iOS ffmpeg+OpenGL播放yuv+openAL 快放 慢放 视频播放器

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/m0_37677536/article/details/78769362

由于老版本的ffmpeg一些使用方法将要废弃如streams[videoStream]->codec这种方式查找解码器就不能用了,再使用就会报警告,或者报错,这里使用新版ffmpeg接口制作播放器。
先看播放器功能(这里有android版的):
这里写图片描述
带有音视频同步,快慢速播放,本地及网络视频播放等,经测试支持所有网络视频流,目前还没有发现播放不出的网络视频流。这是一个完整的播放器,后面有源码下载地址。本篇文章先说一下ffmpeg的使用,这个视频播放器的解码播放流程如下图:
这里写图片描述
这里android版的有多线程运行图,共用到4个线程,跟ios版的基本一样,就是ios版是主线程opengl绘图,android是默认opengl线程绘图。
这个源码对应上面图中流程除了opengl播放rgb没有实现之外其他都有源码实现。现在生效的流程是用opengl直接播放yuv格式。
先看性能测试,播放720及1080格式的视频cpu使用率,测试手机,用了三年的iPhone6,算是很老了,720p:
这里写图片描述
cpu消耗只有百分之十几,一般直播高清的也就是这个分辨率了,性能表现还是很好的。
下面看一下全高清的1080p:
这里写图片描述
cpu消耗在50%左右。大家可以自行测试用opengl播放rgb格式cpu消耗很定比这个高得多的多。播放image估计1080的就卡的播不了。
因为模拟器没有gpu,要用cpu模拟gpu,所以这个代码在模拟器上跑cpu一直满载
这里不说ffmpeg细节问题网上很多自行去了解。这里贴部分播放器代码,主要是解码部分,并稍作说明:
FFmpegDecoder.h

//
//  FFmpegDecoder.h
//  FFmpeg-project
//
//  Created by huizai on 2017/9/14.
//  Copyright © 2017年 huizai. All rights reserved.
//

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import "avcodec.h"
#import "swscale.h"
#import "avformat.h"
#import "swresample.h"
#import "samplefmt.h"
#import "YUV_GL_DATA.h"


@interface FFmpegDecoder : NSObject
//总时长
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  totalMs;
//音频播放时间
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  aFps;
//视频播放时间
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  vFps;
//视频流索引
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  videoStreamIndex;
//音频流索引
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  audioStreamIndex;
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  sampleRate;
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  sampleSize;
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  channel;
//音频贞数据的长度
@property (nonatomic,assign)int  pcmDataLength;


#pragma mark - 接口
- (BOOL)OpenUrl:(const char*)path;
- (void)Read:(AVPacket*)pkt;
- (void)Decode:(AVPacket*)pkt;
- (H264YUV_Frame)YuvToGlData:(H264YUV_Frame)yuvFrame;
- (BOOL)ToRGB:(char*)outBuf andWithOutHeight:(int)outHeight andWithOutWidth:(int)outWidth;
- (UIImage*)ToImage:(char*)dataBuf andWithOutHeight:(int)outHeight andWithOutWidth:(int)outWidth;
//音频重采样
- (int)ToPCM:(char*)dataBuf;
//获取错误信息
- (NSString*)GetError;
- (void)Close;

@end

FFmpegDecoder.m

//
//  FFmpegDecoder.m
//  FFmpeg-project
//
//  Created by huizai on 2017/9/14.
//  Copyright © 2017年 huizai. All rights reserved.
//

#import "FFmpegDecoder.h"

//定义音频重采样后的参数
#define SAMPLE_SIZE 16
#define SAMPLE_RATE 44100
#define CHANNEL     2

@implementation FFmpegDecoder{

    char errorBuf[1024];
    NSLock   *lock;
    AVFormatContext   * pFormatCtx;
    AVCodecContext    * pVideoCodecCtx;
    AVCodecContext    * pAudioCodecCtx;
    AVFrame           * pYuv;        
    AVFrame           * pPcm;
    AVCodec           * pVideoCodec; //视频解码器
    AVCodec           * pAudioCodec; //音频解码器
    struct SwsContext * pSwsCtx;
    SwrContext        * pSwrCtx;
    char              * rgb;
    UIImage           * tempImage;
}


- (id)init{
    if (self = [super init]) {
        [self initParam];
        return self;
    }
    return nil;
}


