网页的静态-实际项目中的应用

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/m0_37499059/article/details/79981237

1.1. 商品详情页面静态化

当我们新增一个商品时,并通过消息队列,在商品详情表现层为他生成相应的静态页面html

输出文件的名称:商品id+“.html”
输出文件的路径:工程外部的任意目录。
网页访问:使用nginx访问网页。在此方案下tomcat只有一个作用就是生成静态页面。
工程部署:可以把e3-item-web部署到多个服务器上。
生成静态页面的时机:商品添加后,生成静态页面。可以使用Activemq,订阅topic(商品添加)


开始实战:

前提条件:会(ActiveMq,Nginx,Freemarker)







然后我们用nginx服务器,去访问静态页面,这样我们tomcat服务器根本没什么压力,就只是去生成了一下静态页面,除此之外,nginx处理并发数量远大于tomcat。





核心思想代码讲解:



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xmlns:dubbo="http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo"
	xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd
		http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo http://code.alibabatech.com/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.2.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.2.xsd">

	<!-- 加载配置文件 -->
	<context:property-placeholder location="classpath:conf/resource.properties" />
	
	<context:component-scan base-package="cn.e3mall.item.controller" />
	<mvc:annotation-driven />
	<bean
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
		<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/" />
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
	</bean>
	<!-- 配置freemarker -->
	<bean id="freemarkerConfig"
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerConfigurer">
		<property name="templateLoaderPath" value="/WEB-INF/ftl/" />
		<property name="defaultEncoding" value="UTF-8" />
	</bean>
	
	<!-- 引用dubbo服务 -->
	<dubbo:application name="e3-item-web"/>
	<dubbo:registry protocol="zookeeper" address="115.159.126.205:2181"/>
	<dubbo:reference interface="cn.e3mall.service.ItemService" id="itemService" />
</beans>


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.2.xsd
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.2.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.2.xsd
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-4.2.xsd">
	
	<!-- 真正可以产生Connection的ConnectionFactory,由对应的 JMS服务厂商提供 -->
	<bean id="targetConnectionFactory" class="org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory">
		<property name="brokerURL" value="tcp://115.159.126.205:61616" />
	</bean>
	<!-- Spring用于管理真正的ConnectionFactory的ConnectionFactory -->
	<bean id="connectionFactory"
		class="org.springframework.jms.connection.SingleConnectionFactory">
		<!-- 目标ConnectionFactory对应真实的可以产生JMS Connection的ConnectionFactory -->
		<property name="targetConnectionFactory" ref="targetConnectionFactory" />
	</bean>
	<!--这个是主题目的地,一对多的 -->
	<bean id="topicDestination" class="org.apache.activemq.command.ActiveMQTopic">
		<constructor-arg value="itemAddTopic" />
	</bean>
	<!-- 监听商品添加消息,同步索引库 -->
	<bean id="htmlGenListener" class="cn.e3mall.item.listener.HtmlGenListener"/>
	<bean class="org.springframework.jms.listener.DefaultMessageListenerContainer">
		<property name="connectionFactory" ref="connectionFactory" />
		<property name="destination" ref="topicDestination" />
		<property name="messageListener" ref="htmlGenListener" />
	</bean>
</beans>
#生成静态页面的位置
HTML_GEN_PATH=F:/freemarker/item/
package cn.e3mall.item.listener;

import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.jms.Message;
import javax.jms.MessageListener;
import javax.jms.TextMessage;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerConfigurer;

import cn.e3mall.item.pojo.Item;
import cn.e3mall.pojo.TbItem;
import cn.e3mall.pojo.TbItemDesc;
import cn.e3mall.service.ItemService;
import freemarker.template.Configuration;
import freemarker.template.Template;

/**
 * 监听商品添加消息,生成对应的静态页面
 * <p>Title: HtmlGenListener</p>
 * <p>Description: </p>
 * <p>Company: www.itcast.cn</p> 
 * @version 1.0
 */
public class HtmlGenListener implements MessageListener {
	
	@Autowired
	private ItemService itemService;
	@Autowired
	private FreeMarkerConfigurer freeMarkerConfigurer;
	@Value("${HTML_GEN_PATH}")
	private String HTML_GEN_PATH;

	@Override
	public void onMessage(Message message) {
		try {
			//创建一个模板,参考jsp
			//从消息中取商品id
			TextMessage textMessage = (TextMessage) message;
			String text = textMessage.getText();
			Long itemId = new Long(text);
			System.out.println("接收到消息,去创建静态模板:"+itemId);
			//等待事务提交
			Thread.sleep(1000);
			//根据商品id查询商品信息,商品基本信息和商品描述。
			TbItem tbItem = itemService.getItemById(itemId);
			Item item = new Item(tbItem);
			//取商品描述
			TbItemDesc itemDesc = itemService.getItemDescById(itemId);
			//创建一个数据集,把商品数据封装
			Map<Object,Object> data = new HashMap<>();
			data.put("item", item);
			data.put("itemDesc", itemDesc);
			//加载模板对象
			Configuration configuration = freeMarkerConfigurer.getConfiguration();
			Template template = configuration.getTemplate("item.ftl");
			//创建一个输出流,指定输出的目录及文件名。
			Writer out = new FileWriter(HTML_GEN_PATH + itemId + ".html");
			//生成静态页面。
			template.process(data, out);
			//关闭流
			out.close();
			
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO: handle exception
		}

	}

}

注意:修改web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
	version="2.5">
	<display-name>e3-item-web</display-name>
	<welcome-file-list>
		<welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
	</welcome-file-list>

	<!-- 解决post乱码 -->
	<filter>
		<filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
		<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
		<init-param>
			<param-name>encoding</param-name>
			<param-value>utf-8</param-value>
		</init-param>
	</filter>
	<filter-mapping>
		<filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
		<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
	</filter-mapping>


	<!-- springmvc的前端控制器 -->
	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>e3-item-web</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
		<!-- contextConfigLocation不是必须的, 如果不配置contextConfigLocation, springmvc的配置文件默认在:WEB-INF/servlet的name+"-servlet.xml" -->
		<init-param>
			<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
			<param-value>classpath:spring/*.xml</param-value>
		</init-param>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>e3-item-web</servlet-name>
		<!-- 伪静态化 -->
		<url-pattern>*.html</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

配置Nginx:






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