思科VPP源码分析(node调度框架)

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vpp的功能逻辑被划分为一个个node,node之间通过下一跳传递处理完的数据包集合,从而组成整个业务图谱。本文将分析node调度框架源码。

- 基本概念

vlib_node_type_t
node分为四种类型
VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL:对数据包真正处理的业务node。
VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INPUT:收包逻辑node,比如:dpdk,pcap等。
VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PRE_INPUT:目前只有一个epoll node,对socket相关逻辑提供服务,主要使用在控制业务上。
VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS:该类型node可以被挂起也可以被恢复,有独立的分配在heap上的运行时栈。类似于在一个线程中实现了多任务调度机制。主要用来修改vpp node内部参数。
vlib_node_main_t
记录各种全局信息,比如各种数据结构集合,数据结构内存池之类。
vlib_node_t
注册node时将业务逻辑,几乎不怎么修改的参数,状态信息保存在这里。
vlib_node_runtime_t
这是调度框架实际频繁使用的结构,从vlib_node_t拷贝了部分信息,以及私有的频繁变动的信息。
vlib_process_t
VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型node专用结构,记录用于模拟task的基础结构:heap上的运行时栈,2种返回时寄存器备份,等。
vlib_frame_t
每个node都有一个对应的vlib_frame_t,用来保存供node使用的数据包集合。这是每个node最终处理数据的内存所在地。
vlib_pending_frame_t
当一个node处理完数据包,则填充该数据结构,并加入到全局链表,调度框架便能在下一次调度时找到需要
接手该数据包的下一个node
vlib_next_frame_t
主要是node内部逻辑使用,定位该node的下一条信息。

- 关键结构

vlib_node_main_t

typedef struct
{
  /* Public nodes. */
  //一块连续内存,头部是vec_header_t,数据部分是node指针数组
  vlib_node_t **nodes;

  /* Node index hashed by node name. */
  //node按名字组成hash表
  uword *node_by_name;

  //目前只有VLIB_NODE_MAIN_RUNTIME_STARTED一个状态,暂时没啥用,忽略之。
  u32 flags;
#define VLIB_NODE_MAIN_RUNTIME_STARTED (1 << 0)

  /* Nodes segregated by type for cache locality.
     Does not apply to nodes of type VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL. */
  /*node有三种类型:VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL,VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INPUT,
  VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PRE_INPUT,按类型分类索引*/
  vlib_node_runtime_t *nodes_by_type[VLIB_N_NODE_TYPE];

  //以下三个用于类似于网卡napi收包模式,dpdk没用到,忽略之
  /* Node runtime indices for input nodes with pending interrupts. */
  u32 *pending_interrupt_node_runtime_indices;
  /* Input nodes are switched from/to interrupt to/from polling mode
     when average vector length goes above/below polling/interrupt
     thresholds. */
  u32 polling_threshold_vector_length;
  u32 interrupt_threshold_vector_length;

  /* Vector of next frames. */
  /*假设node1有n1个下一跳,node2有n2个下一跳....共n1 + n2 +....+ni个下一跳连续
  保存在next_frames指向的vec中。*/
  vlib_next_frame_t *next_frames;

  /* Vector of internal node's frames waiting to be called. */
  //数据包从node输出到下一跳,那么下一跳node即是pending frame,会加入pending_frames指向的vec。主循环会遍历该vec,对每个node来调用处理逻辑
  vlib_pending_frame_t *pending_frames;

  /* Timing wheel for scheduling time-based node dispatch. */
  //定时器,信号相关,源码及其恶心,博主暂时放弃阅读
  timing_wheel_t timing_wheel;
  vlib_signal_timed_event_data_t *signal_timed_event_data_pool;
  /* Opaque data vector added via timing_wheel_advance. */
  u32 *data_from_advancing_timing_wheel;
  /* CPU time of next process to be ready on timing wheel. */
  u64 cpu_time_next_process_ready;

  /* Vector of process nodes.
     One for each node of type VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS. */
  /*VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型的node,每个node有分配在heap上的运行栈,没错就是通常说的在顶部那种
  栈,但是这里分配在了heap上。这里在单线程中模拟了类似多线程的效果,以后会详细分析。processes保存了
  所有VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型node的描述结构指针。*/
  vlib_process_t **processes;

