Ubuntu系统下Sublime Text 2中fcitx中文输入法的解决方法

转自:http://my.oschina.net/wugaoxing/blog/121281

前几天把Ubuntu升级到了13.04 beta 2,顺便安装了fcitx 搜狗输入法,但是发现在sublime text 2中无法输入中文,之前在ubuntu 12.04.2中fcitx正常输入的,只是有一些小问题。

本着发现问题,解决问题的原则,咱就找解决方法呗,经过Google和论坛发帖,找到了解决方法。

http://my.oschina.net/Khiyuan/blog/98713

http://forum.suse.org.cn/viewtopic.php?f=16&t=333

http://www.sublimetext.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=7006&start=10#p41343

在这里感谢oschina的@Khiyuan  bruce.oy 这两位朋友耐心的为我解决问题。接下来咱就把方法写出来。

编译共享内库
  1. 保存下述代码为 sublime-imfix.c 文件
    01 /*
    02 sublime-imfix.c
    03 Use LD_PRELOAD to interpose some function to fix sublime input method support for linux.
    04 By Cjacker Huang <jianzhong.huang at i-soft.com.cn>
    05  
    06 gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC
    07 LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so sublime_text
    08 */
    09 #include <gtk/gtk.h>
    10 #include <gdk/gdkx.h>
    11 typedef GdkSegment GdkRegionBox;
    12  
    13 struct _GdkRegion
    14 {
    15   long size;
    16   long numRects;
    17   GdkRegionBox *rects;
    18   GdkRegionBox extents;
    19 };
    20  
    21 GtkIMContext *local_context;
    22  
    23 void
    24 gdk_region_get_clipbox (const GdkRegion *region,
    25             GdkRectangle    *rectangle)
    26 {
    27   g_return_if_fail (region != NULL);
    28   g_return_if_fail (rectangle != NULL);
    29  
    30   rectangle->x = region->extents.x1;
    31   rectangle->y = region->extents.y1;
    32   rectangle->width = region->extents.x2 - region->extents.x1;
    33   rectangle->height = region->extents.y2 - region->extents.y1;
    34   GdkRectangle rect;
    35   rect.x = rectangle->x;
    36   rect.y = rectangle->y;
    37   rect.width = 0;
    38   rect.height = rectangle->height;
    39   //The caret width is 2;
    40   //Maybe sometimes we will make a mistake, but for most of the time, it should be the caret.
    41   if(rectangle->width == 2 && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(local_context)) {
    42         gtk_im_context_set_cursor_location(local_context, rectangle);
    43   }
    44 }
    45  
    46 //this is needed, for example, if you input something in file dialog and return back the edit area
    47 //context will lost, so here we set it again.
    48  
    49 static GdkFilterReturn event_filter (GdkXEvent *xevent, GdkEvent *event, gpointer im_context)
    50 {
    51     XEvent *xev = (XEvent *)xevent;
    52     if(xev->type == KeyRelease && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(im_context)) {
    53        GdkWindow * win = g_object_get_data(G_OBJECT(im_context),"window");
    54        if(GDK_IS_WINDOW(win))
    55          gtk_im_context_set_client_window(im_context, win);
    56     }
    57     return GDK_FILTER_CONTINUE;
    58 }
    59  
    60 void gtk_im_context_set_client_window (GtkIMContext *context,
    61           GdkWindow    *window)
    62 {
    63   GtkIMContextClass *klass;
    64   g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT (context));
    65   klass = GTK_IM_CONTEXT_GET_CLASS (context);
    66   if (klass->set_client_window)
    67     klass->set_client_window (context, window);
    68  
    69   if(!GDK_IS_WINDOW (window))
    70     return;
    71   g_object_set_data(G_OBJECT(context),"window",window);
    72   int width = gdk_window_get_width(window);
    73   int height = gdk_window_get_height(window);
    74   if(width != 0 && height !=0) {
    75     gtk_im_context_focus_in(context);
    76     local_context = context;
    77   }
    78   gdk_window_add_filter (window, event_filter, context);
    79 }
  2. 安装C/C++的编译环境和gtk libgtk2.0-dev
    1 sudo apt-get install build-essential
    2 sudo apt-get install libgtk2.0-dev

  3. 编译共享内库
    1 gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC

  4. 启动 Sublime Text 2

    好了,现在执行下述命令启动 Sublime Text 2,就可以使用fcitx输入中文了!

    1 LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so sublime_text


但是这样的话,我们每次都要在终端里面使用命令启动sublime text 2,这样很不方便,接下来我们还要通过修改sublime-text-2.desktop达到点击图标启动。

打开终端进入applications修改sublime-text-2.desktop

1 cd /usr/share/applications
2 sudo vim sublime-text-2.desktop

打开sublime-text-2.desktop后,将

1 Exec=/usr/bin/sublime-text-2 %F

修改为

1 Exec=bash -c 'LD_PRELOAD=/usr/lib/libsublime-imfix.so /usr/bin/sublime-text-2' %F

还有将

1 Exec=/usr/bin/sublime-text-2 --new-window

修改为

1 Exec=bash -c 'LD_PRELOAD=/usr/lib/libsublime-imfix.so /usr/bin/sublime-text-2' --new-window

好了,接下来你在dash中点击打开sublime text2吧,开始你的代码之旅吧。

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