新概念英语二笔记 lesson1-lesson10

☆cover v.越过
cover+距离:越过 cover the distance
The bird covered(越过) the distance in three minutes.
口语里常说:It's not my pigeon.=None of my business.这不是我的过错
leave sb a message:给……留便条
I'll leave you a message.
☆距离的表达方式:Pinhurst is five miles(away)(from Silbury).
Bus stop is only one mile (from school/here).
☆get a telephone:安装电话
☆carry:带着,携着,意味着这个东西不会落地
I carry the bag.
take则是着地:I take my sister to the cinema.
in this way:这样,以这种方式 in a friendly way  in a way:从某种意义上来说   In a way,you are kind.
※in the way:
1.挡路:Sorry,you are in the way.但一般不需要说,只要说Excuse me.就行。
out of the way:让路
如果那个人死活不给你让路,你说:Get out of the way!滚开!
2.=in this way
记住一个句型:I do...in the way you showed me.
eg:I fly the kite in the way you showed me.
但是in the family way不是以家庭的方式,而是指have a baby.
※get one's own way:随心所欲
beggar n.乞丐
pocket money:零花钱(小孩的)男人的零花钱:beer money   零钱是change:get exact change
关于call的几个短语:
call at+地点=visit someplace
call on sb
I will call on you.=I will call at your home.
call out=shout 大声喊    call in sb 招集和邀请
For the project,the government called in a lot of experts.
☆stand on one's head:倒立(头着地) 用手着地:stand on one's hand/hands  跪着:stand on one's knees
躺着:lie on one's back(仰面)/side(侧躺)/stomach(趴着)

knock at:敲
knock off:
1)下班 He knockedoff earlier.
2)knock sth off+地点:从……把……撞倒
knock the vase off the table
3)打折 knock 10% off the price
knock over
A car knocked the boy over.
[注]如果有地点:off;无地点:over
knock out:打晕(拳击术语,把人打倒在地)
☆airport n.机场   ☆airfield n.飞机起落的场地
☆valuable adj.贵重的(重点)☆precious adj.珍贵的
precious带有感情色彩,是真心喜欢的
如:precious photo 珍贵的照片  如果不谈感情,valuable和precious是一样的。
sth is valuable/precious

☆guard n.警戒,守卫 life guard 救生员  body guard 保镖
☆when和while都表示当……的时候,考试时一定选when while能用when代替,但是when却不一定能用while代替
while+从句,动作一定会延续
when+延续性动作/瞬间动词
when he arrived/died
所有的比赛都可以通称为competition
速度比赛:race   eg. car race
球赛:match   eg. football match
contest用的更多,除了以上的比赛,都可以说contest
选美比赛就是beauty contest   还有game,如果把上面的都忘了,就用这个
☆neat adj.整齐的,整洁的  不等于clean,等于tidy
☆pool n.水池
pool是人工的,游泳池:swimming pool   天然的叫池塘:pond
far-farther-farthest; far-further-furthest
farther:距离上的更远;further:程度上的
old-older-oldest; old-elder-eldest
older是比……大;elder做定语修饰其它名词:elder sister
☆enter for:报名参加,只强调报名
 win后面往往是奖品 win后面不能接对手,不能说I win you.  要用defeat或beat,但defeat用得多,因为beat还有打的意思。

 ☆crowd n.人群
in the crowd: 在人群里 I spotted him in the crowd.
a crowd of people:没有秩序的人群,拥挤的人群
a group of people:有秩序的人群
a large crowd of people/crowds of people:人山人海
v.crowd 拥挤,挤满
敲门用knock,敲钟用strike

shock/surprise
共同点:都是吃惊,没想到
不同点:任何一件事没想到都是surprise,好事坏事都可。而shock一定是让人不高兴的。
be made of:能看出原料 eg:The ring is made of gold.
be made from:看不出原料/多种原料

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