  /* Current running process or ~0 if no process running. */
  //VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型的node,执行时都会把current_process_index赋值为本node的runtime_index
  u32 current_process_index;

  /* Pool of pending process frames. */
  //VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型node专用,挂起时在其中保存信息。
  vlib_pending_frame_t *suspended_process_frames;

  /* Vector of event data vectors pending recycle. */
  void **recycled_event_data_vectors;

  /* Current counts of nodes in each state. */
  u32 input_node_counts_by_state[VLIB_N_NODE_STATE];

  /* Hash of (scalar_size,vector_size) to frame_sizes index. */
  //hash表,把node的scalar_size,vector_size值组合成key,查找对应的vlib_frame_size_t结构。
  uword *frame_size_hash;

  /* Per-size frame allocation information. */
  //通过hash查找到node对应的vlib_frame_size_t值,从中的内存池来分配vlib_frame_t。
  vlib_frame_size_t *frame_sizes;

  /* Time of last node runtime stats clear. */
  f64 time_last_runtime_stats_clear;

  /* Node registrations added by constructors */
  //注册node函数提交的注册信息链接在这里,仅仅初始化时使用
  vlib_node_registration_t *node_registrations;
} vlib_node_main_t;

vlib_node_t


typedef struct vlib_node_t
{
  /* Vector processing function for this node. */
  //业务逻辑
  vlib_node_function_t *function;

  /* Node name. */
  u8 *name;

  /* Node name index in elog string table. */
  u32 name_elog_string;

  /* Total statistics for this node. */
  vlib_node_stats_t stats_total;

  /* Saved values as of last clear (or zero if never cleared).
     Current values are always stats_total - stats_last_clear. */
  vlib_node_stats_t stats_last_clear;

  /* Type of this node. */
  //node类型,之前提到的那四种之一
  vlib_node_type_t type;

  /* Node index. */
  u32 index;

  /* Index of corresponding node runtime. */
  //vlib_node_t和vlib_node_runtime_t是一一对应的好基友
  u32 runtime_index;

  /* Runtime data for this node. */
  void *runtime_data;

  /* Node flags. */
  u16 flags;

  /* Processing function keeps frame.  Tells node dispatching code not
     to free frame after dispatch is done.  */
#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_FRAME_NO_FREE_AFTER_DISPATCH (1 << 0)

  /* Node counts as output/drop/punt node for stats purposes. */
#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_IS_OUTPUT (1 << 1)
#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_IS_DROP (1 << 2)
#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_IS_PUNT (1 << 3)
#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_IS_HANDOFF (1 << 4)

  /* Set if current node runtime has traced vectors. */
#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_TRACE (1 << 5)

#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_INTERRUPT_TO_POLLING_MODE (1 << 6)
#define VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_POLLING_TO_INTERRUPT_MODE (1 << 7)

  /* State for input nodes. */
  u8 state;

  /* Number of bytes of run time data. */
  u8 runtime_data_bytes;

  /* Number of error codes used by this node. */
  u16 n_errors;

  /* Size of scalar and vector arguments in bytes. */
  //这两个成员组合成key,在vlib_node_main_t->frame_size_hash中查找,确定本node相关的frame的内存池
  u16 scalar_size, vector_size;

  /* Handle/index in error heap for this node. */
  u32 error_heap_handle;
  u32 error_heap_index;

  /* Error strings indexed by error code for this node. */
  char **error_strings;

  /* Vector of next node names.
     Only used before next_nodes array is initialized. */
  //初始化时用用
  char **next_node_names;

  /* Next node indices for this node. */
  //根据next_node_names来生成next_nodes,vec结构,记录了每个可选下一条的index。
  u32 *next_nodes;

  /* Name of node that we are sibling of. */
  char *sibling_of;

  /* Bitmap of all of this node's siblings. */
  uword *sibling_bitmap;

  /* Total number of vectors sent to each next node. */
  //统计发给下一条node的数据包总数
  u64 *n_vectors_by_next_node;

