关于Android加载状态视图切换

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,转载请注明出处 https://blog.csdn.net/m0_37700275/article/details/76161568

关于Android加载状态视图切换
目录介绍
1.关于Android界面切换状态的介绍
2.思路转变,抽取分离类管理几种状态
3.关于该状态切换工具优点分析
4.如何实现的步骤
5.使用方法介绍和Demo下载

好消息

  • 博客笔记大汇总【16年3月到至今】,包括Java基础及深入知识点,Android技术博客,Python学习笔记等等,还包括平时开发中遇到的bug汇总,当然也在工作之余收集了大量的面试题,长期更新维护并且修正,持续完善……开源的文件是markdown格式的!同时也开源了生活博客,从12年起,积累共计47篇[近20万字],转载请注明出处,谢谢!
  • 链接地址:https://github.com/yangchong211/YCBlogs
  • 如果觉得好,可以star一下,谢谢!当然也欢迎提出建议,万事起于忽微,量变引起质变!

1.关于Android界面切换状态的介绍
怎样切换界面状态?有些界面想定制自定义状态?状态如何添加点击事件?下面就为解决这些问题!
内容界面
加载数据中
加载数据错误
加载后没有数据
没有网络

2.思路转变,抽取分离类管理几种状态
以前做法:
直接把这些界面include到main界面中,然后动态去切换界面,后来发现这样处理不容易复用到其他项目中,而且在activity中处理这些状态的显示和隐藏比较乱
利用子类继承父类特性,在父类中写切换状态,但有些界面如果没有继承父类,又该如何处理

现在做法:
让View状态的切换和Activity彻底分离开,必须把这些状态View都封装到一个管理类中,然后暴露出几个方法来实现View之间的切换。
在不同的项目中可以需要的View也不一样,所以考虑把管理类设计成builder模式来自由的添加需要的状态View

3.关于该状态切换工具优点分析
可以自由切换内容,空数据,异常错误,加载,网络错误等5种状态
父类BaseActivity直接暴露5中状态,方便子类统一管理状态切换

/**
* ================================================
* 作    者:杨充
* 版    本:1.0
* 创建日期:2017/7/6
* 描    述:抽取类
* 修订历史:
* ================================================
*/
public abstract class BaseActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    protected StatusLayoutManager statusLayoutManager;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_base_view);
        initStatusLayout();
        initBaseView();
        initToolBar();
        initView();
    }

    protected abstract void initStatusLayout();

    protected abstract void initView();

    /**
    * 获取到布局
    */
    private void initBaseView() {
        LinearLayout ll_main = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.ll_main);
        ll_main.addView(statusLayoutManager.getRootLayout());
    }

    //正常展示数据状态
    protected void showContent() {
        statusLayoutManager.showContent();
    }

    //加载数据为空时状态
    protected void showEmptyData() {
        statusLayoutManager.showEmptyData();
    }

    //加载数据错误时状态
    protected void showError() {
        statusLayoutManager.showError();
    }

    //网络错误时状态
    protected void showNetWorkError() {
        statusLayoutManager.showNetWorkError();
    }

    //正在加载中状态
    protected void showLoading() {
        statusLayoutManager.showLoading();
    }
}

当状态是加载数据失败时,点击可以刷新数据;当状态是无网络时,点击可以设置网络

/**
* 点击重新刷新
*/
private void initErrorDataView() {
    statusLayoutManager.showError();
    LinearLayout ll_error_data = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.ll_error_data);
    ll_error_data.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View view) {
            initData();
            adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
            showContent();
        }
    });
}

/**
* 点击设置网络
*/
private void initSettingNetwork() {
    statusLayoutManager.showNetWorkError();
    LinearLayout ll_set_network = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.ll_set_network);
    ll_set_network.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View view) {
            Intent intent = new Intent("android.settings.WIRELESS_SETTINGS");
            startActivity(intent);
        }
    });
}

倘若有些页面想定制状态布局,也可以自由实现,很简单:

/**
* 自定义加载数据为空时的状态布局
*/
private void initEmptyDataView() {
    statusLayoutManager.showEmptyData();
    //此处是自己定义的状态布局
    **statusLayoutManager.showLayoutEmptyData(R.layout.activity_emptydata);**
    LinearLayout ll_empty_data = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.ll_empty_data);
    ll_empty_data.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View view) {
            initData();
            adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
            showContent();
        }
    });
}

