s3c2440的摄像接口应用


分类: ARM系统2010-06-07 17:18 2273人阅读 评论(86) 收藏 举报

 

s3c2440提供了一个摄像接口,使开发人员很容易地实现摄像、照相等功能。摄像接口包括8位来自摄像头的输入数据信号,一个输出主时钟信号,三个来自摄像头的输入同步时钟信号和一个输出复位信号。摄像接口的主时钟信号由USB PLL产生,它的频率为96MHz,再经过分频处理后输出给摄像头,摄像头再根据该时钟信号产生三个同步时钟信号(像素时钟、帧同步时钟和行同步时钟),反过来再输入回s3c2440。

 

       s3c2440仅仅提供了一个摄像接口,因此要实现其功能,还需要摄像头。在这里,我们使用OV9650。OV9650内部有大量的寄存器需要配置,这就需要另外的数据接口。OV9650的数据接口称为SCCB(串行摄像控制总线),它由两条数据线组成:一个是用于传输时钟信号的SIO_C,另一个是用于传输数据信号的SIO_D。SCCB的传输协议与IIC的极其相似,只不过IIC在每传输完一个字节后,接收数据的一方要发送一位的确认数据,而SCCB一次要传输9位数据,前8位为有用数据,而第9位数据在写周期中是Don’t-Care位(即不必关心位),在读周期中是NA位。SCCB定义数据传输的基本单元为相(phase),即一个相传输一个字节数据。SCCB只包括三种传输周期,即3相写传输周期(三个相依次为设备从地址,内存地址,所写数据),2相写传输周期(两个相依次为设备从地址,内存地址)和2相读传输周期(两个相依次为设备从地址,所读数据)。当需要写操作时,应用3相写传输周期,当需要读操作时,依次应用2相写传输周期和2相读传输周期。因此SCCB一次只能读或写一个字节。下面我们就用s3c2440的IIC总线接口分别与OV9650的SIO_C和SIO_D相连接来实现SCCB的功能。具体的读、写函数为:

 

//配置IIC接口

rGPEUP = 0xc000;               //上拉无效

rGPECON = 0xa0000000;            //GPE15:IICSDA,GPE14:IICSCL 

 

//IIC中断

void __irq IicISR(void)

{

       rSRCPND |= 0x1<<27;

       rINTPND |= 0x1<<27;

       flag = 0; 

}

 

//写操作

//输入参数分别为要写入的内存地址和数据

void Wr_SCCB(unsigned char wordAddr, unsigned char data)

{

       //3相写传输周期

       //写OV9650设备从地址字节

flag =1;

       rIICDS =0x60;              //OV9650设备从地址为0x60

       rIICSTAT = 0xf0;

       rIICCON &= ~0x10;

      

       while(flag == 1)

              delay(100);

      

       //写OV9650内存地址字节

       flag = 1;

       rIICDS = wordAddr;

       rIICCON &= ~0x10;

       while(flag)

              delay(100);

      

       //写具体的数据字节

       flag = 1;

       rIICDS = data;

       rIICCON &= ~0x10;

       while(flag)

              delay(100);

                    

       rIICSTAT = 0xd0;         //停止位

       rIICCON = 0xe3;          //为下一次数据传输做准备

      

       delay(100);                  

}

 

//读操作

//参数分别为要读取的内存地址和数据

void Rd_SCCB (unsigned char wordAddr,unsigned char *data)

{

       unsigned char temp;

      

       //2相写传输周期

       //写入OV9650设备从地址字节

       flag =1;

       rIICDS = 0x60;

       rIICSTAT = 0xf0;

       rIICCON &= ~0x10;

       while(flag)

              delay(100);

      

       //写入内存地址字节

       flag = 1;

       rIICDS = wordAddr;

       rIICCON &= ~0x10;

       while(flag)

              delay(100);