  /* Hash table mapping next node index into slot in
     next_nodes vector.  Quickly determines whether this node
     is connected to given next node and, if so, with which slot. */
  uword *next_slot_by_node;

  /* Bitmap of node indices which feed this node. */
  uword *prev_node_bitmap;

  /* Node/next-index which own enqueue rights with to this node. */
  u32 owner_node_index, owner_next_index;

  /* Buffer format/unformat for this node. */
  format_function_t *format_buffer;
  unformat_function_t *unformat_buffer;

  /* Trace buffer format/unformat for this node. */
  format_function_t *format_trace;

  /* Function to validate incoming frames. */
  u8 *(*validate_frame) (struct vlib_main_t * vm,
             struct vlib_node_runtime_t *,
             struct vlib_frame_t * f);
  /* for pretty-printing, not typically valid */
  u8 *state_string;
} vlib_node_t;

vlib_node_runtime_t

typedef struct vlib_node_runtime_t
{
  /* Node function to call. */
  vlib_node_function_t *function;

  /* Vector of errors for this node. */
  vlib_error_t *errors;

  /* Number of clock cycles. */
  u32 clocks_since_last_overflow;

  /* Maximum clock cycle for an invocation. */
  u32 max_clock;

  /* Number of vectors in the recorded max_clock. */
  u32 max_clock_n;

  /* Number of calls. */
  u32 calls_since_last_overflow;

  /* Number of vector elements processed by this node. */
  u32 vectors_since_last_overflow;

  /* Start of next frames for this node. */
  //本node的多个下一条中,第一个下一条在vlib_node_main_t->next_frames中的索引
  u32 next_frame_index;

  /* Node index. */
  //vlib_node_t和vlib_node_runtime_t是一一对应的好基友
  u32 node_index;

  /* For input nodes: decremented on each main loop interation until it reaches zero
     and function is called.  Allows some input nodes to be called
     more than others. */
  u32 input_main_loops_per_call;

  /* Saved main loop counter of last dispatch of this node. */
  u32 main_loop_count_last_dispatch;

  u32 main_loop_vector_stats[2];

  /* Copy of main node flags. */
  u16 flags;

  /* Input node state. */
  u16 state;

  u16 n_next_nodes;

  /* Next frame index that vector arguments were last enqueued to
     last time this node ran.  Set to zero before first run
     of this node. */
  u16 cached_next_index;

  /* CPU this node runs on */
  u16 cpu_index;

  /* Function dependent node-runtime. */
  uword runtime_data[(128
              - 1 * sizeof (vlib_node_function_t *)
              - 1 * sizeof (vlib_error_t *)
              - 11 * sizeof (u32)
              - 5 * sizeof (u16)) / sizeof (uword)];
}

vlib_process_t


typedef struct
{
  /* Node runtime for this process. */
  //对应的PROSESS类型node索引号
  vlib_node_runtime_t node_runtime;

  /* Where to longjmp when process is done. */
  //如下return_longjmp,resume_longjmp用于保存当前寄存器内容,可以参考C库的setjump,longjump原理
  clib_longjmp_t return_longjmp;

#define VLIB_PROCESS_RETURN_LONGJMP_RETURN ((uword) ~0 - 0)
#define VLIB_PROCESS_RETURN_LONGJMP_SUSPEND ((uword) ~0 - 1)

  /* Where to longjmp to resume node after suspend. */
  clib_longjmp_t resume_longjmp;
#define VLIB_PROCESS_RESUME_LONGJMP_SUSPEND 0
#define VLIB_PROCESS_RESUME_LONGJMP_RESUME  1

  u16 flags;
#define VLIB_PROCESS_IS_SUSPENDED_WAITING_FOR_CLOCK (1 << 0)
#define VLIB_PROCESS_IS_SUSPENDED_WAITING_FOR_EVENT (1 << 1)
  /* Set to indicate that this process has been added to resume vector. */
#define VLIB_PROCESS_RESUME_PENDING (1 << 2)

  /* Process function is currently running. */
#define VLIB_PROCESS_IS_RUNNING (1 << 3)

