linux下安装mysql

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/bookwed/p/5896619.html

安装环境:系统是 centos6.5

1、下载

    下载地址:http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/5.6.html#downloads

    下载版本:我这里选择的5.6.33,通用版,linux下64位

    也可以直接复制64位的下载地址,通过命令下载:wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.33-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz

2、解压

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#解压
tar -zxvf mysql-5.6.33-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
#复制解压后的mysql目录
cp -r mysql-5.6.33-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql

3、添加用户组和用户

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#添加用户组
groupadd mysql
#添加用户mysql 到用户组mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql

4、安装

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cd /usr/local/mysql/<br data-filtered="filtered">mkdir ./data/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql ./
./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld
cp support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf
 
#修改启动脚本
vi /etc/init.d/mysqld
 
#修改项:
basedir=/usr/local/mysql/
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql
 
#启动服务
service mysqld start
 
#测试连接
./mysql/bin/mysql -uroot
 
#加入环境变量,编辑 /etc/profile,这样可以在任何地方用mysql命令了
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql//bin<br data-filtered="filtered">source /etc/profile
 
 
#启动mysql
service mysqld start
#关闭mysql
service mysqld stop
#查看运行状态
service mysqld status

5、错误

  5.1 sqlyog连接错误:https://www.cnblogs.com/beginner-boy/p/7653147.html

  5.2 安装时的一些错误

    -bash: ./scripts/mysql_install_db: /usr/bin/perl: bad interpreter: 没有那个文件或目录
    解决: yum -y install perl perl-devel

    Installing MySQL system tables..../bin/mysqld: error while loading shared libraries: libaio.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
    解决:yum -y install libaio-devel

6、其他

  6.1 配置环境变量

    vi + /etc/profile

    export PATH=....:/usr/local/mysql/bin

7、安装失败,彻底卸载:https://www.cnblogs.com/sevenyuan/p/6349703.html

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