      

       rIICSTAT = 0xd0;         //停止位

       rIICCON = 0xe3;          //为下一次数据传输做准备

      

       delay(100);    

      

       //2相读传输周期

       //写入OV9650设备从地址字节

       flag = 1;

       rIICDS = 0x60;

       rIICSTAT = 0xb0;

       rIICCON &= ~0x10;

       while (flag)

              delay(100);

             

       //读取一个无用字节

       flag = 1;

       temp = rIICDS;

       rIICCON &= ~((1<<7)|(1<<4));

       while(flag)

              delay(100);

      

       //读取数据

       flag = 1;

       *data= rIICDS;

       rIICCON &= ~((1<<7)|(1<<4));

       while(flag)

              delay(100);

             

       rIICSTAT = 0x90;         //停止位

       rIICCON = 0xe3;          //为下一次传输做准备

      

       delay(100);                  

}

 

       当然我们也可以用两个通用IO口来模拟SCCB总线,下面我们给出具体的程序,其中GPE15为SIO_D,GPE14为SIO_C。

 

#define CLOCK_LOW()              (rGPEDAT&=(~(1<<14)))           //时钟信号低

#define CLOCK_HIGH()             (rGPEDAT|=(1<<14))                  //时钟信号高

#define DATA_LOW()                 (rGPEDAT&=(~(1<<15)))           //数据信号低

#define DATA_HIGH()                (rGPEDAT|=(1<<15))                  //数据信号高

 

//配置IO

rGPEUP = 0xc000;               //上拉无效

rGPECON = 5<<28;             //GPE15为SIO_D,GPE14为SIO_C,都为输出

 

void delay(int a)

{

       int k;

       for(k=0;k<a;k++)

              ;

}

 

//启动SCCB

void __inline SCCB_start(void)

{

       CLOCK_HIGH();

       DATA_HIGH();

       delay(10);

       DATA_LOW();

       delay(10);

       CLOCK_LOW();

       delay(10);

}

 

//结束SCCB

void __inline SCCB_end(void)

{

       DATA_LOW();

       delay(10);

       CLOCK_HIGH();

       delay(10);

       DATA_HIGH();

       delay(10);

}

 

//SCCB发送一个字节

void __inline SCCB_sendbyte(unsigned char data)

{

       int i=0;

       //并行数据转串行输出,串行数据输出的顺序为先高位再低位

       for(i=0;i<8;i++)

       {

              if(data & 0x80)

                     DATA_HIGH();

              else

                     DATA_LOW();

                    

              delay(10);

              CLOCK_HIGH();

              delay(10);

              CLOCK_LOW();

              delay(10);

              DATA_LOW();

              delay(10);

             

              data <<= 1;

       }

      

       //第9位,Don’t Care

       DATA_HIGH();

       delay(10);

       CLOCK_HIGH();

       delay(10);

       CLOCK_LOW();

       delay(10);

}

 

// SCCB接收一个字节

void __inline SCCB_receivebyte(unsigned char *data)

{

       int i=0;

       int svalue=0;

       int pvalue = 0;

      

       rGPECON = 1<<28;             //把GPE15输出改变为输入

      

       //串行数据转并行输入,高位在前

for(i=7;i>=0;i--)

       {

              CLOCK_HIGH();

              delay(10);

              svalue = rGPEDAT>>15;

              CLOCK_LOW();

              delay(10);

              pvalue |= svalue <<i;

       }

      

       rGPECON =5<<28;              //再把GPE15改回为输出

      

       //第9位,N.A.

