Object-C代码

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前言

最近在写Unity跟IOS联调,记录下相关代码

基础语法

参考资料 http://blog.csdn.net/cool1314520dog/article/details/50384782

1、字符串简单总结
    NSString *str1 = @"hello";  
    NSString *str2 = @"helloWorld";  
    NSString *str3 = @"123";  
    BOOL flag = 0;  

    //比较两个字符串的内容是否相同  
    flag = [str1 isEqualToString:str2];  
    NSLog(@"两个字符串的内容是否相同:%i", flag);  

    //比较两个字符串的地址是否相同  
    flag = (str1 == str2);  
    NSLog(@"str1地址是%p", str1);  
    NSLog(@"str2地址是%p", str2);  
    NSLog(@"两个字符串的地址是否相同:%i", flag);  

    //比较两个字符串的大小  
    long newFlag = [str1 compare:str2];  
    NSLog(@"%ld", [str1 length]);//求字符串的长度  
    NSLog(@"%ld", [str2 length]);  
    NSLog(@"两个字符串的大小是否相同:%ld", newFlag);  

    NSLog(@"%c",[str1 characterAtIndex:1]);//截取第几个字符  

    int a = [str3 intValue];//将字符串转化为整形数据  
    NSLog(@"%i", a);  

    NSRange range = [str2 rangeOfString:@"oW"];//查找子串【找不到返回NSNotFound,找到返回位置和长度】  
    if (range.location != NSNotFound) {  
        NSLog(@"%ld %ld", range.location, range.length);  
    }  

    BOOL flag1 = [str2 hasPrefix:@"he"];//判断字符串是否以指定字符串开头  
    BOOL flag2 = [str2 hasSuffix:@"uu"];//判断字符串是否以指定字符串结尾  
    NSLog(@"字符串是否以he开头:%i", flag1);  
    NSLog(@"字符串是否以uu结尾:%i", flag2);  

    //拼接字符串 
    // 1  NSString 每次新建一个对象,效率低
    NSString *string1 = [str1 stringByAppendingString:str2];  
    NSLog(@"%@", string1);  

 NSString *content = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"productId = %@,isSuccess = %i",productId,isSuccess];  
    // 2 NSMutableString 同一个对象,效率高
      NSMutableString *content = [NSMutableString stringWithFormat:@"productId = %@,isSuccess = %i",productId,isSuccess];  


2数组简单总结
    //NSArray只能存放任意的OC对象,不能存储非OC对象  
    //NSArray是不可变的,一旦初始化完毕后,它里面的内容就永远是固定的,不能删除里面的元素,也不能再往里面添加元素  

    //初始化数组  
    NSArray *arr1 = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@"hello", @"world", @"good", @"morning", nil nil];  
    NSArray *arr2 = @[@"good", @"morning", @"hello", @"world"];  

    NSLog(@"%@", [arr1 objectAtIndex:0]);//取出数组的某个元素  
    NSLog(@"%@", arr2[0]);  

    //遍历NASrray数组  
    for (NSString *obj in arr1) {  
        NSLog(@"obj = %@", obj);  
    }  

    //对数组进行排序【元素不能是自定义对象】  
    NSArray *arr3 = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:@(1), @(34), @(56), @(13), @(7), nil nil];  
    NSArray *newArr2 = [arr3 sortedArrayUsingSelector:@selector(compare:)];  
    NSLog(@"排序之后的数组是:%@", newArr2);//输出的格式带有小括号  

    //将数组写入文件中  
    BOOL isSuccess = [arr2 writeToFile:@"/Users/coolzhen/Desktop/arr2.plist" atomically:YES];  
    NSLog(@"isSuccess = %i", isSuccess);  

    //从文件中读取一个数组  
    NSArray *arr4 = [NSArray arrayWithContentsOfFile:@"/Users/coolzhen/Desktop/arr2.plist"];  
    NSLog(@"%@", arr4);  

    //*****************************可变数组*****************************//  

    //不能通过@[]来创建一个可变数组,因为@[]创建出来的是不可变数组  
    NSMutableArray *arr11 = [[NSMutableArray alloc] init];  
    NSMutableArray *arr12 = [NSMutableArray array];  

