ALSA driver---register codec

参考:

https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v4.9.218/source/sound/soc/soc-core.c#L3314

https://blog.csdn.net/DroidPhone/article/details/7283833

 

在移动设备中,Codec的作用可以归结为4种,分别是:

对PCM等信号进行D/A转换,把数字的音频信号转换为模拟信号
对Mic、Linein或者其他输入源的模拟信号进行A/D转换,把模拟的声音信号转变CPU能够处理的数字信号
对音频通路进行控制,比如播放音乐,收听调频收音机,又或者接听电话时,音频信号在codec内的流通路线是不一样的
对音频信号做出相应的处理,例如音量控制,功率放大,EQ控制等等

codec通过调用snd_soc_register_codec进行注册。

在snd_soc_register_codec函数内主要创建和分配snd_soc_codec结构体的内存,将snd_soc_codec_driver 赋值给codec->driver,snd_soc_dai_driver注册到codec->component里,将创建的codec->component加到全局列表component_list中,将创建的codec加到全局列表codec_list中,方便后续注册Machine driver时调用到。 

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/**
 * snd_soc_register_codec - Register a codec with the ASoC core
 *
 * @dev: The parent device for this codec
 * @codec_drv: Codec driver
 * @dai_drv: The associated DAI driver
 * @num_dai: Number of DAIs
 */
int snd_soc_register_codec(struct device *dev,
               const struct snd_soc_codec_driver *codec_drv,
               struct snd_soc_dai_driver *dai_drv,
               int num_dai)
{
    struct snd_soc_dapm_context *dapm;
    struct snd_soc_codec *codec;
    struct snd_soc_dai *dai;
    int ret, i;

    dev_dbg(dev, "codec register %s\n", dev_name(dev));

    codec = kzalloc(sizeof(struct snd_soc_codec), GFP_KERNEL);
    if (codec == NULL)
        return -ENOMEM;

    codec->component.codec = codec;

    ret = snd_soc_component_initialize(&codec->component,
            &codec_drv->component_driver, dev);
    if (ret)
        goto err_free;

    if (codec_drv->probe)
        codec->component.probe = snd_soc_codec_drv_probe;
    if (codec_drv->remove)
        codec->component.remove = snd_soc_codec_drv_remove;
    if (codec_drv->write)
        codec->component.write = snd_soc_codec_drv_write;
    if (codec_drv->read)
        codec->component.read = snd_soc_codec_drv_read;
    codec->component.ignore_pmdown_time = codec_drv->ignore_pmdown_time;

    dapm = snd_soc_codec_get_dapm(codec);
    dapm->idle_bias_off = codec_drv->idle_bias_off;
    dapm->suspend_bias_off = codec_drv->suspend_bias_off;
    if (codec_drv->seq_notifier)
        dapm->seq_notifier = codec_drv->seq_notifier;
    if (codec_drv->set_bias_level)
        dapm->set_bias_level = snd_soc_codec_set_bias_level;
    codec->dev = dev;
    codec->driver = codec_drv;
    codec->component.val_bytes = codec_drv->reg_word_size;

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
    codec->component.init_debugfs = soc_init_codec_debugfs;
    codec->component.debugfs_prefix = "codec";
#endif

    if (codec_drv->get_regmap)
        codec->component.regmap = codec_drv->get_regmap(dev);

    for (i = 0; i < num_dai; i++) {
        fixup_codec_formats(&dai_drv[i].playback);
        fixup_codec_formats(&dai_drv[i].capture);
    }

    ret = snd_soc_register_dais(&codec->component, dai_drv, num_dai, false);
    if (ret < 0) {
        dev_err(dev, "ASoC: Failed to register DAIs: %d\n", ret);
        goto err_cleanup;
    }

    list_for_each_entry(dai, &codec->component.dai_list, list)
        dai->codec = codec;

    mutex_lock(&client_mutex);
    snd_soc_component_add_unlocked(&codec->component);
    list_add(&codec->list, &codec_list);
    mutex_unlock(&client_mutex);

    dev_dbg(codec->dev, "ASoC: Registered codec '%s'\n",
        codec->component.name);
    return 0;

err_cleanup:
    snd_soc_component_cleanup(&codec->component);
err_free:
    kfree(codec);
    return ret;
}

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1.首先分配snd_soc_codec的内存。

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/* SoC Audio Codec device */
struct snd_soc_codec {
    struct device *dev;
    const struct snd_soc_codec_driver *driver;

    struct list_head list;
    struct list_head card_list;

    /* runtime */
    unsigned int cache_bypass:1; /* Suppress access to the cache */
    unsigned int suspended:1; /* Codec is in suspend PM state */
    unsigned int cache_init:1; /* codec cache has been initialized */