       DATA_HIGH();

       delay(10);

       CLOCK_HIGH();

       delay(10);

       CLOCK_LOW();

       delay(10);

      

       *data = pvalue &0xff;   

}

 

//写操作

void SCCB_senddata(unsigned char subaddr, unsigned char data)

{

       //3相写传输周期

       SCCB_start();                             //启动SCCB

       SCCB_sendbyte(0x60);                //OV9650设备从地址,写操作

       SCCB_sendbyte(subaddr);            //设备内存地址

       SCCB_sendbyte(data);                 //写数据字节

       SCCB_end();                              //结束SCCB

      

       delay(20);

}

 

//读操作

unsigned char SCCB_receivedata(unsigned char subaddr)

{

       unsigned char temp;

      

       //2相写传输周期

       SCCB_start();                             //启动SCCB

       SCCB_sendbyte(0x60);               //OV9650设备从地址,写操作

       SCCB_sendbyte(subaddr);            //设备内存地址

       SCCB_end();                              //结束SCCB

      

       //2相读传输周期

       SCCB_start();                             //启动SCCB

       SCCB_sendbyte(0x61);                //OV9650设备从地址,读操作

       SCCB_receivebyte(&temp);         //读字节

       SCCB_end();                              //结束SCCB

      

       return temp;   

}

 

       OV9650的寄存器较多,要想配置好这些寄存器是需要花费一些精力的。下面数组给出了一个VGA(640×480)模式下YUV彩色空间的配置例子,括号内第一个元素表示寄存器地址,第二个元素表示要写入的数据。

 

const unsigned char ov9650_register[ ][2] = {    

{0x11,0x80},{0x6a,0x3e},{0x3b,0x09},{0x13,0xe0},{0x01,0x80},{0x02,0x80},{0x00,0x00},{0x10,0x00},

{0x13,0xe5},{0x39,0x43},{0x38,0x12},{0x37,0x00},{0x35,0x91},{0x0e,0xa0},{0x1e,0x04},{0xA8,0x80},

{0x12,0x40},{0x04,0x00},{0x0c,0x04},{0x0d,0x80},{0x18,0xc6},{0x17,0x26},{0x32,0xad},{0x03,0x00},

{0x1a,0x3d},{0x19,0x01},{0x3f,0xa6},{0x14,0x2e},{0x15,0x10},{0x41,0x02},{0x42,0x08},{0x1b,0x00},

{0x16,0x06},{0x33,0xe2},{0x34,0xbf},{0x96,0x04},{0x3a,0x00},{0x8e,0x00},{0x3c,0x77},{0x8B,0x06},

{0x94,0x88},{0x95,0x88},{0x40,0xc1},{0x29,0x3f},{0x0f,0x42},{0x3d,0x92},{0x69,0x40},{0x5C,0xb9},

{0x5D,0x96},{0x5E,0x10},{0x59,0xc0},{0x5A,0xaf},{0x5B,0x55},{0x43,0xf0},{0x44,0x10},{0x45,0x68},

{0x46,0x96},{0x47,0x60},{0x48,0x80},{0x5F,0xe0},{0x60,0x8c},{0x61,0x20},{0xa5,0xd9},{0xa4,0x74},

{0x8d,0x02},{0x13,0xe7},{0x4f,0x3a},{0x50,0x3d},{0x51,0x03},{0x52,0x12},{0x53,0x26},{0x54,0x38},

{0x55,0x40},{0x56,0x40},{0x57,0x40},{0x58,0x0d},{0x8C,0x23},{0x3E,0x02},{0xa9,0xb8},{0xaa,0x92},

{0xab,0x0a},{0x8f,0xdf},{0x90,0x00},{0x91,0x00},{0x9f,0x00},{0xa0,0x00},{0x3A,0x01},{0x24,0x70},

{0x25,0x64},{0x26,0xc3},{0x2a,0x00},{0x2b,0x00},{0x6c,0x40},{0x6d,0x30},{0x6e,0x4b},{0x6f,0x60},

{0x70,0x70},{0x71,0x70},{0x72,0x70},{0x73,0x70},{0x74,0x60},{0x75,0x60},{0x76,0x50},{0x77,0x48},

{0x78,0x3a},{0x79,0x2e},{0x7a,0x28},{0x7b,0x22},{0x7c,0x04},{0x7d,0x07},{0x7e,0x10},{0x7f,0x28},

