Git教程 - 使用gogs搭建Git服务

前情提示:

腾讯云centOS6.9 64位 1核1G1M;

gogs0.11.91;

mysql社区版centos6 64位8.0.19bundle;

git2.25.1;

 

文章更新说明:

1.将root改为git用户;(2020-03-13)

2.优化mysql安装步骤,修复拼写错误,优化git全局变量配置,优化gogs目录权限使用git用户(强烈建议);(2020-03-14)

3.提示:域名中不要有中文、不要有中文、无论是后缀还是中间,在适当的时候你会发现,无论是git还是微信开发配置业务域名,中文域名不支持,转码后的域名又提示未备案,走进S胡同,只能重新申请英文域名。(2020-03-15)

4.改用英文域名:https://www.nogit.top,关闭注册体验通道,想要体验的,评论下方留言;(2020-03-29)

5.更新无忧简洁版文档,适合线上正式使用。https://janeyork.blog.csdn.net/article/details/106175941(2020-05-15)

 

注意:

1.注意看自己的版本和文件夹名称,不要复制错了,建议手敲写命令,顺便熟悉下;

 

1.简单介绍下,Gogs优缺点:

优点:轻量、快、免费、开源。

不足:较GitHub、gitlab功能少,其他暂不清楚,可以自行搜索。

2.进入官网,进行安装(2020-03-12摘自官网)。https://gogs.io/docs/installation

  • 数据库(选择以下一项):
    • MySQL:版本 >= 5.7
    • PostgreSQL
    • TiDB(实验性支持,使用 MySQL 协议连接)
    • 或者 什么都不安装 直接使用 SQLite3
  • git(bash):
    • 服务端和客户端均需版本 >= 1.8.3
    • Windows 系统建议使用最新版
  • SSH 服务器:
    • 如果您只使用 HTTP/HTTPS 的话请忽略此项
    • 如果您选择在 Windows 系统使用内置 SSH 服务器,请确保添加 ssh-keygen 到您的 %PATH% 环境变量中
    • 推荐 Windows 系统使用 Cygwin OpenSSH 或 Copssh
    • Windows 系统 请确保 Bash 是默认的 Shell 程序,而不是 PowerShell

3.安装mysql。后续其他环境也可能会用到mysql数据库比如Javaweb等。

下载并上传到服务器。https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/

选择合适的版本:Linux6、bundle

https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-8.0/mysql-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm-bundle.tar

将tar文件上传到服务器,然后进行安装。

[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# cd /usr/software
[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# tar -xvf mysql-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm-bundle.tar 
mysql-community-libs-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-devel-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-libs-compat-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-common-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-server-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-test-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-client-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# 

 检查是否安装了mysql,如果有进行卸载:

rpm -qa|grep mysql
yum list installed mysql*
# 卸载
yum remove mysql mysql-xxxx mysql-server mysql-libs compat-mysql51 
rm -rf /var/lib/mysql
##可能cannot remove ‘/etc/my.cnf’: No such file or directory
rm /etc/my.cnf

卸载完成后,请再次rpm -qa|grep mysql检查下,如果还有,请移步:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31708763/article/details/86485398 

安装:

rpm -ivh mysql-community-common-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm --nodeps --force
rpm -ivh mysql-community-libs-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm --nodeps --force
rpm -ivh mysql-community-client-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm --nodeps --force
rpm -ivh mysql-community-server-8.0.19-1.el6.x86_64.rpm --nodeps --force

高版本貌似不允许设置忽略大小写,除非在初始化之前指定。一但初始化完成就无法更改,除非丢弃数据。

当前为root,以下可不执行,直接start服务自动先init,同时在/var/lib/mysql/生成数据库文件
# mysqld --initialize
# chown mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql -R