- (void)initParam{

    av_register_all();
    avformat_network_init();
    _pcmDataLength = 0;
    _sampleRate = SAMPLE_RATE;
    _sampleSize = SAMPLE_SIZE;
    _channel = CHANNEL;
    lock = [[NSLock alloc]init];
}

- (double)r2d:(AVRational)r{
    return r.num == 0 || r.den == 0 ? 0.:(double)r.num/(double)r.den;
}
//初始化ffmpeg
- (BOOL)OpenUrl:(const char*)path{
    [self Close];
    [lock lock];
    int re = avformat_open_input(&pFormatCtx, path, 0, 0);
    if (re != 0) {
        [lock unlock];
        av_strerror(re, errorBuf, sizeof(errorBuf));
        return false;
    }
    _totalMs = (int)(pFormatCtx->duration/AV_TIME_BASE)*1000;
    avformat_find_stream_info(pFormatCtx, NULL);
    //分别找到音频视频解码器并打开解码器
    for (int i = 0; i < pFormatCtx->nb_streams; i++) {
        AVStream *stream = pFormatCtx->streams[i];
        AVCodec * codec = avcodec_find_decoder(stream->codecpar->codec_id);
        AVCodecContext * codecCtx = avcodec_alloc_context3(codec);
        avcodec_parameters_to_context(codecCtx, stream->codecpar);

        if (codecCtx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
            printf("video\n");
            _videoStreamIndex = i;
            pVideoCodec  = codec;
            pVideoCodecCtx = codecCtx;
            int err = avcodec_open2(pVideoCodecCtx, pVideoCodec, NULL);
            if (err != 0) {
                [lock unlock];
                char buf[1024] = {0};
                av_strerror(err, buf, sizeof(buf));
                printf("open videoCodec error:%s", buf);
                return false;
            }
        }
        if (codecCtx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
            printf("audio\n");
            _audioStreamIndex = i;
            pAudioCodec  = codec;
            pAudioCodecCtx = codecCtx;
            int err = avcodec_open2(pAudioCodecCtx, pAudioCodec, NULL);
            if (err != 0) {
                [lock unlock];
                char buf[1024] = {0};
                av_strerror(err, buf, sizeof(buf));
                printf("open audionCodec error:%s", buf);
                return false;
            }
            if (codecCtx->sample_rate != SAMPLE_RATE) {
                _sampleRate = codecCtx->sample_rate;
            }
        }
    }
    printf("open acodec success! sampleRate:%d  channel:%d  sampleSize:%d fmt:%d\n",_sampleRate,_channel,_sampleSize,pAudioCodecCtx->sample_fmt);
    [lock unlock];
    return true;
}
//读取音视频packet
- (void)Read:(AVPacket*)pkt{
    //这里先不加线程锁,在启动多线程的地方统一加锁
    // AVPacket * pkt = malloc(sizeof(AVPacket));
    if (!pFormatCtx) {
        av_packet_unref(pkt);
        return;
    }
    int err = av_read_frame(pFormatCtx, pkt);
    if (err != 0) {
        av_strerror(err, errorBuf, sizeof(errorBuf));
        printf("av_read_frame error:%s",errorBuf);
        av_packet_unref(pkt);
        return ;
    }
}
//解码过程这里音频视频解码放一块了,中间有一些判断是音频还是视频分别处理,
- (void)Decode:(AVPacket*)pkt{

    if (!pFormatCtx) {
        return ;
    }
    //分配AVFream 空间
    if (pYuv == NULL) {
        pYuv = av_frame_alloc();
    }
    if (pPcm == NULL) {
        pPcm = av_frame_alloc();
    }
    AVCodecContext * pCodecCtx;
    AVFrame * tempFrame;
    if (pkt->stream_index == _videoStreamIndex) {
        pCodecCtx = pVideoCodecCtx;
        tempFrame = pYuv;
    }else if (pkt->stream_index == _audioStreamIndex){
        pCodecCtx = pAudioCodecCtx;
        tempFrame = pPcm;
    }else{
        return;
    }
    if (!pCodecCtx) {
        return;
    }
    int re = avcodec_send_packet(pCodecCtx, pkt);
    if (re != 0) {
        return;
    }
    re = avcodec_receive_frame(pCodecCtx, tempFrame);
    //解码后再获取pts  解码过程有缓存
    if (pkt->stream_index == _videoStreamIndex) {
        _vFps = (pYuv->pts *[self r2d:(pFormatCtx->streams[_videoStreamIndex]->time_base)])*1000;
    }else if (pkt->stream_index == _audioStreamIndex){
        _aFps = (pPcm->pts * [self r2d:(pFormatCtx->streams[_audioStreamIndex]->time_base)])*1000;
    }
    printf("[D]");

