常用字符串方法的总结

一丶split方法

help(str.split)

Helpon method_descriptor:
split(...)
    S.split([sep [,maxsplit]]) -> list of strings
    
    Return a list of the words in the string S, using sep as the
    delimiter string.  If maxsplit is given, at most maxsplit
    splits are done. If sep is not specified or is None, any
    whitespace string is a separator and empty strings are removed
    from the result.

None

根据上述描述,split方法有两个参数,一个是sep表示分隔符,默认按照空白字符串切割,另一个maxsplit表示最多切分的次数,默认按照正常逻辑切割,最后方法返回一个元素为字符串类型的List。

案例如下:

案例1

learnSplit = 'I love python and java'
# 两个参数均为默认
strList = learnSplit.split()
print strList
['I', 'love', 'python', 'and', 'java']

案例2

最多切分次数为1时,返回的list有个元素

learnSplit = 'I love python and java'
strList = learnSplit.split(" ",1)
print strList
['I', 'love python and java']

案例3

当超过最大的切分次数时,默认按照最大切分次数执行

learnSplit = 'I love python and java'
strList = learnSplit.split(" ",5)
print strList
['I', 'love', 'python', 'and', 'java']

案例4

用其他的分割符切分

learnSplit = 'ab,cde,afs,sdss,aaa'
strList = learnSplit.split(",")
print strList
['ab', 'cde', 'afs', 'sdss', 'aaa']
learnSplit = 'ab/cde/afs/sdss/aaa'
strList = learnSplit.split("/")
print strList
['ab', 'cde', 'afs', 'sdss', 'aaa']

二丶strip方法

help(str.strip)

Help on method_descriptor:

strip(...)
    S.strip([chars]) -> string or unicode
    
    Return a copy of the string S with leading and trailing
    whitespace removed.
    If chars is given and not None, remove characters in chars instead.
    If chars is unicode, S will be converted to unicode before stripping

根据上述描述,该方法有一个参数,表示移除首尾指定的字符,默认是空格,返回一个新的字符串。

案例1

默认移除字符串首尾的空格

learnStrip = '   I love python and java       '
strr = learnStrip.strip()
print strr
I love python and java

案例2

只有尾部有a字符,所以首部的空格没有去掉,尾部的字符a移除啦

learnStrip = '   I love python and java'
strr = learnStrip.strip("a")
print strr
   I love python and jav

案例3

这个字符为a,字符串的首尾是空格,所以返回的是原来的字符串

learnStrip = '   I love python and java    '
strr = learnStrip.strip('a')
print strr
   I love python and java

案例4

首尾指定的字符是值一个字符串前端和后端的字符,而不是第一个元素和最后一个元素

learnStrip = 'aabbbbbaaaaaa'
print learnStrip.strip("a")
bbbbb

三丶join方法

help(str.join)

Help on method_descriptor:

join(...)
    S.join(iterable) -> string
    
    Return a string which is the concatenation of the strings in the

    iterable.  The separator between elements is S.

根据上述描述,该方法有一个参数,是一个可迭代的对象,这个对象里面的元素必须为字符串类型,最后返回一个字符串。

案例

aTuple = ('1', '2', '3', '4')
bTuple = ('a', 'b', 'c', 'd')
aList = ['aa', 'bb', '1', '2']
bList = ["张", '2', "赵", "钱"]
print ",".join(aTuple)
print ",".join(bTuple)
print ",".join(aList)
print ",".join(bList)
1,2,3,4
a,b,c,d
aa,bb,1,2
张,2,赵,钱












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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_27594457/article/details/80322069
文章标签: python学习
个人分类: python学习笔记
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