Android自定义控件 芝麻信用分雷达图

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,转载请注明出处。 https://blog.csdn.net/kong_gu_you_lan/article/details/52904064

本文已授权微信公众号:鸿洋(hongyangAndroid)在微信公众号平台原创首发。

1.介绍

首先看下支付宝上芝麻信用分的效果图:

芝麻分

2.思路

  1. 确定雷达图中心点坐标
  2. 绘制多边形及连接线
  3. 根据维度值绘制覆盖区域
  4. 绘制分数
  5. 绘制每个维度的标题文字和图标

3.实现

获取布局的中心坐标

在onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh)方法里面,根据View的长宽,计算出雷达图的半径(这里取布局宽高最小值的四分之一,可以自定义),获取整个布局的中心坐标。

public class CreditScoreView extends View {

    //数据个数
    private int dataCount = 5;
    //每个角的弧度
    private float radian = (float) (Math.PI * 2 / dataCount);
    //雷达图半径
    private float radius;
    //中心X坐标
    private int centerX;
    //中心Y坐标
    private int centerY;
    //各维度标题
    private String[] titles = {"履约能力", "信用历史", "人脉关系", "行为偏好", "身份特质"};
    //各维度图标
    private int[] icons = {R.mipmap.ic_performance, R.mipmap.ic_history, R.mipmap.ic_contacts,
            R.mipmap.ic_predilection, R.mipmap.ic_identity};
    //各维度分值
    private float[] data = {170, 180, 160, 170, 180};
    //数据最大值
    private float maxValue = 190;
    //雷达图与标题的间距
    private int radarMargin = DensityUtils.dp2px(getContext(), 15);
    //雷达区画笔
    private Paint mainPaint;
    //数据区画笔
    private Paint valuePaint;
    //分数画笔
    private Paint scorePaint;
    //标题画笔
    private Paint titlePaint;
    //图标画笔
    private Paint iconPaint;
    //分数大小
    private int scoreSize = DensityUtils.dp2px(getContext(), 28);
    //标题文字大小
    private int titleSize = DensityUtils.dp2px(getContext(), 13);

    ...

    @Override
    protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
        //雷达图半径
        radius = Math.min(h, w) / 2 * 0.5f;
        //中心坐标
        centerX = w / 2;
        centerY = h / 2;
        postInvalidate();
        super.onSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh);
    }

    ...
}

绘制多边形和连接线

主要看下getPoint方法,此方法封装了获取雷达图上各个点坐标的计算逻辑。

/**
 * 绘制多边形
 *
 * @param canvas 画布
 */
private void drawPolygon(Canvas canvas) {
    Path path = new Path();
    for (int i = 0; i < dataCount; i++) {
        if (i == 0) {
            path.moveTo(getPoint(i).x, getPoint(i).y);
        } else {
            path.lineTo(getPoint(i).x, getPoint(i).y);
        }
    }

    //闭合路径
    path.close();
    canvas.drawPath(path, mainPaint);
}

/**
 * 绘制连接线
 *
 * @param canvas 画布
 */
private void drawLines(Canvas canvas) {
    Path path = new Path();
    for (int i = 0; i < dataCount; i++) {
        path.reset();
        path.moveTo(centerX, centerY);
        path.lineTo(getPoint(i).x, getPoint(i).y);
        canvas.drawPath(path, mainPaint);
    }
}

getPoint方法,参数radarMargin与percent在此步骤赋予默认值。

/**
 * 获取雷达图上各个点的坐标
 *
 * @param position 坐标位置(右上角为0,顺时针递增)
 * @return 坐标
 */
private Point getPoint(int position) {
    return getPoint(position, 0, 1);
}

/**
 * 获取雷达图上各个点的坐标(包括维度标题与图标的坐标)
 *
 * @param position    坐标位置
 * @param radarMargin 雷达图与维度标题的间距
 * @param percent     覆盖区的的百分比
 * @return 坐标
 */
private Point getPoint(int position, int radarMargin, float percent) {
    int x = 0;
    int y = 0;

    if (position == 0) {
        x = (int) (centerX + (radius + radarMargin) * Math.sin(radian) * percent);
        y = (int) (centerY - (radius + radarMargin) * Math.cos(radian) * percent);

    } else if (position == 1) {
        x = (int) (centerX + (radius + radarMargin) * Math.sin(radian / 2) * percent);
        y = (int) (centerY + (radius + radarMargin) * Math.cos(radian / 2) * percent);

    } else if (position == 2) {
        x = (int) (centerX - (radius + radarMargin) * Math.sin(radian / 2) * percent);
        y = (int) (centerY + (radius + radarMargin) * Math.cos(radian / 2) * percent);