启动:

centOS6:
service mysqld start
查看启动状态
service mysqld status
设置开机启动   
chkconfig mysqld on


centOS7:
systemctl start mysqld.service
systemctl enable mysqld

如果你像我一样,启动失败MySQL Daemon failed to start,请查看错误日志:

cat /var/log/mysqld.log 

 或者删除数据库(慎用,慎用,慎用),因为是新装的,未尝不可,rm -fr /var/lib/mysql/*然后重新init下。

查看临时生成的密码:

cat /var/log/mysqld.log | grep password

使用初始密码登录:

mysql -u root -p

修改初始密码:

# 高版本数据库使用强密码规则,密码设置尽可能麻烦,大写+小写+数字+符号
ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'CNMpgz123!';

退出,使用新密码重新登录:

exit;

如果忘记密码,需要重置:

vim /etc/my.cnf #注:windows下修改的是my.ini

skip-grant-tables# 在[mysqld]后面任意一行添加skip-grant-tables用来跳过密码验证的过程;设置完密码记得删除
systemctl restart mysqld.service #重启mysql ,就可以免密码登陆了,然后进行修改密码

授权远程账号remote可以从任何主机进行登录:

如果报错:ERROR 1064 (42000): You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'IDENTIFIED BY 'IamPGZ123' WITH GRANT OPTION' at line 1

新版本mysql,把创建用户和赋予权限分开了,
创建账户:
CREATE USER 'username'@'host' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
username:创建的用户名
host:用户在哪个主机上可以登陆,如果是本地用户可用localhost,如果想让用户可以从任意远程主机登陆,可以使用通配符%
password:用户的登陆密码,密码可以为空,如果为空则该用户可以不需要密码登陆服务器

赋予权限:
GRANT privileges ON databasename.tablename TO 'username'@'host' [修改权限后面加WITH GRANT OPTION];
privileges:用户的操作权限,如SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE等,如果要授予所的权限则使用ALL
databasename:数据库名
tablename:表名,如果要授予该用户对所有数据库和表的相应操作权限则可用*表示,如*.*
WITH GRANT OPTION 该用户是否可授权

GRANT select,insert,update,delete,create,drop ON a.b TO 'user1'@'%';
GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'user2'@'%';
查看授权信息
SHOW GRANTS FOR 'user3'@'localhost'

设置或更新密码
SET PASSWORD FOR 'username'@'host' = PASSWORD('newpassword');
当前登陆用户用
SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD("newpassword");
低版本mysql,比如5.6可以使用以下:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'remote'@'%'IDENTIFIED BY 'IamPGZ123' WITH GRANT OPTION;

或者赋予root任何主机:
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%'WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql>FLUSH PRIVILEGES

或者指定某用户某IP:
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'ten-user'@'192.168.1.1'IDENTIFIED BY 'heheda1Ii0O00L' WITH GRANT OPTION;

本文mysql8系列,采用:其实已经和root一样了

CREATE USER 'remote'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'CNMpgz123!';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'remote'@'%'WITH GRANT OPTION;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

 授权root可以任何主机:可二选一,反正都是任何主机,任何权限。不过一般安全考虑指定主机或者本地才能执行某些特殊权限。

use mysql;
update user set host='%' where user='root';

 设置完成后,退出mysql命令行,exit;

设置mysql开机自启动:

centOS6:
##设置
chkconfig mysqld on
##查看
chkconfig --list | grep mysql

centOS7:
systemctl enable mysqld.service
systemctl start mysqld.service

现在还不能远程访问测试remote账号,因为一般都有防火墙限制。

配置防火墙:(虚拟机的话直接关闭、云服务器的话有可能额外地去阿里/百度/西数等控制台安全组开放对应端口)

centOS6:
##编辑防火墙配置文件
vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables

模仿其他的写,添加需要放开的端口(注意放置位置),这里把常用的一下子都加进来了:
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 8080 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

##重启防火墙
service iptables restart

或者直接关闭防火墙(不建议)
service iptables start //开启防火墙
service iptables stop //关闭防火墙
service iptables restart //重启防火墙
#永久性生效,重启后不会复原(并不会即使生效,需要注意)
chkconfig iptables on #开启防火墙 
chkconfig iptables off #关闭防火墙,再次开机不会打开防火墙