    /* codec IO */
    void *control_data; /* codec control (i2c/3wire) data */
    hw_write_t hw_write;
    void *reg_cache;

    /* component */
    struct snd_soc_component component;

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
    struct dentry *debugfs_reg;
#endif
};

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2.调用snd_soc_component_initiallize来初始化codec->component, 主要使用snd_soc_codec_driver的成员component_driver来初始化component。

snd_soc_codec_driver结构体如下:

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/* codec driver */
struct snd_soc_codec_driver {

    /* driver ops */
    int (*probe)(struct snd_soc_codec *);
    int (*remove)(struct snd_soc_codec *);
    int (*suspend)(struct snd_soc_codec *);
    int (*resume)(struct snd_soc_codec *);
    struct snd_soc_component_driver component_driver;

    /* codec wide operations */
    int (*set_sysclk)(struct snd_soc_codec *codec,
              int clk_id, int source, unsigned int freq, int dir);
    int (*set_pll)(struct snd_soc_codec *codec, int pll_id, int source,
        unsigned int freq_in, unsigned int freq_out);

    /* codec IO */
    struct regmap *(*get_regmap)(struct device *);
    unsigned int (*read)(struct snd_soc_codec *, unsigned int);
    int (*write)(struct snd_soc_codec *, unsigned int, unsigned int);
    unsigned int reg_cache_size;
    short reg_cache_step;
    short reg_word_size;
    const void *reg_cache_default;

    /* codec bias level */
    int (*set_bias_level)(struct snd_soc_codec *,
                  enum snd_soc_bias_level level);
    bool idle_bias_off;
    bool suspend_bias_off;

    void (*seq_notifier)(struct snd_soc_dapm_context *,
                 enum snd_soc_dapm_type, int);

    bool ignore_pmdown_time;  /* Doesn't benefit from pmdown delay */
};

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snd_soc_component_driver结构体如下,主要包含controls, dapm_widget, dapm_routes,在Codec DAI中,dapm主要描述了codec内部widget是如何link的。

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/* component interface */
struct snd_soc_component_driver {
    const char *name;

    /* Default control and setup, added after probe() is run */
    const struct snd_kcontrol_new *controls;
    unsigned int num_controls;
    const struct snd_soc_dapm_widget *dapm_widgets;
    unsigned int num_dapm_widgets;
    const struct snd_soc_dapm_route *dapm_routes;
    unsigned int num_dapm_routes;

    int (*probe)(struct snd_soc_component *);
    void (*remove)(struct snd_soc_component *);

    /* DT */
    int (*of_xlate_dai_name)(struct snd_soc_component *component,
                 struct of_phandle_args *args,
                 const char **dai_name);
    void (*seq_notifier)(struct snd_soc_component *, enum snd_soc_dapm_type,
        int subseq);
    int (*stream_event)(struct snd_soc_component *, int event);

    /* probe ordering - for components with runtime dependencies */
    int probe_order;
    int remove_order;
};

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具体的初始化过程如下:将component driver赋值给component的driver成员,使用component driver dapm_widget和dapm_route赋值给component相应的成员,初始化component的dai_list.

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static int snd_soc_component_initialize(struct snd_soc_component *component,
    const struct snd_soc_component_driver *driver, struct device *dev)
{
    struct snd_soc_dapm_context *dapm;

    component->name = fmt_single_name(dev, &component->id);
    if (!component->name) {
        dev_err(dev, "ASoC: Failed to allocate name\n");
        return -ENOMEM;
    }

    component->dev = dev;
    component->driver = driver;
    component->probe = component->driver->probe;
    component->remove = component->driver->remove;

    dapm = &component->dapm;
    dapm->dev = dev;
    dapm->component = component;
    dapm->bias_level = SND_SOC_BIAS_OFF;
    dapm->idle_bias_off = true;
    if (driver->seq_notifier)
        dapm->seq_notifier = snd_soc_component_seq_notifier;
    if (driver->stream_event)
        dapm->stream_event = snd_soc_component_stream_event;

    component->controls = driver->controls;
    component->num_controls = driver->num_controls;
    component->dapm_widgets = driver->dapm_widgets;
    component->num_dapm_widgets = driver->num_dapm_widgets;
    component->dapm_routes = driver->dapm_routes;
    component->num_dapm_routes = driver->num_dapm_routes;

    INIT_LIST_HEAD(&component->dai_list);
    mutex_init(&component->io_mutex);

    return 0;
}

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3.设置codec->component的probe,remove,write,read函数,即为snd_soc_codec_driver相应的成员函数。