{0x80,0x36},{0x81,0x44},{0x82,0x52},{0x83,0x60},{0x84,0x6c},{0x85,0x78},{0x86,0x8c},{0x87,0x9e},

{0x88,0xbb},{0x89,0xd2},{0x8a,0xe6},

};

 

       另外OV9650有两个只读寄存器——0x1C和0x1D,用于存放厂家ID,数据分别为0x7F和0xA2,我们可以通过读取它们来判断s3c2440是否连接了OV9650。当确认连接了OV9650后,我们就可以把上面的那个数组写入OV9650内,如下所示。在这里我们总是认为s3c2440连接了OV9650。

 

void config_ov9650(void)

{

       unsigned char temp;

       int i;

 

       //读取OV9650厂商ID

i=1;

       while(i)

       {

              temp = SCCB_receivedata(0x1C);               //或Rd_SCCB (0x1C,&temp);

              if(temp==0x7F)

                     i=0;

       }

       i=1;

       while(i)

       {

              temp = SCCB_receivedata(0x1D);               //或Rd_SCCB (0x1D,&temp);

              if(temp==0xA2)

                     i=0;

       }

 

//复位所有OV9650寄存器

       SCCB_senddata(0x12,0x80);               //或Wr_SCCB (0x12,0x80);

       delay(10000);

      

       //配置OV9650寄存器

       for(i=0;i<((sizeof(ov9650_register))/2);i++)

       {

              SCCB_senddata(ov9650_register[i][0],ov9650_register[i][1]);  

//或Wr_SCCB (ov9650_register[i][0],ov9650_register[i][1]);

       }

}

 

       上面程序中,我们是用循环语句读取OV9650的寄存器0x1C和0x1D的,之所以这样,是为了防止只读取一次时,会有读取不正确的现象发生。而一旦正确读取了厂商ID信息,再读写OV9650寄存器,一般就不会发生读写的错误。

 

       下面就介绍s3c2440摄像接口的相关配置。摄像接口有两个相互独立的DMA通道——P通道(预览通道)和C通道(编解码通道)。P通道主要是存储用于视频显示的RGB图像数据,C通道主要是存储用于编解码的YCbCr图像数据。在这里我们主要是把OV9650采集到的视频信息实时显示在LCD上,因此只介绍P通道的用法。

 

       设置s3c2440摄像接口一个很重要的步骤就是设置视频尺寸大小。我们把由OV9650采集到的视频尺寸称为源,即源水平尺寸和源垂直尺寸,其中源水平尺寸必须是8的整数倍。这个尺寸是通过配置OV9650的相关寄存器实现的。我们把这两个值分别放入输入源格式寄存器CISRCFMT的第16位至第28位,和第0位至第12位内,例如通过OV9650,采集的到的视频尺寸为640×480,则把640和480分别放入寄存器CISRCFMT中的相应位置即可。我们把实际显示的视频尺寸称为目标,即目标水平尺寸和目标垂直尺寸,这里这个尺寸就是LCD的尺寸。我们把这两个值分别放入预览DMA目标图像格式寄存器CIPRTRGFMT的第16位至第28位,和第0位至第12位内,例如LCD的尺寸为320×240,则把320和240分别放入寄存器CIPRTRGFMT中的相应位置即可。另外还需要把这两个值的乘积放入预览缩放目标面积寄存器CIPRTAREA内。源尺寸和目标尺寸往往是不一样大小的,那么可能还需要设置偏移量,即水平偏移量和垂直偏移量,应该把这两个值分别放入窗口偏移寄存器CIWDOFST的第16位至第26位,和第0位至第10位内,其中这个寄存器的第31位用于控制是否需要设置偏移量,当偏移量为0或不需要设置偏移量时,这一位应为0,否则为1。显然,通过源尺寸、目标尺寸和偏移量的设置,可以实现被摄像物体的缩放效果。当然,要实现这种缩放效果,还需要配置预览预缩放比例控制寄存器CIPRSCPRERATIO、预览预缩放距离格式寄存器CIPRSCPREDST和预览主缩放控制寄存器CIPRSCCTRL,这些寄存器的相关参数是通过计算得到的,数据手册上有详细的说明,而且还有标准的函数可以调用,因此在这里就不过多介绍。