使用rpm安装mysql的位置说明:

1、数据库目录
/var/lib/mysql/
2、配置文件
/usr/share/mysql(mysql.server命令及配置文件)
3、相关命令
/usr/bin(mysqladmin mysqldump等命令)
4、启动脚本
/etc/rc.d/init.d/(启动脚本文件mysql的目录)

 附:mysql配置文件:simple version。后续优化,默认引擎其实就是innodb,可不设置。

# For advice on how to change settings please see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/server-configuration-defaults.html

[mysqld]
#
# Remove leading # and set to the amount of RAM for the most important data
# cache in MySQL. Start at 70% of total RAM for dedicated server, else 10%.
# innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M
#
# Remove the leading "# " to disable binary logging
# Binary logging captures changes between backups and is enabled by
# default. It's default setting is log_bin=binlog
# disable_log_bin
#
# Remove leading # to set options mainly useful for reporting servers.
# The server defaults are faster for transactions and fast SELECTs.
# Adjust sizes as needed, experiment to find the optimal values.
# join_buffer_size = 128M
# sort_buffer_size = 2M
# read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M
#
# Remove leading # to revert to previous value for default_authentication_plugin,
# this will increase compatibility with older clients. For background, see:
# https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/server-system-variables.html#sysvar_default_authentication_plugin
# default-authentication-plugin=mysql_native_password

datadir=/var/lib/mysql
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid

default-storage-engine=INNODB
# navicate等客户端
# default_authentication_plugin=mysql_native_password
# 5.6低版本和高版本语法写法不一样
sql_mode='STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION'

附:centOS6防火墙配置文件:默认有的注释了,以下是解开注释后的。

# Firewall configuration written by system-config-firewall
# Manual customization of this file is not recommended.
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
-A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 8080 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 3000 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
COMMIT

 还好我的腾讯云默认没有绑定任何安全组,省的设置了,最后用naviccate用remote账号测试链接即可。同时可以reboot now服务器,测试下mysql自启动。

4.下载并安装git。以下已经满足基本安装,如果看详细步骤,请移步:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31708763/article/details/103007119

下载的是2.25.1版本:https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/git-2.25.1.tar.gz

依赖:

yum install -y asciidoc docbook2X xmlto texinfo sgml2xml autoconf openjade curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel gcc perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker
[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# tar -zxvf git-2.25.1.tar.gz
[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# cd git-2.25.1
[root@VM_0_9_centos git-2.25.1]# make configure
GIT_VERSION = 2.25.1
    GEN configure
[root@VM_0_9_centos git-2.25.1]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/git
make && make install
添加环境变量:
vi /etc/profile
在最后一行加入
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/git/bin
让该配置文件立即生效
source /etc/profile

然后,git --version试试安装成功。

5.下载安装gogs。

二进制包下载地址:https://github.com/gogs/gogs/releases

不得不说,v1还没发布。

https://github.com/gogs/gogs/releases/download/v0.11.91/linux_amd64.tar.gz

https://cdn.gogs.io/0.11.91/gogs_0.11.91_linux_amd64.tar.gz

开个小差,难不成是计算机压缩率和计算大小不一致,在github看到24.5,下载的时候看到 25.7,在文件夹看到75??好吧,也许是gzip

解压:(此处建议看下面使用/home/git下,然后解压)

[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# cd /usr/software
[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# tar -xvf gogs_0.11.91_linux_amd64.tar
[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# mv gogs /usr/local/
[root@VM_0_9_centos software]# cd /usr/local/gogs/
[root@VM_0_9_centos gogs]# 

创建gogs,mysql用户密码,专门用于gogs本地访问:

mysql -u root -p
CREATE USER 'gogs'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'CNMpgz123!';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'gogs'@'localhost'WITH GRANT OPTION;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
# 高版本建库或者导入gogs.mysql.sql都会报错,建议手动建
#SET GLOBAL innodb_file_per_table = ON,innodb_file_format = Barracuda,innodb_large_prefix = ON;                                                            
# DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS gogs;                                                                   
# CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS gogs CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci;

