SAP FI之会计年度变式

Usually a period of twelve months for which a company regularly creates financial statements and checks inventories.

The fiscal year may correspond exactly to the calendar year, but this is not obligatory.

Under certain circumstances a fiscal year may be less than twelve months (shortened fiscal year).

A fiscal year is divided into posting periods. Each posting period is defined by a start and a finish date. Before you can post documents, you must define posting periods, which in turn define the fiscal year.

In addition to the posting periods, you can also define special periods for year-end closing.

You can define the following characteristics for a fiscal year variant:

how many posting periods a fiscal year has
how many special periods you need
how the system is to determine the posting periods when posting

Special posting periods that subdivide the last regular posting period for closing operations.

When posting to special periods, you must take the following into consideration:

The posting date must fall within the last regular posting period.
You have to enter the special periods in the document header in the Period field, since the special periods cannot be determined automatically by the system.