VB程序员的FTP编程指南1.4-下载或上传文件

 

专 题:下载或上传文件
主 讲:
qianqian


下载

用ftp下载文件简单而直接。在下载之前,请保证你是在二进制模式下。ftp有两种文件传输模式,ASCII模式和二进制模式。为了转换到二进制模式,可以使用BIN命令。

ftp> bin
200 Type set to I.

返回ASCII模式,请使用ASC命令。

GET命令用来获取文件。如果你想在默认目录使用原始文件名下载文件,你要输入GET <filename> <回车>. 见图4。

你可以只输入GET,系统会提示你要下载的文件名,然后提示你存储到的新文件名(及目录)。


图 4 Get命令

ftp> get readme.txt
200 PORT command successful.
150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for readme.txt(1571 bytes).
226 Transfer complete.
1571 bytes received in 3.46 seconds (0.45 Kbytes/sec)

上传

你可以使用SEND命令上传文件。当然服务器要允许你上传文件才行。如图5。


图 5 SEND命令发送文件.

ftp> send
(local-file) myfile.zip
(remote-file) myfile.zip
200 PORT command successful.
150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for myfile.zip.
226 Transfer complete.
3018 bytes sent in 0.06 seconds (50.30 Kbytes/sec)

(千千VB站整理 转载请保留此信息)

 

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'模板: Option Explicit Public Declare Function InternetOpen Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "InternetOpenA" _ (ByVal sAgent As String, ByVal LAccessType As Long, ByVal sProxyName As String, _ ByVal SProxyBypass As String, ByVal lFlags As Long) As Long Public Declare Function InternetConnect Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "InternetConnectA" _ (ByVal hInternetSession As Long, ByVal sServerName As String, _ ByVal nServerPort As Integer, ByVal sUsername As String, _ ByVal sPassword As String, ByVal lService As Long, _ ByVal lFlags As Long, ByVal lContext As Long) As Long Public Declare Function FtpGetFile Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "FtpGetFileA" _ (ByVal hFtpSession As Long, ByVal lpszRemoteFile As String, _ ByVal lpszNewFile As String, ByVal fFailIfExists As Boolean, _ ByVal dwFlagsAndAttributes As Long, ByVal dwFlags As Long, _ ByVal dwContext As Long) As Boolean Public Declare Function FtpPutFile Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "FtpPutFileA" _ (ByVal hFtpSession As Long, ByVal lpszLocalFile As String, _ ByVal lpszRemoteFile As String, ByVal dwFlags As Long, _ ByVal dwContext As Long) As Boolean Public Declare Function FtpDeleteFile Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "FtpDeleteFileA" _ (ByVal hFtpSession As Long, ByVal lpszFileName As String) As Boolean Public Declare Function FtpRenameFile Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "FtpRenameFileA" _ (ByVal hFtpSession As Long, ByVal lpszExsiting As String, ByVal lpszNew As String) As Boolean Public Declare Function InternetCloseHandle Lib "wininet.dll" (ByVal hInet As Long) As Integer Public Declare Function FtpFindFirstFile Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "FtpFindFirstFileA" _ (ByVal hFtpSession As Long, ByVal lpszSearchFile As String, _ lpFindFileData As WIN32_FIND_DATA, ByVal dwFlags As Long, _ ByVal dwContent As Long) As Long Public Declare Function InternetFindNextFile Lib "wininet.dll" Alias "InternetFindNextFileA" _ (ByVal hFind As Long, lpvFndData As WIN32_FIND_DATA) As Long Public Type FILETIME dwLowDateTime As Long dwHighDateTime As Long End Type Public Type WIN32_FIND_DATA dwFilAttributes As Long ftCreationTime As FILETIME ftLastAccessTime As FILETIME ftLastWriteTime As FILETIME nFileSizeHigh As Long nFileSizeLow As Long dwReserved0 As Long dwReserved1 As Long cFileName As String * 260 cAlternate As String * 14 End Type Public Declare Function GetOpenFileName Lib "comdlg32.dll" Alias _ "GetOpenFileNameA" (pOpenfilename As OPENFILENAME) As Long Type OPENFILENAME lStructSize As Long hwndOwner As Long hInstance As Long lpstrFilter As String lpstrCustomFilter As String nMaxCustFilter As Long nFilterIndex As Long lpstrFile As String nMaxFile As Long lpstrFileTitle As String nMaxFileTitle As Long lpstrInitialDir As String lpstrTitle As String flags As Long nFileOffset As Integer nFileExtension As Integer lpstrDefExt As String lCustData As Long lpfnHook As Long lpTemplateName As String End Type '窗体: Private Sub Command1_Click() 'FTP下载 lnginet = InternetOpen(vbNullString, INTERNET_OPEN_TYPE_PRECONFIG, _ vbNullString, vbNullString, 0&) If lnginet Then lnginetconn = InternetConnect(lnginet, "219.131.192.243", 0, _ "posui", "djposui", 1, 0, 0) If lnginetconn Then blnRC = FtpGetFile(lnginetconn, "/load.txt", "c:\load.txt", 0, 0, 1, 0) If blnRC Then MsgBox "download ok!!!" End If InternetCloseHandle lnginetconn InternetCloseHandle lnginet MsgBox "close ok!!!" Else MsgBox "can't connect" End If Else MsgBox "ftp wrong" End If End Sub Private Sub Command2_Click() 'FTP上传 lnginet = InternetOpen(vbNullString, INTERNET_OPEN_TYPE_PRECONFIG, _ vbNullString, vbNullString, 0&) If lnginet Then lnginetconn = InternetConnect(lnginet, "219.131.192.243", 0, _ "administrator", "vai8888", 1, 0, 0) If lnginetconn Then blnRC = FtpPutFile(lnginetconn, "c:\1.txt", "/1.txt", 0, 0) If blnRC Then MsgBox "download ok!!!" End If InternetCloseHandle lnginetconn InternetCloseHandle lnginet MsgBox "close ok!!!" Else MsgBox "can't connect" End If Else MsgBox "ftp wrong" End If End Sub 方法2: '部件INET Private Sub Command1_Click() Me.Inet1.Execute Me.Inet1.URL, "send c:\11.txt /1.txt" '保存 End Sub Private Sub Command2_Click() Me.Inet1.Execute Me.Inet1.URL, "get /2.txt c:\2.txt" '下载 End Sub

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