4.如何实现的步骤
1.先看看状态管理器类【builder建造者模式】
loadingLayoutResId和contentLayoutResId代表等待加载和显示内容的xml文件
几种异常状态要用ViewStub,因为在界面状态切换中loading和内容View都是一直需要加载显示的,但是其他的3个只有在没数据或者网络异常的情况下才会加载显示,所以用ViewStub来加载他们可以提高性能。

public class StateLayoutManager {

    final Context context;
    final ViewStub netWorkErrorVs;
    final int netWorkErrorRetryViewId;
    final ViewStub emptyDataVs;
    final int emptyDataRetryViewId;
    final ViewStub errorVs;
    final int errorRetryViewId;
    final int loadingLayoutResId;
    final int contentLayoutResId;
    final int retryViewId;
    final int emptyDataIconImageId;
    final int emptyDataTextTipId;
    final int errorIconImageId;
    final int errorTextTipId;
    final VLayout errorLayout;
    final VLayout emptyDataLayout;

    final RootFrameLayout rootFrameLayout;
    final OnShowHideViewListener onShowHideViewListener;
    final OnRetryListener onRetryListener;

    public StateLayoutManager(Builder builder) {
        this.context = builder.context;
        this.loadingLayoutResId = builder.loadingLayoutResId;
        this.netWorkErrorVs = builder.netWorkErrorVs;
        this.netWorkErrorRetryViewId = builder.netWorkErrorRetryViewId;
        this.emptyDataVs = builder.emptyDataVs;
        this.emptyDataRetryViewId = builder.emptyDataRetryViewId;
        this.errorVs = builder.errorVs;
        this.errorRetryViewId = builder.errorRetryViewId;
        this.contentLayoutResId = builder.contentLayoutResId;
        this.onShowHideViewListener = builder.onShowHideViewListener;
        this.retryViewId = builder.retryViewId;
        this.onRetryListener = builder.onRetryListener;
        this.emptyDataIconImageId = builder.emptyDataIconImageId;
        this.emptyDataTextTipId = builder.emptyDataTextTipId;
        this.errorIconImageId = builder.errorIconImageId;
        this.errorTextTipId = builder.errorTextTipId;
        this.errorLayout = builder.errorLayout;
        this.emptyDataLayout = builder.emptyDataLayout;

        rootFrameLayout = new RootFrameLayout(this.context);
        ViewGroup.LayoutParams layoutParams = new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT);
        rootFrameLayout.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);

        rootFrameLayout.setStatusLayoutManager(this);
    }

    /**
    * 显示loading
    */
    public void showLoading() {
        rootFrameLayout.showLoading();
    }

    /**
    * 显示内容
    */
    public void showContent() {
        rootFrameLayout.showContent();
    }

    /**
    * 显示空数据
    */
    public void showEmptyData(int iconImage, String textTip) {
        rootFrameLayout.showEmptyData(iconImage, textTip);
    }

    /**
    * 显示空数据
    */
    public void showEmptyData() {
        showEmptyData(0, "");
    }

    /**
    * 显示空数据
    */
    public void showLayoutEmptyData(Object... objects) {
        rootFrameLayout.showLayoutEmptyData(objects);
    }

    /**
    * 显示网络异常
    */
    public void showNetWorkError() {
        rootFrameLayout.showNetWorkError();
    }

    /**
    * 显示异常
    */
    public void showError(int iconImage, String textTip) {
        rootFrameLayout.showError(iconImage, textTip);
    }

    /**
    * 显示异常
    */
    public void showError() {
        showError(0, "");
    }

    public void showLayoutError(Object... objects) {
        rootFrameLayout.showLayoutError(objects);
    }

    /**
    * 得到root 布局
    */
    public View getRootLayout() {
        return rootFrameLayout;
    }

    public static final class Builder {

        private Context context;
        private int loadingLayoutResId;
        private int contentLayoutResId;
        private ViewStub netWorkErrorVs;
        private int netWorkErrorRetryViewId;
        private ViewStub emptyDataVs;
        private int emptyDataRetryViewId;
        private ViewStub errorVs;
        private int errorRetryViewId;
        private int retryViewId;
        private int emptyDataIconImageId;
        private int emptyDataTextTipId;
        private int errorIconImageId;
        private int errorTextTipId;
        private VLayout errorLayout;
        private VLayout emptyDataLayout;
        private OnShowHideViewListener onShowHideViewListener;
        private OnRetryListener onRetryListener;

        public Builder(Context context) {
            this.context = context;
        }

        /**
        * 自定义加载布局
        */
        public Builder loadingView(@LayoutRes int loadingLayoutResId) {
            this.loadingLayoutResId = loadingLayoutResId;
            return this;
        }

        /**
        * 自定义网络错误布局
        */
        public Builder netWorkErrorView(@LayoutRes int newWorkErrorId) {
            netWorkErrorVs = new ViewStub(context);
            netWorkErrorVs.setLayoutResource(newWorkErrorId);
            return this;
        }