新建数据库,这里建议直接新建数据库,设置好编码格式utf8mb4,上面我们不是用navicate测试远程链接了吗,最好使用客户端进行直接新建数据库gogs,如果采用导入gogs-scripts-mysql.sql自带数据库可能出现:Unknown system variable 'innodb_file_format'不知道是不是高版本问题,查了查确实没有这个环境变量属性。

新建git用户:如果使用git用户,把配置文件改过来。运行的时候su git

sudo useradd git

#sudo chmod -R 700 /usr/local/gogs
#sudo chown -R git:git /usr/local/gogs
#chmod a+x /usr/local/gogs/scripts/init/centos/gogs
#自定义仓库位置,后续配置文件配置用到,默认是/root/xxx
#mkdir -p /data/gogs/repositories  
#chown -R git:git /data/gogs/

[可选]查看修改密码:
cat /etc/passwd | grep git
passwd git

这里使用/home/git/目录进行安装Gogs 
su root 将gogs包移动到/home/git下
su git,进行解压gogs包
tar -xvf gogs_0.11.91_linux_amd64.tar
cd gogs
./gogs web
进入install界面进行配置

IP访问:(还是那句话,如果遇到端口啥的,如果不能访问可能是防火墙或者是安全组问题,这里我暂时没遇到)

http://yourip:3000 访问后,第一次直接跳转到ip:3000/install配置页面,进行配置就行。

 

要么在install页面设置管理员账号密码,要么ID=1,第一个创建的就是管理员 

将gogs加入开机启动:

[可选]修改配置文件,配置文件中默认用户gi t和默认安装/home/git/gogs

[root@VM_0_9_centos init.d]# cd /usr/local/gogs/
[root@VM_0_9_centos gogs]# vi scripts/init/centos/gogs

修改成自己的就行。 如果是本文默认git用户默认/home下的仓库是不用更改的

centOS6:su root
cp /home/git/gogs/scripts/init/centos/gogs /etc/rc.d/init.d/
chmod a+x /etc/rc.d/init.d/gogs 
chkconfig gogs on
service gogs start    #启动服务
service gogs stop     #停止服务
service gogs restart  #重启服务
## 另一种临时启动可以进入安装目录~/gogs,执行:
./gogs web 不过这是关闭窗口就随之关闭

加入自启动后,请多次尝试start和stop然后浏览器测试访问,如果包报错:请查看go g s.log

Fail to test 'git' command: exec: "git": executable file not found in $PATH (forgotten install?

参考:https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000015052314?utm_source=channel-hottest

测试完毕后,请不要高兴,继续测试,reboot now,然后在网页多次测试创建、提交、合并、SSH等等。

6.[可选]给IP一个域名,无论是云服务器还是虚拟机,记IP肯定麻烦。

云服务器/内网、虚拟机等映射免费域名详细见:

https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31708763/article/details/102992091

https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31708763/article/details/86657626(可能涉及XX,已经变成私密访问会404)

备用:

或直接购买1¥域名(涉及备案、不在同一服务商转让、审批等约21天)。

此处直接解析域名:http://gogs.破该仔.top:3000

duang~,sourcetree不识别不解析汉字域名?

http://xn--6mqp22hddn.top:3000

同时可以修改配置文件域名等相关,影响的是如下图所示:

最后,由于配置了域名,完善下gogs-app.ini。(文末贴)配置文件参数具体含义貌似以前官方有写,可以自行搜索或者看gogs-github上的英文注释。或参见备用网文地址:https://www.yuque.com/docs/share/ffcdd0ab-f60f-4fb5-920b-eb5219f4d63a?#

 

默认gogs配置app.ini:

