SpringMVC学习小结(一)

   

 

    springmvc执行流程原理:

    入门案例:

    web.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
		  http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
         version="2.5">
    <display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>

    <!--配置前端控制器-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:springmvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

</web-app>

     springmvc.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!-- 开启注解扫描 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="cn.itcast"/>

    <!-- 视图解析器对象 -->
    <bean id="internalResourceViewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 开启SpringMVC框架注解的支持 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven conversion-service="conversionService"/>

</beans>

    index.jsp:

 

  <%--
  Created by IntelliJ IDEA.
  User: Administrator
  Date: 2018/4/29
  Time: 0:53
  To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates.
--%>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>

    <h3>入门程序</h3>
    <%--
        <a href="hello">入门程序</a>
    --%>

    <a href="user/testRequestMapping?username=heihei">RequestMapping注解</a>

</body>
</html>

   HelloController类:

package cn.itcast.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

// 控制器类
@Controller
@RequestMapping(path="/user")
public class  HelloController {

    /**
     * 入门案例
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping(path="/hello")
    public String sayHello(){
        System.out.println("Hello StringMVC");
        return "success";
    }

    /**
     * RequestMapping注解
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping(value="/testRequestMapping",params = {"username=heihei"},headers = {"Accept"})
    public String testRequestMapping(){
        System.out.println("测试RequestMapping注解...");
        return "success";
    }

}

   success.jsp:

<%--
  Created by IntelliJ IDEA.
  User: Administrator
  Date: 2018/4/29
  Time: 1:02
  To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates.
--%>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" isELIgnored="false" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>

    <h3>入门成功</h3>

    ${ msg }



</body>
</html>

 

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