        /**
        * 自定义加载空数据布局
        */
        public Builder emptyDataView(@LayoutRes int noDataViewId) {
            emptyDataVs = new ViewStub(context);
            emptyDataVs.setLayoutResource(noDataViewId);
            return this;
        }

        /**
        * 自定义加载错误布局
        */
        public Builder errorView(@LayoutRes int errorViewId) {
            errorVs = new ViewStub(context);
            errorVs.setLayoutResource(errorViewId);
            return this;
        }

        /**
        * 自定义加载内容正常布局
        */
        public Builder contentView(@LayoutRes int contentLayoutResId) {
            this.contentLayoutResId = contentLayoutResId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder errorLayout(VLayout errorLayout) {
            this.errorLayout = errorLayout;
            this.errorVs = errorLayout.getLayoutVs();
            return this;
        }

        public Builder emptyDataLayout(VLayout emptyDataLayout) {
            this.emptyDataLayout = emptyDataLayout;
            this.emptyDataVs = emptyDataLayout.getLayoutVs();
            return this;
        }

        public Builder netWorkErrorRetryViewId(int netWorkErrorRetryViewId) {
            this.netWorkErrorRetryViewId = netWorkErrorRetryViewId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder emptyDataRetryViewId(int emptyDataRetryViewId) {
            this.emptyDataRetryViewId = emptyDataRetryViewId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder errorRetryViewId(int errorRetryViewId) {
            this.errorRetryViewId = errorRetryViewId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder retryViewId(int retryViewId) {
            this.retryViewId = retryViewId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder emptyDataIconImageId(int emptyDataIconImageId) {
            this.emptyDataIconImageId = emptyDataIconImageId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder emptyDataTextTipId(int emptyDataTextTipId) {
            this.emptyDataTextTipId = emptyDataTextTipId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder errorIconImageId(int errorIconImageId) {
            this.errorIconImageId = errorIconImageId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder errorTextTipId(int errorTextTipId) {
            this.errorTextTipId = errorTextTipId;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder onShowHideViewListener(OnShowHideViewListener onShowHideViewListener) {
            this.onShowHideViewListener = onShowHideViewListener;
            return this;
        }

        public Builder onRetryListener(OnRetryListener onRetryListener) {
            this.onRetryListener = onRetryListener;
            return this;
        }

        public StateLayoutManager build() {
            return new StateLayoutManager(this);
        }
    }

    public static Builder newBuilder(Context context) {
        return new Builder(context);
    }
}

2.大约5种状态,如何管理这些状态?添加到集合中,Android中选用SparseArray比HashMap更省内存,在某些条件下性能更好,主要是因为它避免了对key的自动装箱(int转为Integer类型),它内部则是通过两个数组来进行数据存储的,一个存储key,另外一个存储value,为了优化性能,它内部对数据还采取了压缩的方式来表示稀疏数组的数据,从而节约内存空间

/**存放布局集合 */
private SparseArray<View> layoutSparseArray = new SparseArray();
/**将布局添加到集合 */
……
private void addLayoutResId(@LayoutRes int layoutResId, int id) {
    View resView = LayoutInflater.from(mStatusLayoutManager.context).inflate(layoutResId, null);
    **layoutSparseArray.put(id, resView);**
    addView(resView);
}

3.当显示某个布局时,调用的方法如下

方法里面通过id判断来执行不同的代码,首先判断ViewStub是否为空,如果为空就代表没有添加这个View就返回false,不为空就加载View并且添加到集合当中,然后调用showHideViewById方法显示隐藏View,retryLoad方法是给重试按钮添加事件

/**
*  显示loading
*/
public void showLoading() {
    if (layoutSparseArray.get(LAYOUT_LOADING_ID) != null)
        **showHideViewById**(LAYOUT_LOADING_ID);
}

/**
*  显示内容
*/
public void showContent() {
    if (layoutSparseArray.get(LAYOUT_CONTENT_ID) != null)
        **showHideViewById**(LAYOUT_CONTENT_ID);
}

/**
*  显示空数据
*/
public void showEmptyData(int iconImage, String textTip) {
    if (**inflateLayout**(LAYOUT_EMPTYDATA_ID)) {
        showHideViewById(LAYOUT_EMPTYDATA_ID);
        emptyDataViewAddData(iconImage, textTip);
    }
}

/**
*  显示网络异常
*/
public void showNetWorkError() {
    if (**inflateLayout**(LAYOUT_NETWORK_ERROR_ID))
        showHideViewById(LAYOUT_NETWORK_ERROR_ID);
}

