原创

android联系人的简易通讯录

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_36721053/article/details/54603382

android简易的通讯录代码  主要用到了 数据库存储的知识点  还有menu

package com.example.song.lx_day13_contact;

import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.ContextMenu;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.CursorAdapter;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SimpleCursorAdapter;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private ListView listView;
    private TextView empty;
    private SQLiteDatabase db;
    private Cursor cursor;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        initView();
        //设置空视图
        listView.setEmptyView(empty);
        registerForContextMenu(listView);
        initDataBase();
        initData();//listview赋值
    }

    private void initData() {
        cursor = db.rawQuery("select * from contact", null);
        SimpleCursorAdapter adapter = new SimpleCursorAdapter(this, R.layout.list_item, cursor, new String[]{ "name", "sex", "number"}, new int[]{ R.id.tv_name, R.id.tv_sex, R.id.tv_phoneNumber}, CursorAdapter.FLAG_REGISTER_CONTENT_OBSERVER);
        listView.setAdapter(adapter);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
        //true 带自己创建菜单
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(MainActivity.this);
        builder.setIcon(R.mipmap.icon);
        builder.setTitle("添加联系人");
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(MainActivity.this).inflate(R.layout.dialog_view, null);
        builder.setView(view);
        final EditText nameEditText = (EditText) view.findViewById(R.id.et_name);
        final EditText sexEditText = (EditText) view.findViewById(R.id.et_sex);
        final EditText phoneEditText = (EditText) view.findViewById(R.id.et_phone);
        builder.setPositiveButton("确定", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
                values.put("name", nameEditText.getText() + "");
                values.put("sex", sexEditText.getText() + "");
                values.put("number", phoneEditText.getText() + "");
                long insert = db.insert("contact", null, values);
                if (insert != -1) {//判断是否添加上联系人
                    initData();//跟新一下数据
                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "添加成功", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }
            }
        });
        builder.setNegativeButton("取消", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                dialog.dismiss();
            }
        });
        builder.show();
        return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreateContextMenu(ContextMenu menu, View v, ContextMenu.ContextMenuInfo menuInfo) {
        super.onCreateContextMenu(menu, v, menuInfo);
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.contextmenu_listview_main, menu);
        AdapterView.AdapterContextMenuInfo info = (AdapterView.AdapterContextMenuInfo) menuInfo;
//        menu.setHeaderTitle("id:" + info.id);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onContextItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
        AdapterView.AdapterContextMenuInfo info = (AdapterView.AdapterContextMenuInfo) item.getMenuInfo();
        final long id = info.id;//单条对应的数据库
        switch (item.getItemId()) {
            case R.id.action_delete:
                db.execSQL("delete from contact where _id =?", new Object[]{id});
                initData();
                break;
            case R.id.action_update:
                AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(MainActivity.this);
                builder.setTitle("更新联系人");
                builder.setIcon(R.mipmap.icon);
                View view = LayoutInflater.from(MainActivity.this).inflate(R.layout.dialog_view, null);
                builder.setView(view);
                final EditText nameEditText = (EditText) view.findViewById(R.id.et_name);
                final EditText sexEditText = (EditText) view.findViewById(R.id.et_sex);
                final EditText phoneEditText = (EditText) view.findViewById(R.id.et_phone);
                Cursor cursor = db.rawQuery("select * from contact where _id = ?", new String[]{"" + id});
                cursor.moveToFirst();
                nameEditText.setText(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("name")));
                sexEditText.setText(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("sex")));
                phoneEditText.setText(cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("number")));
                builder.setPositiveButton("修改", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                        ContentValues contentValues = new ContentValues();
                        contentValues.put("name", nameEditText.getText()+"");
                        contentValues.put("sex", sexEditText.getText()+"");
                        contentValues.put("number", phoneEditText.getText()+"");
                        db.update("contact", contentValues, "_id=?", new String []{id+""});
                        initData();
                    }
                });
                builder.setNegativeButton("取消", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                        dialog.dismiss();
                    }
                });
                builder.show();
                break;
        }

        return super.onContextItemSelected(item);
    }

    private void initDataBase() {
        OpenHelper helper = new OpenHelper(this);
        db = helper.getReadableDatabase();
    }

    private void initView() {
        listView = ((ListView) findViewById(R.id.lv));
        empty = ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_empty));
    }
}

package com.example.song.lx_day13_contact;

import android.content.Context;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

/**
 * Created by song on 2017/1/18.
 */

public class OpenHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {
    public static final String NAME = "contacts.db";
    public static final int VERSION = 1;
    public OpenHelper(Context context) {
        super(context, NAME, null, VERSION);
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
        db.execSQL("create table if not exists contact(_id integer primary key autoincrement,name,sex,number)");

    }

    @Override
    public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
        if (newVersion > oldVersion) {
            db.execSQL("drop table if exists contact");
            onCreate(db);
        }
    }
}

如果以上代码你没有理解可以在下面的百度云里下载全部代码和布局

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文章最后发布于: 2017-01-18 17:58:35
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