    //给可变数组增加内容  
    [arr11 addObject:@"hello"];  
    [arr12 addObjectsFromArray:@[@"hello", @"world", @"good", @"afternoon"]];  
    NSLog(@"%@", arr11);  
    NSLog(@"%@", arr12);  

3 字典的简单总结

    //创建字典【字典里一个Key对应一个value,存储的都是键值对】  
    NSDictionary *dict1 = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:@"dog" forKey:@"name"];  
    NSDictionary *dict2 = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObjects:@[@"cat",@"21"] forKeys:@[@"name", @"age"]];  
    NSDictionary *dict3 = @{@"name":@"fish", @"age":@"32"};//简写  

    NSString *name = [dict1 objectForKey:@"name"];//取出字典的某个值  
    NSLog(@"dict1的名字是%@",name);  
    NSLog(@"dict2的名字是%@, 年龄是%@", [dict2 objectForKey:@"name"], [dict2 objectForKey:@"age"]);  
    NSLog(@"dict3的名字是%@, 年龄是%@", dict3[@"name"], dict3[@"age"]);  
    NSLog(@"dict3的个数:%lu", [dict3 count]);//获取字典的个数  

    //遍历字典第一种方法  
    for (int i = 0; i < dict3.count; i++) {  
        NSArray *keys = [dict3 allKeys];  
        NSString *key = keys[i];  
        NSString *value = dict3[key];  
        NSLog(@"key = %@, value = %@", key, value);  
    }  

    //遍历字典第二种方法  
    for (NSString *key in dict2) {  
        NSString *value = dict2[key];  
        NSLog(@"key = %@, value = %@", key, value);  
    }  

    //将字典数据写入文件之中  
    BOOL isSuccess = [dict2 writeToFile:@"/Users/coolzhen/Desktop/dict2.plist" atomically:YES];  
    NSLog(@"isSuccess = %i", isSuccess);  

    //从文件中读取字典数据  
    NSDictionary *newDict = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithContentsOfFile:@"/Users/coolzhen/Desktop/dict2.plist"];  
    NSLog(@"%@", newDict);//字典中保存的数据是无序的,和数组不一样  

NSMutableDictionary========

//创建可改变的词典  它是动态的  

//需要我们初始化一个空间大小,用dictionaryWithCapacity  
NSMutableDictionary * mutableDictionary = [NSMutableDictionary dictionaryWithCapacity:5];  
//这里我们给的空间大小是5,当添加的数据超过的时候,它的空间大小会自动扩大  

//添加数据,注意:id key  是成对出现的  
[mutableDictionary setObject:@"good lucky" forKey:@"why"];  
[mutableDictionary setObject:@"bye bye" forKey:@"how"];  

输出类型

Char : %s
NSString : %@
long : %ld
bool : %i

类型转换

1、 Int 转NSNumber
   int iValue;
   NSNumber *number = [NSNumber numberWithInt:iValue];

 2NSNumber 转Int
    int myInt = [number intValue];

 3NSStringint
    NSString *stringInt = @"120";
   int ivalue = [stringInt intValue];

 4intNSString
    NSString *string = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%d",ivalue];
 5NSStringNSNumber
     NSString *stringInt = @"120";
    NSNumber *shareType = @([stringInt integerValue]); 
 6NSNumberNSString
    NSNumber* number = @1NSString* str = [number stringValue];

原生Json

参考资料:http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_7b9d64af0101ce92.html

// 将字典或者数组转化为JSON串 NSData
- (NSData *)toJSONData:(id)theData{
    NSError *error = nil;
    NSData *jsonData = [NSJSONSerialization dataWithJSONObject:theData options:NSJSONWritingPrettyPrinted error:&error];
    if ([jsonData length] > 0 && error == nil){
        return jsonData;
    }else{
        return nil;
    }
}

// 将字典或者数组转化为JSON string
- (NSString *)toJSONString:(id)theData{
    NSData *data = [self toJSONData: theData];
    NSString *jsonString = [[NSString alloc] initWithData:data encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
    return jsonString;
}
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