docker工具之构建集群实现负载均衡

构建集群

实验环境:rhel7.3

test1: 172.25.52.11  主节点
test2: 172.25.52.22  辅节点
test3: 172.25.52.33  辅节点

实验:
(1).搭建实验环境

做此实验的前提是真机已经完成了证书的制作

[root@test1 ~]# ls
anaconda-ks.cfg
docker-engine-17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm
docker-engine-selinux-17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos.noarch.rpm
[root@test1 ~]# yum install *
[root@test1 ~]# systemctl start docker
[root@test1 ~]# yum install -y bash-*
[root@test1 ~]# docker swarm init
Swarm initialized: current node (534lg9252rj3w8s88o0lb8kkz) is now a manager.

To add a worker to this swarm, run the following command:

    docker swarm join \
    --token SWMTKN-1-4331clm1g9imylu1ymt8lgg04ou64wxrnjmnacc9tu3cu96340-294r7jtbu5rz4xpocyxhb89ib \
    172.25.52.11:2377

To add a manager to this swarm, run 'docker swarm join-token manager' and follow the instructions.
[root@test2 ~]# ls
anaconda-ks.cfg
docker-engine-17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm
docker-engine-selinux-17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos.noarch.rpm
[root@test2 ~]# yum install -y *
[root@test2 ~]# systemctl start docker
[root@test2 ~]# docker swarm join \
>     --token SWMTKN-1-4331clm1g9imylu1ymt8lgg04ou64wxrnjmnacc9tu3cu96340-294r7jtbu5rz4xpocyxhb89ib \
>     172.25.52.11:2377
This node joined a swarm as a worker.

[root@test3 ~]# ls
anaconda-ks.cfg
docker-engine-17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm
docker-engine-selinux-17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos.noarch.rpm
[root@test3 ~]# yum install * -y
[root@test3 ~]# systemctl start docker
[root@test3 ~]# docker swarm join \
>     --token SWMTKN-1-4331clm1g9imylu1ymt8lgg04ou64wxrnjmnacc9tu3cu96340-294r7jtbu5rz4xpocyxhb89ib \
>     172.25.52.11:2377
This node joined a swarm as a worker.
测试:
[root@test1 ~]# docker node ls
ID                           HOSTNAME  STATUS  AVAILABILITY  MANAGER STATUS
534lg9252rj3w8s88o0lb8kkz *  test1     Ready   Active        Leader
89sgbz9lg0yk7mjnuyqt2k1hr    test3     Ready   Active        
l0hypr052p9hlz4lch5djm7bu    test2     Ready   Active        

(2).传输证书

[root@foundation52 ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                            NAMES
d5e1dec99b8d        registry:2          "/entrypoint.sh /e..."   42 minutes ago      Up 42 minutes       0.0.0.0:443->443/tcp, 5000/tcp   registry
##将制作好的证书发送给3个节点
[root@foundation52 ~]# cd /etc/docker/
[root@foundation52 docker]# ls
certs.d  daemon.json  key.json
[root@foundation52 docker]# scp -r certs.d/ root@172.25.52.11:/etc/docker
[root@foundation52 docker]# scp -r certs.d/ root@172.25.52.22:/etc/docker
[root@foundation52 docker]# scp -r certs.d/ root@172.25.52.33:/etc/docker

(3).本地解析

[root@test1 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
###############
172.25.52.250 westos.org

[root@test2 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
###############
172.25.52.250 westos.org

[root@test3 ~]# vim /etc/hosts
###############
172.25.52.250 westos.org

(4).上传nginx镜像

[root@foundation52 ~]# cd /etc/docker
[root@foundation52 docker]# docker tag nginx westos.org/nginx
[root@foundation52 docker]# docker push westos.org/nginx
The push refers to a repository [westos.org/nginx]
08d25fa0442e: Pushed 
a8c4aeeaa045: Pushed 
cdb3f9544e4c: Pushed 
latest: digest: sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f size: 948

(5).创建一个指定name、port、replicas的服务

[root@test1 ~]# docker service create --name nginx --publish 80:80 --replicas 3 westos.org/nginx
[root@test1 ~]# docker service ls
ID            NAME  MODE        REPLICAS  IMAGE
r6qmvdilhaas  nginx   replicated  3/3       westos.org/nginx:latest
[root@test1 ~]# docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                                      COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
fc022d9ec4dd        westos.org/nginx@sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f   "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   12 seconds ago      Up 10 seconds       80/tcp              nginx.1.ylvbx0spf1l4htc6fiq5nmmi8
[root@test1 ~]# docker service ps nginx
ID            NAME     IMAGE                    NODE   DESIRED STATE  CURRENT STATE          ERROR  PORTS
ylvbx0spf1l4  nginx.1  westos.org/nginx:latest  test1  Running        Running 2 minutes ago         
si9ogd5al8wo  nginx.2  westos.org/nginx:latest  test2  Running        Running 2 minutes ago         
7724391c17s6  nginx.3  westos.org/nginx:latest  test3  Running        Running 2 minutes ago    
##将nginx服务缩放为10个任务
[root@test1 ~]# docker service scale nginx=3
nginx scaled to 3
[root@test1 ~]# docker service ps nginx
ID            NAME     IMAGE                    NODE   DESIRED STATE  CURRENT STATE          ERROR  PORTS
ylvbx0spf1l4  nginx.1  westos.org/nginx:latest  test1  Running        Running 3 minutes ago         
si9ogd5al8wo  nginx.2  westos.org/nginx:latest  test2  Running        Running 3 minutes ago         
7724391c17s6  nginx.3  westos.org/nginx:latest  test3  Running        Running 3 minutes ago    
##每台主机均分一个nginx进程     
[root@test1 ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                                      COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
fc022d9ec4dd        westos.org/nginx@sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f   "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   6 minutes ago       Up 6 minutes        80/tcp              nginx.1.ylvbx0spf1l4htc6fiq5nmmi8
[root@test2 ~]# docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                                      COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
105d9b5e314c        westos.org/nginx@sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f   "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   13 minutes ago      Up 13 minutes       80/tcp              nginx.2.si9ogd5al8wod3xdr1khaxb7a
[root@test3 ~]# docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                                      COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
e3b775e72b42        westos.org/nginx@sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f   "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   14 minutes ago      Up 13 minutes       80/tcp              nginx.3.7724391c17s6mr5kfi71uzfuz

