图像的Fourier变换、中心化变换和Fourier反变换

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/lsh920701/article/details/80206629
#include "highgui.h"
#include "stdio.h"
#include "stdlib.h"
void fft2shift(IplImage* src, IplImage* dst)
{
IplImage *i, *r;
int height, width, k, j, cx, cy;
double temp1, temp2;
double min, max;
double base1, base2;
i = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(src), IPL_DEPTH_64F, 1);
r = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(src), IPL_DEPTH_64F, 1);
cvSplit(src, r, i, NULL, NULL);

cvPow(i, i, 2);
cvPow(r, r, 2);
cvAdd(r, i, r);

cvAddS(r, cvScalar(1.0), r);  //对数变换扩展图像的动态范围

cvLog(r,r);

height = src->height;
width = src->width;
cx = width / 2;
cy = height / 2;
for (j = 0; j < cy;j++)              //中心化
for (k = 0; k < cx; k++)
{
temp1 = CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j, k);
CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j, k) = CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j+cy, k+cx);
CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j + cy, k + cx) = temp1;

temp2 = CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j, k+cx);
CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j, k+cx) = CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j + cy, k);
CV_IMAGE_ELEM(r, double, j + cy, k ) = temp2;

}

cvMinMaxLoc(r, &min, &max);           //归一化
base1 = 255 / (max - min);
base2 = -min*base1;
cvConvertScale(r, dst, base1, base2);
cvReleaseImage(&r);

cvReleaseImage(&i);


}
int main()
{
IplImage *src, *temp, *Fourier,*InverseFourier,*i,*r,*F1,*F2,*F3;
temp = cvLoadImage("D:\\lena1.jpg", CV_LOAD_IMAGE_GRAYSCALE);

cvNamedWindow("原始图像", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
cvNamedWindow("傅里叶变换图像", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
cvNamedWindow("中心化傅里叶变化图像", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
cvNamedWindow("傅里叶逆变换图像", CV_WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);

cvShowImage("原始图像",temp);



src=cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp),IPL_DEPTH_64F, 2);
i = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp), IPL_DEPTH_64F, 1);
r = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp), IPL_DEPTH_64F, 1);


Fourier = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp), IPL_DEPTH_64F, 2);
InverseFourier = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp), IPL_DEPTH_64F, 2);


F1 = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp), temp->depth, 1);
F2 = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp), temp->depth, 1);
F3 = cvCreateImage(cvGetSize(temp), temp->depth, 1);


cvConvertScale(temp, r);     //保留实部
cvZero(i);                          //去除虚部
cvMerge(r, i, NULL, NULL, src);      //重新合并成只保留原图像实部的图像


cvDFT(src, Fourier, CV_DXT_FORWARD);
cvSplit(Fourier, r, i, NULL, NULL);
cvConvertScale(r, F1);
cvShowImage("傅里叶变换图像", F1);


cvDFT(Fourier, InverseFourier, CV_DXT_INV_SCALE);
cvSplit(InverseFourier, r, i, NULL, NULL);
cvConvertScale(r, F3);
cvShowImage("傅里叶逆变换图像", F3);


fft2shift(Fourier, F2);
cvShowImage("中心化傅里叶变化图像", F2);


cvWaitKey(0);
*src, *temp, *Fourier, *InverseFourier, *i, *r, *F1, *F2, *F3;
cvReleaseImage(&src);
cvReleaseImage(&temp);
cvReleaseImage(&Fourier);
cvReleaseImage(&InverseFourier);
cvReleaseImage(&i);
cvReleaseImage(&r);
cvReleaseImage(&F1);
cvReleaseImage(&F2);
cvReleaseImage(&F3);


cvDestroyAllWindows();
}
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