Docker 安装RocketMQ集群

Docker 安装RocketMQ集群


首先新建一个工作目录 mkdir -p /usr/local/chen/temp/rocketmq/demo,接下来 RocketMQ相关文件都放在该目录下,下载 rocketmq-all-4.7.0-bin-release.zip文件。在工作目录下载文件。运行 wget https://www.apache.org/dyn/closer.cgi?path=rocketmq/4.7.0/rocketmq-all-4.7.0-bin-release.zip
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如果想换其他版本,直接换版本号即可。然后解压该文件。 unzip rocketmq-all-4.7.0-bin-release.zip
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由于本机是在4核8g内存的虚拟机上配置的,所以需要修改相关配置。这些配置和机器配置有关。读者可以根据自己的机器进行修改。首先修改 runserver.sh文件。运行 vim /usr/local/chen/temp/rocketmq/demo/rocketmq-all-4.7.0-bin-release/bin/runserver.sh。修改默认的配置 JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms4g -Xmx4g -Xmn2g -XX:MetaspaceSize=128m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=320m"JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms1g -Xmx1g -Xmn512m -XX:MetaspaceSize=64m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=128m"。修改后如下图所示。
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然后修改 runbroker.sh文件。运行 vim /usr/local/chen/temp/rocketmq/demo/rocketmq-all-4.7.0-bin-release/bin/runbroker.sh。修改默认配置

JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms8g -Xmx8g -Xmn4g"  
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:+UseG1GC -XX:G1HeapRegionSize=16m -XX:G1ReservePercent=25 -XX:InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent=30 -XX:SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPerMB=0"

JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms512m -Xmx512m -Xmn256m"  
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:+UseG1GC -XX:G1HeapRegionSize=16m -XX:G1ReservePercent=10 -XX:InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent=30 -XX:SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPerMB=1000"

修改后如下图所示:
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然后建立集群需要的配置文件。在根目录建立broker-conf文件夹。运行mkdir -p /usr/local/chen/temp/rocketmq/demo/broker-conf。然后建立两个broker集群需要的配置文件。目录结构如下:
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每个文件对应的内容为:

broker0-n0.conf

brokerClusterName = DefaultCluster
brokerName = broker0
brokerId = 0
deleteWhen = 04
fileReservedTime = 48
brokerRole = ASYNC_MASTER
flushDiskType = ASYNC_FLUSH

# dleger
enableDLegerCommitLog = true
dLegerGroup = broker0
dLegerPeers = n0-broker0n0:40911;n1-broker0n1:40911;n2-broker0n2:40911
dLegerSelfId = n0
sendMessageThreadPoolNums = 4

# namesrv的地址和端口,这里设置为虚拟机的IP,以便于让测试机访问
namesrvAddr=192.168.114.135:9876
# 该broker的IP地址,由于测试需要让其他机器访问,因此设置为虚拟机的IP
brokerIP1 = 192.168.114.135
listenPort = 10911

#存储路径
storePathRootDir=/app/data/store
#commitLog存储路径
storePathCommitLog=/app/data/store/commitlog
#消费队列存储路径
storePathConsumeQueue=/app/data/store/consumequeue
#索引存储路径
storePathIndex=/app/data/store/index
#checkpoint文件存储路径
storeCheckpoint=/app/data/store/checkpoint
#abort文件存储路径
abortFile=/app/data/store/abort

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其中brokerIP1 = 192.168.114.135配置的是虚拟机的IP,读者需要根据自己的IP进行修改。sendMessageThreadPoolNums = 4因为本机是4核,所以配置为4,读者可以根据自己机器配置进行修改。以下内容大同小异,直接贴源码。

broker0-n1.conf


brokerClusterName = DefaultCluster
brokerName = broker0
brokerId = 0
deleteWhen = 04
fileReservedTime = 48
brokerRole = ASYNC_MASTER
flushDiskType = ASYNC_FLUSH

# dleger
enableDLegerCommitLog = true
dLegerGroup = broker0
dLegerPeers = n0-broker0n0:40911;n1-broker0n1:40911;n2-broker0n2:40911
dLegerSelfId = n1
sendMessageThreadPoolNums = 4

# namesrv的地址和端口,这里设置为虚拟机的IP,以便于让测试机访问
namesrvAddr=192.168.114.135:9876
# 该broker的IP地址,由于测试需要让其他机器访问,因此设置为虚拟机的IP
brokerIP1 = 192.168.114.135
listenPort = 11911

#存储路径
storePathRootDir=/app/data/store
#commitLog存储路径
storePathCommitLog=/app/data/store/commitlog
#消费队列存储路径
storePathConsumeQueue=/app/data/store/consumequeue
#索引存储路径
storePathIndex=/app/data/store/index
#checkpoint文件存储路径
storeCheckpoint=/app/data/store/checkpoint
#abort文件存储路径
abortFile=/app/data/store/abort

broker0-n2.conf

brokerClusterName = DefaultCluster
brokerName = broker0
brokerId = 0
deleteWhen = 04
fileReservedTime = 48
brokerRole = ASYNC_MASTER
flushDiskType = ASYNC_FLUSH