  /* Size of process stack. */
  u16 log2_n_stack_bytes;

  u32 suspended_process_frame_index;

  /* Number of times this process was suspended. */
  u32 n_suspends;

  /* Vectors of pending event data indexed by event type index. */
  void **pending_event_data_by_type_index;

  /* Bitmap of event type-indices with non-empty vectors. */
  uword *non_empty_event_type_bitmap;

  /* Bitmap of event type-indices which are one time events. */
  uword *one_time_event_type_bitmap;

  /* Type is opaque pointer -- typically a pointer to an event handler
     function.  Hash table to map opaque to a type index. */
  uword *event_type_index_by_type_opaque;

  /* Pool of currently valid event types. */
  vlib_process_event_type_t *event_type_pool;

  /* When suspending saves cpu cycle counter when process is to be resumed. */
  u64 resume_cpu_time;

  /* Default output function and its argument for any CLI outputs
     within the process. */
  vlib_cli_output_function_t *output_function;
  uword output_function_arg;

#ifdef CLIB_UNIX
  /* Pad to a multiple of the page size so we can mprotect process stacks */
#define PAGE_SIZE_MULTIPLE 0x1000
#define ALIGN_ON_MULTIPLE_PAGE_BOUNDARY_FOR_MPROTECT  __attribute__ ((aligned (PAGE_SIZE_MULTIPLE)))
#else
#define ALIGN_ON_MULTIPLE_PAGE_BOUNDARY_FOR_MPROTECT
#endif

  /* Process stack.  Starts here and extends 2^log2_n_stack_bytes
     bytes. */
//PROSESS类型node的业务逻辑运行时栈地址,在heap上
#define VLIB_PROCESS_STACK_MAGIC (0xdead7ead)
  u32 stack[0] ALIGN_ON_MULTIPLE_PAGE_BOUNDARY_FOR_MPROTECT;
} vlib_process_t __attribute__ ((aligned (CLIB_CACHE_LINE_BYTES)));

- 调度逻辑

VPP支持多工作线程模型,这里不考虑多线程,以单线程模型来分析源码。
核心调度函数:
vlib_main_loop

static void
vlib_main_loop (vlib_main_t * vm)
{
  vlib_node_main_t *nm = &vm->node_main;
  uword i;
  u64 cpu_time_now;

  /* Initialize pending node vector. */
  vec_resize (nm->pending_frames, 32);
  _vec_len (nm->pending_frames) = 0;

  /* Mark time of main loop start. */
  cpu_time_now = vm->clib_time.last_cpu_time;
  vm->cpu_time_main_loop_start = cpu_time_now;

  /* Arrange for first level of timing wheel to cover times we care
     most about. */
  nm->timing_wheel.min_sched_time = 10e-6;
  nm->timing_wheel.max_sched_time = 10e-3;
  timing_wheel_init (&nm->timing_wheel,
             cpu_time_now, vm->clib_time.clocks_per_second);

  /* Pre-allocate expired nodes. */
  vec_alloc (nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel, 32);
  vec_alloc (nm->pending_interrupt_node_runtime_indices, 32);

 //dpdk收包时下面用不到。它们是用来模拟标准网卡NAPI机制的
  if (!nm->polling_threshold_vector_length)
    nm->polling_threshold_vector_length = 10;
  if (!nm->interrupt_threshold_vector_length)
    nm->interrupt_threshold_vector_length = 5;

  nm->current_process_index = ~0;

  /* Start all processes. */
  /*执行所有VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型node,利用setjump,longjump机制,把node挂起来,等待之后唤醒。可以理解为一种多任务模型。该类型node主要时用在作运行时配置相关。之后会详细论述该类型node*/
  {
    uword i;
    for (i = 0; i < vec_len (nm->processes); i++)
      cpu_time_now =
    dispatch_process (vm, nm->processes[i], /* frame */ 0, cpu_time_now);
  }

  while (1)
    {
      vlib_node_runtime_t *n;

      /* Process pre-input nodes. */
      //目前只有一个epoll相关的node,监听socket,辅助功能
      vec_foreach (n, nm->nodes_by_type[VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PRE_INPUT])
    cpu_time_now = dispatch_node (vm, n,
                      VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PRE_INPUT,
                      VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING,
                      /* frame */ 0,
                      cpu_time_now);

