Android-非常棒的HTTP通讯总结

 

这里有一个非常棒的http通讯的总结,我看了以后茅塞顿开。

先贴代码:

01 public class Activity1 extends Activity {
02  
03     private final String DEBUG_TAG = "System.out";
04  
05     private TextView mTextView;
06     private Button mButton;
07  
08     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
09         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
10         setContentView(R.layout.main);
11  
12         mTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.TextView01);
13         mButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.Button01);
14         mButton.setOnClickListener(new httpListener());
15     }
16  
17     // 设置按钮监听器
18     class httpListener implements OnClickListener {
19         public void onClick(View v) {
20             refresh();
21         }
22     }
23  
24     private void refresh() {
25         String httpUrl = "http://192.168.0.101:8080/Test/test.jsp";
26         // URL可以加参数
27         // String httpUrl =
29         String resultData = "";
30         URL url = null;
31         try {
32             // 创建一个URL对象
33             url = new URL(httpUrl);
34         } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
35             Log.d(DEBUG_TAG, "create URL Exception");
36         }
37         // 声明HttpURLConnection对象
38         HttpURLConnection urlConn = null;
39         // 声明InputStreamReader对象
40         InputStreamReader in = null;
41         // 声明BufferedReader对象
42         BufferedReader buffer = null;
43         String inputLine = null;
44         if (url != null) {
45             try {
46                 // 使用HttpURLConnection打开连接
47                 urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
48                 // 得到读取的内容(流)
49                 in = new InputStreamReader(urlConn.getInputStream());
50                 // 创建BufferReader对象,输出时候用到
51                 buffer = new BufferedReader(in);
52                 // 使用循环来读取数据
53                 while ((inputLine = buffer.readLine()) != null) {
54                     // 在每一行后面加上换行
55                     resultData += inputLine + "\n";
56                 }
57                 // 设置显示取的的内容
58                 if (resultData != null && !resultData.equals("")) {
59                     mTextView.setText(resultData);
60                 } else {
61                     mTextView.setText("读取的内容为空");
62                 }
63             } catch (IOException e) {
64                 e.printStackTrace();
65             } finally {
66                 try {
67                     // 关闭InputStreamReader
68                     in.close();
69                     // 关闭URL连接
70                     urlConn.disconnect();
71                 } catch (IOException e) {
72                     e.printStackTrace();
73                 }
74             }
75         } else {
76             Log.d(DEBUG_TAG, "URL is NULL");
77         }
78     }
79 }

 


第二种方式:

001 public class Activity2 extends Activity {
002  
003     private final String DEBUG_TAG = "System.out";
004  
005     private TextView mTextView;
006     private Button mButton;
007  
008     protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
009         super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
010         setContentView(R.layout.main);
011  
012         mTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.TextView01);
013         mButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.Button01);
014         mButton.setOnClickListener(new httpListener());
015     }
016  
017     // 设置按钮监听器
018     class httpListener implements OnClickListener {
019         public void onClick(View v) {
020             refresh();
021         }
022     }
023  
024     private void refresh() {
025         String httpUrl = "http://192.168.0.101:8080/Test/test.jsp";
026         String resultData = "";
027         URL url = null;
028         try {
029             // 创建一个URL对象
030             url = new URL(httpUrl);
031         } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
032             Log.d(DEBUG_TAG, "create URL Exception");
033         }
034         // 声明HttpURLConnection对象
035         HttpURLConnection urlConn = null;
036         // 声明InputStreamReader对象
037         InputStreamReader in = null;
038         // 声明BufferedReader对象
039         BufferedReader buffer = null;
040         String inputLine = null;
041         // 声明DataOutputStream流
042         DataOutputStream out = null;
043         if (url != null) {
044             try {
045                 // 使用HttpURLConnection打开连接
046                 urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
047                 // 因为这个是POST请求所以要设置为true
048                 urlConn.setDoInput(true);
049                 urlConn.setDoOutput(true);
050                 // 设置POST方式
051                 urlConn.setRequestMethod("POST");
052                 // POST请求不能设置缓存
053                 urlConn.setUseCaches(false);
054                 urlConn.setInstanceFollowRedirects(false);
055                 // 配置本次连接的Content-type,配置为application/x-www-form-urlencoded的
056                 urlConn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
057                 // 连接,从postUrl.openConnection()至此的配置必须要在connect之前完成
058                 // 要注意的是connectio.getOutputStream会隐含的进行connect
059                 urlConn.connect();
060                 // DataOutputStream流
061                 out = new DataOutputStream(urlConn.getOutputStream());
062                 String content = "par=" + URLEncoder.encode("abcdefg", "gb2312");
063                 // 将要上传的内容写入流中
064                 out.writeBytes(content);
065                 // 得到读取的内容(流)
066                 in = new InputStreamReader(urlConn.getInputStream());
067                 // 创建BufferReader对象,输出时候用到
068                 buffer = new BufferedReader(in);
069                 // 使用循环来读取数据
070                 while ((inputLine = buffer.readLine()) != null) {
071                     // 在每一行后面加上换行
072                     resultData += inputLine + "\n";
073                 }
074                 // 设置显示取的的内容
075                 if (resultData != null && !resultData.equals("")) {
076                     mTextView.setText(resultData);
077                 } else