# dleger
enableDLegerCommitLog = true
dLegerGroup = broker0
dLegerPeers = n0-broker0n0:40911;n1-broker0n1:40911;n2-broker0n2:40911
dLegerSelfId = n2
sendMessageThreadPoolNums = 4

# namesrv的地址和端口,这里设置为虚拟机的IP,以便于让测试机访问
namesrvAddr=192.168.114.135:9876
# 该broker的IP地址,由于测试需要让其他机器访问,因此设置为虚拟机的IP
brokerIP1 = 192.168.114.135
listenPort = 12911

#存储路径
storePathRootDir=/app/data/store
#commitLog存储路径
storePathCommitLog=/app/data/store/commitlog
#消费队列存储路径
storePathConsumeQueue=/app/data/store/consumequeue
#索引存储路径
storePathIndex=/app/data/store/index
#checkpoint文件存储路径
storeCheckpoint=/app/data/store/checkpoint
#abort文件存储路径
abortFile=/app/data/store/abort

broker1-n0.conf

brokerClusterName = DefaultCluster
brokerName = broker1
brokerId = 0
deleteWhen = 04
fileReservedTime = 48
brokerRole = ASYNC_MASTER
flushDiskType = ASYNC_FLUSH

# dleger
enableDLegerCommitLog = true
dLegerGroup = broker1
dLegerPeers = n0-broker1n0:40911;n1-broker1n1:40911;n2-broker1n2:40911
dLegerSelfId = n0
sendMessageThreadPoolNums = 4

# namesrv的地址和端口,这里设置为虚拟机的IP,以便于让测试机访问
namesrvAddr=192.168.114.135:9876
# 该broker的IP地址,由于测试需要让其他机器访问,因此设置为虚拟机的IP
brokerIP1 = 192.168.114.135
listenPort = 20911

#存储路径
storePathRootDir=/app/data/store
#commitLog存储路径
storePathCommitLog=/app/data/store/commitlog
#消费队列存储路径
storePathConsumeQueue=/app/data/store/consumequeue
#索引存储路径
storePathIndex=/app/data/store/index
#checkpoint文件存储路径
storeCheckpoint=/app/data/store/checkpoint
#abort文件存储路径
abortFile=/app/data/store/abort

broker1-n1.conf

brokerClusterName = DefaultCluster
brokerName = broker1
brokerId = 0
deleteWhen = 04
fileReservedTime = 48
brokerRole = ASYNC_MASTER
flushDiskType = ASYNC_FLUSH

# dleger
enableDLegerCommitLog = true
dLegerGroup = broker1
dLegerPeers = n0-broker1n0:40911;n1-broker1n1:40911;n2-broker1n2:40911
dLegerSelfId = n1
sendMessageThreadPoolNums = 4

# namesrv的地址和端口,这里设置为虚拟机的IP,以便于让测试机访问
namesrvAddr=192.168.114.135:9876
# 该broker的IP地址,由于测试需要让其他机器访问,因此设置为虚拟机的IP
brokerIP1 = 192.168.114.135
listenPort = 21911

#存储路径
storePathRootDir=/app/data/store
#commitLog存储路径
storePathCommitLog=/app/data/store/commitlog
#消费队列存储路径
storePathConsumeQueue=/app/data/store/consumequeue
#索引存储路径
storePathIndex=/app/data/store/index
#checkpoint文件存储路径
storeCheckpoint=/app/data/store/checkpoint
#abort文件存储路径
abortFile=/app/data/store/abort

broker1-n2.conf


brokerClusterName = DefaultCluster
brokerName = broker1
brokerId = 0
deleteWhen = 04
fileReservedTime = 48
brokerRole = ASYNC_MASTER
flushDiskType = ASYNC_FLUSH

# dleger
enableDLegerCommitLog = true
dLegerGroup = broker1
dLegerPeers = n0-broker1n0:40911;n1-broker1n1:40911;n2-broker1n2:40911
dLegerSelfId = n2
sendMessageThreadPoolNums = 4

# namesrv的地址和端口,这里设置为虚拟机的IP,以便于让测试机访问
namesrvAddr=192.168.114.135:9876
# 该broker的IP地址,由于测试需要让其他机器访问,因此设置为虚拟机的IP
brokerIP1 = 192.168.114.135
listenPort = 22911

#存储路径
storePathRootDir=/app/data/store
#commitLog存储路径
storePathCommitLog=/app/data/store/commitlog
#消费队列存储路径
storePathConsumeQueue=/app/data/store/consumequeue
#索引存储路径
storePathIndex=/app/data/store/index
#checkpoint文件存储路径
storeCheckpoint=/app/data/store/checkpoint
#abort文件存储路径
abortFile=/app/data/store/abort

然后在根目录下新建文件rocketmq-namesrv.dockerfile以构建namrsrv镜像的Dockerfile。运行vim rocketmq-namesrv.dockerfile。源码如下:

rocketmq-namesrv.dockerfile

FROM openjdk:8u212-jre-alpine3.9
  
LABEL MAINTAINER='cn.edu.njust.chen'

