opencv中批量读取图片并保存

之前一直在写python,突然要用C++,因为涉及到图像处理,需要批量读取并存储图片,这里对图片的批量处理代码做一下汇总:

方法1:比较简单,唯一的要求就是文件夹下的图片名称是有规律的,比如1,2,3。

#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"  
#include "iostream"  

using namespace std;  
using namespace cv;  

#define  NUM  100     //读取image的个数  
int main()  
{  
    Mat image;  
    string ImgName;  
    int n=1;  
    while(n<=NUM)   //100  
    {   
        ImgName="woman";  
        //int 转换string  
        stringstream ss;  
        string str;  
        ss<<n;  
        ss>>str;  

        ImgName=ImgName+" ("+str+")";    //图像文件明格式:ImgName(n)  
        ImgName = "D:\\Mycode\\imagebank\\woman\\" + ImgName+".png";  
        cout<<"处理:"<<ImgName<<endl;  
        image= imread(ImgName);//读取图片  
        if(image.data ==0)  
        { printf("[error] 没有图片\n");}  
        n++;  
   }  

    waitKey(0);  
    system("pause");  
    return 4;  
}  

方法二:需要一个 .txt文件存放文件中待读取图像的名称,每行为一条图像名。

#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"  
#include "iostream"  
#include <fstream>  
using namespace std;  
using namespace cv;  

int main()  
{  
    Mat image;  
    string ImgName;  
    ifstream fin("woman.txt");//打开原始样本图片文件列表  
    while(getline(fin,ImgName)) //一行一行读取文件列表  
    {    
      cout<<"处理:"<<ImgName<<endl;  
      ImgName = "D:\\Mycode\\woman\\" + ImgName+".png";  
      image= imread(ImgName);//读取图片  

     if(image.data ==0)  
      {printf("[error] 没有图片\n");return -5;}  
    }  
        waitKey(0);   
return 4;  
}  

方法三:最简单,只需要一个“dirent.h”头文件便可以遍历指定文件夹的所有文件。

#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"  
#include <fstream>  
#include <iostream>  
#include <string>  
#include "dirent.h"  

using namespace std;  
using namespace cv;  

int main()  
{  
    DIR *dir;   
    struct dirent *entry;   
    if((dir=opendir("D:\\Mycode\\VS2010work\\10Image_cut\\Image_cut\\noperson"))==NULL)   
        printf( "Error opening \n ");   
    else {   
        while((entry=readdir(dir))!=NULL) {   
          cout<<entry->d_name<<endl;  
        }   
    }  
    closedir(dir);    
    system("pause");  
    return 0;  
} 

下面给出dirent.h头文件(文件要放到VS安装目录中的include文件夹下,我的路径为C:\vs2015\VC\include)

/* 
 * Dirent interface for Microsoft Visual Studio 
 * Version 1.21 
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2012 Toni Ronkko 
 * This file is part of dirent.  Dirent may be freely distributed 
 * under the MIT license.  For all details and documentation, see 
 * https://github.com/tronkko/dirent 
 * http://www.softagalleria.net/dirent.php 
 * http://blog.csdn.net/thefinals/article/details/7174854 
 * https://zhidao.baidu.com/question/939784399849992372.html 
 * http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-27213819-id-3810699.html 
 */  
#ifndef DIRENT_H  
#define DIRENT_H  

/* 
 * Define architecture flags so we don't need to include windows.h. 
 * Avoiding windows.h makes it simpler to use windows sockets in conjunction 
 * with dirent.h. 
 */  
#if !defined(_68K_) && !defined(_MPPC_) && !defined(_X86_) && !defined(_IA64_) && !defined(_AMD64_) && defined(_M_IX86)  
#   define _X86_  
#endif  
#if !defined(_68K_) && !defined(_MPPC_) && !defined(_X86_) && !defined(_IA64_) && !defined(_AMD64_) && defined(_M_AMD64)  
#define _AMD64_  
#endif  

