手机号码获取归属地(Android)

我们都知道每个手机号码,都应该有这样的属性:号码、归属地、运营商等。本文将利用阿里提供的开放接口来获取手机号码的归属地。这个工程也简单地运用了mvp的风格来构建工程结构。(点击:工程地址(码云git) 可以下载或查看工程源码)

1.先看看效果图片

这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

2.再来是工程的目录结构

java

这里写图片描述

res

这里写图片描述

3.工程代码文件

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="@android:color/darker_gray"
    android:gravity="center_vertical"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context="com.exmple.phonesearch.MainActivity">

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        android:padding="20dp">

        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_centerInParent="true"
            android:text="手机号码归属地查询"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"
            android:textSize="14sp" />
    </RelativeLayout>

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/et_phone_input"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:padding="10dp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="20dp"
        android:layout_marginRight="20dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"

        android:background="@android:color/background_light"
        android:hint="11位手机号"
        android:inputType="phone"
        android:maxLength="11"
        android:maxLines="1" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn_search"
        android:layout_width="200dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimary"
        android:text="查 询"
        android:textColor="#ffffff"
        android:textSize="18sp" />


    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        android:gravity="center_vertical"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:background="@android:color/background_light">

        <RelativeLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="50dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="30dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="30dp">
            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/tv_phone_num"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_centerVertical="true"
                android:layout_marginLeft="40dp"
                android:text="手机号:" />
        </RelativeLayout>

        <RelativeLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="50dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="30dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="30dp">
            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/tv_province"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_marginLeft="40dp"
                android:text="省份:"
                android:layout_centerVertical="true"/>
        </RelativeLayout>

        <RelativeLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="50dp"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:layout_marginLeft="30dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="30dp">
            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/tv_catName"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_centerVertical="true"
                android:layout_marginLeft="40dp"
                android:text="运营商:" />
        </RelativeLayout>

        <RelativeLayout
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="50dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="30dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="30dp">
            <TextView
                android:id="@+id/tv_carrier"
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:layout_centerVertical="true"
                android:layout_marginLeft="40dp"
                android:text="运营者:" />
        </RelativeLayout>
    </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

MainActivity.java

package com.exmple.phonesearch;

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.exmple.phonesearch.model.Phone;
import com.exmple.phonesearch.mvp.MvpMainView;
import com.exmple.phonesearch.mvp.impl.MainPresenter;
import com.exmple.phonesearch.view.LoadingDialog;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements View.OnClickListener,MvpMainView{

    private EditText mEtPhoneInput;
    private Button mBtnSearch;
    private TextView mTvProvince;
    private TextView mTvCatName;
    private TextView mTvCarrier;
    private TextView mTvPhoneNum;
    private MainPresenter mainPresenter;
    private LoadingDialog loadingDialog;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        mEtPhoneInput = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_phone_input);
        mBtnSearch = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn_search);
        mTvPhoneNum = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_phone_num);
        mTvProvince = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_province);
        mTvCatName = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_catName);
        mTvCarrier = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_carrier);

        mBtnSearch.setOnClickListener(this);
        mainPresenter = new MainPresenter(this);
        mainPresenter.attach(this);
    }

    private boolean isEmpty(){
        return mEtPhoneInput.getText().toString().isEmpty();
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        if (v.getId() == R.id.btn_search){
            if (!isEmpty()){
                mainPresenter.searchPhoneInfo(mEtPhoneInput.getText().toString());
                mEtPhoneInput.setText("");
            }

        }
    }

    @Override
    public void showLoading() {
        if (loadingDialog == null){
            loadingDialog = new LoadingDialog(this);
            loadingDialog.setMessage("正在查询...");
        } else {
            loadingDialog.setMessage("正在查询...");
        }
        loadingDialog.show();
    }

    @Override
    public void cancelLoading() {
        if (loadingDialog != null && loadingDialog.isShowing()){
            loadingDialog.cancel();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void showToast(String msg) {
        Toast.makeText(this,msg,Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }

    @Override
    public void updateView() {
        Phone phone = mainPresenter.getPhone();
        mTvPhoneNum.setText("手机号码:"+phone.getTelString());
        mTvProvince.setText("省份:"+phone.getProvince());
        mTvCatName.setText("运营商:"+phone.getCatName());
        mTvCarrier.setText("运营者:"+phone.getCarrier());
    }
}

当然以上的都不算是这个工程的的核心代码(下面将贴出工程中最重要的三个文件)

一、HttpUtil.java 对于http的请求,用到了okhttp框架(添加依赖即可)
compile 'com.squareup.okhttp3:okhttp:3.9.0'

package com.exmple.phonesearch.business;

import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Looper;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;

import okhttp3.Call;
import okhttp3.Callback;
import okhttp3.MultipartBody;
import okhttp3.OkHttpClient;
import okhttp3.Request;
import okhttp3.Response;