      /* Next process input nodes. */
      //收包node,假设使用dpdk的node
      vec_foreach (n, nm->nodes_by_type[VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INPUT])
    cpu_time_now = dispatch_node (vm, n,
                      VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INPUT,
                      VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING,
                      /* frame */ 0,
                      cpu_time_now);

      //memclnt_node会用到,但是博主发现该node没有使用。无视之。
      if (PREDICT_TRUE (vm->queue_signal_pending == 0))
    vm->queue_signal_callback (vm);

      /* Next handle interrupts. */
      //dpdk没有中断机制,这里不会执行
      {
    uword l = _vec_len (nm->pending_interrupt_node_runtime_indices);
    uword i;
    if (l > 0)
      {
        _vec_len (nm->pending_interrupt_node_runtime_indices) = 0;
        for (i = 0; i < l; i++)
          {
        n = vec_elt_at_index (nm->nodes_by_type[VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INPUT],
                      nm->
                      pending_interrupt_node_runtime_indices
                      [i]);
        cpu_time_now =
          dispatch_node (vm, n, VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INPUT,
                 VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT,
                 /* frame */ 0,
                 cpu_time_now);
          }
      }
      }

      /* Check if process nodes have expired from timing wheel. */
      /*处理超时事件,通过api发生的唤醒node事件。只对VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型node有效。
      VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PROCESS类型node处理需要单独描述,但不是开发人员关注的重点,只是配置相关。*/
      nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel
    = timing_wheel_advance (&nm->timing_wheel, cpu_time_now,
                nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel,
                &nm->cpu_time_next_process_ready);

      ASSERT (nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel != 0);
      if (PREDICT_FALSE (_vec_len (nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel) > 0))
    {
      uword i;

    processes_timing_wheel_data:
      for (i = 0; i < _vec_len (nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel);
           i++)
        {
          u32 d = nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel[i];
          u32 di = vlib_timing_wheel_data_get_index (d);

          if (vlib_timing_wheel_data_is_timed_event (d))
        {
          vlib_signal_timed_event_data_t *te =
            pool_elt_at_index (nm->signal_timed_event_data_pool, di);
          vlib_node_t *n = vlib_get_node (vm, te->process_node_index);
          vlib_process_t *p =
            vec_elt (nm->processes, n->runtime_index);
          void *data;
          data =
            vlib_process_signal_event_helper (nm, n, p,
                              te->event_type_index,
                              te->n_data_elts,
                              te->n_data_elt_bytes);
          if (te->n_data_bytes < sizeof (te->inline_event_data))
            clib_memcpy (data, te->inline_event_data,
                 te->n_data_bytes);
          else
            {
              clib_memcpy (data, te->event_data_as_vector,
                   te->n_data_bytes);
              vec_free (te->event_data_as_vector);
            }
          pool_put (nm->signal_timed_event_data_pool, te);
        }
          else
        {
          cpu_time_now = clib_cpu_time_now ();
          cpu_time_now =
            dispatch_suspended_process (vm, di, cpu_time_now);
        }
        }

      /* Reset vector. */
      _vec_len (nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel) = 0;
    }

      /* Input nodes may have added work to the pending vector.
         Process pending vector until there is nothing left.
         All pending vectors will be processed from input -> output. */
      /*真正开发人员关注的重点,数据包处理的核心逻辑都在VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL类型node中。
      nm->pending_frames记录了上一个node转给下一个node信息,最后可以找到传递给下一个node使用的
      数据包*/
      for (i = 0; i < _vec_len (nm->pending_frames); i++)
    cpu_time_now = dispatch_pending_node (vm, nm->pending_frames + i,
                          cpu_time_now);
      /* Reset pending vector for next iteration. */
      _vec_len (nm->pending_frames) = 0;

      /* Pending internal nodes may resume processes. */
      if (_vec_len (nm->data_from_advancing_timing_wheel) > 0)
    goto processes_timing_wheel_data;

      vlib_increment_main_loop_counter (vm);