#include <stdio.h>  
#include <stdarg.h>  
#include <windef.h>  
#include <winbase.h>  
#include <wchar.h>  
#include <string.h>  
#include <stdlib.h>  
#include <malloc.h>  
#include <sys/types.h>  
#include <sys/stat.h>  
#include <errno.h>  

/* Indicates that d_type field is available in dirent structure */  
#define _DIRENT_HAVE_D_TYPE  

/* Indicates that d_namlen field is available in dirent structure */  
#define _DIRENT_HAVE_D_NAMLEN  

/* Entries missing from MSVC 6.0 */  
#if !defined(FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE)  
#   define FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE 0x40  
#endif  

/* File type and permission flags for stat(), general mask */  
#if !defined(S_IFMT)  
#   define S_IFMT _S_IFMT  
#endif  

/* Directory bit */  
#if !defined(S_IFDIR)  
#   define S_IFDIR _S_IFDIR  
#endif  

/* Character device bit */  
#if !defined(S_IFCHR)  
#   define S_IFCHR _S_IFCHR  
#endif  

/* Pipe bit */  
#if !defined(S_IFFIFO)  
#   define S_IFFIFO _S_IFFIFO  
#endif  

/* Regular file bit */  
#if !defined(S_IFREG)  
#   define S_IFREG _S_IFREG  
#endif  

/* Read permission */  
#if !defined(S_IREAD)  
#   define S_IREAD _S_IREAD  
#endif  

/* Write permission */  
#if !defined(S_IWRITE)  
#   define S_IWRITE _S_IWRITE  
#endif  

/* Execute permission */  
#if !defined(S_IEXEC)  
#   define S_IEXEC _S_IEXEC  
#endif  

/* Pipe */  
#if !defined(S_IFIFO)  
#   define S_IFIFO _S_IFIFO  
#endif  

/* Block device */  
#if !defined(S_IFBLK)  
#   define S_IFBLK 0  
#endif  

/* Link */  
#if !defined(S_IFLNK)  
#   define S_IFLNK 0  
#endif  

/* Socket */  
#if !defined(S_IFSOCK)  
#   define S_IFSOCK 0  
#endif  

/* Read user permission */  
#if !defined(S_IRUSR)  
#   define S_IRUSR S_IREAD  
#endif  

/* Write user permission */  
#if !defined(S_IWUSR)  
#   define S_IWUSR S_IWRITE  
#endif  

/* Execute user permission */  
#if !defined(S_IXUSR)  
#   define S_IXUSR 0  
#endif  

/* Read group permission */  
#if !defined(S_IRGRP)  
#   define S_IRGRP 0  
#endif  

/* Write group permission */  
#if !defined(S_IWGRP)  
#   define S_IWGRP 0  
#endif  

/* Execute group permission */  
#if !defined(S_IXGRP)  
#   define S_IXGRP 0  
#endif  

/* Read others permission */  
#if !defined(S_IROTH)  
#   define S_IROTH 0  
#endif  

/* Write others permission */  
#if !defined(S_IWOTH)  
#   define S_IWOTH 0  
#endif  

/* Execute others permission */  
#if !defined(S_IXOTH)  
#   define S_IXOTH 0  
#endif  

/* Maximum length of file name */  
#if !defined(PATH_MAX)  
#   define PATH_MAX MAX_PATH  
#endif  
#if !defined(FILENAME_MAX)  
#   define FILENAME_MAX MAX_PATH  
#endif  
#if !defined(NAME_MAX)  
#   define NAME_MAX FILENAME_MAX  
#endif  

/* File type flags for d_type */  
#define DT_UNKNOWN 0  
#define DT_REG S_IFREG  
#define DT_DIR S_IFDIR  
#define DT_FIFO S_IFIFO  
#define DT_SOCK S_IFSOCK  
#define DT_CHR S_IFCHR  
#define DT_BLK S_IFBLK  
#define DT_LNK S_IFLNK  

/* Macros for converting between st_mode and d_type */  
#define IFTODT(mode) ((mode) & S_IFMT)  
#define DTTOIF(type) (type)  

