Mysql将汉子转成拼音和简拼

Mysql将汉子转成拼音和简拼

-- 创建汉字拼音对照临时表
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `t_base_pinyin` (
  `pin_yin_` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET gbk NOT NULL,
  `code_` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`code_`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

-- 插入数据
INSERT INTO t_base_pinyin (pin_yin_,code_)  VALUES ("a", 20319),("ai", 20317),("an", 20304),("ang", 20295),("ao", 20292),("ba", 20283),("bai", 20265),("ban", 20257),("bang", 20242),("bao", 20230),("bei", 20051),("ben", 20036),("beng", 20032),("bi", 20026),("bian", 20002),("biao", 19990),("bie", 19986),("bin", 19982),("bing", 19976),("bo", 19805),("bu", 19784),("ca", 19775),("cai", 19774),("can", 19763),("cang", 19756),("cao", 19751),("ce", 19746),("ceng", 19741),("cha", 19739),("chai", 19728),("chan", 19725),("chang", 19715),("chao", 19540),("che", 19531),("chen", 19525),("cheng", 19515),("chi", 19500),("chong", 19484),("chou", 19479),("chu", 19467),("chuai", 19289),("chuan", 19288),("chuang", 19281),("chui", 19275),("chun", 19270),("chuo", 19263),("ci", 19261),("cong", 19249),("cou", 19243),("cu", 19242),("cuan", 19238),("cui", 19235),("cun", 19227),("cuo", 19224),("da", 19218),("dai", 19212),("dan", 19038),("dang", 19023),("dao", 19018),("de", 19006),("deng", 19003),("di", 18996),("dian", 18977),("diao", 18961),("die", 18952),("ding", 18783),("diu", 18774),("dong", 18773),("dou", 18763),("du", 18756),("duan", 18741),("dui", 18735),("dun", 18731),("duo", 18722),("e", 18710),("en", 18697),("er", 18696),("fa", 18526),("fan", 18518),("fang", 18501),("fei", 18490),("fen", 18478),("feng", 18463),("fo", 18448),("fou", 18447),("fu", 18446),("ga", 18239),("gai", 18237),("gan", 18231),("gang", 18220),("gao", 18211),("ge", 18201),("gei", 18184),("gen", 18183),("geng", 18181),("gong", 18012),("gou", 17997),("gu", 17988),("gua", 17970),("guai", 17964),("guan", 17961),("guang", 17950),("gui", 17947),("gun", 17931),("guo", 17928),("ha", 17922),("hai", 17759),("han", 17752),("hang", 17733),("hao", 17730),("he", 17721),("hei", 17703),("hen", 17701),("heng", 17697),("hong", 17692),("hou", 17683),("hu", 17676),("hua", 17496),("huai", 17487),("huan", 17482),("huang", 17468),("hui", 17454),("hun", 17433),("huo", 17427),("ji", 17417),("jia", 17202),("jian", 17185),("jiang", 16983),("jiao", 16970),("jie", 16942),("jin", 16915),("jing", 16733),("jiong", 16708),("jiu", 16706),("ju", 16689),("juan", 16664),("jue", 16657),("jun", 16647),("ka", 16474),("kai", 16470),("kan", 16465),("kang", 16459),("kao", 16452),("ke", 16448),("ken", 16433),("keng", 16429),("kong", 16427),("kou", 16423),("ku", 16419),("kua", 16412),("kuai", 16407),("kuan", 16403),("kuang", 16401),("kui", 16393),("kun", 16220),("kuo", 16216),("la", 16212),("lai", 16205),("lan", 16202),("lang", 16187),("lao", 16180),("le", 16171),("lei", 16169),("leng", 16158),("li", 16155),("lia", 15959),("lian", 15958),("liang", 15944),("liao", 15933),("lie", 15920),("lin", 15915),("ling", 15903),("liu", 15889),("long", 15878),("lou", 15707),("lu", 15701),("lv", 15681),("luan", 15667),("lue", 15661),("lun", 15659),("luo", 15652),("ma", 15640),("mai", 15631),("man", 15625),("mang", 15454),("mao", 