APP_NAME = XXXXX
RUN_USER = git
RUN_MODE = prod

[database]
DB_TYPE  = mysql
HOST     = 127.0.0.1:3306
NAME     = gogs
USER     = gogs
PASSWD   = CNMpgz123!
SSL_MODE = disable
PATH     = data/gogs.db

[repository]
ROOT = /home/git/gogs-repositories

[server]
DOMAIN           = localhost
HTTP_PORT        = 3000
ROOT_URL         = http://localhost:3000/
DISABLE_SSH      = false
SSH_PORT         = 22
START_SSH_SERVER = false
OFFLINE_MODE     = false

[mailer]
ENABLED = false

[service]
REGISTER_EMAIL_CONFIRM = false
ENABLE_NOTIFY_MAIL     = false
DISABLE_REGISTRATION   = false
ENABLE_CAPTCHA         = true
REQUIRE_SIGNIN_VIEW    = false

[picture]
DISABLE_GRAVATAR        = false
ENABLE_FEDERATED_AVATAR = false

[session]
PROVIDER = file

[log]
MODE      = file
LEVEL     = Info
ROOT_PATH = /home/git/gogs/log

[security]
INSTALL_LOCK = true
SECRET_KEY   = 87X3FjXEaFFTUIy

修改:

# 应用名称,可以改为你组织或者公司名称
APP_NAME = GOGS - XXXX平台
# 运行用户
RUN_USER = git
RUN_MODE = prod

[database]
DB_TYPE  = mysql
HOST     = 127.0.0.1:3306
NAME     = gogs
USER     = gogs
PASSWD   = CNMpgz123!
SSL_MODE = disable
PATH     = data/gogs.db
[admin]
# 禁用普通用户创建组织
DISABLE_REGULAR_ORG_CREATION = false

[repository]
ROOT = /home/git/gogs-repositories
# 全局默认的每个用户可创建创建仓库上限,-1 表示无限制
MAX_CREATION_LIMIT = -1
ENABLE_LOCAL_PATH_MIGRATION = true
# 强制所有仓库私有
FORCE_PRIVATE = false
# 禁用http,只能通过ssh协议操作
DISABLE_HTTP_GIT = false

[server]
DOMAIN           = gogs.破该仔.top
HTTP_PORT        = 3000
# 公开完整路径
ROOT_URL         = http://gogs.破该仔.top:3000/
DISABLE_SSH      = false
SSH_PORT         = 22
START_SSH_SERVER = false
# 激活该选项来禁止从 CDN 获取静态资源,同时 Gravatar 服务也将被自动禁用
OFFLINE_MODE     = false
ENABLE_GZIP      = true

[mailer]
ENABLED = false

[service]
# 注册必须邮箱验证
REGISTER_EMAIL_CONFIRM = false
# 发送邮件通知
ENABLE_NOTIFY_MAIL     = false
# 禁止用户注册,只能管理员创建
DISABLE_REGISTRATION   = false
# 注册时输入验证码
ENABLE_CAPTCHA         = true
# 必须登录才能浏览
REQUIRE_SIGNIN_VIEW    = false

[picture]
# 使用本地头像
DISABLE_GRAVATAR        = false
ENABLE_FEDERATED_AVATAR = false

[session]
PROVIDER = file

[log]
MODE      = file
LEVEL     = Info
ROOT_PATH = /home/git/gogs/log

[security]
INSTALL_LOCK = true
SECRET_KEY   = 87X3FjXEaFFTUIy
# 记录登录天数
LOGIN_REMEMBER_DAYS = true
COOKIE_USERNAME = true
COOKIE_REMEMBER_NAME = true
REVERSE_PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_USER = true

[webhook]
TYPES = gogs
DELIVER_TIMEOUT = 300
SKIP_TLS_VERIFY = true
PAGING_NUM = true

[cron]
ENABLED = true

--------------------以上算完成了,在以上没有问题,再进行其他完善,比如下方----------------

7.[可选]配置nginx。

详见:

https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31708763/article/details/103464312

SSL配置详见:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31708763/article/details/103672090 只是在导出的时候选择nginx,并且不要设置密码。