/* 
 * File type macros.  Note that block devices, sockets and links cannot be 
 * distinguished on Windows and the macros S_ISBLK, S_ISSOCK and S_ISLNK are 
 * only defined for compatibility.  These macros should always return false 
 * on Windows. 
 */  
#if !defined(S_ISFIFO)  
#   define S_ISFIFO(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFIFO)  
#endif  
#if !defined(S_ISDIR)  
#   define S_ISDIR(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)  
#endif  
#if !defined(S_ISREG)  
#   define S_ISREG(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG)  
#endif  
#if !defined(S_ISLNK)  
#   define S_ISLNK(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFLNK)  
#endif  
#if !defined(S_ISSOCK)  
#   define S_ISSOCK(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFSOCK)  
#endif  
#if !defined(S_ISCHR)  
#   define S_ISCHR(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFCHR)  
#endif  
#if !defined(S_ISBLK)  
#   define S_ISBLK(mode) (((mode) & S_IFMT) == S_IFBLK)  
#endif  

/* Return the exact length of d_namlen without zero terminator */  
#define _D_EXACT_NAMLEN(p) ((p)->d_namlen)  

/* Return number of bytes needed to store d_namlen */  
#define _D_ALLOC_NAMLEN(p) (PATH_MAX)  


#ifdef __cplusplus  
extern "C" {  
#endif  


/* Wide-character version */  
struct _wdirent {  
    /* Always zero */  
    long d_ino;  

    /* Structure size */  
    unsigned short d_reclen;  

    /* Length of name without \0 */  
    size_t d_namlen;  

    /* File type */  
    int d_type;  

    /* File name */  
    wchar_t d_name[PATH_MAX];  
};  
typedef struct _wdirent _wdirent;  

struct _WDIR {  
    /* Current directory entry */  
    struct _wdirent ent;  

    /* Private file data */  
    WIN32_FIND_DATAW data;  

    /* True if data is valid */  
    int cached;  

    /* Win32 search handle */  
    HANDLE handle;  

    /* Initial directory name */  
    wchar_t *patt;  
};  
typedef struct _WDIR _WDIR;  

static _WDIR *_wopendir (const wchar_t *dirname);  
static struct _wdirent *_wreaddir (_WDIR *dirp);  
static int _wclosedir (_WDIR *dirp);  
static void _wrewinddir (_WDIR* dirp);  


/* For compatibility with Symbian */  
#define wdirent _wdirent  
#define WDIR _WDIR  
#define wopendir _wopendir  
#define wreaddir _wreaddir  
#define wclosedir _wclosedir  
#define wrewinddir _wrewinddir  


/* Multi-byte character versions */  
struct dirent {  
    /* Always zero */  
    long d_ino;  

    /* Structure size */  
    unsigned short d_reclen;  

    /* Length of name without \0 */  
    size_t d_namlen;  

    /* File type */  
    int d_type;  

    /* File name */  
    char d_name[PATH_MAX];  
};  
typedef struct dirent dirent;  

struct DIR {  
    struct dirent ent;  
    struct _WDIR *wdirp;  
};  
typedef struct DIR DIR;  

static DIR *opendir (const char *dirname);  
static struct dirent *readdir (DIR *dirp);  
static int closedir (DIR *dirp);  
static void rewinddir (DIR* dirp);  


/* Internal utility functions */  
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW *dirent_first (_WDIR *dirp);  
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW *dirent_next (_WDIR *dirp);  

static int dirent_mbstowcs_s(  
    size_t *pReturnValue,  
    wchar_t *wcstr,  
    size_t sizeInWords,  
    const char *mbstr,  
    size_t count);  

static int dirent_wcstombs_s(  
    size_t *pReturnValue,  
    char *mbstr,  
    size_t sizeInBytes,  
    const wchar_t *wcstr,  
    size_t count);  

static void dirent_set_errno (int error);  

/* 
 * Open directory stream DIRNAME for read and return a pointer to the 
 * internal working area that is used to retrieve individual directory 
 * entries. 
 */  
static _WDIR*  
_wopendir(  
    const wchar_t *dirname)  
{  
    _WDIR *dirp = NULL;  
    int error;  