4.调用snd_soc_register_dais来注册codec DAI

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static int snd_soc_register_dais(struct snd_soc_component *component,
    struct snd_soc_dai_driver *dai_drv, size_t count,
    bool legacy_dai_naming)
{
    struct device *dev = component->dev;
    struct snd_soc_dai *dai;
    unsigned int i;
    int ret;

    dev_dbg(dev, "ASoC: dai register %s #%Zu\n", dev_name(dev), count);

    component->dai_drv = dai_drv;

    for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {

        dai = soc_add_dai(component, dai_drv + i,
                count == 1 && legacy_dai_naming);
        if (dai == NULL) {
            ret = -ENOMEM;
            goto err;
        }
    }

    return 0;

err:
    snd_soc_unregister_dais(component);

    return ret;
}

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在snd_soc_register_dais函数内遍历snd_soc_dai_driver 列表,通过soc_add_dai将每个dai都添加到component的dai_list。

在snd_add_dai函数中,创建snd_soc_dai结构体dai,并使用dai_drv对snd_soc_dai进行初始化,最后将创建的dai添加到component->dai_list中。在此函数中还会将dai_drv的name copy给dai的name,后续Machine driver就是通过这个name来找到codec DAI的。

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/* Create a DAI and add it to the component's DAI list */
static struct snd_soc_dai *soc_add_dai(struct snd_soc_component *component,
    struct snd_soc_dai_driver *dai_drv,
    bool legacy_dai_naming)
{
    struct device *dev = component->dev;
    struct snd_soc_dai *dai;

    dev_dbg(dev, "ASoC: dynamically register DAI %s\n", dev_name(dev));

    dai = kzalloc(sizeof(struct snd_soc_dai), GFP_KERNEL);
    if (dai == NULL)
        return NULL;

    /*
     * Back in the old days when we still had component-less DAIs,
     * instead of having a static name, component-less DAIs would
     * inherit the name of the parent device so it is possible to
     * register multiple instances of the DAI. We still need to keep
     * the same naming style even though those DAIs are not
     * component-less anymore.
     */
    if (legacy_dai_naming &&
       (dai_drv->id == 0 || dai_drv->name == NULL)) {
        dai->name = fmt_single_name(dev, &dai->id);
    } else {
        dai->name = fmt_multiple_name(dev, dai_drv);
        if (dai_drv->id)
            dai->id = dai_drv->id;
        else
            dai->id = component->num_dai;
    }
    if (dai->name == NULL) {
        kfree(dai);
        return NULL;
    }

    dai->component = component;
    dai->dev = dev;
    dai->driver = dai_drv;
    if (!dai->driver->ops)
        dai->driver->ops = &null_dai_ops;

    list_add(&dai->list, &component->dai_list);
    component->num_dai++;

    dev_dbg(dev, "ASoC: Registered DAI '%s'\n", dai->name);
    return dai;
}

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5.设置codec DAI的成员codec为当前创建的codec。

6.调用snd_soc_component_add_unlocked将codec->component加到全局列表component,并将创建的codec加到全局列表codec_list.

 

在后续注册card时(snd_soc_register_card),snd_soc_instantiate_card中会调用soc_bind_dai_link函数,在此函数中通过dai的name来找到machine driver的某条dai_link上的codec dai,并通过codec dai找到相应的codec, 具体如下:

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    struct snd_soc_dai_link_component *codecs = dai_link->codecs;
    
    /* Find CODEC from registered CODECs */
    codec_dais = rtd->codec_dais;
    for (i = 0; i < rtd->num_codecs; i++) {
        codec_dais[i] = snd_soc_find_dai(&codecs[i]);
        if (!codec_dais[i]) {
            dev_err(card->dev, "ASoC: CODEC DAI %s not registered\n",
                codecs[i].dai_name);
            goto _err_defer;
        }
    }

    /* Single codec links expect codec and codec_dai in runtime data */
    rtd->codec_dai = codec_dais[0];
    rtd->codec = rtd->codec_dai->codec;

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其中dai_link->codecs是在snd_soc_init_multicodec()中创建和初始化的。