配置ngix后又设置了ssl证书,nginx配置文件需要修改下,gogs配置文件修改下:

nginx:


#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

            server {
       listen       443 ssl;
        server_name  破该仔.top;

       ssl_certificate      /usr/local/nginx/cert/xn--6mqp22hddn.top_chain.crt;
        ssl_certificate_key  /usr/local/nginx/cert/xn--6mqp22hddn.top_key.key;

       ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
        ssl_session_timeout  5m;

       ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
       ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

        location / {
			proxy_pass   https://127.0.0.1:3000;
        }
    }

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  破该仔.top;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

      #  location / {
		#	proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1:3000;
      #  }

# 强制跳转https
   rewrite ^(.*) https://$server_name$1 permanent;

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


}

gogs:

# 应用名称,可以改为你组织或者公司名称
APP_NAME = Git
# 运行用户
RUN_USER = git
RUN_MODE = prod

[database]
DB_TYPE  = mysql
HOST     = 127.0.0.1:3306
NAME     = gogs
USER     = gogs
PASSWD   = CNMpgz123!
SSL_MODE = disable
PATH     = data/gogs.db
[admin]
# 禁用普通用户创建组织
DISABLE_REGULAR_ORG_CREATION = false

[repository]
ROOT = /home/git/gogs-repositories
# 全局默认的每个用户可创建创建仓库上限,-1 表示无限制
MAX_CREATION_LIMIT = -1
ENABLE_LOCAL_PATH_MIGRATION = true
# 强制所有仓库私有
FORCE_PRIVATE = false
# 禁用http,只能通过ssh协议操作
DISABLE_HTTP_GIT = false

[server]
PROTOCOL=https
DOMAIN           = xn--6mqp22hddn.top
HTTP_PORT        = 3000
# 公开完整路径
ROOT_URL         = https://xn--6mqp22hddn.top/
DISABLE_SSH      = false
SSH_PORT         = 22
START_SSH_SERVER = false
# 激活该选项来禁止从 CDN 获取静态资源,同时 Gravatar 服务也将被自动禁用
OFFLINE_MODE     = false
ENABLE_GZIP      = true
LANDING_PAGE=false
CERT_FILE=/usr/local/nginx/cert/xn--6mqp22hddn.top_chain.crt
KEY_FILE=/usr/local/nginx/cert/xn--6mqp22hddn.top_key.key

[mailer]
ENABLED = false

[service]
# 注册必须邮箱验证
REGISTER_EMAIL_CONFIRM = false
# 发送邮件通知
ENABLE_NOTIFY_MAIL     = false
# 禁止用户注册,只能管理员创建
DISABLE_REGISTRATION   = false
# 注册时输入验证码
ENABLE_CAPTCHA         = false
# 必须登录才能浏览
REQUIRE_SIGNIN_VIEW    = true

[picture]
# 使用本地头像
DISABLE_GRAVATAR        = false
ENABLE_FEDERATED_AVATAR = false

[session]
PROVIDER = file

[log]
MODE      = file
LEVEL     = Info
ROOT_PATH = /home/git/gogs/log

[security]
INSTALL_LOCK = true
SECRET_KEY   = 87X3FjXEaFFTUIy
# 记录登录天数
LOGIN_REMEMBER_DAYS = true
COOKIE_USERNAME = true
COOKIE_REMEMBER_NAME = true
REVERSE_PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_USER = true

[webhook]
TYPES = gogs
DELIVER_TIMEOUT = 300
SKIP_TLS_VERIFY = true
PAGING_NUM = true

[cron]
ENABLED = true

 gogs主要更改了地址、协议,加了https,增加了ssl证书位置。这里注意ssl证书最好不要设置密码,否则gogs和nginx启动需要输入。nginx配置主要监听443和强制https。

最后再访问测试:https://xn--6mqp22hddn.top/

 

额外:

详细Java web开发环境参考:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_31708763/article/details/86366445

更多:https://blog.nogit.top/

©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页