    } else if (position == 3) {
        x = (int) (centerX - (radius + radarMargin) * Math.sin(radian) * percent);
        y = (int) (centerY - (radius + radarMargin) * Math.cos(radian) * percent);

    } else if (position == 4) {
        x = centerX;
        y = (int) (centerY - (radius + radarMargin) * percent);
    }

    return new Point(x, y);
}

多边形和连接线

绘制覆盖区域

/**
 * 绘制覆盖区域
 *
 * @param canvas 画布
 */
private void drawRegion(Canvas canvas) {
    Path path = new Path();

    for (int i = 0; i < dataCount; i++) {
        //计算百分比
        float percent = data[i] / maxValue;
        int x = getPoint(i, 0, percent).x;
        int y = getPoint(i, 0, percent).y;
        if (i == 0) {
            path.moveTo(x, y);
        } else {
            path.lineTo(x, y);
        }
    }

    //绘制填充区域的边界
    path.close();
    valuePaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
    canvas.drawPath(path, valuePaint);

    //绘制填充区域
    valuePaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL_AND_STROKE);
    canvas.drawPath(path, valuePaint);
}

覆盖区域

绘制分数

/**
 * 绘制分数
 *
 * @param canvas 画布
 */
private void drawScore(Canvas canvas) {
    int score = 0;
    //计算总分
    for (int i = 0; i < dataCount; i++) {
        score += data[i];
    }
    canvas.drawText(score + "", centerX, centerY + scoreSize / 2, scorePaint);
}

分数

绘制标题

/**
 * 绘制标题
 *
 * @param canvas 画布
 */
private void drawTitle(Canvas canvas) {
    for (int i = 0; i < dataCount; i++) {
        int x = getPoint(i, radarMargin, 1).x;
        int y = getPoint(i, radarMargin, 1).y;

        Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(), icons[i]);
        int iconHeight = bitmap.getHeight();
        float titleWidth = titlePaint.measureText(titles[i]);

        //底下两个角的坐标需要向下移动半个图片的位置(1、2)
        if (i == 1) {
            y += (iconHeight / 2);
        } else if (i == 2) {
            x -= titleWidth;
            y += (iconHeight / 2);
        } else if (i == 3) {
            x -= titleWidth;
        } else if (i == 4) {
            x -= titleWidth / 2;
        }
        canvas.drawText(titles[i], x, y, titlePaint);
    }
}

标题

绘制图标

/**
 * 绘制图标
 *
 * @param canvas 画布
 */
private void drawIcon(Canvas canvas) {
    for (int i = 0; i < dataCount; i++) {
        int x = getPoint(i, radarMargin, 1).x;
        int y = getPoint(i, radarMargin, 1).y;

        Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(), icons[i]);
        int iconWidth = bitmap.getWidth();
        int iconHeight = bitmap.getHeight();
        float titleWidth = titlePaint.measureText(titles[i]);

        //上面获取到的x、y坐标是标题左下角的坐标
        //需要将图标移动到标题上方居中位置
        if (i == 0) {
            x += (titleWidth - iconWidth) / 2;
            y -= (iconHeight + getTextHeight(titlePaint));
        } else if (i == 1) {
            x += (titleWidth - iconWidth) / 2;
            y -= (iconHeight / 2 + getTextHeight(titlePaint));
        } else if (i == 2) {
            x -= (iconWidth + (titleWidth - iconWidth) / 2);
            y -= (iconHeight / 2 + getTextHeight(titlePaint));
        } else if (i == 3) {
            x -= (iconWidth + (titleWidth - iconWidth) / 2);
            y -= (iconHeight + getTextHeight(titlePaint));
        } else if (i == 4) {
            x -= iconWidth / 2;
            y -= (iconHeight + getTextHeight(titlePaint));
        }

        canvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, x, y, titlePaint);
    }
}
/**
 * 获取文本的高度
 *
 * @param paint 文本绘制的画笔
 * @return 文本高度
 */
private int getTextHeight(Paint paint) {
    Paint.FontMetrics fontMetrics = paint.getFontMetrics();
    return (int) (fontMetrics.descent - fontMetrics.ascent);
}

图标

OK,到这里主要的绘制工作就完成了,图标是在>戳这里<下载的,有些图标实在找不到,就用相似的代替了。

4.写在最后

还没有做适配,以后会慢慢加上的,欢迎Fork,觉得还不错就Start一下吧!

点击下载源码

GitHub地址:https://github.com/alidili/SesameCreditScore

欢迎同学们吐槽评论,如果你觉得本篇博客对你有用,那么就留个言或者顶一下吧(^-^)

感谢:
http://blog.csdn.net/u013831257/article/details/50784565
http://blog.csdn.net/crazy__chen/article/details/50163693

阅读更多

没有更多推荐了,返回首页