Windows下Python版本信息写入注册表

windows下如果Python没有在注册表写入路径,会导致在用virtualenvwrapper-win创建不同python版本虚拟环境时提示错误PEP 514或提示找不到python。安装正确的python版本,并写入注册表可以解决这个问题。

原文在PEP 514 -- Python registration in the Windows registry | Python.org

文章详细解释了注册表内容,下面代码可以简单写入当前版本的注册表。

#
# script to register Python 2.0 or later for use with win32all
# and other extensions that require Python registry settings
#
# written by Joakim Loew for Secret Labs AB / PythonWare
#
# source:
# http://www.pythonware.com/products/works/articles/regpy20.htm
#
# modified by Valentine Gogichashvili as described in http://www.mail-archive.com/distutils-sig@python.org/msg10512.html

import sys

from winreg import *

# tweak as necessary
version = sys.version[:3]
installpath = sys.prefix

regpath = "SOFTWARE\\Python\\Pythoncore\\%s\\" % (version)
installkey = "InstallPath"
pythonkey = "PythonPath"
pythonpath = "%s;%s\\Lib\\;%s\\DLLs\\" % (
    installpath, installpath, installpath
)


def RegisterPy():
    try:
        reg = OpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, regpath)
    except EnvironmentError as e:
        try:
            reg = CreateKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, regpath)
            SetValue(reg, installkey, REG_SZ, installpath)
            SetValue(reg, pythonkey, REG_SZ, pythonpath)
            CloseKey(reg)
        except:
            print("*** Unable to register!")
            return
        print("--- Python", version, "is now registered!")
        return
    if (QueryValue(reg, installkey) == installpath and
                QueryValue(reg, pythonkey) == pythonpath):
        CloseKey(reg)
        print("=== Python", version, "is already registered!")
        return
    CloseKey(reg)
    print("*** Unable to register!")
    print("*** You probably have another Python installation!")


if __name__ == "__main__":
    RegisterPy()

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