15448),("me", 15436),("mei", 15435),("men", 15419),("meng", 15416),("mi", 15408),("mian", 15394),("miao", 15385),("mie", 15377),("min", 15375),("ming", 15369),("miu", 15363),("mo", 15362),("mou", 15183),("mu", 15180),("na", 15165),("nai", 15158),("nan", 15153),("nang", 15150),("nao", 15149),("ne", 15144),("nei", 15143),("nen", 15141),("neng", 15140),("ni", 15139),("nian", 15128),("niang", 15121),("niao", 15119),("nie", 15117),("nin", 15110),("ning", 15109),("niu", 14941),("nong", 14937),("nu", 14933),("nv", 14930),("nuan", 14929),("nue", 14928),("nuo", 14926),("o", 14922),("ou", 14921),("pa", 14914),("pai", 14908),("pan", 14902),("pang", 14894),("pao", 14889),("pei", 14882),("pen", 14873),("peng", 14871),("pi", 14857),("pian", 14678),("piao", 14674),("pie", 14670),("pin", 14668),("ping", 14663),("po", 14654),("pu", 14645),("qi", 14630),("qia", 14594),("qian", 14429),("qiang", 14407),("qiao", 14399),("qie", 14384),("qin", 14379),("qing", 14368),("qiong", 14355),("qiu", 14353),("qu", 14345),("quan", 14170),("que", 14159),("qun", 14151),("ran", 14149),("rang", 14145),("rao", 14140),("re", 14137),("ren", 14135),("reng", 14125),("ri", 14123),("rong", 14122),("rou", 14112),("ru", 14109),("ruan", 14099),("rui", 14097),("run", 14094),("ruo", 14092),("sa", 14090),("sai", 14087),("san", 14083),("sang", 13917),("sao", 13914),("se", 13910),("sen", 13907),("seng", 13906),("sha", 13905),("shai", 13896),("shan", 13894),("shang", 13878),("shao", 13870),("she", 13859),("shen", 13847),("sheng", 13831),("shi", 13658),("shou", 13611),("shu", 13601),("shua", 13406),("shuai", 13404),("shuan", 13400),("shuang", 13398),("shui", 13395),("shun", 13391),("shuo", 13387),("si", 13383),("song", 13367),("sou", 13359),("su", 13356),("suan", 13343),("sui", 13340),("sun", 13329),("suo", 13326),("ta", 13318),("tai", 13147),("tan", 13138),("tang", 13120),("tao", 13107),("te", 13096),("teng", 13095),("ti", 13091),("tian", 13076),("tiao", 13068),("tie", 13063),("ting", 13060),("tong", 12888),("tou", 12875),("tu", 12871),("tuan", 12860) ,("tui", 12858),("tun", 12852),("tuo", 12849),("wa", 12838),("wai", 12831),("wan", 12829),("wang", 12812),("wei", 12802),("wen", 12607),("weng", 12597),("wo", 12594),("wu", 12585),("xi", 12556),("xia", 12359),("xian", 12346),("xiang", 12320),("xiao", 12300),("xie", 12120),("xin", 12099),("xing", 12089),("xiong", 12074),("xiu", 12067),("xu", 12058),("xuan", 12039),("xue", 11867),("xun", 11861),("ya", 11847),("yan", 11831),("yang", 11798),("yao", 11781),("ye", 11604),("yi", 11589),("yin", 11536),("ying", 11358),("yo", 11340),("yong", 11339),("you", 11324),("yu", 11303),("yuan", 11097),("yue", 11077),("yun", 11067),("za", 11055),("zai", 11052),("zan", 11045),("zang", 11041),("zao", 11038),("ze", 11024),("zei", 11020),("zen", 11019),("zeng", 11018),("zha", 11014),("zhai", 10838),("zhan", 10832),("zhang", 10815),("zhao", 10800),("zhe", 10790),("zhen", 10780),("zheng", 10764),("zhi", 10587),("zhong", 10544),("zhou", 10533),("zhu", 10519),("zhua", 10331),("zhuai", 10329),("zhuan", 10328),("zhuang", 10322),("zhui", 10315),("zhun", 10309),("zhuo", 10307),("zi", 10296),("zong", 10281),("zou", 10274),("zu", 10270),("zuan", 10262),("zui", 10260),("zun", 10256),("zuo", 10254);