 

       前面已经介绍过,摄像接口都是通过DMA实现数据交换的。s3c2440能够在内存中各开辟四块乒乓存储区域,用于实现P通道和C通道的快速数据传递。在P通道中,寄存器CIPRCLRSA1、CIPRCLRSA2、CIPRCLRSA3和CIPRCLRSA4分别用于表示这四块内存的首地址。另外在DMA数据传递中,还要让DMA知道如何进行传递,即一次传输多少个字节,这需要设置预览DMA控制相关寄存器CIPRCTRL的主突发长度和剩余突发长度,这两个值也可以通过调用标准函数来求得。另外在完成每一帧视频采集后,会触发一个视频中断。

 

       下面就给出一段具体的程序,利用OV9650实时地在LCD上显示视频,并通过UART来控制视频,让视频图像放大,缩小,以及实现照相的功能(让图像定格在LCD上)。

 

 

……   ……

 

int com;

 

……   ……

 

//计算主突发长度和剩余突发长度,用于CIPRCTRL寄存器

void CalculateBurstSize(U32 hSize,U32 *mainBurstSize,U32 *remainedBurstSize)

{

       U32 tmp;

       tmp=(hSize/4)%16;

       switch(tmp) {

              case 0:

                     *mainBurstSize=16;

                     *remainedBurstSize=16;

                     break;

              case 4:

                     *mainBurstSize=16;

                     *remainedBurstSize=4;

                     break;

              case 8:

                     *mainBurstSize=16;

                     *remainedBurstSize=8;

                     break;

              default:

                     tmp=(hSize/4)%8;

                     switch(tmp) {

                            case 0:

                                   *mainBurstSize=8;

                                   *remainedBurstSize=8;

                                   break;

                            case 4:

                                   *mainBurstSize=8;

                                   *remainedBurstSize=4;

                            default:

                                   *mainBurstSize=4;

                                   tmp=(hSize/4)%4;

                                   *remainedBurstSize= (tmp) ? tmp: 4;

                                   break;

                     }

                     break;

       }                                        

}

 

//计算预缩放比率及移位量,用于CICOSCPRERATIO寄存器

void CalculatePrescalerRatioShift(U32 SrcSize, U32 DstSize, U32 *ratio,U32 *shift)

{

       if(SrcSize>=64*DstSize) {

              //Uart_Printf("ERROR: out of the prescaler range: SrcSize/DstSize = %d(< 64)/n",SrcSize/DstSize);

              while(1);

       }

       else if(SrcSize>=32*DstSize) {

              *ratio=32;

              *shift=5;

       }

       else if(SrcSize>=16*DstSize) {

              *ratio=16;

              *shift=4;

       }

       else if(SrcSize>=8*DstSize) {

              *ratio=8;

              *shift=3;

       }

       else if(SrcSize>=4*DstSize) {

              *ratio=4;

              *shift=2;

       }

       else if(SrcSize>=2*DstSize) {

              *ratio=2;

              *shift=1;

       }

       else {

              *ratio=1;

              *shift=0;

       }        

}

 

//摄像接口初始化

//输入参数分别为预览目标宽和高(即LCD尺寸),以及水平和垂直偏移量

void CamInit(U32 PrDstWidth, U32 PrDstHeight, U32 WinHorOffset, U32 WinVerOffset)

{

       U32 WinOfsEn;

       U32 MainBurstSizeRGB, RemainedBurstSizeRGB;