      /* Record time stamp in case there are no enabled nodes and above
         calls do not update time stamp. */
      cpu_time_now = clib_cpu_time_now ();
    }
}

/* static */ u64
dispatch_pending_node (vlib_main_t * vm,
               vlib_pending_frame_t * p, u64 last_time_stamp)
{
  vlib_node_main_t *nm = &vm->node_main;
  vlib_frame_t *f;
  vlib_next_frame_t *nf, nf_dummy;
  vlib_node_runtime_t *n;
  u32 restore_frame_index;

  //之后将执行n的业务逻辑
  n = vec_elt_at_index (nm->nodes_by_type[VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL],
            p->node_runtime_index);

  //node n的对应frame,里面包含了node需要处理的数据包
  f = vlib_get_frame (vm, p->frame_index);
  /*不是下一跳传过来的数据包,比如自己生成的包注入某个node,此时if判断为真。
  vlib_put_frame_to_node()完成注入逻辑*/
  if (p->next_frame_index == VLIB_PENDING_FRAME_NO_NEXT_FRAME)
    {
      /* No next frame: so use dummy on stack. */
      nf = &nf_dummy;
      nf->flags = f->flags & VLIB_NODE_FLAG_TRACE;
      nf->frame_index = ~p->frame_index;
    }
  else
  //通过node下一跳传递来的数据包
    nf = vec_elt_at_index (nm->next_frames, p->next_frame_index);

  ASSERT (f->flags & VLIB_FRAME_IS_ALLOCATED);

  /* Force allocation of new frame while current frame is being
     dispatched. */
  restore_frame_index = ~0;
  /*node传递数据包到下一个node是通过调用vlib_put_next_frame()接口:
      p->frame_index = nf->frame_index;
      p->node_runtime_index = nf->node_runtime_index;
      p->next_frame_index = nf - nm->next_frames;
  */
  if (nf->frame_index == p->frame_index)
    {
    //有两个位置同时引用了frame,把nf中的清掉,以免干扰本线程对frame的使用。
      nf->frame_index = ~0;
      nf->flags &= ~VLIB_FRAME_IS_ALLOCATED;
      if (!(n->flags & VLIB_NODE_FLAG_FRAME_NO_FREE_AFTER_DISPATCH))
    restore_frame_index = p->frame_index;
    }

  /* Frame must be pending. */
  ASSERT (f->flags & VLIB_FRAME_PENDING);
  ASSERT (f->n_vectors > 0);

  /* Copy trace flag from next frame to node.
     Trace flag indicates that at least one vector in the dispatched
     frame is traced. */
  n->flags &= ~VLIB_NODE_FLAG_TRACE;
  n->flags |= (nf->flags & VLIB_FRAME_TRACE) ? VLIB_NODE_FLAG_TRACE : 0;
  nf->flags &= ~VLIB_FRAME_TRACE;

  //调度node业务逻辑
  last_time_stamp = dispatch_node (vm, n,
                   VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL,
                   VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING,
                   f, last_time_stamp);

  f->flags &= ~VLIB_FRAME_PENDING;

  /* Frame is ready to be used again, so restore it. */
  //frame已经在业务逻辑中使用完了,重新保存到nf中
  if (restore_frame_index != ~0)
    {
      /* p->next_frame_index can change during node dispatch if node
         function decides to change graph hook up. */
      //vlib_next_frame_change_ownership()可能会修改p->next_frame_index
      nf = vec_elt_at_index (nm->next_frames, p->next_frame_index);
      nf->frame_index = restore_frame_index;
      nf->flags |= VLIB_FRAME_IS_ALLOCATED;
    }

  if (f->flags & VLIB_FRAME_FREE_AFTER_DISPATCH)
    {
      ASSERT (!(n->flags & VLIB_NODE_FLAG_FRAME_NO_FREE_AFTER_DISPATCH));
      vlib_frame_free (vm, n, f);
    }

  return last_time_stamp;
}

//对DPDK驱动,该函数基本没有什么复杂处理。
/* static_always_inline */ u64
dispatch_node (vlib_main_t * vm,
           vlib_node_runtime_t * node,
           vlib_node_type_t type,
           vlib_node_state_t dispatch_state,
           vlib_frame_t * frame, u64 last_time_stamp)
{
  uword n, v;
  u64 t;
  vlib_node_main_t *nm = &vm->node_main;
  vlib_next_frame_t *nf;

  if (CLIB_DEBUG > 0)
    {
      vlib_node_t *n = vlib_get_node (vm, node->node_index);
      ASSERT (n->type == type);
    }