-- 创建函数将汉子转成拼音
CREATE DEFINER = `root` @`localhost` FUNCTION `to_pinyin` ( NAME VARCHAR ( 255 ) CHARSET gbk ) RETURNS VARCHAR ( 255 ) CHARSET gbk BEGIN
	DECLARE
		mycode INT;
	DECLARE
		tmp_lcode VARCHAR ( 2 ) CHARSET gbk;
	DECLARE
		lcode INT;
	DECLARE
		tmp_rcode VARCHAR ( 2 ) CHARSET gbk;
	DECLARE
		rcode INT;
	DECLARE
		mypy VARCHAR ( 255 ) CHARSET gbk DEFAULT '';
	DECLARE
		lp INT;
	
	SET mycode = 0;
	
	SET lp = 1;
	
	SET NAME = HEX( NAME );
	WHILE
			lp < LENGTH( NAME ) DO
			
			SET tmp_lcode = SUBSTRING( NAME, lp, 2 );
		
		SET lcode = CAST( ASCII( UNHEX( tmp_lcode ) ) AS UNSIGNED );
		
		SET tmp_rcode = SUBSTRING( NAME, lp + 2, 2 );
		
		SET rcode = CAST( ASCII( UNHEX( tmp_rcode ) ) AS UNSIGNED );
		IF
			lcode > 128 THEN
				
				SET mycode = 65536 - lcode * 256 - rcode;
			SELECT
				concat( CONCAT( mypy, ' ' ), pinyin_code ) INTO mypy 
			FROM
				t_base_pinyin 
			WHERE
				pinyin_id >= ABS( mycode ) 
			ORDER BY
				pinyin_id ASC 
				LIMIT 1;
			
			SET lp = lp + 4;
			ELSE 
				SET mypy = CONCAT( mypy, CHAR ( CAST( ASCII( UNHEX( SUBSTRING( NAME, lp, 2 ) ) ) AS UNSIGNED ) ) );
			
			SET lp = lp + 2;
			
		END IF;
		
	END WHILE;
	RETURN LOWER( mypy );

END
-- 创建汉子转简拼函数
CREATE DEFINER=`root`@`localhost` FUNCTION `to_jianpin`(NAME VARCHAR(255) CHARSET gbk) RETURNS varchar(255) CHARSET gbk
BEGIN

DECLARE mycode INT;

DECLARE tmp_lcode VARCHAR(2) CHARSET gbk;

DECLARE lcode INT;

DECLARE tmp_rcode VARCHAR(2) CHARSET gbk;

DECLARE rcode INT;

DECLARE mypy VARCHAR(255) CHARSET gbk DEFAULT '';

DECLARE lp INT;

SET mycode = 0;

SET lp = 1;

SET NAME = HEX(NAME);

WHILE lp < LENGTH(NAME) DO

SET tmp_lcode = SUBSTRING(NAME, lp, 2);

SET lcode = CAST(ASCII(UNHEX(tmp_lcode)) AS UNSIGNED);

SET tmp_rcode = SUBSTRING(NAME, lp + 2, 2);

SET rcode = CAST(ASCII(UNHEX(tmp_rcode)) AS UNSIGNED);

IF lcode > 128 THEN

SET mycode =65536 - lcode * 256 - rcode ;

SELECT concat(CONCAT(mypy, ' '),CASE WHEN pinyin_code REGEXP '^sh|^ch|^zh' THEN SUBSTR(pinyin_code,1,2) ELSE SUBSTR(pinyin_code,1,1) END ) INTO mypy FROM t_base_pinyin WHERE pinyin_id >= ABS(mycode) ORDER BY pinyin_id ASC LIMIT 1;

SET lp = lp + 4;

ELSE

SET mypy = CONCAT(mypy,CASE WHEN CHAR(CAST(ASCII(UNHEX(SUBSTRING(NAME, lp, 2))) AS UNSIGNED)) REGEXP '^sh|^ch|^zh'

then SUBSTR(CHAR(CAST(ASCII(UNHEX(SUBSTRING(NAME, lp, 2))) AS UNSIGNED)),1,2)

ELSE SUBSTR(CHAR(CAST(ASCII(UNHEX(SUBSTRING(NAME, lp, 2))) AS UNSIGNED)),1,1) end);

SET lp = lp + 2;

END IF;

END WHILE;

RETURN LOWER(mypy);

END

查询

select to_pinyin('汉子'),to_jianpin('汉子');
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