       U32 H_Shift, V_Shift, PreHorRatio, PreVerRatio, MainHorRatio, MainVerRatio;

       U32 SrcWidth, SrcHeight;

       U32 ScaleUp_H_Pr, ScaleUp_V_Pr;

      

       //判断是否需要设置偏移量

       if(WinHorOffset==0 && WinVerOffset==0)

              WinOfsEn=0;

       else

              WinOfsEn=1;

 

       SrcWidth=640/*源水平尺寸*/-WinHorOffset*2;

       SrcHeight=480/*源垂直尺寸*/-WinVerOffset*2;

 

//判断尺寸是放大还是缩小

       if(SrcWidth>=PrDstWidth)

ScaleUp_H_Pr=0;         //down

       else

ScaleUp_H_Pr=1;         //up

 

       if(SrcHeight>=PrDstHeight)

ScaleUp_V_Pr=0;  

       else

ScaleUp_V_Pr=1;        

 

       rCIGCTRL |= (1<<26)|(0<<27);          //PCLK极性反转,外部摄像处理器输入

       rCIWDOFST = (1<<30)|(0xf<<12);    //清FIFO溢出

       rCIWDOFST = 0;                //恢复正常模式

       rCIWDOFST=(WinOfsEn<<31)|(WinHorOffset<<16)|(WinVerOffset);     //设置偏移量

       rCISRCFMT=(1<<31)|(0<<30)|(0<<29)|(640/*源水平尺寸*/<<16)|(0<<14)|(480/*源垂直尺寸*/);

      

//设置内存首地址,因为是直接显示,所以设置为LCD缓存数组首地址

       rCIPRCLRSA1 = (U32)LCD_BUFFER;

       rCIPRCLRSA2 = (U32)LCD_BUFFER;

       rCIPRCLRSA3 = (U32)LCD_BUFFER;

       rCIPRCLRSA4 = (U32)LCD_BUFFER;

      

       //设置目标尺寸,并且不进行镜像和旋转处理

       rCIPRTRGFMT=(PrDstWidth<<16)|(0<<14)|(PrDstHeight);

 

       //计算并设置突发长度

       CalculateBurstSize(PrDstWidth*2, &MainBurstSizeRGB, &RemainedBurstSizeRGB);

       rCIPRCTRL=(MainBurstSizeRGB<<19)|(RemainedBurstSizeRGB<<14);

 

//计算水平和垂直缩放比率和位移量,以及主水平、垂直比率

       CalculatePrescalerRatioShift(SrcWidth, PrDstWidth, &PreHorRatio, &H_Shift);

       CalculatePrescalerRatioShift(SrcHeight, PrDstHeight, &PreVerRatio, &V_Shift);

       MainHorRatio=(SrcWidth<<8)/(PrDstWidth<<H_Shift);

       MainVerRatio=(SrcHeight<<8)/(PrDstHeight<<V_Shift);

 

       //设置缩放所需的各类参数

       rCIPRSCPRERATIO=((10-H_Shift-V_Shift)<<28)|(PreHorRatio<<16)|(PreVerRatio);   

       rCIPRSCPREDST=((SrcWidth/PreHorRatio)<<16)|(SrcHeight/PreVerRatio);

       rCIPRSCCTRL=(1<<31)|(1 /*24位RGB格式*/ <<30)|(ScaleUp_H_Pr<<29)|(ScaleUp_V_Pr<<28)|(MainHorRatio<<16)|(MainVerRatio);

      

       //设置面积

       rCIPRTAREA= PrDstWidth*PrDstHeight;

}

 

//摄像中断,在这里,除了清中断标志,没有其他操作

void __irq CamIsr(void)

{

       rSUBSRCPND |= 1<<12;

       rSRCPND |= 1<<6;

       rINTPND |= 1<<6;

}

 

//UART中断

void __irq uartISR(void)

{

       unsigned char ch;