    /* Must have directory name */  
    if (dirname == NULL  ||  dirname[0] == '\0') {  
        dirent_set_errno (ENOENT);  
        return NULL;  
    }  

    /* Allocate new _WDIR structure */  
    dirp = (_WDIR*) malloc (sizeof (struct _WDIR));  
    if (dirp != NULL) {  
        DWORD n;  

        /* Reset _WDIR structure */  
        dirp->handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;  
        dirp->patt = NULL;  
        dirp->cached = 0;  

        /* Compute the length of full path plus zero terminator */  
        n = GetFullPathNameW (dirname, 0, NULL, NULL);  

        /* Allocate room for absolute directory name and search pattern */  
        dirp->patt = (wchar_t*) malloc (sizeof (wchar_t) * n + 16);  
        if (dirp->patt) {  

            /* 
             * Convert relative directory name to an absolute one.  This 
             * allows rewinddir() to function correctly even when current 
             * working directory is changed between opendir() and rewinddir(). 
             */  
            n = GetFullPathNameW (dirname, n, dirp->patt, NULL);  
            if (n > 0) {  
                wchar_t *p;  

                /* Append search pattern \* to the directory name */  
                p = dirp->patt + n;  
                if (dirp->patt < p) {  
                    switch (p[-1]) {  
                    case '\\':  
                    case '/':  
                    case ':':  
                        /* Directory ends in path separator, e.g. c:\temp\ */  
                        /*NOP*/;  
                        break;  

                    default:  
                        /* Directory name doesn't end in path separator */  
                        *p++ = '\\';  
                    }  
                }  
                *p++ = '*';  
                *p = '\0';  

                /* Open directory stream and retrieve the first entry */  
                if (dirent_first (dirp)) {  
                    /* Directory stream opened successfully */  
                    error = 0;  
                } else {  
                    /* Cannot retrieve first entry */  
                    error = 1;  
                    dirent_set_errno (ENOENT);  
                }  

            } else {  
                /* Cannot retrieve full path name */  
                dirent_set_errno (ENOENT);  
                error = 1;  
            }  

        } else {  
            /* Cannot allocate memory for search pattern */  
            error = 1;  
        }  

    } else {  
        /* Cannot allocate _WDIR structure */  
        error = 1;  
    }  

    /* Clean up in case of error */  
    if (error  &&  dirp) {  
        _wclosedir (dirp);  
        dirp = NULL;  
    }  

    return dirp;  
}  

/* 
 * Read next directory entry.  The directory entry is returned in dirent 
 * structure in the d_name field.  Individual directory entries returned by 
 * this function include regular files, sub-directories, pseudo-directories 
 * "." and ".." as well as volume labels, hidden files and system files. 
 */  
static struct _wdirent*  
_wreaddir(  
    _WDIR *dirp)  
{  
    WIN32_FIND_DATAW *datap;  
    struct _wdirent *entp;  

    /* Read next directory entry */  
    datap = dirent_next (dirp);  
    if (datap) {  
        size_t n;  
        DWORD attr;  

        /* Pointer to directory entry to return */  
        entp = &dirp->ent;  

        /*  
         * Copy file name as wide-character string.  If the file name is too 
         * long to fit in to the destination buffer, then truncate file name 
         * to PATH_MAX characters and zero-terminate the buffer. 
         */  
        n = 0;  
        while (n + 1 < PATH_MAX  &&  datap->cFileName[n] != 0) {  
            entp->d_name[n] = datap->cFileName[n];  
            n++;  
        }  
        dirp->ent.d_name[n] = 0;  

        /* Length of file name excluding zero terminator */  
        entp->d_namlen = n;  

        /* File type */  
        attr = datap->dwFileAttributes;  
        if ((attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE) != 0) {  
            entp->d_type = DT_CHR;  
        } else if ((attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY) != 0) {  
            entp->d_type = DT_DIR;  
        } else {  
            entp->d_type = DT_REG;  
        }  

