HDU 6138 Fleet of the Eternal Throne AC自动机

题目链接:HDU 6138

Fleet of the Eternal Throne 

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 65536/65536 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 862    Accepted Submission(s): 406


Problem Description
> The Eternal Fleet was built many centuries ago before the time of Valkorion by an unknown race on the planet of Iokath. The fate of the Fleet's builders is unknown but their legacy would live on. Its first known action was in the annihilation of all life in Wild Space. It spread across Wild Space and conquered almost every inhabited world within the region, including Zakuul. They were finally defeated by a mysterious vessel known as the Gravestone, a massive alien warship that countered the Eternal Fleet's might. Outfitted with specialized weapons designed to take out multiple targets at once, the Gravestone destroyed whole sections of the fleet with a single shot. The Eternal Fleet was finally defeated over Zakuul, where it was deactivated and hidden away. The Gravestone landed in the swamps of Zakuul, where the crew scuttled it and hid it away.
>
> — Wookieepedia

The major defeat of the Eternal Fleet is the connected defensive network. Though being effective in defensing a large fleet, it finally led to a chain-reaction and was destroyed by the Gravestone. Therefore, when the next generation of Eternal Fleet is built, you are asked to check the risk of the chain reaction.

The battleships of the Eternal Fleet are placed on a 2D plane of  n  rows. Each row is an array of battleships. The type of a battleship is denoted by an English lowercase alphabet. In other words, each row can be treated as a string. Below lists a possible configuration of the Eternal Fleet.


aa
bbbaaa
abbaababa
abba


If in the  x -th row and the  y -th row, there exists a consecutive segment of battleships that looks identical in both rows (i.e., a common substring of the  x -th row and  y -th row), at the same time the substring is a prefix of any other row (can be the  x -th or the  y -th row), the Eternal Fleet will have a risk of causing chain reaction.

Given a query ( x y ), you should find the longest substring that have a risk of causing chain reaction.
 

Input
The first line of the input contains an integer  T , denoting the number of test cases. 

For each test cases, the first line contains integer  n  ( n105 ).

There are  n  lines following, each has a string consisting of lower case letters denoting the battleships in the row. The total length of the strings will not exceed  105 .

And an integer  m  ( 1m100 ) is following, representing the number of queries. 

For each of the following  m  lines, there are two integers  x,y , denoting the query. 
 

Output
You should output the answers for the queries, one integer per line. 
 

Sample Input
  
1 3 aaa baaa caaa 2 2 3 1 2
 

Sample Output
  
3 3
 

Source
 


题意:一堆字符串,总长度1e5,问两个串x,y,的最长公共子串是多少,并且这个子串是否个串的前缀。

题目分析:可以把所有的字符串写到一个数组里,然后AC自动机建树,对于每个节点记录其所在树的深度,然后对于没次查询,首先匹配x串,标记上经历过的节点,每个根到这个节点都是x的子串同时又是一个字符串的前缀,再匹配y即可,如果有标记过的节点就更新最大值。

//
//  main.cpp
//  HDU 6138 Fleet of the Eternal Throne
//
//  Created by teddywang on 2017/9/21.
//  Copyright © 2017年 teddywang. All rights reserved.
//

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<string>
#include<cstring>
#include<vector>
#include<cmath>
#include<queue>
#include<stack>
#include<map>
#include<set>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
const int maxn=200010;
const int maxm=200010;
const int SIGMA_SIZE=26;
int n,x,y,q,d,ans;
int ls[maxn];
char t[maxn],s[maxn];

struct AC
{
    int ch[maxm][26];
    int val[maxm];
    int fail[maxm],last[maxm];
    int vis[maxm];
    int vs[maxm];
    int sz;
    void clear()
    {
        memset(ch[0],0,sizeof(ch[0]));
        sz=1;
        memset(vis,0,sizeof(vis));
        memset(vs,0,sizeof(vs));
    }
    int idx(char x){return x-'a';}
    void insert(char *s)
    {
        int u=0;
        int n=strlen(s);
        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            int c=idx(s[i]);
            if(!ch[u][c])
            {
                memset(ch[sz],0,sizeof(ch[sz]));
                val[sz]=0;
                ch[u][c]=sz++;
            }
            vs[ch[u][c]]=vs[u]+1;
            u=ch[u][c];
            
        }
        val[u]++;
    }
    void getfail()
    {
        queue<int> q;
        fail[0]=0;
        int u=0;
        for(int i=0;i<SIGMA_SIZE;i++)
        {
            u=ch[0][i];
            if(u){q.push(u);fail[u]=0;last[u]=0;}
        }
        while(!q.empty())
        {
            int r=q.front();q.pop();
            for(int i=0;i<SIGMA_SIZE;i++)
            {
                u=ch[r][i];
                if(!u){ch[r][i]=ch[fail[r]][i];continue;}
                q.push(u);
                int v=fail[r];
                while(v&&!ch[v][i])v=fail[v];
                fail[u]=ch[v][i];
                last[u]=val[fail[u]]?fail[u]:last[fail[u]];
            }
        }
    }
    void find(char *s,int pos)
    {
        int u=0;
        int n=strlen(s);
        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            int c=idx(s[i]);
            u=ch[u][c];
            int temp=0;
            temp=u;
            while(temp)
            {
                if(vis[temp]==pos)
                {
                    ans=max(ans,vs[temp]);
                }
                temp=fail[temp];
            }
        }

    }
    void update(char *s,int pos)
    {
        int u=0;
        int n=strlen(s);
        for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            int c=idx(s[i]);
            u=ch[u][c];
            int temp=0;
                temp=u;
            while(temp)
            {
                vis[temp]=pos;
                temp=fail[temp];
            }
            
        }
    }
}tree;
int main()
{
    int T;
    scanf("%d",&T);
    while(T--)
    {
        scanf("%d",&n);
        int maxlen=0;
        d=0;
        tree.clear();
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            scanf("%s",t+d);
            tree.insert(t+d);
            int len=strlen(t+d);
            ls[i]=d;
            d+=len+1;
        }
        tree.getfail();
        scanf("%d",&q);
        for(int i=1;i<=q;i++)
        {
            ans=0;
            scanf("%d%d",&x,&y);
            tree.update(t+ls[x],i);
            tree.find(t+ls[y],i);
            printf("%d\n",ans);
        }
    }
    return 0;
}


©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 编程工作室 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页