Android简易闹钟实现

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31028313/article/details/52689237

通过广播来实现闹钟
1.创建广播接收RepeatingAlarm.java

import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.util.Log;

public class RepeatingAlarm extends BroadcastReceiver{

    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        if (intent.getAction()!=null&&intent.getAction().equals("com.gcc.alarm")) {//自定义的action
            intent = new Intent(context,AlarmActivity.class);
            intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
            context.startActivity(intent);
        }
    }
}

2.广播在Manifest.xml中配置:

    <receiver 
            android:name=".RepeatingAlarm"
           >
            <intent-filter >  
                <action android:name="com.gcc.alarm"/>  
            </intent-filter>  
    </receiver>

3.通过代码设置一个闹钟

Intent intent = new Intent(this, RepeatingAlarm.class);
intent.setAction("com.gcc.alarm");
PendingIntent sender = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this, 0, intent, 0);
// Schedule the alarm!
AlarmManager am = (AlarmManager)getSystemService(ALARM_SERVICE);
                    am.set(AlarmManager.RTC,
                            c.getTimeInMillis(), sender);//c为设置闹钟的时间的Calendar对象

4.通过代码取消一个闹钟:

/**
  * 取消闹钟
  */
private void cancleAlarm(){
    Intent intent = new Intent(AlarmActivity.this,RepeatingAlarm.class);
    intent.setAction("com.gcc.alarm");
    PendingIntent sender = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(AlarmActivity.this, 0, intent, 0);
    // And cancel the alarm.
    AlarmManager am = (AlarmManager)getSystemService(ALARM_SERVICE);
     am.cancel(sender);//取消闹钟
    }

5.闹钟响是弹出的对化框并播放音乐用AlarmActivity.java类实现

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.AlarmManager;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.app.PendingIntent;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.res.AssetFileDescriptor;
import android.media.MediaPlayer;
import android.os.Bundle;

public class AlarmActivity extends Activity {

    MediaPlayer mp;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.aty_alarm);
        mp = new MediaPlayer();
        AssetFileDescriptor file = getResources().openRawResourceFd(R.raw.beep);
        try {
            mp.setDataSource(file.getFileDescriptor(), file.getStartOffset(),
                    file.getLength());
            mp.prepare();
            file.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        mp.setVolume(0.5f, 0.5f);
        mp.setLooping(true);
        mp.start();
        alarmOialog();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        if (mp != null) {
            if (mp.isPlaying()) {
                mp.stop();
            }
            mp.release();
        }
    }

    public void alarmOialog() {
        AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
        builder.setMessage("你有未处理的事件");
        builder.setPositiveButton("稍后提醒",
                new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {

                    @Override
                    public void onClick(DialogInterface dialogInterface, int i) {
                        alarm();
                        finish();
                    }
                });

        builder.setNegativeButton("停止", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialogInterface, int i) {
                cancleAlarm();
                finish();// 关闭窗口
            }
        });
        builder.show().setCanceledOnTouchOutside(false);
        ;

    }

    /**
     * 取消闹钟
     */
    private void cancleAlarm() {
        // Create the same intent, and thus a matching IntentSender, for
        // the one that was scheduled.
        Intent intent = new Intent(AlarmActivity.this, RepeatingAlarm.class);
        intent.setAction("com.gcc.alarm");
        PendingIntent sender = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(AlarmActivity.this,
                0, intent, 0);

        // And cancel the alarm.
        AlarmManager am = (AlarmManager) getSystemService(ALARM_SERVICE);
        am.cancel(sender);
    }

    private void alarm() {
        // 获取系统的闹钟服务
        AlarmManager am = (AlarmManager) getSystemService(Context.ALARM_SERVICE);
        // 触发闹钟的时间(毫秒)
        long triggerTime = System.currentTimeMillis() + 10000;
        Intent intent = new Intent(this, RepeatingAlarm.class);
        intent.setAction("com.gcc.alarm");
        PendingIntent op = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this, 0, intent, 0);
        // 启动一次只会执行一次的闹钟
        am.set(AlarmManager.RTC, triggerTime, op);
        // 指定时间重复执行闹钟
        // am.setRepeating(AlarmManager.RTC,triggerTime,2000,op);
    }

}

6.注:
1.aty_alarm.xml为空布局,不需添加任何组件
2.使用MediaPlayer播放res/raw目录下音频文件的方法如下:

mp = new MediaPlayer();
        AssetFileDescriptor file = getResources().openRawResourceFd(R.raw.beep);
        try {
            mp.setDataSource(file.getFileDescriptor(), file.getStartOffset(),
                    file.getLength());

7.功能不是很完善,需要的可以修改使用,闹钟时间设定可通过上篇博文来获取Calendar对象。

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