    return;
}
//这里是给视频对齐的,并封装成opengl需要的结构体格式数据,YUV格式
- (H264YUV_Frame)YuvToGlData:(H264YUV_Frame)yuvFrame{

    if (!pFormatCtx || !pYuv || pYuv->linesize[0] <= 0) {
        return yuvFrame;
    }
    //把数据重新封装成opengl需要的格式
    unsigned int lumaLength= (pYuv->height)*(MIN(pYuv->linesize[0], pYuv->width));
    unsigned int chromBLength=((pYuv->height)/2)*(MIN(pYuv->linesize[1], (pYuv->width)/2));
    unsigned int chromRLength=((pYuv->height)/2)*(MIN(pYuv->linesize[2], (pYuv->width)/2));

    yuvFrame.luma.dataBuffer = malloc(lumaLength);
    yuvFrame.chromaB.dataBuffer = malloc(chromBLength);
    yuvFrame.chromaR.dataBuffer = malloc(chromRLength);

    yuvFrame.width=pYuv->width;
    yuvFrame.height=pYuv->height;

    if (pYuv->height <= 0) {
        free(yuvFrame.luma.dataBuffer);
        free(yuvFrame.chromaB.dataBuffer);
        free(yuvFrame.chromaR.dataBuffer);
        return yuvFrame;
    }

    copyDecodedFrame(pYuv->data[0],yuvFrame.luma.dataBuffer,pYuv->linesize[0],
                     pYuv->width,pYuv->height);
    copyDecodedFrame(pYuv->data[1], yuvFrame.chromaB.dataBuffer,pYuv->linesize[1],
                     pYuv->width / 2,pYuv->height / 2);
    copyDecodedFrame(pYuv->data[2], yuvFrame.chromaR.dataBuffer,pYuv->linesize[2],
                     pYuv->width / 2,pYuv->height / 2);
    return yuvFrame;

}

void copyDecodedFrame(unsigned char *src, unsigned char *dist,int linesize, int width, int height)
{
    width = MIN(linesize, width);
    if (sizeof(dist) == 0) {
        return;
    }
    for (NSUInteger i = 0; i < height; ++i) {
        memcpy(dist, src, width);
        dist += width;
        src += linesize;
    }
}
//音频重采样,就是要把很多种未知的的音频格式转换成一定的采样率,声道数等等并以PCM格式输出,就可以给音频播放器播放了
- (int)ToPCM:(char*)dataBuf{

    if (!pFormatCtx || !pPcm || !dataBuf) {
        return 0;
    }
    printf("sample_rate:%d,channels:%d,sample_fmt:%d,channel_layout:%llu,nb_samples:%d\n",pAudioCodecCtx->sample_rate,pAudioCodecCtx->channels,pAudioCodecCtx->sample_fmt,pAudioCodecCtx->channel_layout,pPcm->nb_samples);
    //音频重采样
    if (pSwrCtx == NULL) {
        pSwrCtx = swr_alloc();
        swr_alloc_set_opts(pSwrCtx,
                           AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO,//2声道立体声
                           AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16,  //采样大小 16位
                           _sampleRate,        //采样率
                           pAudioCodecCtx->channel_layout,
                           pAudioCodecCtx->sample_fmt,// 样本类型
                           pAudioCodecCtx->sample_rate,
                           0, 0);
        swr_init(pSwrCtx);
    }
    uint8_t * data[1];
    [lock lock];
    data[0] = (uint8_t*)dataBuf;
    int len = swr_convert(pSwrCtx, data, 10000, (const uint8_t**)pPcm->data, pPcm->nb_samples);
    if (len < 0) {
        [lock unlock];
        return 0;
    }

    int outSize = av_samples_get_buffer_size(NULL,
                                             CHANNEL,
                                             len,
                                             AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16,0);
    _pcmDataLength = outSize;
    NSLog(@"nb_smples:%d,des_smples:%d,outSize:%d",pPcm->nb_samples,len,outSize);
    [lock unlock];
    return outSize;
}
//这个跟音频重采样对应的,就是视频从yuv转换成rgb或者bgr转换后可以opengl固定管线绘图,固定管线不用写opengl的shader简单一些,或者进一步转换成image,当然直接opengl播放yuv就没必要用这个方法了
- (BOOL)ToRGB:(char*)outBuf andWithOutHeight:(int)outHeight andWithOutWidth:(int)outWidth{