        /* Reset dummy fields */  
        entp->d_ino = 0;  
        entp->d_reclen = sizeof (struct _wdirent);  

    } else {  

        /* Last directory entry read */  
        entp = NULL;  

    }  

    return entp;  
}  

/* 
 * Close directory stream opened by opendir() function.  This invalidates the 
 * DIR structure as well as any directory entry read previously by 
 * _wreaddir(). 
 */  
static int  
_wclosedir(  
    _WDIR *dirp)  
{  
    int ok;  
    if (dirp) {  

        /* Release search handle */  
        if (dirp->handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {  
            FindClose (dirp->handle);  
            dirp->handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;  
        }  

        /* Release search pattern */  
        if (dirp->patt) {  
            free (dirp->patt);  
            dirp->patt = NULL;  
        }  

        /* Release directory structure */  
        free (dirp);  
        ok = /*success*/0;  

    } else {  
        /* Invalid directory stream */  
        dirent_set_errno (EBADF);  
        ok = /*failure*/-1;  
    }  
    return ok;  
}  

/* 
 * Rewind directory stream such that _wreaddir() returns the very first 
 * file name again. 
 */  
static void  
_wrewinddir(  
    _WDIR* dirp)  
{  
    if (dirp) {  
        /* Release existing search handle */  
        if (dirp->handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {  
            FindClose (dirp->handle);  
        }  

        /* Open new search handle */  
        dirent_first (dirp);  
    }  
}  

/* Get first directory entry (internal) */  
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW*  
dirent_first(  
    _WDIR *dirp)  
{  
    WIN32_FIND_DATAW *datap;  

    /* Open directory and retrieve the first entry */  
    dirp->handle = FindFirstFileW (dirp->patt, &dirp->data);  
    if (dirp->handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {  

        /* a directory entry is now waiting in memory */  
        datap = &dirp->data;  
        dirp->cached = 1;  

    } else {  

        /* Failed to re-open directory: no directory entry in memory */  
        dirp->cached = 0;  
        datap = NULL;  

    }  
    return datap;  
}  

/* Get next directory entry (internal) */  
static WIN32_FIND_DATAW*  
dirent_next(  
    _WDIR *dirp)  
{  
    WIN32_FIND_DATAW *p;  

    /* Get next directory entry */  
    if (dirp->cached != 0) {  

        /* A valid directory entry already in memory */  
        p = &dirp->data;  
        dirp->cached = 0;  

    } else if (dirp->handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {  

        /* Get the next directory entry from stream */  
        if (FindNextFileW (dirp->handle, &dirp->data) != FALSE) {  
            /* Got a file */  
            p = &dirp->data;  
        } else {  
            /* The very last entry has been processed or an error occured */  
            FindClose (dirp->handle);  
            dirp->handle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;  
            p = NULL;  
        }  

    } else {  

        /* End of directory stream reached */  
        p = NULL;  

    }  

    return p;  
}  

/*  
 * Open directory stream using plain old C-string. 
 */  
static DIR*  
opendir(  
    const char *dirname)   
{  
    struct DIR *dirp;  
    int error;  

    /* Must have directory name */  
    if (dirname == NULL  ||  dirname[0] == '\0') {  
        dirent_set_errno (ENOENT);  
        return NULL;  
    }  

    /* Allocate memory for DIR structure */  
    dirp = (DIR*) malloc (sizeof (struct DIR));  
    if (dirp) {  
        wchar_t wname[PATH_MAX];  
        size_t n;  

        /* Convert directory name to wide-character string */  
        error = dirent_mbstowcs_s (&n, wname, PATH_MAX, dirname, PATH_MAX);  
        if (!error) {  

            /* Open directory stream using wide-character name */  
            dirp->wdirp = _wopendir (wname);  
            if (dirp->wdirp) {  
                /* Directory stream opened */  
                error = 0;  
            } else {  
                /* Failed to open directory stream */  
                error = 1;  
            }  