      

       rSUBSRCPND |= 0x3;

       rSRCPND = 0x1<<28;

       rINTPND = 0x1<<28;

      

       ch = rURXH0; //接收字节数据

       switch(ch)

       {

              case 0x11:                     //正常显示视频

                     com=1;

                     break;

              case 0x22:                    //定格图像

                     com=2;

                     break;

              case 0x33:                    //放大尺寸

                     com=3;

                     break;

              case 0x44:                    //缩小尺寸

                     com =4;

                     break;

       }

       rUTXH0 = ch;

}

 

void Main(void)

{

       int HOffset,VOffset;

 

       //初始化UPLL,以得到OV9650的系统时钟

       rUPLLCON = (56<<12) | (2<<4) | 1;          //UPLL为96MHz

       rCLKDIVN |= (1<<3);                 //UCLK = UPLL/2=48MHz

       rCAMDIVN = (rCAMDIVN & ~(0xf))|(1<<4)|(2);           //设置摄像接口时钟分频

      

……   ……   

   

LCD_Init();           //初始化LCD,其中LCD的显示格式为24位RGB格式

 

rLCDCON1|=1;            //开启LCD

 

      

       //配置摄像接口引脚

       rGPJCON = 0x2aaaaaa;

       rGPJDAT = 0;

rGPJUP = 0;                 //上拉使能

      

       //硬件复位摄像头

       rGPJDAT |= 1<<12;

delay(100);

       rGPJDAT &= ~(1<<12);

      

       //软件复位摄像接口

       rCIGCTRL |= (1<<31);

       delay(100);

       rCIGCTRL &= ~(1<<31);

       delay(100);

 

       //软件复位摄像头

       rCIGCTRL |= (1<<30);

       delay(300);

       rCIGCTRL &= ~(1<<30);

       delay(20000);

      

       config_ov9650();          //配置OV9650寄存器

     

       HOffset=0;

       VOffset=0;

      

       //初始化摄像接口

       CamInit(320,240,HOffset,VOffset);

 

//开启摄像接口中断,

       rSUBSRCPND |= 1<<12;

       rSRCPND |= 1<<6;

       rINTPND |= 1<<6;

       rINTSUBMSK &= ~(1<<12);

       rINTMSK &= ~(1<<6);

       pISR_CAM = (U32)CamIsr;   

      

       rCIPRSCCTRL|=(1<<15);                   //预览缩放开启

       rCIIMGCPT =(1<<31)|(1<<29);          //预览缩放捕捉使能

 

       com=0;

 

       while(1)

       {

              switch(com)

              {

                     case 1:                   //正常显示

                            com=0;

                            rCIPRSCCTRL|=(1<<15);           

                            rCIIMGCPT =(1<<31)|(1<<29);

                     break;

                     case 2:                   //定格图像

                            com=0;

                            rCIPRSCCTRL&=~(1<<15);

                            rCIIMGCPT &=~((1<<31)|(1<<29));

                     break;

                     case 3:                   //放大视频

                            com=0;

                            if(HOffset==160)

                                   break;

                            HOffset += 8;

                            VOffset += 8;

                            rCIPRSCCTRL&=~(1<<15);

                            rCIIMGCPT &=~((1<<31)|(1<<29));

                            CamInit(320,240,HOffset,VOffset);

                            rCIPRSCCTRL|=(1<<15);

                            rCIIMGCPT =(1<<31)|(1<<29);

                     break;

                     case 4:                   //缩小视频

                            com=0;

                            if(HOffset==0)

                                   break;

                            HOffset -= 8;

                            VOffset -= 8;

                            rCIPRSCCTRL&=~(1<<15);

                            rCIIMGCPT &=~((1<<31)|(1<<29));

                            CamInit(320,240,HOffset,VOffset);

                            rCIPRSCCTRL|=(1<<15);

                            rCIIMGCPT =(1<<31)|(1<<29);

                     break;

              }

}

}

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