    if (!pFormatCtx || !pYuv || pYuv->linesize[0] <= 0) {
        return false;
    }
    //视频yuv转rgb 并转换视频frame的大小
    pSwsCtx = sws_getCachedContext(pSwsCtx, pVideoCodecCtx->width,
                                   pVideoCodecCtx->height,
                                   pVideoCodecCtx->pix_fmt,
                                   outWidth, outHeight,
                                   AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24,
                                   SWS_BICUBIC, NULL, NULL, NULL);
    if (pSwsCtx) {
        // printf("sws_getCachedContext success!\n");
    }else{
        printf("sws_getCachedContext fail!\n");
        return nil;
    }

    uint8_t * data[AV_NUM_DATA_POINTERS]={0};
    data[0] = (uint8_t*)outBuf;
    int linesize[AV_NUM_DATA_POINTERS] = {0};
    linesize[0] = outWidth * 4;
    int h = sws_scale(pSwsCtx, (const uint8_t* const*)pYuv->data, pYuv->linesize, 0, pVideoCodecCtx->height,data,linesize);
    if (h > 0) {
        printf("H:%d",h);
    }
    return true;
}
//rgb数据片转换成image,属于ios范畴,这里的色彩格式需要跟ToRGB里面输出的格式一致,如rgb或者rgba等一致即可
- (UIImage*)ToImage:(char*)dataBuf andWithOutHeight:(int)outHeight andWithOutWidth:(int)outWidth{

    //rgb 数据转换成为image  
    int linesize[AV_NUM_DATA_POINTERS] = {0};
    linesize[0] = outWidth * 4;
    CGBitmapInfo bitmapInfo = kCGBitmapByteOrderDefault;
    CGColorSpaceRef colorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
    void * colorData = NULL;
    memcpy(&colorData, &dataBuf, sizeof(dataBuf));
    CGDataProviderRef provider = CGDataProviderCreateWithData(NULL, colorData, sizeof(colorData), NULL);
    CGImageRef cgImage = CGImageCreate(outWidth,
                                       outHeight,
                                       8,
                                       24,
                                       linesize[0],
                                       colorSpace,
                                       bitmapInfo,
                                       provider,
                                       NULL,
                                       NO,
                                       kCGRenderingIntentDefault);
    UIImage * image = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:cgImage];
    CGImageRelease(cgImage);
    CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpace);
    CGDataProviderRelease(provider);
    tempImage = image;
    return image;
}


- (void)Close{

    [lock lock];
    if (pFormatCtx) {
        avformat_close_input(&pFormatCtx);
    }
    if (pSwrCtx) {
        swr_free(&pSwrCtx);
    }
    if (pSwsCtx) {
        sws_freeContext(pSwsCtx);
    }
    avcodec_close(pVideoCodecCtx);
    avcodec_close(pAudioCodecCtx);
    if (pYuv) {
        av_frame_free(&pYuv);
    }
    if (pPcm) {
        av_frame_free(&pPcm);
    }
    [lock unlock];
}


- (NSString*)GetError{
    [lock lock];
    NSString * err = [NSString stringWithUTF8String:errorBuf];
    [lock unlock];
    return err;
}

@end

多线程播放部分:

//启动gcd多线程,读取解码播放
- (void)startPlayThread{

    dispatch_queue_t readQueue = dispatch_queue_create("readAudioQueeu", DISPATCH_QUEUE_CONCURRENT);
    dispatch_async(readQueue, ^{
        AVPacket *pkt = NULL;
        while (!isExit) {
            pkt = av_packet_alloc();
            [lock lock];
            [decoder Read:pkt];
            [lock unlock];

            if (pkt == NULL) {
                [NSThread sleepForTimeInterval:0.01];
                continue;
            }
            if (pkt->size <= 0) {
                [NSThread sleepForTimeInterval:0.01];
                continue;
            }
            if (pkt->stream_index == decoder.audioStreamIndex) {