/**
*  显示异常
*/
public void showError(int iconImage, String textTip) {
    if (**inflateLayout**(LAYOUT_ERROR_ID)) {
        showHideViewById(LAYOUT_ERROR_ID);
        errorViewAddData(iconImage, textTip);
    }
}

//调用inflateLayout方法,方法返回true然后调用showHideViewById方法
private boolean inflateLayout(int id) {
    boolean isShow = true;
    if (layoutSparseArray.get(id) != null) return isShow;
    switch (id) {
        case LAYOUT_NETWORK_ERROR_ID:
            if (mStatusLayoutManager.netWorkErrorVs != null) {
                View view = mStatusLayoutManager.netWorkErrorVs.inflate();
                retryLoad(view, mStatusLayoutManager.netWorkErrorRetryViewId);
                layoutSparseArray.put(id, view);
                isShow = true;
            } else {
                isShow = false;
            }
            break;
        case LAYOUT_ERROR_ID:
            if (mStatusLayoutManager.errorVs != null) {
                View view = mStatusLayoutManager.errorVs.inflate();
                if (mStatusLayoutManager.errorLayout != null) mStatusLayoutManager.errorLayout.setView(view);
                retryLoad(view, mStatusLayoutManager.errorRetryViewId);
                layoutSparseArray.put(id, view);
                isShow = true;
            } else {
                isShow = false;
            }
            break;
        case LAYOUT_EMPTYDATA_ID:
            if (mStatusLayoutManager.emptyDataVs != null) {
                View view = mStatusLayoutManager.emptyDataVs.inflate();
                if (mStatusLayoutManager.emptyDataLayout != null) mStatusLayoutManager.emptyDataLayout.setView(view);
                retryLoad(view, mStatusLayoutManager.emptyDataRetryViewId);
                layoutSparseArray.put(id, view);
                isShow = true;
            } else {
                isShow = false;
            }
            break;
    }
    return isShow;
}

4.然后在根据id隐藏布局

通过id找到需要显示的View并且显示它,隐藏其他View,如果显示隐藏监听事件不为空,就分别调用它的显示和隐藏方法

/**
* 根据ID显示隐藏布局
* @param id
*/
private void showHideViewById(int id) {
    for (int i = 0; i < layoutSparseArray.size(); i++) {
        int key = layoutSparseArray.keyAt(i);
        View valueView = layoutSparseArray.valueAt(i);
        //显示该view
        if(key == id) {
            valueView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
            if(mStatusLayoutManager.onShowHideViewListener != null) mStatusLayoutManager.onShowHideViewListener.onShowView(valueView, key);
        } else {
            if(valueView.getVisibility() != View.GONE) {
                valueView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                if(mStatusLayoutManager.onShowHideViewListener != null) mStatusLayoutManager.onShowHideViewListener.onHideView(valueView, key);
            }
        }
    }
}

5.最后看看重新加载方法

/**
*  重试加载
*/
private void retryLoad(View view, int id) {
    View retryView = view.findViewById(mStatusLayoutManager.retryViewId != 0 ? mStatusLayoutManager.retryViewId : id);
    if (retryView == null || mStatusLayoutManager.onRetryListener == null) return;
    retryView.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            mStatusLayoutManager.onRetryListener.onRetry();
        }
    });
}

5.使用方法介绍
1.直接在Activity中添加代码

@Override
protected void initStatusLayout() {
    statusLayoutManager = StateLayoutManager.newBuilder(this)
            .contentView(R.layout.activity_content_data)
            .emptyDataView(R.layout.activity_empty_data)
            .errorView(R.layout.activity_error_data)
            .loadingView(R.layout.activity_loading_data)
            .netWorkErrorView(R.layout.activity_networkerror)
            .onRetryListener(new OnRetryListener() {
                @Override
                public void onRetry() {
                    //为重试加载按钮的监听事件
                }
            })
            .onShowHideViewListener(new OnShowHideViewListener() {
                @Override
                public void onShowView(View view, int id) {
                    //为状态View显示监听事件
                }

                @Override
                public void onHideView(View view, int id) {
                    //为状态View隐藏监听事件
                }
            })
            .build();
}

2.在父类中重写以下几个方法,子类直接继承就行

//正常展示数据状态
protected void showContent() {
    statusLayoutManager.showContent();
}

//加载数据为空时状态
protected void showEmptyData() {
    statusLayoutManager.showEmptyData();
}

//加载数据错误时状态
protected void showError() {
    statusLayoutManager.showError();
}

//网络错误时状态
protected void showNetWorkError() {
    statusLayoutManager.showNetWorkError();
}

//正在加载中状态
protected void showLoading() {
    statusLayoutManager.showLoading();
}

3.更加详细的介绍,可以直接参考Demo
https://github.com/yangchong211/YCStateLayout

阅读更多
换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页