode = req.query.orderCode;
    let money     = req.query.money;
    let orderID   = req.query.orderID;

    console.log('APP传过来的参数是',orderCode+'----'+money+'------'+orderID+'----'+appid+'-----'+appsecret+'-----'+mchid+'-----'+mchkey);

    //首先生成签名sign
    appid
    let mch_id = mchid;
    let nonce_str = wxpay.createNonceStr();
    let timestamp = wxpay.createTimeStamp();
    let body = '测试微信支付';
    let out_trade_no = orderCode;
    let total_fee = wxpay.getmoney(money);
    let spbill_create_ip = req.connection.remoteAddress;
    let notify_url = wxurl;
    let trade_type = 'APP';

    let sign = wxpay.paysignjsapi(appid,body,mch_id,nonce_str,notify_url,out_trade_no,spbill_create_ip,total_fee,trade_type,mchkey);

    console.log('sign==',sign);

    //组装xml数据
    var formData  = "<xml>";
    formData  += "<appid>"+appid+"</appid>";  //appid
    formData  += "<body><![CDATA["+"测试微信支付"+"]]></body>";
    formData  += "<mch_id>"+mch_id+"</mch_id>";  //商户号
    formData  += "<nonce_str>"+nonce_str+"</nonce_str>"; //随机字符串,不长于32位。
    formData  += "<notify_url>"+notify_url+"</notify_url>";
    formData  += "<out_trade_no>"+out_trade_no+"</out_trade_no>";
    formData  += "<spbill_create_ip>"+spbill_create_ip+"</spbill_create_ip>";
    formData  += "<total_fee>"+total_fee+"</total_fee>";
    formData  += "<trade_type>"+trade_type+"</trade_type>";
    formData  += "<sign>"+sign+"</sign>";
    formData  += "</xml>";

    console.log('formData===',formData);

    var url = 'https://api.mch.weixin.qq.com/pay/unifiedorder';

    request({url:url,method:'POST',body: formData},function(err,response,body){
        if(!err && response.statusCode == 200){
            console.log(body);

            xmlreader.read(body.toString("utf-8"), function (errors, response) {
                if (null !== errors) {
                    console.log(errors)
                    return;
                }
                console.log('长度===', response.xml.prepay_id.text().length);
                var prepay_id = response.xml.prepay_id.text();
                console.log('解析后的prepay_id==',prepay_id);


                //将预支付订单和其他信息一起签名后返回给前端
                let finalsign = wxpay.paysignjsapifinal(appid,mch_id,prepay_id,nonce_str,timestamp,mchkey);

                res.json({'appId':appid,'partnerId':mchid,'prepayId':prepay_id,'nonceStr':nonce_str,'timeStamp':timestamp,'package':'Sign=WXPay','sign':finalsign});

            });


        }
    });

})


app.listen(3000,()=>{
    console.log('服务器启动了....');
});




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