        } else {  
            /*  
             * Cannot convert file name to wide-character string.  This 
             * occurs if the string contains invalid multi-byte sequences or 
             * the output buffer is too small to contain the resulting 
             * string. 
             */  
            error = 1;  
        }  

    } else {  
        /* Cannot allocate DIR structure */  
        error = 1;  
    }  

    /* Clean up in case of error */  
    if (error  &&  dirp) {  
        free (dirp);  
        dirp = NULL;  
    }  

    return dirp;  
}  

/* 
 * Read next directory entry. 
 * 
 * When working with text consoles, please note that file names returned by 
 * readdir() are represented in the default ANSI code page while any output to 
 * console is typically formatted on another code page.  Thus, non-ASCII 
 * characters in file names will not usually display correctly on console.  The 
 * problem can be fixed in two ways: (1) change the character set of console 
 * to 1252 using chcp utility and use Lucida Console font, or (2) use 
 * _cprintf function when writing to console.  The _cprinf() will re-encode 
 * ANSI strings to the console code page so many non-ASCII characters will 
 * display correcly. 
 */  
static struct dirent*  
readdir(  
    DIR *dirp)   
{  
    WIN32_FIND_DATAW *datap;  
    struct dirent *entp;  

    /* Read next directory entry */  
    datap = dirent_next (dirp->wdirp);  
    if (datap) {  
        size_t n;  
        int error;  

        /* Attempt to convert file name to multi-byte string */  
        error = dirent_wcstombs_s(  
            &n, dirp->ent.d_name, PATH_MAX, datap->cFileName, PATH_MAX);  

        /*  
         * If the file name cannot be represented by a multi-byte string, 
         * then attempt to use old 8+3 file name.  This allows traditional 
         * Unix-code to access some file names despite of unicode 
         * characters, although file names may seem unfamiliar to the user. 
         * 
         * Be ware that the code below cannot come up with a short file 
         * name unless the file system provides one.  At least 
         * VirtualBox shared folders fail to do this. 
         */  
        if (error  &&  datap->cAlternateFileName[0] != '\0') {  
            error = dirent_wcstombs_s(  
                &n, dirp->ent.d_name, PATH_MAX,   
                datap->cAlternateFileName, PATH_MAX);  
        }  

        if (!error) {  
            DWORD attr;  

            /* Initialize directory entry for return */  
            entp = &dirp->ent;  

            /* Length of file name excluding zero terminator */  
            entp->d_namlen = n - 1;  

            /* File attributes */  
            attr = datap->dwFileAttributes;  
            if ((attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE) != 0) {  
                entp->d_type = DT_CHR;  
            } else if ((attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY) != 0) {  
                entp->d_type = DT_DIR;  
            } else {  
                entp->d_type = DT_REG;  
            }  

            /* Reset dummy fields */  
            entp->d_ino = 0;  
            entp->d_reclen = sizeof (struct dirent);  

        } else {  
            /*  
             * Cannot convert file name to multi-byte string so construct 
             * an errornous directory entry and return that.  Note that 
             * we cannot return NULL as that would stop the processing 
             * of directory entries completely. 
             */  
            entp = &dirp->ent;  
            entp->d_name[0] = '?';  
            entp->d_name[1] = '\0';  
            entp->d_namlen = 1;  
            entp->d_type = DT_UNKNOWN;  
            entp->d_ino = 0;  
            entp->d_reclen = 0;  
        }  

    } else {  
        /* No more directory entries */  
        entp = NULL;  
    }  

    return entp;  
}  

/* 
 * Close directory stream. 
 */  
static int  
closedir(  
    DIR *dirp)   
{  
    int ok;  
    if (dirp) {  

        /* Close wide-character directory stream */  
        ok = _wclosedir (dirp->wdirp);  
        dirp->wdirp = NULL;  

        /* Release multi-byte character version */  
        free (dirp);  

    } else {  

        /* Invalid directory stream */  
        dirent_set_errno (EBADF);  
        ok = /*failure*/-1;  

    }  
    return ok;  
}  

/* 
 * Rewind directory stream to beginning. 
 */  
static void  
rewinddir(  
    DIR* dirp)   
{  
    /* Rewind wide-character string directory stream */  
    _wrewinddir (dirp->wdirp);  
}  