                [lock lock];
                [decoder Decode:pkt];
                [lock unlock];
                av_packet_unref(pkt);

                char* tempData = (char*)malloc(10000);
                [lock lock];
                int length =  [decoder ToPCM:tempData];
                [lock unlock];
                //用音频播放器播放
                [audioPlayer openAudioFromQueue:tempData andWithDataSize:length andWithSampleRate:decoder.sampleRate andWithAbit:decoder.sampleSize andWithAchannel:decoder.channel];
                free(tempData);
                //这里设置openal内部缓存数据的大小  太大了视频延迟大  太小了视频会卡顿 根据实际情况调整
                NSLog(@"++++++++++++++%d",audioPlayer.m_numqueued);
                if (audioPlayer.m_numqueued > 10 && audioPlayer.m_numqueued < 35) {
                    [NSThread sleepForTimeInterval:0.01];
                }else if (audioPlayer.m_numqueued > 35){
                    [NSThread sleepForTimeInterval:0.025];
                }
                continue;
            }else if (pkt->stream_index == decoder.videoStreamIndex){
                [lock lock];
                NSData * pktData = [NSData dataWithBytes:pkt length:sizeof(AVPacket)];
                [vPktArr insertObject:pktData atIndex:0];
                [lock unlock];
                continue;
              //  av_packet_unref(pkt);
            }else{
                av_packet_unref(pkt);
                continue;
            }
        }
    });

    dispatch_queue_t videoPlayQueue = dispatch_queue_create("videoPlayQueeu", DISPATCH_QUEUE_CONCURRENT);
    dispatch_async(videoPlayQueue, ^{
        H264YUV_Frame  yuvFrame;
        while (!isExit) {
            if (vPktArr.count == 0) {
                [NSThread sleepForTimeInterval:0.01];
                NSLog(@"0000000000000000000000");
                continue;
            }
            //这里同步音视频播放速度

            if ((decoder.vFps > decoder.aFps - 900 - _syncRate*1000)&& decoder.aFps>500) {
                NSLog(@"aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa");
                [NSThread sleepForTimeInterval:0.01];
                continue;
            }
            [lock lock];
            NSData * newData = [vPktArr lastObject];
            AVPacket* newPkt = (AVPacket*)[newData bytes];
            [vPktArr removeLastObject];
            [lock unlock];
            if (!newPkt) {
                continue;
            }
            [lock lock];
            [decoder Decode:newPkt];
            [lock unlock];
            av_packet_unref(newPkt);
            /*
             下面这段屏蔽代码是yuv转rgb
             rgb转image的
             如果不用opengl直接绘图yuv可以用下面的功能
             */
//            int width = 320;
//            int height = 250;
//            char* tempData = (char*)malloc(width*height*4 + 1);
//            [lock lock];
//            [decoder ToRGB:tempData andWithOutHeight:height andWithOutWidth:width];
//            image = [decoder ToImage:tempData andWithOutHeight:height andWithOutWidth:width];
//            free(tempData);
//            [lock unlock];
//            UIColor *color =  [UIColor colorWithPatternImage:image];
            [lock lock];
            memset(&yuvFrame, 0, sizeof(H264YUV_Frame));
            yuvFrame = [decoder YuvToGlData:yuvFrame];
            if (yuvFrame.width == 0) {
                [lock unlock];
                continue;
            }
            [lock unlock];
            dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
                // [self.imageView setImage:image];
                // playView.backgroundColor = color;
                [gl displayYUV420pData:(H264YUV_Frame*)&yuvFrame];
                free(yuvFrame.luma.dataBuffer);
                free(yuvFrame.chromaB.dataBuffer);
                free(yuvFrame.chromaR.dataBuffer);
            });
        }
    });
}

更多部分如opengl播放yuv部分,openal播放pcm部分请下载源码查看。对于这部分后面我会补文章做说明。
由于ffmpeg库文件太大csdn上传大小有限制,我把ffmpeg库文件放百度云,下载下来直接解压到FFmpeglib目录里面即可:
这里写图片描述

源码下载是要积分的,花了很多时间来做这个demo除了帮助大家学习我还是打算挣点积分的。
源码下载地址:
http://download.csdn.net/download/m0_37677536/10153709
ffmpeg_lib库下载地址,当然自己编译也可以:
http://download.csdn.net/download/m0_37677536/10153764
或者:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1eRDqlge 密码:c27z
ios版ffmpeg_lib编译方法:
http://blog.csdn.net/m0_37677536/article/details/77934844
ios opengl 播放 yuv:
http://blog.csdn.net/m0_37677536/article/details/78782501
ios openal播放 pcm:
http://blog.csdn.net/m0_37677536/article/details/79013577

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