BZOJ 1636: [Usaco2007 Jan]Balanced Lineup

1636: [Usaco2007 Jan]Balanced Lineup

Time Limit: 5 Sec   Memory Limit: 64 MB
Submit: 909   Solved: 644
[ Submit][ Status][ Discuss]

Description

For the daily milking, Farmer John's N cows (1 <= N <= 50,000) always line up in the same order. One day Farmer John decides to organize a game of Ultimate Frisbee with some of the cows. To keep things simple, he will take a contiguous range of cows from the milking lineup to play the game. However, for all the cows to have fun they should not differ too much in height. Farmer John has made a list of Q (1 <= Q <= 200,000) potential groups of cows and their heights (1 <= height <= 1,000,000). For each group, he wants your help to determine the difference in height between the shortest and the tallest cow in the group.

每天,农夫 John 的N(1 <= N <= 50,000)头牛总是按同一序列排队. 有一天, John 
决定让一些牛们玩一场飞盘比赛. 他准备找一群在对列中为置连续的牛来进行比赛. 
但是为了避免水平悬殊,牛的身高不应该相差太大. 
John 准备了Q (1 <= Q <= 180,000) 个可能的牛的选择和所有牛的身高 (1 <= 
身高 <= 1,000,000). 他想知道每一组里面最高和最低的牛的身高差别. 
注意: 在最大数据上, 输入和输出将占用大部分运行时间. 

Input

* Line 1: Two space-separated integers, N and Q. * Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains a single integer that is the height of cow i * Lines N+2..N+Q+1: Two integers A and B (1 <= A <= B <= N), representing the range of cows from A to B inclusive.

Output

6 3
1
7
3
4
2
5
1 5
4 6
2 2

Sample Input

* Lines 1..Q: Each line contains a single integer that is a response
to a reply and indicates the difference in height between the
tallest and shortest cow in the range.

Sample Output

6
3
0

HINT

Source


题解:RMQ裸题啊。。。练模板的


#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cmath>
using namespace std;
inline int read()
{
    int x=0;char ch=getchar();
    while(ch<'0'||ch>'9')ch=getchar();
    while(ch>='0'&&ch<='9'){x=x*10+ch-'0';ch=getchar();}
    return x;
}
int n,q;
int s[16],mx[50005][16],mn[50005][16];
void pre()
{
    int x=log(n)/log(2);
    for(int i=1;i<=x;i++)
        for(int j=1;j<=n;j++)
        {
            mx[j][i]=mx[j][i-1];
            mn[j][i]=mn[j][i-1];
            if(j+s[i-1]<=n)mx[j][i]=max(mx[j][i],mx[j+s[i-1]][i-1]);
            if(j+s[i-1]<=n)mn[j][i]=min(mn[j][i],mn[j+s[i-1]][i-1]);
        }
}
inline int rmq(int a,int b)
{
    int x=log(b-a+1)/log(2);
    int t1=max(mx[a][x],mx[b-s[x]+1][x]);
    int t2=min(mn[a][x],mn[b-s[x]+1][x]);
    return t1-t2;
}
int main()
{
    n=read(),q=read();
    s[0]=1;
    for(int i=1;i<=15;i++)
        s[i]=s[i-1]*2;
    for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        mx[i][0]=mn[i][0]=read();
    pre();
    while(q--)
    {
        int x=read(),y=read();
        printf("%d\n",rmq(x,y));
    }
    return 0;
}


相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页