/**
 * Created by eric on 2017/12/12.
 */

public class HttpUtil {
    private OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient();
    private String mUrl;
    private Map<String, String> mParam;
    private HttpResponse mHttpResponse;
    private Handler mHandler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());

    public HttpUtil(HttpResponse response){
        this.mHttpResponse = response;
    }

    public interface HttpResponse{
        void onSuccess(Object obj);
        void onFail(String error);
    }

    public void sendPostHttp(String url, Map<String, String> param){
        sendHttp(url,param,true);
    }

    public void sendGetHttp(String url, Map<String, String> param){
        sendHttp(url,param,false);
    }

    private void sendHttp(String url, Map<String, String> param, boolean isPost){
        this.mUrl = url;
        this.mParam = param;
        run(isPost);
    }

    private void run(boolean isPost){
        Request request = createRequest(isPost);
        client.newCall(request).enqueue(new Callback() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(Call call, IOException e) {
                if (mHttpResponse != null){
                    mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            mHttpResponse.onFail("请求错误");
                        }
                    });
                }
            }

            @Override
            public void onResponse(Call call, final Response response) throws IOException {
                if (mHttpResponse != null){
                    mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            if (!response.isSuccessful()){
                                mHttpResponse.onFail("请求失败");
                            } else {
                                try {
                                    mHttpResponse.onSuccess(response.body().string());
                                } catch (IOException e) {
                                    e.printStackTrace();
                                    mHttpResponse.onFail("结果转换失败");
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    });
                }
            }
        });
    }

    private Request createRequest(boolean isPost){
        Request request;
        if (isPost){
            MultipartBody.Builder requestBodyBuilder = new MultipartBody.Builder();
            requestBodyBuilder.setType(MultipartBody.FORM);
            Iterator<Map.Entry<String,String>> iterator = mParam.entrySet().iterator();
            while ((iterator.hasNext())){
                Map.Entry<String,String> entry = iterator.next();
                requestBodyBuilder.addFormDataPart(entry.getKey(),entry.getValue());
            }
            request = new Request.Builder().url(mUrl)
                    .post(requestBodyBuilder.build())
                    .build();
        } else {
            String urlString = mUrl+"?"+MapParamToString(mParam);
            request = new Request.Builder().url(urlString)
                    .build();
        }
        return request;
    }

    private String MapParamToString(Map<String, String> param){
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        Iterator<Map.Entry<String,String>> iterator = param.entrySet().iterator();
        while (iterator.hasNext()){
            Map.Entry<String,String> entry = iterator.next();
            stringBuilder.append(entry.getKey()+"="+entry.getValue()+"&");
        }
        String str = stringBuilder.toString().substring(0,stringBuilder.length()-1);
        return str;
    }
}

二、MvpMainView.java 这个接口类用于连接View层(MainActivity.java)和逻辑处理层(MainPresenter.java)

package com.exmple.phonesearch.mvp;

/**
 * Created by eric on 2017/12/12.
 */

public interface MvpMainView extends MvpLoadingVIew{
    void showToast(String msg);
    void updateView();
}

三、MainPresenter.java 数据处理层(会用到Gson这个框架来处理json,添加依赖即可)
compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.2.4'

package com.exmple.phonesearch.mvp.impl;

import android.util.Log;

import com.exmple.phonesearch.business.HttpUtil;
import com.exmple.phonesearch.model.Phone;
import com.exmple.phonesearch.mvp.MvpMainView;
import com.google.gson.Gson;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by eric on 2017/12/12.
 */

public class MainPresenter extends BasePresenter  {
    private static final String mUrl = "http://tcc.taobao.com/cc/json/mobile_tel_segment.htm";
    private MvpMainView mvpMainView;
    private Phone phone;
    private Gson gson = new Gson();
    public MainPresenter(MvpMainView mvpMainView){
        this.mvpMainView = mvpMainView;
    }

    public Phone getPhone() {
        return phone;
    }

    public void searchPhoneInfo(String phoneString){
         if (phoneString.length() != 11){
             mvpMainView.showToast("手机号码不正确");
             return;
         }
         mvpMainView.showLoading();
        //http request method
        sendHttp(phoneString);
    }

    private void sendHttp(String phoneString){
        Map<String,String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
        map.put("tel",phoneString);
        HttpUtil httpUtil = new HttpUtil(new HttpUtil.HttpResponse() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(Object obj) {
                String json = obj.toString();
                Log.d("---", "onSuccess: "+json);
                int index = json.indexOf("{");
                json = json.substring(index,json.length());

                phone = gson.fromJson(json,Phone.class);
                mvpMainView.cancelLoading();
                mvpMainView.updateView();
            }

            @Override
            public void onFail(String error) {
                mvpMainView.showToast(error);
                mvpMainView.cancelLoading();
            }
        });
        httpUtil.sendGetHttp(mUrl,map);
    }
}

小结:这个工程的逻辑还是很清晰的,view层通过点击按钮->数据处理层->网络请求层->数据转发->更新UI

点击:工程地址(码云git) 可以下载或查看工程源码

已标记关键词 清除标记
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 技术黑板 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页