测试:
无论输入那个节点的ip均可以看到nginx首页
这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

实验负载均衡

先下载visualizer.tar镜像
##导入镜像
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# docker load -i visualizer.tar
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# docker images
dockersamples/visualizer   latest              17e55a9b2354        11 months ago       148 MB
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# docker tag dockersamples/visualizer westos.org/visualizer
##上传镜像
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# docker push westos.org/visualizer
[root@test1 ~]# docker service create \
> --name=viz \
> --publish=8080:8080/tcp \
> --constraint=node.role==manager \
>  --mount=type=bind,src=/var/run/docker.sock,dst=/var/run/docker.sock \
> westos.org/visualizer
jcuxca7ihoa99oji1bfqmz5ta
[root@test1 ~]# docker service ls
ID            NAME   MODE        REPLICAS  IMAGE
jcuxca7ihoa9  viz    replicated  0/1       westos.org/visualizer:latest
y1hli5s1d4zi  nginx  replicated  3/3       westos.org/nginx:latest
##耐心等待 直到查看到REPLICAS变为1/1
[root@test1 ~]# docker service ls
ID            NAME   MODE        REPLICAS  IMAGE
jcuxca7ihoa9  viz    replicated  1/1       westos.org/visualizer:latest
y1hli5s1d4zi  nginx  replicated  3/3       westos.org/nginx:latest
[root@test1 ~]# echo test1 > index.html
[root@test1 ~]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                                           COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS                   PORTS               NAMES
cdfa83d2fa4d        westos.org/visualizer@sha256:ea603c00f25b18c9a3aa49703c47bd5ca6c105637fe6f4887b606043c66ab528   "npm start"              4 minutes ago       Up 4 minutes (healthy)   8080/tcp            viz.1.mqpbtsmeq5bqpq0o4itrrforp
fc022d9ec4dd        westos.org/nginx@sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f        "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   25 minutes ago      Up 25 minutes            80/tcp              nginx.1.ylvbx0spf1l4htc6fiq5nmmi8
[root@test1 ~]# docker container cp index.html nginx.1.ylvbx0spf1l4htc6fiq5nmmi8:/usr/share/nginx/html
[root@test2 ~]# docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                                      COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
105d9b5e314c        westos.org/nginx@sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f   "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   28 minutes ago      Up 28 minutes       80/tcp              nginx.2.si9ogd5al8wod3xdr1khaxb7a
[root@test2 ~]# echo test2 > index.html
[root@test2 ~]# docker container cp index.html nginx.2.si9ogd5al8wod3xdr1khaxb7a:/usr/share/nginx/html
[root@test3 ~]# docker ps 
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                                                                                      COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
e3b775e72b42        westos.org/nginx@sha256:2de9d5fc6585b3f330ff5f2c323d2a4006a49a476729bbc0910b695771526e3f   "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   34 minutes ago      Up 34 minutes       80/tcp              nginx.3.7724391c17s6mr5kfi71uzfuz
[root@test3 ~]# echo test3 > index.html
[root@test3 ~]# docker container cp index.html nginx.3.7724391c17s6mr5kfi71uzfuz:/usr/share/nginx/html
测试:
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# for i in {1..10}; do curl 172.25.52.11;done
test2
test1
test3
test2
test1
test3
test2
test1
test3
test2

在网页上输入172.25.52.11:8080 (主节点的ip)
这里写图片描述

监控负载均衡

##查看到仓库里有game2048镜像
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# docker images
REPOSITORY                 TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
game2048                   latest              19299002fdbe        20 months ago       
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# docker tag game2048 westos.org/game2048
##上传镜像
[root@foundation52 Desktop]# docker push westos.org/game2048
The push refers to a repository [westos.org/game2048]
88fca8ae768a: Pushed 
6d7504772167: Pushed 
192e9fad2abc: Pushed 
36e9226e74f8: Pushed 
011b303988d2: Pushed 
latest: digest: sha256:31a46998f55ed03da6d62197f3a91b0a100c0abdd7380d88142ea44bce325001 size: 1364
[root@test1 ~]#  docker service update --image westos.org/game2048 --update-parallelism 3 --update-delay 10s nginx
nginx

测试:
这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

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