  /* Only non-internal nodes may be disabled. */
  if (type != VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL && node->state != dispatch_state)
    {
      ASSERT (type != VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INTERNAL);
      return last_time_stamp;
    }

  if ((type == VLIB_NODE_TYPE_PRE_INPUT || type == VLIB_NODE_TYPE_INPUT)
      && dispatch_state != VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT)
    {
      u32 c = node->input_main_loops_per_call;
      /* Only call node when count reaches zero. */
      if (c)
    {
      node->input_main_loops_per_call = c - 1;
      return last_time_stamp;
    }
    }

  /* Speculatively prefetch next frames. */
  if (node->n_next_nodes > 0)
    {
    //node的业务逻辑肯定会用到nf
      nf = vec_elt_at_index (nm->next_frames, node->next_frame_index);
      CLIB_PREFETCH (nf, 4 * sizeof (nf[0]), WRITE);
    }

  vm->cpu_time_last_node_dispatch = last_time_stamp;

  if (1 /* || vm->cpu_index == node->cpu_index */ )
    {
      vlib_main_t *stat_vm;

      stat_vm = /* vlib_mains ? vlib_mains[0] : */ vm;

      vlib_elog_main_loop_event (vm, node->node_index,
                 last_time_stamp,
                 frame ? frame->n_vectors : 0,
                 /* is_after */ 0);

      /*
       * Turn this on if you run into
       * "bad monkey" contexts, and you want to know exactly
       * which nodes they've visited... See ixge.c...
       */
      if (VLIB_BUFFER_TRACE_TRAJECTORY && frame)
    {
      int i;
      int log_index;
      u32 *from;
      from = vlib_frame_vector_args (frame);
      for (i = 0; i < frame->n_vectors; i++)
        {
          vlib_buffer_t *b = vlib_get_buffer (vm, from[i]);
          ASSERT (b->pre_data[0] < 32);
          log_index = b->pre_data[0]++ + 1;
          b->pre_data[log_index] = node->node_index;
        }
      n = node->function (vm, node, frame);
    }
      else
    //业务逻辑
    n = node->function (vm, node, frame);

      t = clib_cpu_time_now ();

      vlib_elog_main_loop_event (vm, node->node_index, t, n,    /* is_after */
                 1);

      vm->main_loop_vectors_processed += n;
      vm->main_loop_nodes_processed += n > 0;

      v = vlib_node_runtime_update_stats (stat_vm, node,
                      /* n_calls */ 1,
                      /* n_vectors */ n,
                      /* n_clocks */ t - last_time_stamp);

      /* When in interrupt mode and vector rate crosses threshold switch to
         polling mode. */
      //跟dpdk没关系了
      if ((DPDK == 0 && dispatch_state == VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT)
      || (DPDK == 0 && dispatch_state == VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING
          && (node->flags
          & VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_INTERRUPT_TO_POLLING_MODE)))
    {
      ELOG_TYPE_DECLARE (e) =
      {
        .function = (char *) __FUNCTION__,.format =
          "%s vector length %d, switching to %s",.format_args =
          "T4i4t4",.n_enum_strings = 2,.enum_strings =
        {
      "interrupt", "polling",},};
      struct
      {
        u32 node_name, vector_length, is_polling;
      } *ed;

      if (dispatch_state == VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT
          && v >= nm->polling_threshold_vector_length)
        {
          vlib_node_t *n = vlib_get_node (vm, node->node_index);
          n->state = VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING;
          node->state = VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING;
          ASSERT (!
              (node->flags &
               VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_INTERRUPT_TO_POLLING_MODE));
          node->flags &=
        ~VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_POLLING_TO_INTERRUPT_MODE;
          node->flags |=
        VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_INTERRUPT_TO_POLLING_MODE;
          nm->input_node_counts_by_state[VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT] -= 1;
          nm->input_node_counts_by_state[VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING] += 1;