ADD rocketmq-all-4.7.0-bin-release /app/rocketmq
ENTRYPOINT exec sh /app/rocketmq/bin/mqnamesrv -n 127.0.0.1:9876
RUN echo "Asia/Shanghai" > /etc/timezone

EXPOSE 9876

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接着构建broker镜像的Dockerfile,根目录下新建文件rocketmq-broker.dockerfile, 运行vim rocketmq-broker.dockerfile,内容如下:

FROM openjdk:8u212-jre-alpine3.9
  
LABEL MAINTAINER='cn.edu.njust.chen'

ADD rocketmq-all-4.7.0-bin-release /app/rocketmq
RUN echo "Asia/Shanghai" > /etc/timezone

ENTRYPOINT exec sh /app/rocketmq/bin/mqbroker -c /app/data/conf/broker.conf
VOLUME /app/data                 

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最后创建docker-compose文件,在根目录下新建文件docker-compose.yml, 运行vim docker-compose.yml。内容如下:

version: "3.5"

services:
  # 运行一个name server
  namesrv1:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: rocketmq-namesrv.dockerfile
    image: rocketmq-namesrv/4.7.0
    container_name: namesrv1
    restart: always
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    ports:
      - 9876:9876

  # 运行一个rocketmq控制台服务
  console:
    image: styletang/rocketmq-console-ng
    container_name: console
    depends_on:
      - namesrv1
    environment:
      - JAVA_OPTS= -Dlogging.level.root=info   -Drocketmq.namesrv.addr=namesrv1:9876
      - Dcom.rocketmq.sendMessageWithVIPChannel=false
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    ports:
      - 8087:8080

  # broker0

  broker0-n0:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: rocketmq-broker.dockerfile
    image: rocketmq-broker/4.7.0
    depends_on:
      - namesrv1
    container_name: broker0n0
    restart: always
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    volumes:
      - ./broker-conf/broker0-n0.conf:/app/data/conf/broker.conf
      - ./store/broker0n0:/app/data/store
    ports:
      - 10909:10909
      - 10911:10911
      - 10912:10912

  broker0-n1:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: rocketmq-broker.dockerfile
    image: rocketmq-broker/4.7.0
    depends_on:
      - namesrv1
    container_name: broker0n1
    restart: always
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    volumes:
      - ./broker-conf/broker0-n1.conf:/app/data/conf/broker.conf
      - ./store/broker0n1:/app/data/store
    ports:
      - 11909:11909
      - 11911:11911
      - 11912:11912

  broker0-n2:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: rocketmq-broker.dockerfile
    image: rocketmq-broker/4.7.0
    depends_on:
      - namesrv1
    container_name: broker0n2
    restart: always
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    volumes:
      - ./broker-conf/broker0-n2.conf:/app/data/conf/broker.conf
      - ./store/broker0n2:/app/data/store
    ports:
      - 12909:12909
      - 12911:12911
      - 12912:12912

  # broker1

  broker1-n0:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: rocketmq-broker.dockerfile
    image: rocketmq-broker/4.7.0
    depends_on:
      - namesrv1
    container_name: broker1n0
    restart: always
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    volumes:
      - ./broker-conf/broker1-n0.conf:/app/data/conf/broker.conf
      - ./store/broker1n0:/app/data/store
    ports:
      - 20909:20909
      - 20911:20911
      - 20912:20912

  broker1-n1:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: rocketmq-broker.dockerfile
    image: rocketmq-broker/4.7.0
    depends_on:
      - namesrv1
    container_name: broker1n1
    restart: always
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    volumes:
      - ./broker-conf/broker1-n1.conf:/app/data/conf/broker.conf
      - ./store/broker1n1:/app/data/store
    ports:
      - 21909:21909
      - 21911:21911
      - 21912:21912

  broker1-n2:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: rocketmq-broker.dockerfile
    image: rocketmq-broker/4.7.0
    depends_on:
      - namesrv1
    container_name: broker1n2
    restart: always
    networks:
      rocketmq-dledger:
    volumes:
      - ./broker-conf/broker1-n2.conf:/app/data/conf/broker.conf
      - ./store/broker1n2:/app/data/store
    ports:
      - 22909:22909
      - 22911:22911
      - 22912:22912

networks:
  rocketmq-dledger:

至此系统需要文件全部创建完毕。目录结构如下:
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然后运行docker-compose up启动服务。
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服务成功启动。运行docker info查看服务状态。
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服务已经全部启动。然后在浏览器输入http://192.168.114.135:8087/#/访问系统即可。
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2、总结

  书上的代码直接运行绝大部分是对的,但是总有一些软件的更新使得作者无能为力。之前的API是对的,但是之后就废弃了或修改了是常有的事。所以我们需要跟踪源代码。这只是一个小小的问题,如果没有前辈的无私奉献,很难想象我们自己一天能学到多少内容。感谢各位前辈的辛勤付出,让我们少走了很多的弯路!

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