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static int snd_soc_init_multicodec(struct snd_soc_card *card,
                   struct snd_soc_dai_link *dai_link)
{
    /* Legacy codec/codec_dai link is a single entry in multicodec */
    if (dai_link->codec_name || dai_link->codec_of_node ||
        dai_link->codec_dai_name) {
        dai_link->num_codecs = 1;

        dai_link->codecs = devm_kzalloc(card->dev,
                sizeof(struct snd_soc_dai_link_component),
                GFP_KERNEL);
        if (!dai_link->codecs)
            return -ENOMEM;

        dai_link->codecs[0].name = dai_link->codec_name;
        dai_link->codecs[0].of_node = dai_link->codec_of_node;
        dai_link->codecs[0].dai_name = dai_link->codec_dai_name;
    }

    if (!dai_link->codecs) {
        dev_err(card->dev, "ASoC: DAI link has no CODECs\n");
        return -EINVAL;
    }

    return 0;
}

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在soc_probe_link_components中会对codec dai的component进行probe: 

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static int soc_probe_link_components(struct snd_soc_card *card,
            struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd,
                     int order)
{
    struct snd_soc_platform *platform = rtd->platform;
    struct snd_soc_component *component;
    int i, ret;

    /* probe the CPU-side component, if it is a CODEC */
    component = rtd->cpu_dai->component;
    if (component->driver->probe_order == order) {
        ret = soc_probe_component(card, component);
        if (ret < 0)
            return ret;
    }

    /* probe the CODEC-side components */
    for (i = 0; i < rtd->num_codecs; i++) {
        component = rtd->codec_dais[i]->component;
        if (component->driver->probe_order == order) {
            ret = soc_probe_component(card, component);
            if (ret < 0)
                return ret;
        }
    }

    /* probe the platform */
    if (platform->component.driver->probe_order == order) {
        ret = soc_probe_component(card, &platform->component);
        if (ret < 0)
            return ret;
    }

    return 0;
}

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在soc_probe_component函数内,对codec DAI进行probe,主要包括

将component 和dapm context的card赋值。

调用snd_soc_dapm_new_controls创建component的dapm_widget,并将widget加到card->widgets列表中.

调用snd_soc_dapm_new_dai_widgets对component dai_list每一个dai widget, widget的name为dai->driver->playback/capture.name.并将widget加到card->widgets列表中.

调用component的probe函数

调用snd_soc_dapm_add_routes对component的dapm_routes添加dapm path.

将component的dapm context加到card的dapm context列表。

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static int soc_probe_component(struct snd_soc_card *card,
    struct snd_soc_component *component)
{
    struct snd_soc_dapm_context *dapm = snd_soc_component_get_dapm(component);
    struct snd_soc_dai *dai;
    int ret;

    if (!strcmp(component->name, "snd-soc-dummy"))
        return 0;

    if (component->card) {
        if (component->card != card) {
            dev_err(component->dev,
                "Trying to bind component to card \"%s\" but is already bound to card \"%s\"\n",
                card->name, component->card->name);
            return -ENODEV;
        }
        return 0;
    }

    if (!try_module_get(component->dev->driver->owner))
        return -ENODEV;

    component->card = card;
    dapm->card = card;
    soc_set_name_prefix(card, component);

    soc_init_component_debugfs(component);

    if (component->dapm_widgets) {
        ret = snd_soc_dapm_new_controls(dapm, component->dapm_widgets,
            component->num_dapm_widgets);

        if (ret != 0) {
            dev_err(component->dev,
                "Failed to create new controls %d\n", ret);
            goto err_probe;
        }
    }

    list_for_each_entry(dai, &component->dai_list, list) {
        ret = snd_soc_dapm_new_dai_widgets(dapm, dai);
        if (ret != 0) {
            dev_err(component->dev,
                "Failed to create DAI widgets %d\n", ret);
            goto err_probe;
        }
    }

    if (component->probe) {
        ret = component->probe(component);
        if (ret < 0) {
            dev_err(component->dev,
                "ASoC: failed to probe component %d\n", ret);
            goto err_probe;
        }

        WARN(dapm->idle_bias_off &&
            dapm->bias_level != SND_SOC_BIAS_OFF,
            "codec %s can not start from non-off bias with idle_bias_off==1\n",
            component->name);
    }

    /* machine specific init */
    if (component->init) {
        ret = component->init(component);
        if (ret < 0) {
            dev_err(component->dev,
                "Failed to do machine specific init %d\n", ret);
            goto err_probe;
        }
    }

    if (component->controls)
        snd_soc_add_component_controls(component, component->controls,
                     component->num_controls);
    if (component->dapm_routes)
        snd_soc_dapm_add_routes(dapm, component->dapm_routes,
                    component->num_dapm_routes);

    list_add(&dapm->list, &card->dapm_list);

    /* This is a HACK and will be removed soon */
    if (component->codec)
        list_add(&component->codec->card_list, &card->codec_dev_list);

    return 0;

err_probe:
    soc_cleanup_component_debugfs(component);
    component->card = NULL;
    module_put(component->dev->driver->owner);

    return ret;
}

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