          ed = ELOG_DATA (&vm->elog_main, e);
          ed->node_name = n->name_elog_string;
          ed->vector_length = v;
          ed->is_polling = 1;
        }
      else if (dispatch_state == VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING
           && v <= nm->interrupt_threshold_vector_length)
        {
          vlib_node_t *n = vlib_get_node (vm, node->node_index);
          if (node->flags &
          VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_POLLING_TO_INTERRUPT_MODE)
        {
          /* Switch to interrupt mode after dispatch in polling one more time.
             This allows driver to re-enable interrupts. */
          n->state = VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT;
          node->state = VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT;
          node->flags &=
            ~VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_INTERRUPT_TO_POLLING_MODE;
          nm->input_node_counts_by_state[VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING] -=
            1;
          nm->input_node_counts_by_state[VLIB_NODE_STATE_INTERRUPT] +=
            1;

        }
          else
        {
          node->flags |=
            VLIB_NODE_FLAG_SWITCH_FROM_POLLING_TO_INTERRUPT_MODE;
          ed = ELOG_DATA (&vm->elog_main, e);
          ed->node_name = n->name_elog_string;
          ed->vector_length = v;
          ed->is_polling = 0;
        }
        }
    }
    }

  return t;
}

有时间再详细分析,该函数背后机制比较复杂,但是跟vpp框架使用者关系不大。


static u64
dispatch_process (vlib_main_t * vm,
          vlib_process_t * p, vlib_frame_t * f, u64 last_time_stamp)
{
  vlib_node_main_t *nm = &vm->node_main;
  vlib_node_runtime_t *node_runtime = &p->node_runtime;
  vlib_node_t *node = vlib_get_node (vm, node_runtime->node_index);
  u64 t;
  uword n_vectors, is_suspend;

  if (node->state != VLIB_NODE_STATE_POLLING
      || (p->flags & (VLIB_PROCESS_IS_SUSPENDED_WAITING_FOR_CLOCK
              | VLIB_PROCESS_IS_SUSPENDED_WAITING_FOR_EVENT)))
    return last_time_stamp;

  p->flags |= VLIB_PROCESS_IS_RUNNING;

  t = last_time_stamp;
  vlib_elog_main_loop_event (vm, node_runtime->node_index, t,
                 f ? f->n_vectors : 0, /* is_after */ 0);

  /* Save away current process for suspend. */
  nm->current_process_index = node->runtime_index;

  n_vectors = vlib_process_startup (vm, p, f);

  nm->current_process_index = ~0;

  ASSERT (n_vectors != VLIB_PROCESS_RETURN_LONGJMP_RETURN);
  is_suspend = n_vectors == VLIB_PROCESS_RETURN_LONGJMP_SUSPEND;
  if (is_suspend)
    {
      vlib_pending_frame_t *pf;

      n_vectors = 0;
      pool_get (nm->suspended_process_frames, pf);
      pf->node_runtime_index = node->runtime_index;
      pf->frame_index = f ? vlib_frame_index (vm, f) : ~0;
      pf->next_frame_index = ~0;

      p->n_suspends += 1;
      p->suspended_process_frame_index = pf - nm->suspended_process_frames;

      if (p->flags & VLIB_PROCESS_IS_SUSPENDED_WAITING_FOR_CLOCK)
    timing_wheel_insert (&nm->timing_wheel, p->resume_cpu_time,
                 vlib_timing_wheel_data_set_suspended_process
                 (node->runtime_index));
    }
  else
    p->flags &= ~VLIB_PROCESS_IS_RUNNING;

  t = clib_cpu_time_now ();

  vlib_elog_main_loop_event (vm, node_runtime->node_index, t, is_suspend,
                 /* is_after */ 1);

  vlib_process_update_stats (vm, p,
                 /* n_calls */ !is_suspend,
                 /* n_vectors */ n_vectors,
                 /* n_clocks */ t - last_time_stamp);

  return t;
}
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