/* Convert multi-byte string to wide character string */  
static int  
dirent_mbstowcs_s(  
    size_t *pReturnValue,  
    wchar_t *wcstr,  
    size_t sizeInWords,  
    const char *mbstr,  
    size_t count)  
{  
    int error;  

#if defined(_MSC_VER)  &&  _MSC_VER >= 1400  

    /* Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 or later */  
    error = mbstowcs_s (pReturnValue, wcstr, sizeInWords, mbstr, count);  

#else  

    /* Older Visual Studio or non-Microsoft compiler */  
    size_t n;  

    /* Convert to wide-character string (or count characters) */  
    n = mbstowcs (wcstr, mbstr, sizeInWords);  
    if (!wcstr  ||  n < count) {  

        /* Zero-terminate output buffer */  
        if (wcstr  &&  sizeInWords) {  
            if (n >= sizeInWords) {  
                n = sizeInWords - 1;  
            }  
            wcstr[n] = 0;  
        }  

        /* Length of resuting multi-byte string WITH zero terminator */  
        if (pReturnValue) {  
            *pReturnValue = n + 1;  
        }  

        /* Success */  
        error = 0;  

    } else {  

        /* Could not convert string */  
        error = 1;  

    }  

#endif  

    return error;  
}  

/* Convert wide-character string to multi-byte string */  
static int  
dirent_wcstombs_s(  
    size_t *pReturnValue,  
    char *mbstr,  
    size_t sizeInBytes, /* max size of mbstr */  
    const wchar_t *wcstr,  
    size_t count)  
{  
    int error;  

#if defined(_MSC_VER)  &&  _MSC_VER >= 1400  

    /* Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 or later */  
    error = wcstombs_s (pReturnValue, mbstr, sizeInBytes, wcstr, count);  

#else  

    /* Older Visual Studio or non-Microsoft compiler */  
    size_t n;  

    /* Convert to multi-byte string (or count the number of bytes needed) */  
    n = wcstombs (mbstr, wcstr, sizeInBytes);  
    if (!mbstr  ||  n < count) {  

        /* Zero-terminate output buffer */  
        if (mbstr  &&  sizeInBytes) {  
            if (n >= sizeInBytes) {  
                n = sizeInBytes - 1;  
            }  
            mbstr[n] = '\0';  
        }  

        /* Lenght of resulting multi-bytes string WITH zero-terminator */  
        if (pReturnValue) {  
            *pReturnValue = n + 1;  
        }  

        /* Success */  
        error = 0;  

    } else {  

        /* Cannot convert string */  
        error = 1;  

    }  

#endif  

    return error;  
}  

/* Set errno variable */  
static void  
dirent_set_errno(  
    int error)  
{  
#if defined(_MSC_VER)  &&  _MSC_VER >= 1400  

    /* Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 and later */  
    _set_errno (error);  

#else  

    /* Non-Microsoft compiler or older Microsoft compiler */  
    errno = error;  

#endif  
}  


#ifdef __cplusplus  
}  
#endif  
#endif /*DIRENT_H*/ 

方法四:调用opencv中的Directory库:

比起前几种方法,个人感觉这种方法最靠谱,代码简洁,方便的调用:

#include<opencv2/opencv.hpp>  
#include<iostream>  
#include<vector>  
#include<string>  
#include <windows.h>  

using namespace std;
using namespace cv;


int main()
{
    Directory dir;

    string path1 = "E:\\vsproject\\opencv\\opencvTest\\opencvTest\\印刷体\\印刷体大写金额";
    string  exten1 = "*.png";

    vector<string> filenames = dir.GetListFiles(path1, exten1, false);

    int size = filenames.size();

    for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
    {
        cout << filenames[i] << endl;
    }
    system("pause");
    return 0;
}

————————————————————————————总结完毕

阅读更多
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_26591517/article/details/79969899
文章标签: c语言 opencv 图片
个人分类: VS编程
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